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Coat of arms
Poznań is located in Poland
Coordinates: 52°24′N 16°55′E / 52.4°N 16.917°E / 52.4; 16.917
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
County city county
Established 8th century
Town rights 1253
 - Mayor Ryszard Grobelny
 - City 261.85 km2 (101.1 sq mi)
Highest elevation 154 m (505 ft)
Lowest elevation 60 m (197 ft)
Population (2009)
 - City 556,022
 Density 2,123.4/km2 (5,499.7/sq mi)
 Metro 943,700
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 60-001 to 61-890
Area code(s) +48 61
Car plates PO

Poznań [ˈpɔznaɲ] ( listen) (Latin: Posnania; German: Posen; Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city on the Warta river in west-central Poland, with a population of 556,022 in June 2009. It is among the oldest cities in Poland, and was one of the most important centres in the early Polish state, whose first rulers were buried at Poznań's cathedral.

Poznań is now Poland's fifth largest city. It is the historical capital of the Wielkopolska ("Greater Poland") region, and is currently the administrative capital of the province called Greater Poland Voivodeship.

Poznań is an important centre of trade, industry, and education, and hosts regular international trade fairs. It was the host city for the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2008, a key stage in the creation of a successor to the Kyoto Protocol.



The name Poznań probably comes from a personal name Poznan (from the Polish participle poznan(y) – "one who is known/recognized") and would mean "Poznan's town". It is also possible that the name comes directly from the verb poznać, which means "to get to know" or "to recognize".

The earliest surviving references to the city are found in the chronicles of Thietmar of Merseburg, written between 1012 and 1018: episcopus Posnaniensis ("bishop of Poznań", in an entry for 970) and ab urbe Posnani ("from the city of Poznań", for 1005). The city's name appears in documents in the Latin nominative case as Posnania in 1236 and Poznania in 1247. The phrase in Poznan appears in 1146 and 1244.

The city's full official name is Stołeczne Miasto Poznań ("The Capital City of Poznań"), in reference to its role as a centre of political power in the early Polish state. Poznań is known as Posen in German, and was officially called Haupt- und Residenzstadt Posen ("Capital and Residence City of Poznań") between 20 August 1910 and 28 November 1918. The Latin names of the city are Posnania and Civitas Posnaniensis. Its Yiddish name is פּױזן, or Poyzn.

The Russian version of the name, Познань (Poznan'), is of feminine gender, in contrast to the Polish name, which is masculine.


For centuries before the Christianization of Poland, Poznań (consisting of a fortified stronghold between the Warta and Cybina rivers, on what is now Ostrów Tumski) was an important cultural and political centre of the Polan tribe. Mieszko I, the first historically recorded ruler of the Polans, and of the early Polish state which they dominated, built one of his main stable headquarters in Poznań. Mieszko's baptism of 966, seen as a defining moment in the establishment of the Polish state, may have taken place in Poznań.

The stronghold on Ostrów Tumski in the 10th century (reconstruction)

Following the baptism, construction began of Poznań's cathedral, the first in Poland. Poznań was probably the main seat of the first missionary bishop sent to Poland, Bishop Jordan. The Congress of Gniezno in 1000 led to the country's first permanent archbishopric being established in Gniezno (which is generally regarded as Poland's capital in that period), although Poznań continued to have independent bishops of its own. Poznań's cathedral was the place of burial of the early Piast monarchs (Mieszko I, Boleslaus I, Mieszko II, Casimir I), and later of Przemysł I and King Przemysł II.

The pagain reaction that followed Mieszko II's death (probably in Poznań) in 1034 left the region weak, and in 1038 Bretislaus I of Bohemia sacked and destroyed both Poznań and Gniezno. Poland was reunited under Casimir I the Restorer in 1039, but the capital was moved to Kraków, which had been relatively unaffected by the troubles.

In 1138, by the testament of Bolesław III, Poland was divided into separate duchies under the late king's sons, and Poznań and its surroundings became the domain of Mieszko III the Old, the first of the Dukes of Greater Poland. This period of fragmentation lasted until 1320. Duchies frequently changed hands; control of Poznań, Gniezno and Kalisz sometimes lay with a single duke, but at other times these constituted separate duchies.

Poznań's seal, showing its coat of arms (1344)

It was during this period that the city of Poznań proper was founded. In about 1249, Duke Przemysł I began constructing what would become the Royal Castle on a hill on the left bank of the Warta. Then in 1253 Przemysł issued a charter to Thomas of Guben (Gubin) for the founding of a town under Magdeburg law, between the castle and the river. Thomas brought a large number of German settlers to aid in the building and settlement of the city – this is an example of the German eastern migration (Ostsiedlung) characteristic of that period.[1][2] The city (covering the area of today's Old Town neighbourhood) was surrounded by a defensive wall, integrated with the castle.

In reunited Poland, and later in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Poznań was the seat of a voivodeship. The city's importance began to grow in the Jagiellonian period, due to its position on trading routes from Lithuania and Ruthenia to western Europe. It would become a major centre for the fur trade by the late 16th century. Suburban settlements developed around the city walls, on the river islands and on the right bank, with some (Ostrów Tumski, Śródka, Chwaliszewo, Ostrówek) obtaining their own town charters. However the city's development was hampered by regular major fires and floods. In 1519 the Lubrański Academy was established in Poznań as an institution of higher education (but without the right to award degrees, which was reserved to Kraków's Jagiellonian University). However a Jesuits' college, founded in the city in 1571 during the Counter-Reformation, had the right to award degrees from 1611 until 1773, when it was combined with the Academy.

Poznań (south-facing view) ca. 1617 by Frans Hogenberg and Georg Braun, Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Cologne 1618

In the second half of the seventeenth century and most of the eighteenth, Poznań was severely affected by a series of wars (and attendant military occupations, lootings and destruction) – the Second and Third Northern Wars, the War of the Polish Succession, the Seven Years' War and the Bar Confederation rebellion. It was also hit by frequent outbreaks of plague, and by floods, particularly that of 1736, which destroyed most of the suburban buildings. The population of the conurbation declined (from 20,000 around 1600 to 6,000 around 1730), and Bambergian and Dutch settlers (Bambrzy and Olędrzy) were brought in to rebuild the devastated suburbs. In 1778 a "Committee of Good Order" (Komisja Dobrego Porządku) was established in the city, which oversaw rebuilding efforts and reorganized the city's administration. However in 1793, in the Second Partition of Poland, Poznań (or Posen, as it would be officially known for most of the next 127 years), came under the control of the Kingdom of Prussia, becoming part of (and initially the seat of) the province of South Prussia.

The Prussian authorities expanded the city boundaries, making the walled city and its closest suburbs into a single administrative unit. Left-bank suburbs were incorporated in 1797, and Ostrów Tumski, Chwaliszewo, Śródka, Ostrówek and Łacina (St. Roch) in 1800. The old city walls were taken down in the early 19th century, and major development took place to the west of the old city, with many of the main streets of today's city centre being laid out.

In the Greater Poland Uprising of 1806, Polish soldiers and civilian volunteers assisted the efforts of Napoleon by driving out Prussian forces from the region. The city became a part of the Duchy of Warsaw in 1807, and was the seat of Poznań Department. However in 1815, following the Congress of Vienna, the region was returned to Prussia, and Poznań became the capital of the semi-autonomous Grand Duchy of Posen.

The city continued to expand, and various projects were funded by Polish philanthropists, such as the Raczyński Library and the Bazar hotel. The city's first railway, running to Stargard Szczeciński, opened in 1848. Due to its strategic location, the Prussian authorities intended to make Poznań into a fortress city, building a ring of defensive fortifications around it. Work began on the citadel (Fort Winiary) in 1828, and in subsequent years the entire set of defences (Festung Posen) was completed.

The Polish Theatre

A Greater Poland Uprising during the Revolutions of 1848 was ultimately unsuccessul, and the Grand Duchy lost its remaining autonomy, Poznań becoming simply the capital of the Prussian Province of Posen. It would become part of the German Empire with the unification of German states in 1871. Polish patriots continued to form societies (such as the Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of Poznań), and a Polish theatre (Teatr Polski, still functioning) opened in 1875; however the authorities made efforts to Germanize the region, particularly through the Prussian Settlement Commission (founded 1886). Germans accounted for 38% of the city's population in 1867, though this percentage would later decline somewhat, particularly after the region returned to Poland.

Another expansion of Festung Posen was planned, with an outer ring of more widely spaced forts around the perimeter of the city. Building of the first nine forts began in 1876, and nine intermediate forts were built from 1887. The inner ring of fortifications was now considered obsolete and came to be mostly taken down by the early 20th century (although the citadel remained in use). This made space for further civilian construction, particularly the Imperial Palace ("Zamek"), completed 1910, and other grand buildings around it (including today's central university buildings and the opera house). The city's boundaries were also significantly extended to take in former suburban villages: Piotrowo and Berdychowo in 1896, Łazarz, Górczyn, Jeżyce and Wilda in 1900, and Sołacz in 1907.

Following Germany's defeat in World War I, the Greater Poland Uprising (1918–1919) brought Poznań and most of the region back under Polish control, confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles. In the interwar Second Polish Republic, the city again became the capital of Poznań Voivodeship. Poznań's university (today called Adam Mickiewicz University) was founded in 1919, and in 1925 the Poznań International Fairs began. In 1929 the fairs site was the venue for a major National Exhibition (Powszechna Wystawa Krajowa, popularly PeWuKa) marking the tenth anniversary of independence; it attracted around 4.5 million visitors. The city's boundaries were again expanded in 1925 (to include Główna, Komandoria, Rataje, Starołęka, Dębiec, Szeląg and Winogrady) and 1933 (Golęcin, Podolany).

During the German occupation of 1939–1945, Poznań was incorporated into the Third Reich as the capital of Reichsgau Wartheland. Many Polish inhabitants were executed, arrested, expelled to the General Government or used as forced labour; at the same time many Germans and Volksdeutsche were settled in the city. The pre-war Jewish population of about 3,000 was mostly exterminated in the Holocaust. A concentration camp for perceived enemies was set up in Fort VII, one of the 19th-century perimeter forts (the camp was later moved to Żabikowo south of Poznań). The Nazi authorities significantly expanded Poznań's boundaries to include most of the present-day area of the city; these boundaries were retained after the war. Poznań fell to the Red Army (assisted by Polish volunteers) on 23 February 1945 following the Battle of Poznań, in which the German army conducted a last-ditch defence in line with Hitler's designation of the city as a Festung. The Citadel was the last point to fall, and the fighting left much of the city (particularly the Old Town) in ruins.

