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Potsdam
Sanssouci, former summer palace of Frederick the Great
Sanssouci, former summer palace of Frederick the Great
Coat of arms of Potsdam
Potsdam is located in Germany
Potsdam
Coordinates 52°24′0″N 13°4′0″E / 52.4°N 13.066667°E / 52.4; 13.066667
Administration
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Jann Jakobs (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 187.28 km2 (72.31 sq mi)
Elevation 35-114 m
Population  151,725  (31 December 2008)[1]
 - Density 810 /km2 (2,098 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate P
Postal codes 14401–14482
Area code 0331
Website potsdam.de

Potsdam (German pronunciation: [ˈpɔtsdam]) is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and is part of the Metropolitan area of Berlin/Brandenburg. It is situated on the River Havel, 24 km southwest of Berlin city center.

Potsdam has several claims to national and international notability. In Germany, it has the status Windsor has in England. It was the residence of the Prussian kings until 1918. Around the city there are a series of interconnected lakes and unique cultural landscapes, in particular the parks and palaces of Sanssouci, the largest World Heritage Site in Germany. The Potsdam Conference, the major post-war conference between the victorious Allies, was held at another palace in the area, the Cecilienhof.

Babelsberg, in the north-eastern part of Potsdam, was a major movie production studio before WW2 and has enjoyed increased success as a major center of European film production since the fall of the Berlin Wall. The Filmstudio Babelsberg is historically significant as the oldest large-scale film studio in the world. The Deutsches Filmorchester Babelsberg frequently records soundtracks for domestic and foreign-based film productions.

Potsdam developed into a centre of science in Germany from the 19th century. Today, there are three public colleges and more than 30 research institutes in the city.

Contents

Geography

Aerial photograph of Potsdam
Templiner See in south Potsdam

The area was formed from a series of large moraines left after the last ice age. Today, the city is three-quarters green space, with just a quarter as urban area. There are about 20 lakes and rivers in Potsdam, for example the Havel, the Griebnitzsee, Templiner See, Tiefer See, Jungfernsee, Teltowkanal, Heiliger See and the Sacrower See. The highest point is the 114-metre (374 ft) high Kleiner Ravensberg.

Potsdam is divided into seven historic city districts and nine new Ortsteile (village parts), which joined the city in 2003. The appearance of the city districts is quite different. The districts in the north and in the centre consist mainly of historical buildings, the south of the city is dominated by larger areas of newer buildings.

History

Document from the Holy Roman Empire in 993 mentioning Poztupimi.

The area around Potsdam shows occupancy since the Bronze Age and was part of Magna Germania as described by Tacitus. After the migrations Slavs moved in and Potsdam was probably founded after the 7th century as a settlement of the Heveller centred on a castle. It was first mentioned in a document in 993AD as Poztupimi, when Emperor Otto III gifted the territory to the Quedlinburg Abbey, then led by his aunt Matilda. A possible translation of the name might be beneath the oaks. By 1317 it was mentioned as a small town. It gained its town charter in 1345. In 1573 it was still a small market town of 2,000 inhabitants. After the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), Potsdam had lost nearly half of its population.

Potsdam's fortunes changed dramatically when it was chosen in 1660 as the hunting residence of Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg, the core of the powerful state that later became the Kingdom of Prussia. It also housed a Prussian barracks.

Voltaire at the residence of Frederick II in Potsdam. Partial view of an engraving by Pierre Charles Baquoy, after N. A. Monsiau.

After the Edict of Potsdam in 1685, Potsdam became a centre of European immigration. Its religious freedom attracted people from France (Huguenots), Russia, the Netherlands and Bohemia. The edict accelerated population growth and economic recovery.

Later, the city became a full residence of the Prussian royal family. The majestic buildings of the royal residences were built mainly during the reign of Frederick the Great. One of these is the Sanssouci Palace (French: "without cares", by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, 1744), famed for its formal gardens and Rococo interiors. Other royal residences include the Neues Palais and the Orangery.

