The Full Wiki

Praia: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Praia
Aerial view of Praia
Praia is located in Cape Verde
Praia
Location in Cape Verde
Coordinates: 14°55′15″N 23°30′30″W / 14.92083°N 23.50833°W / 14.92083; -23.50833Coordinates: 14°55′15″N 23°30′30″W / 14.92083°N 23.50833°W / 14.92083; -23.50833
Country  Cape Verde
Municipality Praia (seat)
Elevation 3 ft (0 m)
Population (2008 est.)
 - Total 124,661

Praia (pronounced Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpɾajɐ], meaning "beach", in both Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole), is the capital and largest city of Cape Verde, an island nation in the Atlantic Ocean west of Senegal. It lies on the southern coast of Santiago island in the Sotavento group. It is the island's ferry port and is home to one of the nation’s three international airports. The city centre is known as Plateau due to its location on a small plateau. Praia is located at 14°55' North, 23°31' West (14.91667, -23.51667). [1]

Praia is Cape Verde’s largest city, a commercial center, and a port that ships coffee, sugar cane, and tropical fruits. Praia also has a fishing industry and there are resort beaches nearby. It is the seat of the municipality of the same name.

Contents

History

Achada Grande seen from Plateau

The town of Praia de Santa Maria appeared in 1615 when it took the place of the previous settlement on the plateau, which was originally favored because the nearby port (Santa Maria beach) offered good conditions for ships. Initially used as a clandestine harbor (in order to avoid customs fees at the then capital Ribeira Grande), the settlement gradually acquired the characteristics of a town after much of the population from Ribeira Grande fled there during its decline in the midst of frequent pirate attacks. The official transfer of capital status from Ribeira Grande to Praia took place in 1770.

In the history of Cape Verde there have been successive proposals for transferring the capital elsewhere, the most recent being Mindelo in the late 19th century. However, the successive Portuguese administrations never showed an interest (economical or political?) in such proposals. Through an official decree in 1858, when its status was changed from town to city, Praia secured its status as the capital of Cape Verde, concentrating political, religious and economic roles.

During the Portuguese administration, only the central plateau was considered to be the city proper and thus the principal zone of urbanization and concentration of municipal services. It was only after independence that the surrounding neighborhoods generally became accepted as part of the city proper. After independence the city suffered a demographic boom, and after 33 years its population has quadrupled, receiving migrating movements from all the islands. As a result, half of the entire population of Cape Verde currently resides on Santiago; a fourth in the Municipality of Praia; and a fifth in the City of Praia alone.

Geography

Santa Maria islet seen from the Miradouro Diogo Gomes.

Geographically, Praia may be described as a set of plateaus and their surrounding valleys. These plateaus generally have the name achada (Achada de Santo António, Achada de São Filipe, Achada Eugénio Lima, Achada Grande, Achadinha, etc. — achada being a Portuguese word to designate a volcanic plateau), but the central one is colloquially called Plateau (in Portuguese itself). The urban settlement is made mostly on top of these plateaus and along the valleys. The islet of Santa Maria is in front of the beach bearing the same name (today more known as Gamboa).

For a long time, only the Plateau was considered to be the city, being the other neighborhoods relegated to the condition of peripheral suburbs, in spite of always having a close relationship with the Plateau (people movements, goods and services exchanges, etc.). This is why only the Plateau previously had relatively well-developed urbanization with its own infra-structures. The remaining neighborhoods developed in a more organic, chaotic way.

Only after independence did the Plateau merge with the other neighborhoods to constitute what is now considered the City of Praia. The whole city was then equipped with adequate infra-structures and some de-centralization was planned. In spite of being recent, the urban plans are already in progress and the city is expanding north, through Achada de São Filipe, and west through Palmarejo. Although the Plateau is still attracting most of the daily traffic within the city, this is not because it is the largest neighborhood (Achada Grande) nor because it is the most populous (Achada de Santo António), but rather because it is still considered the economic and administrative center of the city. In spite of de-centralization attempts, the population continues to consider the neighborhoods peripherals to the Plateau, as either "bedroom communities" or industrial zones.

