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Wales (Welsh: Cymru pronounced /ˈkəmrɨ/) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and an elective region of the European Union. Wales is located in the west of the island of Great Britain and is bordered by England to the east, the Bristol Channel (Welsh:Môr Hafren) to the south and the Irish Sea (Môr Iwerddon) to the west and north, and also by the estuary of the River Dee (Afon Dyfrdwy) in the north-east. Wales has a population estimated at three million and is officially bilingual, with both Welsh and English having equal status. Around two-thirds of the population is located around the country's capital—and largest city since 1955—Cardiff.

The flag of Wales—the Red Dragon—is one of many Welsh symbols. Saint David is the patron saint of Wales and Saint David's Day, on 1st March, is Wales' national day. There are currently attempts to create a national holiday on this day. Wales has remained distinct from the rest of the United Kingdom due to the strength of Welsh history, culture and especially the Welsh language.

Machynlleth was the home of a parliament called by Owain Glyndŵr during his revolt at the start of the fifteenth century. In 1999, the National Assembly for Wales was formed, giving Wales power over healthcare, education and certain other devolved matters.

From the late 18th century, some parts of Wales became heavily industrialised, playing a significant role in the industrial revolution, as it exported vast quantities of coal and steel and established a large manufacturing base which has only recently been overtaken by the tourism and service sectors—the capital Cardiff also had the largest and busiest port in the world. More recently, manufacturing emphasis has been on the electronic and technological sectors.

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Caerleon
Caerleon (Welsh: Caerllion) is a suburban village and community, situated on the River Usk[1] in the northern outskirts of the city of Newport, South Wales.

It is a site of archaeological importance, being the site of a notable Roman legionary fortressand an Iron Age hill fort. It also has strong literary associations as Geoffrey of Monmouth makes Caerleon one of the most important cities in Britain in his Historia Regum Britanniæ, and Alfred Lord Tennyson wrote Idylls of the King while staying in Caerleon.

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Tommy Cooper (March 19, 1921April 15, 1984) was a British prop comedian and magician. He made an art form of getting magic tricks wrong. However, despite his purported inability to perform conjuring tricks, he was in reality an accomplished magician and member of The Magic Circle. Famed for his red fez, his appearance was large and lumbering at 6ft 3ins (1.91m) tall and over 15 stone in weight. He had a range of facial expressions and would also say things like, "I must say you've been a wonderful audience" or "Have we got time for more?" immediately after he walked on stage that would convulse audiences with laughter. He had a host of other catchphrases such as "Spoon, jar, jar, spoon!!" and "Whisky, sample, sample, whisky, sample...". His most often quoted catchphrase "Just like that" has never been heard on film. Famously he was once standing for several minutes behind the curtain at the start of a televised show, and the audience, knowing he was there, was in hysterics before he even appeared. "People were laughing, just standing in line, for the tickets to see him" has often been quoted. Born Thomas Frederick Cooper, in Caerphilly, Wales, he was delivered by the woman who owned the house in which the family was lodging. Cooper's parents were Welsh-born army recruiting sergeant father Tom, and his English born mother Gertrude from Crediton, Devon.

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Wales is an old land with wounds that weep in hills. They wept before in the bodies of men and in the hearts of women and time will never heal them.

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