"We demand bread" – a march during the 1956 protests

Due to the expulsions of Germans from Polish territory (and the fact that many Germans had left as the Soviets advanced), Poznań's post-war population was almost uniformly Polish. The city again became a voivodeship capital; in 1950 the size of Poznań Voivodeship was reduced, and the city itself was given separate voivodeship status. This status was lost in the 1975 reforms, which also significantly reduced the size of Poznań Voivodeship.

The Poznań 1956 protests are seen as an early expression of resistance to communist rule. In June 1956, a protest by workers at the city's Cegielski locomotive factory developed into a series of strikes and popular protests against the policies of the government. After a protest march on June 28 was fired on, crowds attacked the communist party and secret police headquarters, where they were repulsed by fire. Riots continued for two days until being quelled by the army; 67 people were killed according to official figures.

The post-war years had seen much reconstruction work on buildings damaged in the fighting. From the 1960s onwards intensive housing development took place, consisting mainly of pre-fabricated concrete blocks of flats, especially in Rataje and Winogrady, and later (following its incorporation into the city in 1974) Piątkowo. Another infrastructural change (completed in 1968) was the rerouting of the river Warta to follow two straight branches either side of Ostrów Tumski.

The the most recent expansion of the city's boundaries took place in 1987, with the addition of new areas mainly to the north, including Morasko, Radojewo and Kiekrz. The first free local elections following the fall of communism took place in 1990. With the Polish local government reforms of 1999, Poznań again became the capital of a larger province (Greater Poland Voivodeship). It also became the seat of a powiat ("Poznań County"), with the city itself gaining separate powiat status.

Recent infrastructural developments include the opening of the fast tram route (Poznański Szybki Tramwaj, popularly Pestka) in 1997, and Poznań's first motorway connection (part of the A2 autostrada) in 2003. In 2006 Poland's first F-16 Fighting Falcons came to be stationed at the 31st Air Base in Krzesiny in the south-east of the city.

Poznań continues to host regular trade fairs and international events, including the United Nations Climate Change Conference. It is one of the planned host cities for the 2012 European Football Championship.


Poznań covers an area of 261.3 km2 (100.9 sq mi), and has coordinates in the range 52°17'34''–52°30'27''N, 16°44'08''–17°04'28''E. Its highest point, with an altitude of 157 m (515 ft), is the summit of Góra Moraska (Morasko Hill) within the Morasko meteorite nature reserve in the north of the city. The lowest altitude is 60 m (197 ft), in the Warta valley.

Poznań's main river is the Warta, which flows through the city from south to north. As it approaches the city centre it divides into two branches, flowing west and east of Ostrów Tumski (the cathedral island) and meeting again further north. The smaller Cybina river flows through eastern Poznań to meet the east branch of the Warta (that branch is also called Cybina – its northern section was originally a continuation of that river, while its southern section has been artificially widened to form a main stream of the Warta). Other tributaries of the Warta within Poznań are the Junikowo Stream (Strumień Junikowski), which flows through southern Poznań from the west, meeting the Warta just outside the city boundary in Luboń; the Bogdanka and Wierzbak, formerly two separate tributaries flowing from the north-west and along the north side of the city centre, now with their lower sections diverted underground; the Główna, flowing through the neighbourhood of the same name in north-east Poznań; and the Rose Stream (Strumień Różany) flowing east from Morasko in the north of the city. The course of the Warta in central Poznań was formerly quite different than today: the main stream ran between Grobla and Chwaliszewo, which were originally both islands. The branch west of Grobla (the Zgniła Warta – "rotten Warta") was filled in in the late 19th century, and the former main stream west of Chwaliszewo was diverted and filled in in the 1960s. This was done partly to prevent floods, which did serious damage to Poznań frequently throughout history.

Poznań's largest lake is Jezioro Kierskie (Kiekrz Lake) in the extreme north-west of the city (within the city boundaries since 1987). Other large lakes include Malta (an artificial lake on the lower Cybina, formed in 1952), Jezioro Strzeszyńskie (Strzeszyn Lake) on the Bogdanka, and Rusałka, an artificial lake further down the Bogdanka, formed in 1943. The latter two are popular bathing places. Kiekrz Lake is much used for sailing, while Malta is a competitive rowing and canoeing venue.

The city centre (including the Old Town, the former islands of Grobla and Chwaliszewo, the main street Święty Marcin and many other important buildings and districts) lies on the west side of the Warta. Opposite it between the two branches of the Warta is Ostrów Tumski, containing Poznań Cathedral and other ecclesiatical buildings, as well as housing and industrial facilities. Facing the cathedral on the east bank of the river is the historic district of Śródka. Large areas of apartment blocks, built from the 1960s onwards, include Rataje in the east, and Winogrady and Piątkowo north of the centre. Older residential and commercial districts include those of Wilda, Łazarz and Górczyn to the south, and Jeżyce to the west. There are also significant areas of forest within the city boundaries, particularly in the east adjoining Swarzędz, and around the lakes in the north-west.

For more details on Poznań's geography, see the articles on the five districts: Stare Miasto, Nowe Miasto, Jeżyce, Grunwald and Wilda.


The climate of Poznań is continental humid with relatively cold winters and fairly hot summers. Snow is common in winter, when night-time temperatures are typically below zero. In summer temperatures may often reach 30 °C (86 °F). Annual rainfall is less than 500 mm, among the lowest in Poland. The rainiest month is July, mainly due to short but intense cloudbursts and thunderstorms. The number of hours of sunshine is among the highest in the country.

Climate data for Poznań
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.0
Average high °C (°F) 2.3
Daily mean °C (°F) -1.2
Average low °C (°F) -4.6
Record low °C (°F) -28.5
Precipitation mm (inches) 25
Sunshine hours 56 67 118 179 230 237 236 229 171 122 55 40 1,740
% Humidity 81 82 75 68 63 68 70 72 74 77 80 82 74
Avg. precipitation days 14 12 11 9 11 12 13 13 9 12 14 12 142
Source: Polish Central Statistical Office

Administrative division

Local government districts of Poznań

Poznań is divided into five districts for certain administrative purposes; these are sometimes referred to as dzielnicas, although they do not have their own elected councils as do the dzielnicas of some cities. Several dozen smaller administrative units (osiedles), with elected councils, exist within the above districts, although these do not cover the whole of the city.

The five districts are:

  • Stare Miasto ("Old Town"), population 161,200, area 47.1 km2 (18.2 sq mi), covering the central and northern parts of the city
  • Nowe Miasto ("New Town"), population 141,424, area 105.1 km2 (40.6 sq mi), including all parts of the city on the right (east) bank of the Warta
  • Jeżyce, population 81,300, area 57.9 km2 (22.4 sq mi), covering the north-western parts of the city
  • Grunwald, population 125,500, area 36.2 km2 (14.0 sq mi), covering the south-western parts of the city
  • Wilda, population 62,290, area 15.0 km2 (5.8 sq mi), in the southern part of the city


Stary Browar (Old Brewery) in Poznań

Poznań has been an important trade centre since the Middle Ages. Starting in the 19th century, local heavy industry began to grow. Several major factories were built, including the Hipolit Cegielski steel mill and railway factory (see H. Cegielski - Poznań S.A.).

Nowadays Poznań is one of the major trade centers in Poland. Poznań is regarded as the second most prosperous city in Poland after Warsaw. The city of Poznan produced PLN 31.8 billion of Poland's gross domestic product in 2006. The city also boasts a GDP per capita of PLN 56,081 or 202% of Poland's average. Furthermore, Poznan had very low unemployment rate of 2.3% as of May 2009. For comparison, Poland's national unemployment rate was over 10%.

Many Western European companies have established their Polish headquarters in Poznań, or in the nearby towns of Tarnowo Podgórne and Swarzędz. Most foreign investors are German and Dutch companies (see Major corporations in Poznań), along with a few others. Investors are mostly from the food processing, furniture, automotive and transport and logistics industries. Foreign companies are primarily attracted by low labour costs, but also by the relatively good road and railway network, good vocational skills of workers and relatively liberal employment laws.

The recently built Stary Browar shopping center contains many high-end shops and is considered one of the best in Europe. Other notable shopping centers in the city include Galeria Malta, one of the largest in Central Europe, and the shops at the Hotel Bazar, a historical hotel and commercial center in the Old Town.

Culture and sights

Poznań's new city logo

Poznań has many historic buildings and sights, mostly concentrated around the Old Town and other parts of the city centre. Many of these lie on the Royal-Imperial Route – a tourist walk leading through the most important parts of the city showing its history, culture and identity.

Perhaps the most important cultural event in Poznań is the annual Malta theatre festival, which takes place at many city venues usually in late June and early July. It hosts mainly modern experimental off-theatre performances, often taking place on squares and other public spaces. It also includes cinema, visual, music and dancing events.

Classical music events include the Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition (held every 5 years), and classical music concerts by the city's Philharmonic Orchestra held each month in the University Aula.

Poznań hosted the 2009 European Young Adults Meeting of the ecumenical Christian Taizé Community.

Poznań also stages the "Ale Kino!" International Young Audience Film Festival in December and the "Off Cinema" festival of independent films. Poznań has several cinemas, including both multiplexes and smaller cinemas, an opera house and several other theatres, as well as museums.

The "Rozbrat" squat serves not only as a home for squatters, but also as a centre of independent and open-minded culture. It hosts frequent gigs, as well as an anarchistic library, vernissages, exhibitions, annual birthday festival (each October), poetry evenings, graffiti festivals and so on.

The city centre has many clubs, pubs and coffee houses, mainly in the area of the Old Town.


The Raczyński Library, 1822–1828

Poznań has a few state-owned universities and a number of smaller, mostly private-run colleges and institutions of higher education. Adam Mickiewicz University (abbreviated UAM in Polish, AMU in English) is one of the most influential and biggest universities in Poland:

Scientific and regional organizations


Municipal stadium (during reconstruction)
New stadium


Municipal politics

Since the end of the communist era in 1989, Poznań municipality and suburban area have invested heavily in infrastructure, especially public transport and administration. That results in a massive investment from foreign companies in Poznań as well as in communities west and south of Poznań (namely, Kórnik and Tarnowo Podgórne). One of the most important values of Poznań is the positive attitude of public administration towards investments, and less bureaucracy than elsewhere in Poland.

City investments into transportation were mostly into public transport. While the number of cars since 1989 has at least doubled, the policy of improving public transport gave good effects. Limiting car access to the city center, building new tram lines (including Poznański Szybki Tramwaj) and investing in new rolling stock (such as modern Combino trams by Siemens and Solaris low-floor buses) actually increased the level of ridership. This is a notable success, even considering the fact that Polish society only possesses about half of the "old EU"'s purchasing power, hence not everybody can afford to own a car.

Future investments into transportation include the construction of a third bypass of Poznań, and the completion of A2 (E30) motorway towards Berlin. New cycle lanes are being built, linking to existing ones, and an attempt is currently being made to develop a Karlsruhe-style light rail system for commuters. All this is made more complicated (and more expensive) by the heavy neglect of transport infrastructure throughout the Communist era.