In the 19th century the city of Potsdam was the capital of the province of Potsdam. The province encompassed the former districts of Ucker Mark, the Mark of Priegnitz, and the greater part of the Middle Mark. It was situated between Pomerania and West Prussia on the north, and the province of Saxony on the south and west (Berlin, with a small surrounding district, was an enclave within the province of Potsdam, and had its own distinct government). Towards the north west the province was bounded by the River Elbe and the Havel, and on the north east by the River Oder. About 500,000 inhabitants lived in the province which covered an area of about 20,700 square kilometers, divided into thirteen circles:[2]

Lower Barnim West Havelland Upper Barnim East Priegnitz
Teltow-Storkow West Priegnitz Zauch-Belzig Ruppin
Templin Prenzlow East Havelland New Angermunde
Juterbock-Lucken-walde

The towns in the province were small, the principal ones being, Brandenburg, Potsdam, Prenzlow, Spandau and Ruppin.[2]

Berlin was the official capital of Prussia and later of the German Empire, but the court remained in Potsdam, where many government officials settled. In 1914, the Emperor Wilhelm II signed the Declaration of War in the Neues Palais. The city lost its status as a second capital in 1918, when Wilhelm II abdicated at the end of World War I.

At the start of the Third Reich in 1933 there was a ceremonial handshake between President Paul von Hindenburg and the new Chancellor Adolf Hitler on 21 March 1933 in Potsdam's Garnisonkirche (Garrison Church). This symbolised a coalition of the military (Reichswehr) and Nazism. Potsdam was severely damaged in bombing raids during World War II.

The Cecilienhof Palace was the scene of the Potsdam Conference from 17 July, to 2 August 1945, at which the victorious Allied leaders (Harry S. Truman; Winston Churchill and his successor, Clement Attlee; and Joseph Stalin) met to decide the future of Germany and postwar Europe in general. The conference ended with the Potsdam Agreement and the Potsdam Declaration.

The Glienicke Bridge, used for exchanging spies during the Cold War

The government of East Germany (formally known as the German Democratic Republic (German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR)) tried to remove symbols of Prussian militarism. Many historic buildings, some of them badly damaged in the war, were demolished.

Potsdam, south west of Berlin, lay just outside West Berlin after the construction of the Berlin Wall. The walling off of West Berlin not only isolated Potsdam from West Berlin, but also doubled commuting times to East Berlin. The Glienicke Bridge across the Havel connected the city to West Berlin and was the scene of some Cold War exchanges of spies.

After German reunification, Potsdam became the capital of the newly re-established state of Brandenburg. There are many ideas and efforts to reconstruct the original appearance of the city, most remarkably the Potsdam City Palace and the Garrison Church.

Politics

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Administration

The Old Town Hall

Potsdam has had a mayor (Bürgermeister) and city council since the 15th century. From 1809 the city council was elected, with a mayor (Oberbürgermeister) at its head. During the Third Reich the mayor was selected by the NSDAP and the city council was dissolved; it was reconstituted in token form after the Second World War, but free elections did not take place until after reunification.

Today, the city council is the city's central administrative authority. Local elections took place on 26 October 2003 and again in 2008. Between 1990 and 1999, the Chairman of the City Council was known as the "Town President" but today the post is the "Chairman of the City Council". The mayor is elected directly by the population. In the mayoral election on 22 September 2002, no candidate gained an overall majority, and a run-off election was held between Jann Jakobs (SPD) and Hans-Jürgen Scharfenberg (PDS), with Jann Jakobs gaining the narrowest of victories, with 50.1%.

The Landtag Brandenburg, the parliament of the federal state of Brandenburg is in Potsdam. It is planned to move into the Potsdam City Palace in 2011, after its reconstruction.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Potsdam is twinned with the following cities:[3]

Poland Opole Poland [4] 1973 Italy Perugia Italy 1990
France Bobigny France 1974 United States Sioux Falls South Dakota, USA 1990
Finland Jyväskylä Finland 1985 Germany Bonn North Rhine-Westphalia 1988
Switzerland Lucerne Switzerland 2002

Education and research

Landmark buildings of the University of Potsdam

Potsdam is a university town. The University of Potsdam was founded in 1991 as a university of the State of Brandenburg. Its predecessor was the Akademie für Staats- und Rechtswissenschaften der DDR "Walter Ulbricht", a college of education founded in 1948 which was one of the GDR's most important colleges. There are about 21,000 students today in the university.

The Einstein Tower was built in 1921 to house research on the theory of relativity.

