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Utah is a western state of the United States, in the Rocky Mountain region. The name Utah is derived from the Southern Ute word for "higher up." In addition to the Ute Tribe, the Paiute, Navajo, and Goshute nations also inhabit portions of the state.

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Utah had a population of 2,389,039 in 2004, according to a Census Bureau estimate. About 85% of Utah's population resides in the valleys and on the western slope of the Wasatch Mountains in northern and central Utah. Residents are called Utahns. The state is generally rugged and arid, and has spectacular natural scenery. It is a popular summer and winter tourist destination. Salt Lake City, the ski resorts in the Wasatch Range, and the national parks of the south are the most popular destinations.

Utah's capital is Salt Lake City, a vibrant metropolitan city. The small community of Fillmore, in Millard County, was designated as the territorial capital in 1854, four years after Utah Territory was organized. In 1856, the capital was moved back to Salt Lake City, which became the capital of the state when Utah was admitted to the Union in 1896. Salt Lake City hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, which gave a significant boost to the state's tourist industry (especially the ski resorts).

Salt Lake City, Utah is also the headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, of which approximately 60% of Utah residents are members. The LDS Church has a strong cultural influence on the state, resulting in Utah being one of just two states where gambling is illegal.

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Salt Lake City in 1913
Credit: U.S. Geological Survey
Downtown Salt Lake City, Utah in 1913, looking east along 200 South from West Temple Street. To the far left is the Salt Lake Temple. The very white building right of the Temple is Hotel Utah, about one year old at the time. Just visible on the right side of the photo is the Salt Lake City and County Building clocktower. The Wasatch Mountains are in the background.
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Aerial view of Salt Lake City, Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah is the state capital and most populous city in the U.S. state of Utah. According to 2005 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, the city's population is 178,097. It is the seat of Salt Lake County, which encompasses the Salt Lake Valley and includes the city and fifteen other municipalities. The city's name is often shortened to Salt Lake or referred to by its initials, S.L.C.

The Salt Lake City Metropolitan Area spans Salt Lake County and two additional counties, Summit and Tooele, and had a total estimated population of 1,034,484 in 2005. These counties are situated in a greater urban area called the Wasatch Front, home to just over 2 million residents.

Originally named Great Salt Lake City after nearby Great Salt Lake, it was founded in 1847 by a group of Mormon pioneers led by Brigham Young who fled hostility in the East. Salt Lake City is among the oldest cities in the region and is the world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church). Mining and railroads initially brought economic growth, and the city became nicknamed the Crossroads of the West. In the 21st century the city has developed a strong tourism industry; it served as host to the 2002 Winter Olympics.

The Salt Lake City Metropolitan Area is the industrial banking center of the United States, the center of business along the rapidly-growing Wasatch Front, and the gateway to several national parks, ski resorts, and resort towns, perhaps most famously Park City.

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Fawn M. Brodie (September 15, 1915–January 10, 1981) was a biographer and professor of history at UCLA, best known for Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History, a work of psychobiography, and No Man Knows My History, the first important non-hagiographic biography of Joseph Smith, Jr., the founder of Mormonism. She also wrote biographies of Thaddeus Stevens, Sir Richard Burton and Richard Nixon.

Brodie was the second of five children of Thomas E. and Fawn Brimhall McKay. Born in Ogden, Utah, she grew up in Huntsville, about ten miles east. Both her parents descended from families influential in early Mormonism. Her maternal grandfather, George H. Brimhall, was president of Brigham Young University. Her father, Thomas Evans McKay, was a bishop, president of the LDS Swiss-Austrian mission, and an assistant to the Council of the Twelve. Brodie's paternal uncle was David O. McKay. An Apostle in the LDS church when Brodie was born, he later became the ninth President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

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Rainbow Bridge is the world's largest natural bridge

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Monument Valley
Credit: User:Huebi
West Mitten Butte Monument Valley, view northeastward from Arizona to Utah

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Rocky Mountain Elk
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  • To Create: Canyons: Butterfield Canyon • Yellow Fork Canyon History: Dominguez-Escalante Expedition (currently a redirect) • History of Utah (to 1847) • History of Utah (1847 to 1896) • History of Utah (1897 to 1947) • History of Utah (from 1948) • Days of '47 (currently a redirect) • History of mining in Utah Geography: Geography of Utah (currently a redirect) Towns: Fremont, Utah • Caineville, Utah • Grover, Utah Lakes: Oowah Lake • Lake Uinta Rivers: Sulphur Creek (Utah) Mountains: Brian Head Peak Misc: Jones Hole National Fish Hatchery • Ouray National Fish Hatchery

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Attractions: Arches National ParkBonneville Salt FlatsBryce Canyon National ParkCanyonlands National ParkCapitol Reef National ParkGreat Salt LakeHogle ZooLake PowellMonument ValleySki AreasState parksTemple SquareZion National Park

Cities: American ForkBountifulClearfieldCottonwood HeightsDraperLaytonLehiLoganMidvaleMurrayPleasant GroveOgdenOremProvoRivertonRoySpanish ForkSalt Lake CitySt. GeorgeSandySouth JordanTaylorsvilleTooeleWest JordanWest Valley City

Culture: MusicSundance Film FestivalUtah Shakespearean FestivalUtah Symphony Orchestra

Education: Higher Education

Geography: Cache ValleyCanyonlands DesertColorado PlateauDixieFour CornersGreat BasinGreat Salt Lake DesertMojave DesertRiversRegionsUinta MountainsWasatch FrontWasatch BackWasatch Range

Government: ConstitutionEconomyJudicial systemLegislaturePoliticsJon Huntsman, Jr.State Capitol

History: Fremont cultureAncient Pueblo PeoplesShoshoneGoshuteUtePaiuteNavajoMormon pioneersUtah TerritoryUtah WarUtah Constitution

People: UtahnsGovernors of UtahMayors of Salt Lake City

Religion: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SaintsLutheran Church - Missouri SynodCatholic Church

Sports: BYU CougarsReal Salt LakeSalt Lake BeesUtah BlazeUtah JazzUtah UtesUtah State AggiesWeber State Wildcats

Statistics: Population

Transportation: Commuter railInterstate 15Interstate 70Interstate 80Interstate 84State Route 150Light railSalt Lake City International AirportU.S. Route 6U.S. Route 89U.S. Route 191State Route 12State Route 24List of state highways in Utah

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Coordinates: 39°18′N 111°36′W / 39.3°N 111.6°W / 39.3; -111.6

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