Members of Sejm elected in 2005 from Poznań constituency:

Members of European Parliament elected from Poznań constituency:

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns

Poznań is twinned with:[3]

Sister cities

Poznań has 2 sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:



  1. ^ Brather, Sebastian (2001) (in German). Archäologie der westlichen Slawen. Siedlung, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft im früh- und hochmittelalterlichen Ostmitteleuropa. Ergänzungsbände zum Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde. 30. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 87, 156,159. ISBN 3110170612. 
  2. ^ Brather, Sebastian (2001) (in German). Archäologie der westlichen Slawen. Siedlung, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft im früh- und hochmittelalterlichen Ostmitteleuropa. Ergänzungsbände zum Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde. 30. Walter de Gruyter. p. 87. ISBN 3110170612. "Das städtische Bürgertum war auch in Polen und Böhmen zunächst überwiegend deutscher Herkunft. [English: Also in Poland and Bohemia were the burghers in the towns initially primarily of German origin.]" 
  3. ^ "Poznań Official Website - Twin Towns". Flag of Poland.svg (in Polish) © 1998–2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  4. ^ "Brno - Partnerská města" (in Czech). © 2006-2009 City of Brno. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  5. ^ "Hanover - Twin Towns" (in German). © 2007-2009 - Offizielles Portal der Landeshauptstadt und der Region Hannover in Zusammenarbeit mit Retrieved 2009-07-17. 


  • Collective work, Poznań. Dzieje, ludzie kultura, Poznań 1953
  • Robert Alvis, Religion and the Rise of Nationalism: A Profile of an East-Central European City, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse 2005
  • K. Malinowski (red.), Dziesięć wieków Poznania, t.1, Dzieje społeczno-gospodarcze, Poznań 1956
  • Collective work, Poznań, Poznań 1958
  • Collective work, Poznań. Zarys historii, Poznań 1963
  • Cz. Łuczak, Życie społeczno-gospodarcze w Poznaniu 1815–1918, Poznań 1965
  • J. Topolski (red.), Poznań. Zarys dziejów, Poznań 1973
  • Zygmunt Boras, Książęta Piastowscy Wielkopolski, Wydawnictwo Poznańskie, Poznań 1983
  • Jerzy Topolski (red.), Dzieje Poznania, Wydawnictwo PWN, Warszawa, Poznań 1988
  • Alfred Kaniecki, Dzieje miasta wodą pisane, Wydawnictwo Aquarius, Poznań 1993
  • Witold Maisel (red.), Przywileje miasta Poznania XIII-XVIII wieku. Privilegia civitatis Posnaniensis saeculorum XIII-XVIII. Władze Miasta Poznania, Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, Wydawnictwa Żródłowe Komisji Historycznej, Tom XXIV, Wydawnictwo PTPN, Poznań 1994
  • Wojciech Stankowski, Wielkopolska, Wydawnictwo WSiP, Warszawa 1999
  • Gotthold Rhode: Geschichte der Stadt Posen

See also

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

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The old town square in Poznan
The old town square in Poznan

Poznań [1] is a large city in Greater Poland, in west Poland.


Poznań is a town steeped in history, as it was the first capital (with Gniezno) of Poland and seen by many as the birthplace of the Polish nation. Today it is a diverse and vibrant town, with much to divert the traveller. It has a stunningly rejuvenated central square, thriving night-life, fascinating museums and many attractions in the surrounding area. For train buffs, Poznań is the home of Europe's last surviving steam-hauled passenger service. With a strategic position on the BerlinMoscow train line, Poznań will be for many their first experience of Poland.

Get in

By plane

Poznań has an international airport (POZ) with regular services.

- domestic:

  • Warsaw 4-5 flights a day, serviced by Polish Airlines LOT
  • Cracow - 8 flights weekly, serviced by JetAir
  • Gdansk - 8 flights weekly, serviced by JetAir

- international:

Flight schedule at Poznan Ławica Airport: [2].

The airport is situated only 7 km from the city centre and in easily accessible by public bus : #59 (from a stop between Kaponiera Crossing and Sheraton Hotel - appr. every 25-30 minutes - travel time appr. 22-24 min.) and fast line #L (from the Main Railway Station and as well from Sheraton - appr. every 45 minutes - travel time aprr. 18-20 min).

main station
main station

Poznań is a crucial railway junction and all trains going between Moscow and Western Europe stop here. Trains to Berlin or Warsaw take approximately 3 hours in either direction and cost around €20 one-way. Trains to Kraków (appr. 8 daily) take around 6 hours and costs €15 one-way, Wroclaw (more than 15 daily) will take around 2 hours and costs in the area of €8. The journey to Gdansk (6 trains daily) will take 5,5 hours and cost €12 and to Torun (6 trains per day) : 2,5 hours and €7.

Frequent and convenient train connection from Warsaw. Journey time about 3 hours. Cost from €10 (Inter Regio trains) through €14 (fast trains) to as much as €30 (Inter City Plus).

Poznan is also served by long-distance trains leading to popular beach- and mountains resorts : Zakopane (2 night trains in winter and summer season), Szklarska Poreba/Kudowa Zdroj (2 daily + 1 in season), Kolobrzeg (Kolberg), Hel and Swinoujscie.

Besides, Poznan and Wielkopolska region has a vast network of local connections. For tourist the most important can be trains going to :

  • Gniezno (The Piast Route) - appr. 15-20 (depending on the day) trains daily
  • Wolsztyn (The steam-engine depot) - 7 trains daily
  • Konin (The sanctuary in Lichen) - 12-15 trains daily
  • Wagrowiec (The Cistercian Route) - 8-10 trains daily

In some cases (going from or to Cathedral Island - Ostrow Tumski, the Old Town) it can be wise to use local train stop "Poznan-Garbary" instead of the main station.

By bus

Poznań is served by the Eurolines coach network. Count on fares of around €90 one-way to London or Amsterdam. Every day more than 200 local buses leave for town and even small villages everywhere in Wielkopolska region.

The Poznan coach station is situated nearby the train station (5-min walk) and as well few-minutes-walk from the mail entrance to the Fair Ground. Other places in the centre are also accessible on foot. Just next to the coach station one can find several city tram and bus lines :

  • trams 6, 10, 11 i 12 - just 1 stop (left, when you leave the coach station) to the train station or as well 1 stop (to the right) to the Shopping Mall Stary Browar (The Old Brewery) or to shopping area nearby Polwiejska Str.
  • bus 71 (heading toward "Os. Wichrowe Wzgórze") giving access to e.g. The Province Office, the main building of the Poznan University, to the Opera House or to Mickiewicz Sq. with the Monument of Poznan Crosses (Uprising 1956).

Poznan has many bus connections first of all with cities and towns in West Poland (Gorzów, Zielona Góra, sea resorts, mountain resorts in Sudety Mountains), but there are also coaches heading to : Lublin, Lodz, Warsaw etc. Apart from that there's a vast network of local and regional buses, especially to towns with poor (or no) train network.

Get around

Poznań is a compact city, but has a decent (no longer cheap) public transport system, consisting of trams, fast trams (similar to metro), and buses.

However, the city's transportation authority (MPK) received a lot of negative feedback in Feb 2008 after fare hike. Some transportation rules have also been changed, not always following the logic.

The centre is navigable on foot, but if you decide to use trams (buses don't usually run in the centre), here are the prices of tickets as of March 2008:

  • 15 minute ride: 2.00 zł (ca. 55 €cents)
  • 30 minute ride: 3.60 zł (ca. 1.10 €)

A suggested solution is to buy 10-15 of 15 minute tickets. 15 min tickets no longer can be combined into a 30 minute ticket, and 2 reduced fare tickets (50%) do not constitute one of regular fare. Each person must have a separate ticket.

For city bus travellers as well stop-tickets (valid for the proper number of stops) are in circulation :

  • up to 10 stops : 2,20 zł (ca. 60 €cents)
  • over 10 stops 3,70 zł (ca. 1,15€).

Using stop tickets one is not allowed to change a bus or to change from a bus to a tram.

There are also 60 and 90 minute tickets, but if you plan to see more of the city, one-day or week tickets are a better offer. They cost respectively 13,20 (3.50 €) and 32 zł (9.00 €).

There is available Poznań Card, which is combination of ticket and discount card. Prices: 30 zł (ca. 7,50 €) one-day, 40 zł (ca .10 €) two-day and 45 zł (ca. 11 €) three-day (see for details here: [3])

Fifteen minutes on a tram is usually enough to ride a few stops in the city out of the peak hours. For more than ca. 5-6 stops, use a 30-minute ticket.

You may transfer as many times as you wish, but ride as long as the ticket is valid. Night buses have the same tickets and fares. Express buses cost twice as much, but are far from being twice faster, so the advice is to avoid them (besides fast line "L" joining the airport with the main railway station.

Nobody checks the tickets as you enter, so remember to "click" (validate) your ticket as soon as the vehicle starts, or you might be fined 100..200 zł (27..55€) if controlled. The fine might not seem large, but will cause you trouble. Remember, it's not like in North America, where the ticket is checked upon entering the bus. In Europe, if your ticket expires, you have to use another one or leave.

Unless you study in Poland, you will not be eligible for discounts on public transport.

Luggage smaller than "65 x 45 x 25 cm" can be carried without a fee, so click (validate) another ticket for your backpack. Smaller luggage, small dogs, as well as wheelchairs and prams can be taken for free. Bicycles can be refused during peak hours. On piece of luggage (bigger than 65x45x25) is free of charge in "L" airport-fast line

In winter 2009 a new internet serviced was launched : "Jak dojadę" (Polish for : How will I get to...) – enabling to find a connection and the proper timetable even without a good knowledge about the topography of the city. It’s enough to write the place (street, famous building) where you plan to start and finish your trip and the system will find you the quickest way.

Full pricelist, in Polish but quite clear, is available here: [4] (Polish only)

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The old town square in Poznan
The old town square in Poznan

Ostrów Tumski (Cathedral Island), famed as the spot on which Poznań was founded, is a quiet island, with a permanent population consisting mostly of bishops, priests and monks. It was supposedly here that the town was founded, after three brothers Rus, Lech and Czech met here after not seeing each other for years (poznać being Polish for 'to meet'). It is also the spot where Poland adopted Chistian baptism in 966 and where the first church (still existing Poznan Cathedral) of polish territories was built (968). The island is accessible from the centre / Old Town by trams 4, 8 and 17 and bus 63 (other lines, not really useful for tourist are 67 and 83). The cathedral is open for visitors every day from 8AM to 4PM-7PM (depending on the day), but is closed for sightseeing during services (esp. Sundays). Admission : €0.70.