In 1991 the Fachhochschule was founded as the second college; it now has 2,400 students.

In addition there is a College of Film and Television (Hochschule für Film und Fernsehen "Konrad Wolf" HFF), founded in 1954 in Babelsberg, the foremost centre of the German film industry since its birth, with 600 students today. yea 600 students were there today yes today.

There are also several research foundations, including Fraunhofer Institutes for Applied Polymer Research and Biomedical Engineering, Max Planck Institutes for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Colloids and Interfaces, and Molecular Plant Physiology, the GFZ German Research Center for Geosciences, the Potsdam Astrophysical Institute and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, which employs 140 people in researching climate change.

As well as universities, Potsdam is home to reputable secondary schools. Montessori Gesamtschule Potsdam, in western Potsdam, attracts 400 students from the Brandenburg and Berlin region.

Main sights

Potsdam was historically a centre of European immigration. Its religious tolerance attracted people from France, Russia, the Netherlands and Bohemia. This is still visible in the culture and architecture of the city.

The most popular attraction in Potsdam is Sanssouci Park, 2 km west of the city centre. In 1744 King Frederick the Great ordered the construction of a residence here, where he could live sans souci ("without worries", in the French spoken at the court). The park hosts a botanical garden (Botanischer Garten Potsdam) and many magnificent buildings:

  • The Sanssouci Palace (Schloss Sanssouci), a relatively modest palace of the Prussian royal and German imperial family
  • The Orangery Palace (Orangerieschloss), former palace for foreign royal guests
  • The New Palace (Neues Palais), built between 1763 and 1769 to celebrate the end of the Seven Years' War, in which Prussia ousted Austria from its centuries-long role as the dominant power in German affairs. It is a much larger and grander palace than Sanssouci, having over 200 rooms and 400 statues as decoration. It served as a guest house for numerous royal visitors.
  • The Charlottenhof Palace (Schloss Charlottenhof), a Neoclassical palace by Karl Friedrich Schinkel built in 1826
  • The Roman Baths (Römische Bäder), built by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Ludwig Persius in 1829-1840. It is a complex of buildings including a tea pavilion, a Renaissance-style villa, and a Roman bathhouse (from which the whole complex takes its name).
  • The Chinese Tea House (Chinesisches Teehaus), an 18th century pavilion built in a Chinese style, the fashion of the time.
Fortunaportal and Nikolaikirche at Alter Markt

The Old Market Square (Alter Markt) is Potsdam's historical centre. For three centuries this was the site of the City Palace (Stadtschloß), a royal palace built in 1662. Under Frederick the Great, the palace became the winter residence of the Prussian kings. The palace was severely damaged by bombing in 1945 and demolished in 1961 by the Communist authorities. In 2002 the Gate of Fortune (Fortunaportal) was rebuilt in its original historic position, which marks the first step in the reconstruction of the palace. The Old Market Square is dominated today by the dome of the Nicolas Church (Nikolaikirche), built in 1837 in the classical style. It was the last work of Karl Friedrich Schinkel, who designed the building but did not live to see its completion. It was finished by his disciples Friedrich August Stüler and Ludwig Persius. The eastern side of the Market Square is dominated by the Old City Hall (Altes Rathaus), built in 1755 by the Dutch architect Jan Bouman (1706–1776). It has a characteristic circular tower, crowned with a gilded Atlas bearing the world on his shoulders.

Potsdam's Brandenburg Gate
Dutch Quarter

North of the Old Market Square is the oval French Church (Französische Kirche), erected in the 1750s by Boumann for the Huguenot community, and the Brandenburg Gate (built in 1770, not to be confused with the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin).

Another landmark of Potsdam is the two-street Dutch Quarter (Holländisches Viertel), an ensemble of buildings that is unique in Europe, with about 150 houses built of red bricks in the Dutch style. It was built between 1734 and 1742 under the direction of Jan Bouman to be used by Dutch craftsmen who had been invited to settle here by King Frederick Wilhelm I. Today this area is one of Potsdam's most visited districts.

