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Sociology is the scientific study of human societies. It is a branch of social science (often synonymous) that uses systematic methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop and refine a body of knowledge about human social structure and activity, often with the goal of applying such knowledge to the pursuit of social welfare. Its subject matter ranges from the micro level of face-to-face interaction to the macro level of societies at large.

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The sociology of religion concerns the practices, social structures, historical backgrounds, developments, universal themes and roles of religion in society. There is particular emphasis on the recurring role of religion in all societies and throughout recorded history. Crucially the sociology of religion does not involve an assessment of the truth-claims particular to a religion, though the process of comparing multiple conflicting dogmas may require what Peter Berger has described as inherent 'methodological atheism'. Sociologists of religion attempt to explain the effects of society on religion and the effects of religion on society; in other words, their dialectical relationship. It may be said that the discipline of sociology began with the analysis of religion in Durkheim's 1897 study of suicide rates amongst Catholic and Protestant populations.

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Max Weber

German political economist and sociologist
Born April 21, 1864
Erfurt, Germany
Died June 14, 1920
Munich, Germany

Maximilian Carl Emil Weber (IPA: [maks ˈveːbɐ]) (April 21, 1864June 14, 1920) was a German political economist and sociologist who is considered one of the founders of the modern study of sociology and public administration. He began his career at the University of Berlin, and later worked at Freiburg University, University of Heidelberg, University of Vienna and University of Munich. He was influential in contemporary German politics, being an advisor to Germany's negotiators at the Treaty of Versailles and to the commission charged with drafting the Weimar Constitution.

His major works[1] deal with rationalisation in sociology of religion and government, but he also contributed much in the field of economics. His most famous work is his essay The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, which began his work in the sociology of religion. In this work, Weber argued that religion was one of the non-exclusive reasons for the different ways the cultures of the Occident and the Orient have developed, and stressed importance of particular characteristics of ascetic Protestantism which led to the development of capitalism, bureaucracy and the rational-legal state in the West. In another major work, Politics as a Vocation, Weber defined the state as an entity which claims a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force, a definition that became pivotal to the study of modern Western political science. His most known contributions are often referred to as the 'Weber Thesis'.

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To live in the universe of high modernity is to live in an environment of chance and risk, the ineveitable concomitants of a system geared to the domination of nature and the reflexive making of history. Fate and destiny have no formal part to play in such a system, which operates (as a matter of principle) via what I shall call open human control of the natural and social worlds.

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Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to School:Sociology article)

From Wikiversity

Welcome to Wikiversity's School of Sociology which is part of the Social Sciences.


Sociology is the scientific study of individual behaviour in society. In sociology, we seek to understand human social interaction.

Sociology can be examined from both a micro and macro perspective, though neither can be divorced from the other. While micro sociology seeks to understand the individual in the context of society, which is referred to as 'Sociological Social Psychology,' macro sociology seeks to understand group behaviour in the context of society.

For a more in depth examination of sociology, visit the SOC 201 Introduction to Sociology course level that provides the basics needed to understand sociology.

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  • This area was founded on August 21, 2006


  • 400 Level
    • SOC 401 Radical Sociology
    • SOC 402 History of Sociology
    • SOC 403 Sociology of Mental Illness
    • SOC 404 Sociology of Religion
    • SOC 405 Political Sociology
    • SOC 406 Sociology of Health
    • SOC 407 Sociology of Work
    • SOC 408 Sociology of the Islamic World
    • SOC 409 Social Movements
    • SOC 410 Demography
    • SOC 411 Sociology of Organizations
    • SOC 412 Social Theory
    • SOC 413 Theorizing
    • SOC 414 Macrosociological Theory
    • SOC 415 Sociology of Family
    • SOC 416 Sociology of Everyday Life

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Wikiversity has adopted a "learning by doing" model for education. Lessons should center on learning activities for Wikiversity participants. Learning materials and learning projects can be used by multiple departments. Please cooperate with other departments that use the same learning resource.

Note on creating resources: Learning resources and learning projects are located in the main Wikiversity namespace. Simply make a link to the name of the lesson and start writing!

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  • Reswik 15:24, 21 August 2006 (UTC)
  • Owen 19:03, 26 November 2006 (UTC)
  • CQ 07:17, 3 December 2006 (UTC)
  • Göktürk 3 January 2007
  • Buddpaul 11 May 2007 (UTC)
  • Piotrus 18:48, 10 February 2009 (UTC)

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