  • St. Peter's and Paul's Cathedral - the first polish cathedral and the only one between years 968 and 1000. Burial place of 8 polish dukes and kings from the Piast dynasty - original graves from Xth and XIth cent. of Mesko I and his son Boleslaus the Brave preserced in the cellar; as well as the baptism bowl - a probabel baptism place of Duke Mesko I. In today used space of the cathedral pay attention to the chain of chapels around the main aisle, not touched by bombings in 1945 - the most precious ones are : the Golden Chapel (which a present memorial place of Mesko I and Boleslaus the Brave - in the sarcophagus on the right-hand side) and the Holy Cross Chapel.
  • The Our Lady Church - built in late gothic style (appr. 1430), not very significant for its present shape and values, but important for its role in Xth cent, when in the place the duke's palace and a small chapel were built. The chapel was probably erected appr. one year before the official baptism of Poland. The interior (due to archeological excavations) is closed for visitors.
  • The archbishop's Palace - originally built in the same epoque, as the cathedral, but its present shape comes from the 2nd half of XVIIIth cent. For obvious reasons : closed for vivitors.
  • The bishop Lubranski University - the second oldest high school in Poland, founded by bishop John Lubranski in 1518. At the present - the Archdieacesional Museum
  • Psalter House erected in the beginnings of XVIth cent (as well by bishop Lubranski) as a rehearsal-place for psalter singers. They were due to sing the David's Psalms in the Cathedral the whole day round. Nowadays the building is used by christian associations.
  • canonries - mostly from XVIIIth and XIXth cent, built for noble priest working for the Poznan Cathedral and Archbishop.

Stary Rynek, the old town square, one of the finest in Europe. This is the centre of old, medieval Poznań, and has been superbly rebuilt after severe destruction in World War 2. Cafés and bars line the square and it is a superb spot for ordering a drink and watching the world go by.

  • Town Hall is the centrepiece of the Rynek. Originally a gothic construction, erected in the first years of XIVth cent, later rebuilt in renessaince style by Giovanni Battista di Quadro from Lugano. It is said to be the most beautiful non-church renessaince building north of the Alps. The building houses the Historical Museum of Poznań (originally the the headquarters of municipal powers and the city court), displaying exhibitions about the history of the city from the 10th century to the present day. Two things to watch out for here are the ornately decorated Great Entrance Hall and the mechanical goats which appear from the roof of the building each day at noon to butt their heads together a dozen times. The museum is open M,Tu,F 10AM-4PM, W noon-6PM and Su 10AM-3PM. Admission is €1.50.
  • The City Church of St. Stanislaus and Our Lady - opened in 2007 after total refuirbishment, one of the mostt beautiful baroque churches in Poland. Originnaly - a Jesuits' church, nowadayd : a parish one (the parish church for the Old Town). Many tourist come here not for the beauty of the bulding, but for the sounds of its organs, built here in the 1870s by one of the most famous organmasters of that time : Friedrich Ladegast from Wesenfels (Germany). The organs can be heard during services (regular on Sundays and on weekdays : 3 or 4 in the morning and 1 in the evening) and during organ concerts (each Saturday, 12:15, entrance free). From spring 2009 an entrance fee will be introduced : €1,10.
  • The former Jesuits' College - an old jesuits' school build by the monk in the same period, as the neighbouring church, now houses the City Office - so it's possible to get in to see the interiors, but anly halls and corridors. In the early XIXth cent is was the welcoming place and hotel for emperor Napoleon I during his marsh toward Moscow. Few years later - the concert place for Frederic Chopin (his original instrument is still exhibited in Poznan in the Museum of Musical Instruments - see below). In front of the City Office - the monument of two goats - the symbol of the city.
  • King's Castle - rebuilt by king Przemysl II in 1290s (the first king for more than 200 years), but erected by is father, duke Przemysl I as a duke's residencde for POznan county. The only remnants of the origin building are the fundaments, and - what tourists mostly look is the newer part of the building dated fot the second half of XVIIIth cent. Nowadays is house the Museum of Applied Art and from the walls one can watch the panorama of the Old Town. Poznan KIng's Castle was the place of the Fist Prussian Homage in 1492 (however more famous is the second one prezesnted on famous picture by painter Jan Matejko). The hill was also the place, where the arms of Polish first dynasty (Piasts) - the White Eagle - became the official national symbol.
  • The Franciscan Church - it's arather typical church fro the turn of XVIIth and XVIIIth cent, but is't really worth coming here at least for a few minutes from its beautiful paintings on the vaulting and wood carvings created by two ingenious monk - btohers Adam and Antony Swach from the Czech territories. More religious visitors come here for the Sanktuary of Our Lady of Incessant Help - the Lady of Poznan (the pictore in left side-aisle). The undergrounds of the church house two Models of Old Poznan, which is the only one in Poland.
  • The Gorka Palace - the Gorkas were a famous late-medieval noble family in Poznan and erected their palace in mid XVth cent, later rebuit in XVIth cent in renessaince style (a marvelous portal from the eastern side). At the present the Palace Houses the Archeological Museum (see below).
  • The Holliest Blood Church - located in Zydowska (Jewish) street and its erection is connected with a legend about desecration of the host done by a group of Jews. An interesting thing may be, that during services a priest stands backward to the people, and the church is used both by Roman Catholics and Greek Catholics (service each Sunday at 12:00 in Ukrainian).

Srodka district - located just few minutes from the Cathedral Island, originally a merchants' and craftmen's district working for the duke or king court, located here in first half of XIIIth centrury, as the first place : the Cathedral Island -was overpopulated. The name come from the polish name "Środa" (wednesday), as weekly markets took place excactly on Wednesdays.

  • St. Margaret Church - late-romanesque church (with some gothic features) in the middle of Srodka Market Square, nowadays a side-church for the cathedral parish. It's pretty hard to get inside, unless you come aprr. a quarter before or after services.
  • The church of St. John of Jerusalem - the first building on polish teritorries built of bricks (before only wooden or stone building had been erected) arround the year 1188. The church was erected for the Johnnites order, who were running a hospital for the poor people nearby. The entrance is free, but as well limited to moments before or after services. This is also the only place in the city, where holy masses for death people take place.

From 2007 one can get from the Cathedral Island to Srodka district using a new (pedestrians and cyclers only) bridge, bearing the name of bishop Jordan (968-982), who was the first bishop of Poznan and Poland.

Just behind Srodka a recreational area at the banks opf Malta Lake start. They are located only 3km away from the centre and include : an artificial skeeing slope, a all-tear-round tobbogan slide, bike rental, ZOO (the biggest one in Poland), walking and jogging areas, a rollerskating track - one of the best in Poland (5,5 km). The zoo is linked with the Srodka district by narrow-gauged line, working from spring till autumn on workdays every hour, on weekends - every 30 minutes. Details : [5] (Polish only). Tickets - appr. €1.00, for kids €0.70, family tickets €3.00

The Emperor's district. The main building here is the Emperor's Castle, erected 1905-1910 by Franz Schwechten, the Berlin court architect of German emperor Wilhelm II. The huge neo-romanesque building, which alludes to medieval constructions, was officially opened by the Emperor personally. It was the seat of Polish President in the inter-war period and Hitler's residence during WWII, when it was remodelled under the Albrecht Speer. The dominating element of the building is the Tower, originally 74-m high, after WWII was lowered (due to the damage in the lat period of the war) by approx. 20 metres. In the Rose Courtyard (opposite site to the main entrance) one can find a fountain modelled on the XIIIth-century lions fountain in Allhambra (Spain). At present the castle is the seat of the Castle Cultere Centre, the Animation Theatre and many other institutions. It's also a place of many exhibitions, meetings, concerts and festivals.

  • The system of forts surrounding Poznań in XIXth century, all located nearby former round-road, just few kms from the nowadays centre. Most of them is unfortunately in poor technical state and are used for many (not really historical) purposes. Anyway it’s worth going to Fort VII (Polska str, accessible from the centre by trams #2, #17 and #18 to the final Ogrody stop, from the a short walk), where the Museum of Martyrology is located. The sightseeieng of some forts on your own can be simply dangerous!!
  • A very unusual monumet os Stary Marych, at the very beginning of Półwiejska Str (a shopping pedestrian zone), which is probably the only monument in the world of a man walking with a bike (all other cyclers ride!). The Monument is dedicated to Stary Marych (Old Marych), a fictitious person, who features in local newspapers or in local radio stations (from 1983) , and all his speches about the actual problems are written (and read) in local Poznan dialect. It’s also the only monument of local dialect in Poland.
  • The nature reservation „The Morasko Meteorite” – one of only two places like that in Europe (the second one is in Estonia) – a system of 7 craters left after a meteorite fall several thousands years ago. The name ‘Morasko’ comes from the suburban district placed appr. 1km away.

Most of this atractions can be found on The Royal-Imperial Route in Poznań. This is a tour for tourist who would like to get to know better the history and culture of Poznań.