North of the city centre is the Russian colony of Alexandrowka, a small enclave of Russian architecture (including an Orthodox chapel) built in 1825 for a group of Russian immigrants. Since 1999 the colony has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

East of the Alexandrowka colony is a large park, the New Garden (Neuer Garten), which was laid out from 1786 in the English style. The site contains two palaces; one of them, the Palace Cecilienhof, was where the Potsdam Conference was held in July and August, 1945. The Marble Palace was built in 1789 in the style of classicism. Nearby is the Biosphäre Potsdam, a tropical botanical garden.

Another interesting area of Potsdam is Babelsberg, a quarter east of the centre, housing the UFA film studios (Babelsberg Studios), and an extensive park with some interesting buildings, including the Babelsberg Palace (Schloß Babelsberg, a neo-Gothic palace designed by Schinkel). The Einstein Tower was built between 1920 and 1924 by architect Erich Mendelsohn on the top of the Telegraphenberg.

There are many parks in Potsdam, most of them included in UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Some of them are:

Potsdam also includes a memorial centre in the former KGB prison in Leistikowstrasse.[5]

Sport

Famous people

References

  1. ^ [1] News report of population having reached 150,000
  2. ^ a b Thomas Curtis (1839). The London encyclopaedia, or, Universal dictionary of science, art, literature, and practical mechanics, by the orig. ed. of the Encyclopaedia metropolitana Volume XVIII, p. 11
  3. ^ List of twinned city from the Official website (German)
  4. ^ "Opole Official Website - Twin Towns". Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish) © 2007-2009 Urząd Miasta Opola. http://www.opole.pl/miasto/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=20&Itemid=108. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  5. ^ http://www.kgb-gefaengnis.de/site.php

Sources

  • Paul Sigel, Silke Dähmlow, Frank Seehausen und Lucas Elmenhorst, Architekturführer Potsdam Architectural Guide, Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-496-01325-7.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Potsdam (disambiguation).

Potsdam is the capital of Brandenburg and borders Berlin. The town has population of approx. 146,500. It is widely known for its castles and landscape as a World Heritage Site. Potsdam is more than 1000 years old. Many historic buildings are under re-construction after World War II and the period of the GDR.

Understand

For most of its recent history Potsdam has not been accessible from Berlin. The last station before the former GDR was Wannsee. Many of the buildings that are visible today have been reconstructed after the bombings of the Second World War and after the lax care of the East German Government. The city as we see it today is the work of five architects (After the Great Elector said: "Das ganze Eyland muß ein Paradies werden" (The whole island must become a paradise)): Peter Joseph Lenné, Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, Carl Phillipp Christian von Gontard, Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Friedrich Ludwig Persius, and of course Emperors Frederick the Great and Wilhelm II.

It is important to realize that most of the tourist attractions in the city are UNESCO World Heritage sites - these are:

  • Sanssouci Park and the Crown estate of Bornstedt
  • The New Garden (including the Pfingstberg and the Russian colony of Alxandrowka)
  • Babelsberg Park
  • Sacrow Park

Get in

By train

From Berlin: Regional Train "R1" direction "Magdeburg" or "Brandenburg", 20 min. from Zoo-Station. Inner-city train "S7"/"S1" direction Potsdam, about 45 min. from Zoo-Station. You must have a ticket for the zones A, B and C because the zone C covers from BVG [1] the public transport in Potsdam.

By Air

Berlin has two airports which are not far away from Potsdam. Public transportation lines S7, S1 or Re1 connect to Potsdam

Get around

The tram and bus system in Potsdam is very modern and overall excellent though confusing. Potsdam is, together with Berlin and parts of Brandenburg, part of the VBB transportation network. That enables you to change trams and buses pretty much at will, as long as your ticket is valid for the zone you're in. The inner city of Potsdam is in Zone A, the outer parts are in Zone B, and the hinterland is Zone C. Be aware though, as Potsdam itself lies in Berlin's Zone C - Berlin's outer parts are Berlin Zone B and so on. Tickets can be bought at ticket machines in every tram and bus. Unfortunately they're of no big help when it comes to choosing the right ticket, and furthermore they only accept coins and rechargeable "Geldkarten", but no bills. It's best to get detailed information about prices and zones at Potsdam's central station or on the VBB website [2]. The transport, although confusing at first, is pretty logically laid out - each tourist attraction has its own bus / tram stop (with the appropropriate name) and the staff of the VBB are extremely helpful, with most speaking English very well.