Weather data for Praia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
33
(91)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 17
(63)
13
(55)
17
(63)
18
(64)
18
(64)
19
(66)
19
(66)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
18
(64)
13
(55)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
97
(3.82)
114
(4.49)
31
(1.22)
8
(0.31)
3
(0.12)
261
(10.28)
Source: BBC Weather [1] 2009-08-17

Demography

The city's population is approximately 124,661, growing from 94,757 in 2000.

Population of the city of Praia (1990–2005)[2]
1990 2000 2005
61644 94161 111500

Economy

The economy of Praia is dependent above all on the services sector, with some industry as well.

Some industries exist, located on the coast (fishing) or in outlying neighborhoods (rendering of agricultural products, materials for civil construction, etc.)

However, the principal economic activities of Praia belong to the tertiary sector. Beyond activities related to administration and governance (local and national), there are extensive commerce, services (health care, education, tourism, restaurants and hotels, public functions, etc.), and other activities of a liberal character.

With regard to transport, Praia has a network of urban public transport, a seaport and Praia International Airport. The port of Praia is the principal port of exit for products from the island, and the principal port of entry. The airport, with domestic and international destinations, was recently enlarged to allow for long-haul flights.

TACV Cabo Verde, the national airline of Cape Verde, has its headquarters in Praia.[3]

Culture

In cultural terms, the city of Praia is a notable contrast to the rest of the island of Santiago. While the rest of the island, having been first to be inhabited, maintains conservative and traditionalist characteristics, Praia possesses a more cosmopolitan outlook. In its overall culture, Praia has easily absorbed influences from the outer islands due to inter-island migration, as well as influences from abroad due to the concentration of population of foreign origin and the relative ease of communication with other nations. It is easier to find “authentic” cultural elements of Santiago the further one goes from Praia.

Precisely because Praia is the capital, maintains communications facilities with the world, and has the greatest concentration of diversity, it is one of the best places in Cape Verde for cultural experiences. Cultural activities that occur occasionally include openings of works, expositions, and shows. To support these there is an infrastructure that includes various show halls, the Palace of Culture, the Ethnographic Museum and the National Historical Archive. Praia also enjoys a diverse array of options for nighttime entertainment.

Education

The city of Praia is home to the first primary school in the archipelago, originally known as the Escola Central (today known as the Escola Grande). For much time it was the only primary school in Praia. At the beginning of the 1960s, other primary schools began to be built in neighborhoods around the Plateau and in other localities on the island.

Praia was also the first site in Cape Verde with a secondary education institution with the creation of the Liceu Nacional in 1861. However, the Portuguese authorities were not interested in implementing secondary education in Cape Verde and the school failed as a result; secondary education became, afterwards, the role of the Seminário de Ribeira Brava on the island of São Nicolau, and later of the lyceum in Mindelo. Only in 1960 did Praia again have secondary education, first with a facility on September 12 Plaza and later in its own building. With the expansion of education in Cape Verde in the 1990s, various buildings dedicated to education were constructed in Cape Verde, and Praia currently has 7 secondary education schools.

For higher education, there is the Instituto Superior de Educação and the Jean Piaget University of Cape Verde, and the University of Cape Verde.

Sporting teams

Arenas

Basketball

  • ABC - Serie A
  • Prédio - Serie A
  • Sporting - Serie A

Football/soccer'

Communications

  • Praia FM - Radio Station
  • Rádio Praia or Rádio Clube de Cabo Verde - Cape Verde's first radio station first operated in 1945 by Fernando Quejas
  • RTC - national/state station of Cape Verde
  • Capeverdean Television station

Transportation

The city is served by Praia International Airport and TACV Cabo Verde Airlines.