  • Archaeological Museum, 27 Wodna Str., Phone +48 61 852 8251, [6]. 10AM-4PM Tuesday – Friday, 10am-6pm Saturdays, 10am-3pm Sundays, admission: €1.10 (free Saturdays), photography permit €0.70, guide €3. With 42,432 artefacts, this is a large and fascinating museum. It specialises in the archaeology of Wielkopolska and Egypt.
  • The Museum of Poznan Uprising 1956 - 80/82 St.Martin Str, [7]. Placed in the interiors of Emperor's Castle show exhibits connecting with the Poznan workers' protest against the communist system in June 1956. On the exhibition the are photos of attendants and their personal belongings, as well as historical sources about the anticommunist opposition 1945-1989. An interesting thing can be a reconstructed tram, used by protestants as a barricade. The museum is open : Tue-Fri 10-18, Sat-Sun 10-16, admission €1.10 (free Saturdays), for childred €0,55.
  • Applied Arts Museum, Góra Przemysła 1, Tel: 061 852 20 35. Open Tu,W,F,Sa 10AM-4PM, Su 10AM-3PM. Displays crafts, furniture, precious metals and glassware. Admission €1.25, free Saturdays.
  • Literary Museum of Henryk Sienkiewicz, Stary Rynek 84, Tel: 061 852 2496, Open Monday-Friday 10am-5pm, admission €0.70. Sienkiewicz, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1905, is best known for his work Quo Vadis?, an epic on early Christians in the Roman empire. He is Poland's most celebrated novelist, and this is the most extensive collection of items about his life and works.
  • Archbishopric Museum - 1, Lubranskiego Str, phone : +48 61 852 61 95, Placed in the former Lubranski Academy - the second oldest (after Cracow) hagher school in Poland. The exhibition shows church art, mostly from the Greater-Poland region, from early Middle Ages to present times, coffin portraits and a Treasury. Some interesting exhibits : the baptism clothes of the Polish King Jan III Sobieski and a sword (given to the first Poznan bishop Jordan by the Pope Urban IX), used - according to the tradiction - by St. Peter to cut out the ear of o Roman soldrier short after Christ's death.
  • The Museum of the history of Poznan - 1, Stary Rynek Sq, phone : +48 61 852 53 16, - in beautiful and original (not damaged during WWII) interiors of Poznan Town Hall, shows objects and documents from the whole city history ; from Xth cent till present epoque. Open Tue-Thur 9-15, Fr 12-21, Sat-Sun 11-18. Admission €1,50. Sat admission free.
  • Motoring Museum, Rondo Kaponiera (entrance in the Kaponiera roundabout underground walkway), Tel: 061 847 6359, Tuesday – Saturday 10am-4pm (closed Thursdays), Sundays 10am-3pm, admission €0.90. Run by the Wielkopolska Motoring Club, and features a range of vintage and notable vehicles.
  • Musical Instruments Museum, 45-47 Stary Rynek Sq, Tel: 061 852 08 57, Tuesday – Saturday 11am-5pm, Sunday 11am-3pm, €0.80. With 2000 items from all over the world, this is the only exhibition of its kind in Poland. It also has an extensive collection of Chopin memorabilia.
  • National Museum [8], al. Marcinkowskiego 9, Tel: 061 856 8000, Tuesday – Saturday 10am-5pm, €1.50. This museum has a prominent collection of Italian, Spanish and Polish art. Many paintings have accompanying explanations in English.
  • Citadel Park, Wzgórze Cytadela. Formerly a fortress built by the Prussians in 1828, it was destroyed during fighting in 1945. It contains a cemetery for the Russian, Polish and British soldiers who lost their lives here.
  • The Polish Dance Theatre : [9], 4 Kozia Str., phone : +48 61 852 42 42
  • The Music Theatre : [10], 1 Niezłomnych Str., phone : +48 61 852 17 86
  • The New Theatre : [11], 5 Dąbrowskiego Str., phone : +48 61 848 48 85
  • The Polish Theatre : [12], 8/10, 27 Grudnia Str., phone : +48 61 852 56 27
  • The artistic platform "Obora" [13], 7 Fredry Str., phone : +48 61 665 88 00
  • Brewery sightseeing tour - in Poznan it's possible to arrange a tour in brewery (11, Szwajcarska str.), where guest accompanied by a local guide can watch all the production processes; finally the tour is ended with a short competiotion about beer and - of course - with a degustation of some golden drink from Poznan. Tour ordering : or by ;phone : +48 61 87 87 460
  • The models of Old Poznan (since Oct. 2008 we've got two of them) - it's not a typical model, where you simply watch small plastic houses. It is an interactiv 30-minutes show (one of only two in Europe), presenting the history of the city from its founding at ther turn of IXth and Xth cent till XVIIIth cent. The new model (open in October 2008) present the very beginnigns of the city and its capital role, played by Poznan during the regn of two first polish rulers. Both models ca be found in Ludgardy str. (the undergrounds of Fransiscan Monastery), [14], phone : +48 61 855 14 35. Shows are organised daily from 9:30 every 45 minutes, additional shows in summer evenings. The choice of several languages : polish, english, spanish, german, russian and italian. Entrance : €3.00


Fans of steam trains will be in their element in Poznań. A fun day trip is to take a steam train to the Wielkopolska National Park. Take the 8:15 train from Poznań Główny station to Stęszew, a thirty-five minute journey. Walk to the road crossing, turn left and continue until you enter the park near Lake Witobelskie. Follow the blue path to Mosina where you can catch the train back to Poznań. You can book a seat next to the driver for €4.50 by calling 068 348 2008, ext. 368.

  • Judaic Days – events (exhibitions, Tora reading etc) about jewish culture, every year in the mid of January. More : [15]
  • The Bible Marathon – always in February in many Poznań churches (including monumental ones in the centre). Have a look, how hundreds of people (mostly young ones) manage to read all the Bible during few days!
  • Kaziuki – an event celebrating st. Casimir, the patron of Lithuania – a good moment to buy a Vilnius palm of to eat a cepelin – yearly in the firts weekend of March
  • The Passion of Christ – the biggest show in Poland presenting events from 2000 years ago, gathering every year in the Citadel Park appr. 120 thousand people. Always 8 days before Easter, on Saturday on the meadow next the the Bell of Peace, around 19:00
  • The Days of French Culture – in march or april (depending on the Easter time) in "Dom Bretanii" (The House of Bretagne) on the Old Market Square. [16]
  • The Contemporary Music Festival "The Poznań Music Spring” – in the firts half of April, in 2009 the jubilee 40th edition
  • The Horse Cavalry Day – usually the third weekend of April – events in the horse centre ‘Wola’ in the suberbs and in the Old Town, especially on the Old Market Square and nearby the 15th Poznań Cavalry Unit Memorial in Ludgardy str.
  • The Fair of St. John – takes place always on the Main Square and surrounding streets in the second half of June
  • The International Theatre Festival "Malta" [17] – dozens of plays (both street ones and in theatres, museum, other closed space), on the turn of June and July
  • The Anniversary of Poznan Uprising on the 28th June, 1956 – every year on the MIckiewicz Sqaure (nearby the Castle and railway station) on June, 28th.
  • The Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul – the patrons of the city, one day after : June, 29th.

Always during summer holidays :

  • The Old-Town Jazz Concerts (Saturdays) and Cameral Concerts (Sundays) on the Town Hall stairs
  • The Promenade Concerts – every summer Sunday in Wilson’s Park (from the centre trams : #5, #8 i #14 to the stop „Park Wilsona”)
  • Summer Town-Hall Concerts – every Wednesday evening in the Renesaince Hall inside the Town Hall (2nd floor)
  • The Old-Town Organ Concerts – Thursday evenings in the Parish Church
  • The Solacz District Concerts – every Sunday in Solacz Park (accessible from the centre by trams #9 i #11 and buses #60 i #78).
  • Summer Cinema on the Malta Lake shore – from Wednesday to Saturday just next to the Malta skiing slope
  • The International Animated Films Festival [18] – in mid-July
  • The National Feast of France in Poznan [19] – always on the July 14th
  • The Summer Theatre and Cabaret Workshops [20] – in the second half of July
  • The Parish Church Festival „Madlaine’s Tress” - in most cases the only opportunity to visit (usually closed) parts of the post-Jesuits’ complex : the Chapter Chamber, organs, the garret. Always during the weekend about July 22nd.
  • The Feast of Poznan Bambers [21] – always on August, 2nd, in the anniversary day of the arrival of the first settlers’ group from Bamberg (Germany) to Poznan in XVIIIth centrury.
  • The Tzadik Poznan Festival – the feast of jewish culture in the former synagogue, turned during WWII into a swimming pool [22] – mid-August
  • The Festival of Good Taste – the feast of Greater-Poland cooking traditions, in mid-August on the Old market Square.
  • The Contemporary Dance Workshops [23] – workshops of more than 50 dance techniques, inspirted by the famous Poznan Dance Theatreand its conducter Ewa Wycichowska, yearly in the second half of August
  • The Gypsies’ Culture Meetings – last two weekends of August, on the Plac Wolności Sqaure, Old Market Square and on the courtyards of the Emperor’s Castle
  • The days of Pyra-Land (pyra in local Poznan dialect means ‘potato’ – the feast of potato cooking – try it made in more than 100 ways !! – the first weekend of September in Łęgi Dębińskie Park (accessible from the centre by trams #2, #9, #10 and bus #76)
  • The Lviv Days in Poznan (Lviv – a city in western Ukraine, formerly belonging to Poland, deeply rooted in polish culture) – a serious of meetings, lectures and workshops – mid-September
  • The Bread Festival – organised by bakers from Poznan and Greater Poland, associated by bakery-goods tasting – second weekend of September, the Old Market Square
  • The Art and Science Festival [24] – meetings, lectures etc taking place in the most important higher schools and research institutes in Poznan. All the presentations are done mostly for younger people (who are due to choose the study subject soon) or non-specialists
  • The St. Martin street nameday (Nov, 11th) – on that day most of counrty commemorates the independence anniversary from 1918, we – probably the only nameday feast in Poland. And somothing for sweet-lovers : we eat o lot of St. Martin’s buns : with white poppy-seed, almonds and nuts (in the best bakeries the buns are accessible during whole year)
  • The Holy Mass in the Poznan Cathedral for the first Duke and the first King and six other rulers from the Piast dynasty – yearly in mid-November
  • The Art of the Word Festival Verba Sacra [25] – a scientific-religious-art program about the tradition of written word in spiritual christian tradition. Famous polish actors and culture representatives read passages from the Bible and take part in a competiotion the the best interpretation of the Scriptures. Always in November in main city churches.
  • The Days of Bretagne [26] – films, concerts, exhibitions and lectures about the celtic roots of Bretagne and – as well – a chance to try meals from that part of France. Events take place in Dom Bretanii on the Old Market Square or on the square itself – yearly in November
  • The Kid Films Festivla 'Ale Kino' (‘What a Cinema’) [27] – a festival of films produced for young watchers, yearly from 1983 in December
  • The Christmas Market „The Poznań Bethleyem” – stalls with souvenirs, with Christmas decorations, a Crip, hot wine… All on the Old Market Square and nearby the west entrance to the “Stary Browar Mall. Always three weeks before Christmas.
  • The commemorations of the Greater Poland Uprising (from 1918-1919) – always on Dec 27th.