For tourists there are four main lines in and around Potsdam:

  • Schlösser-Linie (Palaces Line):

Bus No 695 from Potsdam Hauptbahnhof - Bahnhof Pirschheide
With stops for: The Historic Steam Engine House, Sanssouci Palace and Park, The Orangery, the Dragon House, the Belvedere, The New Palce and a path to the Charlottenhof Park

  • Krongut-Linie (Crown Estate Line):

Tram No 92 from Potsdam Hauptbahnhof - Bornstedt Kirschallee
With stops for: The Dutch Quater, The Russian Colony (Alexandrowka), the Pfingstberg, the Potsdam Biosphere and the Volkspark

  • Tropen-Linie (Tropics Line):

From Potsdam Haupbahnhof - Viereckremise
With stops for: The Historic City Centre, the Russian Colony (Alexandrowka),the Pfingstberg, the Potsdam Biosphere and the Volkspark

  • Cecilienhof-Linie (Cecilienhof Line):

From Potsdam Haupbahanhof take Tram Nos 90/92 to Reiterweg / Alleestraße, then Bus No 692 - Höhenstraße
With stops for: The Russian colony (Alexandrowka), the New Garden, the Marble Palace, Celcilienhof Palace and the Pfingstberg

  • Filmstadt-Linie (Film City Line):

From Potsdam Hauptbahnhof - Stern-Center / Gerlachstraße
With stops for: Babelsberg palace and park, Flatow Tower, the Arcaded Court House, the Neubabelsberg Villa Colony, Babelsberg Media City and the Film Park.

Schloss Sanssouci.
Schloss Sanssouci.
  • Park Sanssouci - This immense park outside Berlin in the city of Potsdam is on the UNESCO World Heritage list, along with all its outbuildings. Get there early: there is a 2000 person/day entry limit at Schloss (Castle) Sanssouci, a fabulous rococo palace with amazing interiors. One of the most noteworthy rooms in the palace is the Konzertsaal (concert hall) - dripping in rococo glory.
  • The New Garden hosts the Marmorpalais and the Palace Cecilienhof.
  • Gedenk- und Begegnungsstätte Ehemaliges KGB-Gefängnis Potsdam, Leistikowstr. 1 [3]. Literally the Memorial and Meeting-place Former KGB Prison Potsdam. From August 1945 it was occupied by soviet forces and has been reconstructed as a prison for the counterintelligence. Today it's been left standing to remind people of the depressing reality of dictatorships. Open from May to October, every Saturday and Sunday 11-17h.
  • Holländisches Viertel - Right in the middle of Potsdam are the "Dutch Quarters", built in the 18th century by Dutch master builder Johann Boumann to attract other Dutch artisans. The quarters consist of 134 red brick houses, divided into four blocks. The history of the Dutch Quarters can be seen in the house in Mittelstraße 8.
  • Alter Markt, the old market is the historic city center, the Stadtschloss (city castle) is under re-construction. You can visit the Nikolaikirche there.
  • New Market, the new market is an original preserved market square from the 18th century.
  • Park Babelsberg is a beautiful park with a gothic-style castle. It is also part of the World Heritage site. One part of the university is placed here, so expect some students.
  • The Pfaueninsel (Peacock Island) is a small island with free living peacocks.
  • The Russian Colony - Alexandrowska. Alexandrowska consisits of a few "Russian Style" house built for Russian immigrants during the reign of "The Soldier King". House No. 2 (Haus 2) has a very interesting museum while House No. 4 ( Haus 4) has an excellent café. Visit their website for further information [4].
  • Krongut Bornstedt - an archtitectonical complex in Italian style with a palace and a garden

Potsdam has several interesting museums to offer:

  • Haus der Brandenburgisch-Preußischen Geschichte, [5]. A museum about Potsdam's history.
  • Museum of Natural History
Film museum
Film museum
  • Film Museum, Well worth a visit, the first German expressionist film in the world was made at these studios. The next-door studios are home to Gute Zeiten, Schlechte Zeiten a famous German soap opera[6].
  • Potsdam Museum at the Duch District.
  • Altes Rathaus Changing exhibitions at the old town hall.
  • Gemäldegaleria. The beautiful collection of paintings at the Sans Souci Palace.
  • The Glienicke bridge (Glienicker Brücke). It is a bridge in Berlin which spans the Havel River to connect the cities of Potsdam and Berlin near Klein Glienicke. It was completed in 1907  edit
  • Visit Sanssouci - the baroque decoration is wonderful.
  • Take a cycling tour of the city
  • Walk around Sanssouci Park
  • Climb the Babelsberg

Buy

The Dutch Quarter (Holländisches Viertel) Has over 70 antique shops.

