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Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials or post-nominal titles, are letters placed after the name of a person to indicate that the individual holds a position, educational degree, accreditation, office, or honour. An individual may use several different sets of post-nominal letters. The order in which these are listed after a name is based on the order of precedence and category of the order. Post-nominal letters are one of the main types of name suffix.

Examples of post-nominal letters:

Usage

The order in which post-nominal letters are listed after a person's name is dictated by standard practice which may vary by region. In the UK, the Ministry of Justice recommends the following ordering:[1]

  1. Bt/Bart or Esq.
  2. Decorations and honours and decorations (in descending order of precedence)
  3. Appointments (for example, QC for Queen's Counsel, MP for member of parliament)
  4. Religious orders (for example, SSF)
  5. Fellowship or membership of learned societies, academies or professional institutions (for example, RA, FRCP)
  6. Membership of the Armed Forces

According to the University of Oxford,[2] university degrees should be listed in ascending order: bachelor's degrees first, followed by master's degrees, then doctorates. When degrees are from different universities and the awarding institutions are listed, lower degrees are included if they are not surpassed by a degree in the same faculty from the awarding university (such as John Smith, BA Wales MA London, but Jane Doe, MA Virginia).

See also

References

  1. ^ "Honours and Decorations". Ministry of Justice. 2008-12-04. http://www.justice.gov.uk/guidance/foa-hons-and-decs.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-06.  
  2. ^ "Oxford University Calendar: Notes on style". Oxford University Gazette. 2008-07-04. http://www2.ox.ac.uk/gazette/calendar/style.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-12.  







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