The Stary Rynek is full of stalls where you can buy handicrafts and toys. Good souvenir shops selling folk handicraft are situated in Wozna street (one of the streets from the Square eastwards).

old brewery
old brewery
  • Stary Browar (The Old Brewery) – placed in the reconstructed buildings of the brewery built here by Otto Hugger in 1870s. Perfectly located in the city centre, in 2006 and 2007 it became a prestigious award for the best shopping mall of the world in the middle-size category. Many entrances : from Polwiejska street (which itself is a very popular shopping area), from Kosciuszki str. or from the park between the Mall and Ogrodowa str. [28]. Open : Mon-Sat 9-21 (the food supermarket in the undergrounds 8-22); Sunday 10-20 (supermarket 9-21).
  • Kupiec Poznański (The Poznan Vendour) – just few minutes from the Old Market Square, recommended for those, who (being in the Old Town) have no tiem to walk anywhere further It’s – unfortunately – a mall without a food supermarket, but one can find here more than 50 other shops and an exchange office. Address : 2 Wiosny Ludów Sq., phone : +48 61 850 88 00, Open : Mo-Sat 10-21, Sun 11-19.
  • Franowo Shopping Centre – a huge complex (Ikea, M1 with a big supermarket and appr. 60 other shops & restaurants), a vegetable market (for retailers only) and some other shops in Franowo district. Located far from the centre, but a visit here can be combined with a visit in Poznan Brewery (see above). 6, Szwedzka str and 14, Szwajcarska str., phone : +48 61 87 99 913, Open : Mo-Sat 10-21, Sun 10-19. Accessible by buses #52, #81, #84 and direct fast line from the centre #A.
  • Galeria Malta - the latest mall in Poznan, and the biggest one in West Poland, located nearby the Malta Lake shore. Baraniaka str, Open : Mon-Sat 9-21, Sun 10-20.
  • Auchan shopping mall – a typical suburbian shopping centre. 432, Głogowska str., phone : +48 61 656 86 00 Open Mon-Sat 8.30-22, Sun 9-20. Accessible by trams #5, #8 and#14 from the centre to the final stop Górczyn, from there bus #80. Another Auchan shopping mall is located in Swadzim, appr. 14km from the centre using road number 92.
  • Pestka Gallery – locvated in Winogrady district, very well located next to Poznan Fast Tram line (trams #12, #14, #15, #16 and #26) 47, Solidarności Av., open Mon-Sat 9.30 - 21.00, Sun 10.00 - 20.00
  • King Cross Marcelin – a shopping centre in the western parts of the city, just next to the street leading to Lawica airport, 156 Bukowska str., phone : +48 61 886 04 02, Open : Mon-Sat 9-22 (a food supermarket 8:30-22), Sun 10-20 (the supermarket 9-22)
  • Poznan-Plaza – a small-sized, double-floored centre located in the north of the city, among the blocks of flats of Winogrady and Piatkowo districts, as well accessible by Fast Tram lines : #12, #14, #15, #16 and #26. 1, Kaspra Drużbickiego str., phone : +48 61 664 59 00, Open daily 9:30-22.
  • Panorama – a small centre in the south of Poznan, there’s no big choice of shops, but it’s a very good place to buy shoes and clothes. 30, Górecka str., phone : +48 061 650 00 65 Open : Mon-Sat 10-21, Sun 10-19.
  • Galeria Malta - Galeria Malta is located on the shores of Lake Malta in one of the most picturesque parts of Poznań. The centre’s commercial space covers an area equal to 20 soccer fields and accommodates more than 170 establishments, including shops and boutiques bearing the most popular Polish and international brand names, service shops, restaurants, cafes, a multi-screen cinema complex and a fitness club. Galeria Malta is located at ul. Abpa A. Baraniaka 8 61-131 Poznań tel: (+48 61) 658 1022 fax: (+48 61) 658 1020, ( )
  • Albert, 131, Głogowska str, phone  : +48 61 864 16 06
  • Albert Górecka, 30, Górecka str, phone : +48 61 835 96 02
  • Carrefour Franowo, 6, Szwedzka str, phone : +48 61 873 74 00
  • Carrefour Pestka, 24, Solidarności str, phone : +48 61 827 82 00
  • Carrefour, 156, Bukowska str, phone : +48 61 886 04 02
  • Piotr i Paweł, 18, Gronowa str, phone : +48 61 820 00 11
  • Piotr i Paweł, 91 Głogowska str, phone : +48 61 866 39 62
  • Piotr i Paweł, 161 Promienista str, phone : +48 61 868 85 59
  • Piotr i Paweł, 133 Zamenhofa str, phone : +48 61 877 14 12
  • Piotr i Paweł - Stary Browar Mall, 32, Półwiejska str.
  • Tesco - 1, Opieńskiego str, phone : +48 61 827 91 01
  • Tesco – 4, Mrągowska str, phone : +48 61 860 70 00
  • Tesco – 7, Serbska str, phone : +48 61 82 99 700
  • Złoty Grosz, 119, Bolesława Chrobrego estate, phone : +48 61 656 36 30

Open-air markets

There’re still many of them in Poznań, most are open all year round – maybe during thr most severe frosts some stalls are closed and vendours are at home.

  • A market on Wielkopolski Square – in the vivinity of the Old Town (2-3 minute walk) – mostly flowers, vegetables-fruit and sweets, some meat.
  • Bernardynski Square – a little bit further from the centre, accessible on foot (5-6 minute walk from the Old Market Square) or by trams #5, #13 and #16 and buses #74 and #76. A good choice of flowers, a lot of vegetables and fruit.
  • Jezycki Market – from the centre take trams #2, #17 or #18 to get there (if you’re a good walker it’s also accessible on foot) – mostly fro the locals living in Jezyce district, a huge choice of meat, some flowers, vegetables, some clothes and shoes. Much better prices than in shops in the centre, but don’t expect too much English (or any other language)
  • Wildecki Market (trams #2, #9 and #10) – similar to Jezycki Market
  • Łazarski Market (trams #5, #8, #14 and #18) – also assigned mostly for locals, apart from food, flowers and clothes – as well some toys and electronic equipment
  • some other distric markets, usually placed next to local supermarkets
  • Sw. Marcin street nr. 29, in a inside square, there is a little nice manga shop. You can easily find it as there is a big poster about it on the wall in near the street.
Outside serving at old square
Outside serving at old square
  • Coco Rico, (Near Parish curche, cant miss it). Really nice little place, with nice jazzy and old French music.  edit


The cheapest places are so-called milk bars – established in the communist era, but still very popular, especially among younger people, for whom they’re the cheapest (appr. 3 EUR for a full dinner) option to have a normal meal (not fast-food). In the centre there’re some of them :

  • Bar Caritas – 1, Plac Wolności Sq. (just behing the Rzymski Hotel) – only 250m from the Old Town. Phone : +48 61 852 51 30
  • Bar Apetyt - 4 Szkolna str., just 20 metres from the Old Market Square, popular first of all for dozens types of panecakes. Phone : +48 61 852 07 42
  • Bar Przysmak – 2 Podgórna str., as well in the vicinity of the Old Town and city centre. Phone : +48 61 852 13 39
  • Bar Pod Arkadami (Under the Arcades) – 10, Pl. Cyryla Ratajskiego Sq. A little bit more from the Old Town, but still in the centre. Phone : +48 61 852 22 98.
  • Bar Pod Kuchcikiem - 75 Sw Marcin str. In the very heart of the city, close to many universities, in dinner time (13:00-16:00) full of students. Phone : +48 61853 60 94.
  • Bar Duo Jeżycki – 39, Dąbrowskiego str. A little bit out of the very centre, but still accessible on foot. (10 minutes). A good choice of traditional Poznan steam-dumplings with different supplements. Phone : +48 61 847 50 95.
  • Bar Euruś – 18, Głogowska str. A short way from the centre, too, but very close to the railway station, International Fairs and the Palm House. Besides : a good idea for tourist staying at the hostel at Berwinskiego str (5 min walk).

Other cheap options :

  • Green Way - Zeylanda 3. A vegetarian bistro, led by the Adventists of the Seventh Day (a protestant church). Seems to be far from the centre, but in fact just few steps from Kaponiera Crossing or central railway station. Phone : +48 61 843 40 27.
  • Piccolo bars – there’re some of them within the city, but for tourists two will be most important : 6, Wrocławska str. (phone : +48 61 852 89 57) and 1, Rynkowa str (Phone : +48 61 851 72 51) – both only few steps from the Old Market Sq.
  • Podbipięta – 19, Podgóna str – serving traditional polish food.. Phone : +48 61 852 03 93
  • Sol i Pieprz [29], ul. Garncarska 2, Tel: 0 781 950 395, 11am-10pm. The Name means "Salt & Pepper" A cozy place (little difficult to find, between ul. Św. Marcin and Taczaka) Serving Polish food. Nice garden in summer. Main dishes from 17 zl. Tip: try the marinated Pork Loin in Honey-Mustard-Sauce.
  • Avanti [30], Stary Rynek 76 Tel: 061 8523285, Inexpensive fast-serve place to go for one of few kinds of spagetti or lasagne. Served almost immediately - pasta and souce are always ready. (Tip: go for carbonara pasta).

Here we can not omit a good and cheap cafe bar „Kociak” („Kitty) in 28, Sw. Marcin str – very famous for its wonderful deserts and milk shakes. Don’t be astonished with the interiors – it is a cahe bar, not a luxurious café. Phone : +48 61 852 00 34.