Sleep

Downtown

  • Quartier - Potsdam Hostel from 19 Euro (Hostel Pension Backpackers), Ribbeckstraße 41 (14469 Potsdam), +49 331 2739939, [7]. checkin: 16:00 - 20:00; checkout: 11:00. The Potsdam Hostel is in the middle of the cultural center of the city, but still offers a very relaxing and quiet atmosphere. The nearby area includes many exciting historical sites, from the “Italian Village” to the Sanssouci Park, both of which are in close walking distance from the Hostel: our property is directly on the border of the park. Our neighborhood also offers many interesting attractions; across the street you can sample the rich culinary offerings of the “Krongut Bornstedt” restaurant and later in the evening you can try homemade Büffelchen beers. . For breakfast, the Potsdam Hostel offers a wide range of option everyday from 7:00. Many shops are available nearby, as well as hairdressers and cafes. Our clean, comfortable, gender exclusive shared rooms come with 4 beds and include access to bathrooms and showers. Our community room offers complete kitchen facilities, TV, free wireless access, as well as a PC for those who leave their laptops at home. 19 €/bed/night.  edit

Waldstadt and surround

  • dedicated to workers: Monteurzimmer / Wohnen auf Zeit, Heidereiterweg 59, 14478 Potsdam, (49) (0331) 87 86 80 (, fax: (49) (0331) 87 12 66 2).   edit

Babelsberg

  • Avendi ****Hotel am Griebnitzsee, [8].  edit
  • Potsdam-Pension, Karl - Liebknecht - Str. 92, (Attention use the postcode, because the street ist twice in Potsdam) 14482 Potsdam, [9]. single room form 30 €.  edit
  • direct at station "S-Bahnhof Babelsberg": Youth Hostel Potsdam - Haus der Jugend, [10]. single room from 21 €.  edit
  • Pension Scheffler, Grenzstr. 11, 14482 Potsdam, 0331 / 705284, [11]. from 15 €.  edit

Holländerviertel

  • Gästehaus Urban, [12]. single room from 30 €.  edit

Potsdam-North

  • Seminaris 4*superior SeeHotel Potsdam - Int'l Meeting Resort, [13].   edit
  • Pension Stropp, 0331-7308090. dubble room from 17 € / person (two weeks).  edit
  • Youth Hostel: Jugendgästehaus „Siebenschläfer“ Potsdam, Lotte-Pulewka-Straße 43, 14473 Potsdam, (49)0331 / 741125. from €17.   edit

Stern (suburban)

  • Haus Katharina, Katharinastr. 23, 14480 Potsdam, (49) 0331 / 712993, [14]. singleroom from 20 €.  edit

Stay safe

Potsdam is a safe city for tourists. During daylight the city is full of tourists that visit the amazing castles and gardens.

Contact

For international contact details see the Berlin page. The nearest embassies (German:Botschaft) are all located in Berlin

Get out

Visit Berlin - It's the easiest thing to do.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Potsdam discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Potsdam

Wikipedia de

German

Proper noun

Potsdam

  1. Potsdam (city close to Berlin, Germany)

Simple English

Also see: Potsdam, New York (in USA).
For the Potsdam Conference, see: Potsdam Conference.
Potsdam
Sanssouci, former summer palace of Frederick the Great

Potsdam
Coordinates 52°24′0″N 13°4′0″E / 52.4°N 13.066667°E / 52.4; 13.066667
Administration
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Jann Jakobs (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 187.28 km2 (72.31 sq mi)
Elevation 35-114 m
Population  148,691  (31 October 2006)[1]
 - Density 794 /km2 (2,056 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate P
Postal codes 14401 – 14482
Area code 0331
Website potsdam.de

Potsdam is a German city near Berlin. It is located 26km south-west of Berlin. It is the capital of the state of Brandenburg. In 2005 about 146,635 persons lived in this city.

References

frr:Potsdam


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