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The Portuguese Gold Coast was a Portuguese colony on the West African Gold Coast (present day Ghana) on the Gulf of Guinea.

History

The Portuguese established the following settlements on the Gold Coast from January 21, 1482:

  • Fort São Jorge da Mina de Ouro, modern Elmina: January 21 1482 – August 28–9 1637; this became the capital
  • Fort de Santo António de Axim, modern Axim: 1486 – February 1642
  • Fort São Francisco Xavier, modern Osu: 1640–1642
  • Fort São Sebastião, modern Shama: 1526–1637.

On August 29 1637 the Dutch occupied São Jorge da Mina. On January 9 1642 the whole colony was ceded to the Dutch, who made it part of their Dutch Gold Coast colony.

Captains-major

The Portuguese governors, going by this modest, military style, were:

  • 21 January 1482 – 1484 - Diogo de Azambuja
  • c.1486 - Álvaro Vaz Pestano
  • c.1487 - João Fogaça
  • c.1493 - Lopo Soares de Albergaria
  • c.1502 – c.1504 - Nuno Vaz de Castelo Branco
  • c.1504 – 1504 - António de Miranda de Azevedo
  • 1504–1505 - Diogo Lopes de Sequeira
  • 1505 – 15… - Martinho da Silva
  • 15… – c.1508 - …
  • c.1508 – 1509 - Bobadilha
  • 1509 – c.1510 - Manuel de Góis
  • c.1510 – 1513 - Afonso Caldeira
  • 1513 – c.1517 - …
  • c.1517 – 1519 - Fernão Lopes Correia
  • 1519–1522 - Duarte Pacheco Pereira
  • 1522–1524 - Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1524–1525 - João de Barros
  • 1525–1529 - …
  • 1529 – 15… - Estêvão da Gama
  • 1536–1539 - Manuel de Albuquerque
  • 1539–1541 - António de Miranda
  • 1541–154… - Lopo de Sousa Coutinho (1st time)
  • 154… – 1545 - …
  • 1545–154… - Diogo Soares de Albergaria (1st time)
  • 1548–1550 - Lopo de Sousa Coutinho (2nd time)
  • 1550–1552 - Diogo Soares de Albergaria (2nd time)
  • 1552 – c.1555 - Rui de Melo
  • c.1555 – c.1557 - …
  • c.1557 – 15… - Afonso Gonçalves Botofago
  • 15… – 1562 - Rui Gomes de Azevedo
  • 1562 – 15… - Manuel de Mesquita Perestrelo
  • 15… – 1564 - …
  • 1564 – 15… - Martím Afonso
  • 15… – 1570 - …
  • 1570 – 157… - António da Sá
  • 157… – c.1574 - …
  • c.1574 – c.15… - Mendio da Mota
  • 15… – c.1579 - …
  • c.1579 – 15… - Vasco Fernandes Pimentel
  • 15… – 1584 - João Rodrigues Peçanha
  • 1584 – 15… - Bernardino Ribeiro Pacheco
  • 15… – 1586 - …
  • 1586 – c.1595 - João Róis Coutinho
  • c.1595 – c.1596 - Duarte Lobo da Gama
  • c.1596 – 1608 - Cristóvão da Gama
  • 1608–1613 - Duarte de Lima
  • 1613 – c.1615 - Pedro da Silva
  • c.1615 – 1616 - …
  • 1616–1624 - Manuel da Cunha e Teive
  • 1624 – c.1625 - Francisco de Souto-Maior
  • c.1625 – 162… - …
  • 162… – 162… - Luís Tomé de Castro
  • 162… – 1629 - João da Serra de Morais
  • 1629 – c.1632 - …
  • c.1632 – 1634 - Pedro de Mascarenhas
  • 1634 – 9 January 1642 - António da Rocha Magalhães

Source

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