  • Alabama - [31], 15a, Jaskółcza str, something between a good bistro and a poor restaurant, but well located in the Old Town; international cooking with an accent on american meals. Phone : +48 61 852 75 27.
  • Oberza Pod Dzwonkiem (what means "The bell inn") [32], 64 Garbary Str, a non-conventional inn with tradictional polish cuisine. Phone : +48 61 851 77 90.
  • Sol i Pieprz [33], ul. Garncarska 2, Tel: 0 781 950 395, 11am-10pm. The Name means "Salt & Pepper" A cozy place (little difficult to find, between ul. Św. Marcin and Taczaka) Serving Polish food. Nice garden in summer. Main dishes from 17 zl. Tip: try the marinated Pork Loin in Honey-Mustard-Sauce.
  • Czerwone Sombrero - 17, Piekary str, 72, Krzywoustego str and 42, Półwiejska (The Old Brewery Shopping Mall). Oryginal mexican cuisine with live latino music., Phone : +48 61 852 61 01.
  • Dramat, Stary Rynek 41, Tel: 061 852 9917, 11am-10pm. A cheap place on the Rynek serving Polish food. Perennially popular. €2 - €5.
  • Tivoli [34], ul. Wroniecka 13, Tel: 061 852 3916, noon – 11pm. Poznań's original pizza place, with a bewildering range of pizza toppings.
  • Avanti [35], Stary Rynek 76 Tel: 061 8523285, Inexpensive fast-serve place to go for one of few kinds of spagetti or lasagne. Served almost immediately - pasta and souce are always ready. (Tip: go for carbonara pasta).
  • Al dente, corner of ul. 3 Maja and Plac Wolności, Tel: 061 851 9084, Inexpensive fast-serve place to go for good spagetti or some pizzas. (TIP: Parmezan is separate in the menu).
  • Sorella, ul. Ślusarska 4 (near Stary Rynek), 061 852 38 22, noon-11pm. Good value place to go for one of the better pizzas in Poznań. Good relaxing atmosphere. Often quite busy in the evening, but rarely to the point of no free table.
  • Sakana, ul. Wodna 7/1, [36]. Nice sushi bar near the main square. Not the least expensive one in town, but the food and service is good.  edit
  • Ali Baba – 10, Ratajskiego Sq. A good option, if the neighbouring ‘Pod Kuchcikiem’ is overcrowded – many melas like stekas, kebab&chips etc. Phone : +48 61 853 32 71.
  • Kebab – 20, Wrocławska str. The name explains probably everything – the restaurant is only 2 min walk from the Old Market Square. Phone : +48 607 033 131.
  • Karczma Polska (The Polish Inn) - 24/25 Wielka str. (entrance from Klasztorna str.). Typical polish cooking, home-made dinners. Phone : +48 61 851 60 41.
  • Roti – the corner of Jaskółcza and Szkolna streets. A typical kebab-fast-food menu and (watch out!!) kebeb-dogs. Phone : +48 61 851 68 87.
  • Sioux Burger – 68, Stary Rynek Sq. As well a non-vegetarian place, one thousand impressions about burgers, kebabs, steaks. Phone : +48 61 852 93 38.
  • Sphinx – 2 restaurants in the city : 76, Stary Rynek Sq., corner of Gwarna and Sw. Marcin streets. Manu typical for this net restaurant : steaks, burgers, salads.
  • Da Luigi – 1, Woźna str., probably the best pizzeria in the Old Town + nice atmosphere = crowds. Phone : +48 61 851 73 11.
  • Cymes – 2, Woźna str. So far – the only jewish restaurant on the city. Phone : +48 61 851 66 38, [37]
  • Valpolicella [38], 7, Wroclawska str., Phone : +48 61 855 71 91, with no doubt the best italian trattoria in the Old Town, excellent service, good food, a big choice of italian wines. Before 17:00 lunch menu in good pirce (from €5).
  • Bażanciarnia [39], Stary Rynek 94, Tel: 061 855 3359, 11am – midnight. One of the most famous restaurants in town, their speciality is game. The service is excellent and their locale on the Rynek superb. Main courses range from €5 for vegetarian to €15 for fois gras.
  • Delicja [40], Plac Wolności 5. Centrally located, open from 12.00am, serving mostly polish, french and italian cooking, with a vast range of wines. Prises from €20 for a full meal, open-air tables from spring till autumn. Phone : +48 61 852 11 28,
  • Pod Pretekstem [41], 80/82, Sw. Marcin str (the Emperor’s Castle), phone : +48 61 853 30 48 – restaurant and cafe with many cultural and art events. If crouded, you can move to the cellars, entrance from Fredry str (phone +48 61 868 46 61).
  • Nalewka [42] – one of the best located resuatrants in the city, in the middle of Old Market Square in the building of former Weigh House, 2, Stary Rynek Sq, phone : +48 61 853 21 24 or mobile : +48 607 875 622.
  • Wiejskie Jadło [43] - a restaurant network stylised for a traditional old-polish peasant's house, located at the main square. 77, Stary Rynek (entrance from Franciszkanska str.), phone : +48 61 853 66 60.
  • Pieprz i Wanilia [44] - l. Murna 3a. Clasic english and polish cooking, traditional peasant's party-table, professional grill, 2 rooms (60 seats) among the Old Town tenement houses, phone : +48 61 851 86 64.
  • Wielkopolska Zagroda [45] – 12, Fredry str, phone : +48 61 665 88 01. Famous for its traditional polish, plentiful cooking in stilised interiours.
  • Wieniawski restaurant [46], 285, Bukowska str (airport), phone : +48 61 849 21 44 – your last chance to try polish cooking before airport check-in.
  • Villa Magnolia [47] - 40, Głogowska str. Exclusive lunch and dinner in a splurge interior, only 300 metres from the International Fair Grounds. phone : +48 61 865 34 48.
  • Pod Złotą Jabłonią [48] (The Golden Apple-tree) - 48, Garbary str. Artistic restaurant, popular among foreign guests, ideal for business or family meetings. Phone : +48 61 852 91 70.
  • Dark Restaurant [49] - 48, Garbary str., a part of The Golden Apple-Tree restaurant, where all the meals are eaten in total darkness. As well severals bans are essential for the guests : it's forbidden to walk without waiter's assistance, to use cell phones or any other devices, which can be a source of any light. Phone : +48 61 852 20 57.
  • Ratuszova, Stary Rynek 55 (on the old market), ''+48'' 61 8510 513 (), [50]. Traditional and modern polish food arranged very elegant. Beautiful location on the Market. Has outside serving, the inside is several unique smaller rooms in old charming building. PLN 40 for mains.  edit

Most night clubs in Poznań are to be found on and around the Stary Rynek.

  • Proletaryat; Wrocławska 9; Phone: +48 (0)61 851 3215; [51]
  • Cuba Libre, Wroclawska. Latin music, most nights the owner gives a basic salsa-lesson early at night.  edit


Poznań is well known for its Trade Fairs, when thousands of business types descend en masse to the city. Accommodation can be quite difficult to find in this period, and prices tend to go up. If you are stuck, the Glob-Tour office in the main train station hall (Tel: 061 866 0667) will generally find a private room for you for around €8 per person.

