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In 1930 Dr. António de Oliveira Salazar became a dictator of Portugal. He was the architect of the first highly racist Portuguese Colonial Act, which discriminated against Portuguese India, differentiating them from the metropolitan Portuguese people.[1 ][2] Because of this act the Portuguese Indians became a sort of substandard citizens, losing a great deal of benefits. These include free trips to Portugal for rest and recreation, their allowances became lower than those of the white officials, and other facilities that the white Portuguese had overseas were not available to Portuguese Indians.[1 ]

This image of the easily adaptable Portuguese who populated the colonies of Africa and America, thanks to their lack of prejudice toward black and Indian women, was to remain one of the strongest ideological artifices of Portuguese colonisation

—Brazilian anthropologist, Alcida Ramo

This prejudiced Portuguese Colonial Act of 1930 was repealed only in 1950, in part thanks to the contribution of Dr. Froilano de Mello. He was a exceptional Goan doctor and an independent member of parliament in Lisbon.[1 ] He represented Goa in the Assembly of the Republic. He unhesitatingly and fearlessly fought for the rights of Portuguese Indians. De Mello was so successful that from 1950, Goans regained their status and were treated again in equal terms just like any other white Portuguese citizens from the metropolis.[1 ]

It is in keeping with the organic nature of the Portuguese nation to fulfil its historical function of possessing and colonising overseas territories and civilising the native populations thereof, and to exercise the moral influence which is bound up with the padroado of the East.

—Section 2 of the Portuguese Colonial Act

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