  • Hostel8 [52], Dluga str. 8/5. phone: +48 601304921. In the heart of the city, 5 min walk to the Old Market or to the Old Brewery shopping/art center and 10 min to the train station,
  • Hostel Cameleon [53] – 12, Swietoslawska str. The most centrally located of ale pearl of baroque – the Parish Church. All cafes, bars, restaurants are also in the walking distance. 44 beds in 11 rooms, internet and breakfast included. , Phone : +48 61 639 30 41 or +48 604 889 584.
  • Cinnamon Hostel [54], Gwarna str. 10/2. phone: +48 061 851 57 57. In the city centre, 5 min walk from the Old Market and 10 min from the train station!
  • By The Way Hostel [55], Półwiejska str. 19/10. In the city centre, just 10 minutes walk from the train and coach stations, and a little bit closer to the Old Town. In the vicinity two modern shopping malls., phone : +48 698 380 473.
  • Frolic Goats Hostel [56], Wrocławska 16/6 street (entry from Jaskolcza street), tel: +48 61 8524411 . Open 365 days a year. Great prices for solo travelers, or for packs of people. Located 2 minutes walking from the Old Town Square. English speaking staff, very clean accommodation. Includes breakfast. The first real hostel in Poznan open all year round to all types of travelers, not just students.
  • Dizzy Daisy Hostel [57], al. Niepodległości 26, Tel: 061 829 3902. Open July – mid September. Triples €8 per person, doubles €10 per person.
  • Hostel Poznan Two hostels, located a little bit out of the centre, but still pretty close and accessible on foot. The former : in Jezyce district (10 min westwards of the very centre) : 40, Slowackiego str, phone : +48 61 843 31 02; the latter in Wilda district, 81, Gorna Wilda str., phone : +48 61 833 42 55.
  • Fusion Hostel - 85 beds in very city centre, in one of the office-skyscrapers, which means, that you'll have magificennt views from your room! Perfect location : The Old Town is only 10-minutes walk from the hostel, the same distance to central shopping malls or to the rail and bus stations. Phone : +48 61 852 12 30,
  • Melange Hostel - 6a, Rybaki str., phone : +48 507 07 01 07. Situated in the city centre, just few minutes-walk from the main pedestrian shopping street, The Old Brewery Mall and the Old Market Square.
  • Dom Asystenta (Assistant's House) - 18, Palacza str., run by the Poznan University of Technology, situated quite far from the centre, but well linked by public transport (trams : #5, #8, #14) with the city centre and railway station., phone : +48 061 866 20 21.
  • Hanka hostel [58], Biskupińska 27.
  • [59], an Internet portal that hosts a collection of offers from Polish hostels. Offer for Poznan (summer hostel): "Hostel in Poznan is located within a 10 minute walk from the Main Square as well as the railway station, therefore there is no need for taxis as you can get everywhere on foot. We offer 1, 2, 3 and 4-person rooms as well as numerous services included in the room price: Internet and luggage storage space, among others."
  • Youth hostel [60], Berwińskiego str. 2/3. Very good localisation (the best among youth hostels), just few minutes from the railway station and International Poznan Fair, the Wilson's Park and the Palm House. Phone: +48 61 866 40 40
  • Youth hostel of 'Kids' Friends Society' [61], Drzymały str. 3. Close to the centre (appr. 10 minutes by tram, lines 9 i 11 or bus 78). Good for organised school groups, meals-ordering possible. Phone: +48 61 848 58 36
  • P.E. Strzelecki youth hostel [62], ul. Głuszyna 127. Far from the centre, accessible by trams 4, 12, 13, 17, 18 to the final stop and then by bus 58 (appr. 15 minutes)., phone: +48 61 878 89 07.
  • Druktur youth hostel [63], Wołowska str. 64. Far south-west from the centre, by trams 5, 8, 14 do final stop "Górczyn", and from there by bus #80., phone: +48 61 868 55 52
  • Marvit guestroom - 12a Śniadeckich str., only 300 m from the mainj station and International Fair-Gorund, phone : +48 61 661 10 44,
  • APG Guestrooms - Pensjon Polska, 56/58 Polska str, phone : +48 61 843 00 03 or mobile +48 502 25 29 39.
  • The Hotel of Transport Works Company - 24 Wołczyńska str. phone : +48 61 651 74 57
  • Workers' Hotel Łozowa [64]- 78 Łozowa str., phone : +48 61 832 18 61,
  • Workers' Hotel Wilda [65]- 8-10 Konarowa str., phone : +48 61 830 30 33,
  • Hotel Sheraton***** - 3/9, Bukowska Str. One of the newest hotels in the city, so far – the only five-star one. Perfectly located opposite to the Fair Grounds, fewminmutes walk from the central station and just next to the bus stop to/from the airport. Phone : 061 655 20 00,,
  • Hotel Mercure**** - 20, Roosevelta Str, just few minutes walk do the central station, fari grounds and to the centre. The airport is easily accessible, too. Phone : 061 855 80 00 ,,
  • Hotel Vivaldi**** - Winogrady 9. A modern and cameral (90 beds only) hotel, situated 3kms from the centre, just opposite to the biggest park in Poznan – the Citadel. Phone : 061 858 81 00,,
  • NH Hotel**** - św. Marcin 67. One of the latest hotels, situated in the very centre, not far from the central station ad fair grounds. Perfect location fro shopping lovers! Phone : 061 624 88 00,,
  • Trawiński Hotel**** [67], Ul. Żniwna 2, tel: 061 827 5800. A luxury complex near Citadel Park. Singles €83 p.p., doubles €55 p.p., discount at weekends, supplement during trade fairs.
  • Andersia Hotel**** - 3 Andersa Sq., just next to the Old Brewery – the best shopping mall of the world 2006 and 2007, the newest Poznan splurge hotel, only 10-min utes walk from the fair areas, the central station and the Old Town. Phone : 061 667 80 00,,
  • Hotel Brovaria*** - 73/74 Stary Rynek Sq., located in the heart of Poznan - on one side, all sights are accessible on foot, on the other - life in that part of city finishes late ot night. Phone : +48 61 858 68 68,
  • Hotel System Premium*** - 101 Lechicka Str. Located pretty fra from the centre, but well coordinated by Poznan Fast Tram (look above), nearby the Poznan both circular road, next to gardens and a former fort. These inconveniences are done by a computer with web connection in each room and a swimming pool. Phone : 061 821 07 00,
  • Hotel Włoski *** - 8, Dolna Wilda str. A new hotel, located just out of the city centre, most tourist attractions are accessible on foot. In the vicinity : swimming pools and tennis courts in Chwiałkowskiego str. And walking green areas at the Warta river side. Phone: +48 61 833 52 62,
  • Novotel Poznań Centrum (before : hotel 'Poznań')*** - 1 Andersa Sq. The biggest hotel in west Poland (over 800 beds), nest to the Old Brewery Shopping Centre, not far the the central train and bus station and to the fair grounds. However the building is over 35 years old, all room and hall have been recently totally refurbished. Phone 061 858 70 00,,
  • Novotel Poznan Malta*** - 64/66 Warszawska Str. The hotel is located to the north from the Malta Lake, is a very quiet place, but quite far from the centre. Phone : 061 654 31 00,
  • Hotel Mat's*** - 115 Bułgarska Str. Phone : 061 868 78 31,
  • Domina Poznan Residence*** - 2 St. Martin Str., a superb localisation just between the Old Town and the main pedestrian shopping area and only few minutes on foot to the main tourist attractions. Phone : 061 8 590 590,,
  • Hotel Park*** - 77 Baraniaka Str. A perfectly located hotel, next to the Malta Lake wit all its sport and outdoor attractions (year-round ski slope, tobbogan run, ski and bike rental etc). Phone : 061 874 11 00,
  • Hotel / Camping Malta*** - 98 Krańcowa Str. Localised between the racing track on the Malta Lake and the Zoo, what guarantees good relax and silence. Phone : 061 876 62 03,
  • Hotel Meridiam*** - 22 Litewska Str. A cameral (20 beds) hotel, located in one of the most beautiful parks in Poznan : the Solacz Park. A place good fro resting, ponds, walking areas. Phone : 061 656 53 53,
  • Hotel-Restaurant Bamberg-Inn*** - 43 Koscielna Str. A superb localisation – on one hand closed to the centre, on the other in original Bamberg house from XVIIIth century. A small and cameral (20 beds) hotel. Phone : 061 848 43 16,
  • Hotel Batory*** - 7 Leszczyńska Str. Located far from the centre, but has a very good standard, cooking and service. Phone : 061 832 44 81
  • Hotel Kortowo*** - 62, Kotowo Str. Located far away from the city centre in south-west suburbs, rather for guest with their own car. Phone : +48 61 899 10 20,
  • Hotel Campanile*** - 96, St.Wawrzynca Str. A modern hotel, but located close to a city-motorway, mostly for people with an own car. Phone : 061 845 66 00,
  • Hotel-Restaurant Brovaria*** - 73/74 Old Market Square. A cameral hotel on the main square, joined with a restaurant offering locally-brewed beer (!!! – the Poznan version of 'U Fleku'). Phone : 061 858 68 68,,
  • Hotel Lech*** - 74 St. Marcin Str. Located in a pretty busy place, but all city attractions and shopping areas accessible on foot, as well the Old Town is not far. Phone : 061 853 01 51,,
  • Hotel Ikar*** - 118 Kosciuszki Str. A little bit besides the main roads, but still almost in the centre. Phone : 061 658 71 05,
  • Hotel Royal*** - 69 St. Marcin Str. Located in a busy place, but in a beautiful tenement-house. The very city centre, a short walk to the Old Town, Emepror’s District and train and coach stations. Phone 061 858 23 00,,
  • Hotel Rzymski*** - 22 Marcinkowskiego Av. A very good localisation, on the border if the Old Town and the city centre, many good restaurants, shops, service points just next to the hotel. Phone 061 852 81 21,
  • Hotel Stare Miasto*** - 36, Rybaki Str. Perfectly located in the centre, few-minutes-walk from the Old Town, in renewed old tenement house, but unfortunately the surrounding still requires refurbishment. Phone : 061 663 62 42,
  • Hotel Polonez*** - 36 Niepodległosci Av. Located a little bit out of the centre (however walk takes ypu 10 min), close to the picturesque St. Adalbert’s Hill and the Citadel. Phone : 061 864 71 00,,
  • Solei Rezydencja*** - 2 Szewska Str. One of few hotels locared within The Old Town, a very short walking distance from the Old Market Square, but on the other hand – parking problems – good for those coming without their own car. Phone : 061 855 73 51,
  • The Consular Agency of the USA – 8, Paderewskiego str., phone : +48 61 851 85 16
  • The General Consulate of Russia, 53a, Bukowska str., phone : +48 61 847 62 16 or 841-77-40
  • The Honorary Consulate of France, 80/82 Św. Marcin str., (The Emperor’s Castle), phone : +48 61 851 94 90
  • The Honorary Consulate of Ireland, 1, Kramarska str., phone : +48 61 853 18 94
  • The Honorary Consulate of the Dutch Kingdom, 8/8, Nowowiejskiego str., phone : +48 61 852 78 84 lub 851 69 21
  • The Honorary Consulate of Mexico, 150, Naramowicka str., phone : +48 61 822 76 61
  • The Honorary Consulate of the Cezch Republic, 285, Bukowska str. (the airport), phone : +48 61 849 22 92
  • The Honorary Consulate of Federal Republic of Germany, 44, Ratajczaka str., phone : +48 61 851 60 97
  • The Honorary Consulate of the Lithuanian Republic, 12, Bukowska str., phone : +48 61 856 38 96
  • The Honorary Consulate of Slovakia, 80/82 Św. Marcin str., (The Emperor’s Castle), phone : +48 61 853 70 85
  • The General Consulate of Turkey, 78/79 Old Market Square, phone : +48 61 852 48 44 lub 852 89 29
  • The Honorary Consulate of Hungary, 87, Gniewska str., phone : +48 61 841 01 40
  • The Honorary Consulate of Romania, 20/1, Maciejewskiego str., phone : +48 61 825 78 66
  • The Honorary Consulate of the United Kingdom, 4/2 Kochanowskiego str., phone : +48 61 665 88 50
  • The Honorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Denmark, 10, Strusia str., phone : +48 61 866 26 28
  • The Honorary Consulate of Albania, 21, Billewiczówny str., phone : +48 61 86 84 713
  • The Honorary Consulate of Estonia, 26, Głogowska str., phone : +48 61 886 28 39 lub 886 28 40
  • The Honorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Belgium, 11A, Obłaczkowo, 62-300 Września, phone : +48 61 436 79 69
  • The Honorary Consulate of Brasil, 86a, Błażeja str., phone : +48 61 824 46 80
  • The Honorary Consulate of Ukraine, 27, Grobla str., phone : +48 61 850 19 97
  • Telephones

The phone numbers shown on this page are presented in the national format. All local numbers must be dialled with area codes as of 1 Jan 2006. If you encounter a seved digit number, add '061' before the number.

  • Dialling a number from mobile

Depending on your phone operator and the network you roam into, you may want to try one of these: - dial the number as seen, e.g. 061 888 0000 - if unsuccessful, omit the initial zero, e.g. 61 888 0000 - if still unsuccessful, omit the leading zero, dial +48 before the number, e.g. +48 61 888 0000

  • Internet

There are Internet cafés around the Stary Rynek and in Stary Browar shopping center (offers free Wireless connection). There is also a 24 hour Internet cafe at the main train station which is perfect for when you have hours to wait overnight for the next train. There is also public wi-fi internet access in the surroundings of the Old Market and the Square of Freedom.

Stay safe

Poznań is generally a safe city, with levels of crime comparable to elsewhere in central Europe.


In the city center, you will have no problem getting by with English, but outside of it English is quite limited. Even at the train station, you might find that you need to communicate with store vendors using body language (note: the international train office employees do all speak fluent English). If you need directions, try to ask young people who look like they might attend university. If you speak Russian, try talking to older people many of who still speak it at least basically. Despite Poznan's proximity to Germany, very few people speak any German, and if they do, it is often nothing more than a few words.

Get out

For those arriving on a train from Berlin, it would make sense to travel south to the cities of Wroclaw and Kraków, or on to Warsaw. Another opportunity is a travel to the north - Gdansk

Worth a visit:

  • Kórnik (18 kms south-east from the city) wit a neogothic castle with wonderful interions and furniture and a dendrological park
  • Rogalin (16 kms to the south) with a baroque-klasicistic palace and its famous paiting collection of Raczynski family, horse cabs and very famous oak-treess (in total : more than 500), including three well-known trees : Lech, Czech i Rus.
  • Gniezno - the other co-capital of Poland in Xth centruty. City has beautiful cathedral and old town and a very interesting Museum of the Beginnings of the Polish State.
  • Szamotuly - interesting old town 35km north-west of Poznan, with an interesting castle, icon collection and an unusual timber church nearby
  • Greater-Poland National Park - located only 15 kms south of city (easily accessible by trains), with several post-glacier lakes and morraines.
  • Puszczykowo (15 kms to the south, very easily accessible by train) - a very interesting travel museum of a polish traveller Arkady Fedler, the seat of the management of Greater-Poland National Park with a nature museum.
  • Szreniawa (15 kms to the south-west) - famous for the Agriculture Museum and the Bierbaums viewing tower
  • Chludowo (20 kms north of the city) - an etnograrhical-missionaire museum of the Werbists Order, with their wooden church
  • The Puszcza Zielonka Forrest (10-15 kms north east of the city centre) - the biggest forrest complex in the vicinity of the city, many walking and cycling trails, lakes with fishing areas. On the forrest boundaries numerous wooden churches and some palaces.
  • Owińska (17 kms to the north) - with a precious church and the convent of Cistersian Nuns.
  • Uzarzewo (15 kms north east of the city) - with a Hunting Museum and a timber church
  • Swarzędz (just out of the city limits to the east, toward Warsaw) - a small city famous for the unique in Poland (and one of few in Europe) bee-keeping open-air museums.
  • Lichen - beautiful town with many churches, one of them largest in Poland basilica. Lichen is the second major pilgrimage centre in Poland.
  • Wolsztyn - a nice town 80kms south-east of Poznan with the operating steam-locos depot, which is the only one in Europe.


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary




  •  audiohelp, file
  • IPA: /ˈpɔz̪n̪aɲ/

Proper noun

Poznań m.

  1. city in Poland


Singular only
Nominative Poznań
Genitive Poznania
Dative Poznaniowi
Accusative Poznań
Instrumental Poznaniem
Locative Poznaniu
Vocative Poznaniu

Derived terms

  • poznanianin (coll. poznaniak), poznanianka f.
  • adjective: poznański

Simple English

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this name.

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