Main sights

Landmarks include Albuquerque Square, the old city hall, the Presidential Palace, which was constructed in the end of the 19th century to house the Portuguese governor, the Museu Etnográfico (Ethnographic Museum) and the Monumento de Diogo Gomes, named after the Portuguese navigator who discovered the island of Santiago in 1460.

People

Nani, a footballer who currently plays for English giants, Manchester United and Portugal.

Gelson Fernandes, a footballer who currently plays for English team, Manchester City and Switzerland.

FOGO, was rescued by the AMISTAD, a ship that sailed trans-atlantic during last spring (08). Fogo currently resides in Old Lyme, CT; living with the Clarkson Family. Charles Darwin is known to have traveled to Porto Praya, evident from his Voyage of the Beagle.

External links

References


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Praia is Cape Verde's capital and busiest town. Probably not worth visiting in itself, but worth a half-day exploration if you are passing through to another destination.

The centre of town lies on a plateau overlooking the bay to the southeast. The airport lies a few kilometers to the northeast.

A few kilometers south of centre is the area of Prainha which has two pleasant beaches and a few further accomadation options.

Get in

Praia has an international airport. TACV (national flag carrier)[1] and TAP airlines fly to various destinations in Africa, and to Portugal. Taxis from the airport to Praia cost 500$. After 18:00 the cost is 1000$. There does not appear to be public transport to the airport.

  • Praia town hall. (14.917112,-23.509324) edit
  • Praia Cathedral. (14.917389,-23.508751) edit
  • Palácio da Justiça. (14.917710,-23.508626) edit
  • Cybercafé Sofia. A great place to eat local food and watch the world go by. (14.919648,-23.507438) edit
  • Rosymar Inn (Rosymar Inn), 16 Rua Tenente Valadim (Know as Madragoa) Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde, [2]. checkin: 1:00pm; checkout: 11:00am. For the best value and service in the Island of Santiago Cape Verde Island, look no further than RosymarInn. Located in the heart of the capital city of Praia, known as Plateau, the 100% smoke-free RosymarInn is ideal for conventional, recreational and business travelers who want to enjoy great service, amenities and a convenient location. Our staff is committed to providing guests with the highest quality accommodations and friendly customer service at great rates. call. (011.238.261. 6345,) edit

High-end

Praia's high-end options are located south of the main town in the area of Prainha.

  • Pestana Trópico, Caixa Postal 413 Cidade da Praia Cabo Verde, (+238) 2614200 (, fax: (+238) 2615225), [3]. 10min to centre of the Praia. 5km from the airport.  edit
  • Oásis Atlântico Praiamar, Prainha, Cidade da Praia, Ilha de Santiago, (+238) 261 3777 / 261 4153 (, fax: (+238) 261 2972), [4]. Decrepit infrastructure, outrageously overpriced.  edit
  • Hotel América, Achada St Antonio - Praia - CP 55/A, (+238) 262 1431 (). In Praiha, south of the centre of town near the beaches sgl 4500$ dbl 5500$ suite 7200$ including breakfast.  edit
  • Benfica Pensao, 30 Rua 5 de Julho | Plateau Praia, Praia, Santiago CP 273A, Cape Verde.  edit
  • Beramar Restauracao Hotelaria e Tourismo, Cha De Areia, Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde.  edit
  • Perola Hotel, Cha de Areia, Praia, Santiago 129A, Cape Verde.  edit
  • Residencial Praia Maria, 30 Rua 5 de Julho | Plateau Praia, Praia, Santiago CP 273A, Cape Verde (In a quiet area near the main market), [5]. checkout: 12:00. This three star hotel is a bit past its prime, but is bright and clean. Sgl 4200-6000$ dbl 5200-7000$ triple 6500-8000$ includes breakfast.  edit

Get out

Cidade Velha, the historic capital, is an easy half-day trip.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

See also praia

English

Proper noun

Praia

  1. The capital of Cape Verde.

Translations


Simple English

Praia
Coordinates: 14°55′N 23°31′W / 14.917°N 23.517°W / 14.917; -23.517
Country Cape Verde
Island Santiago
Population (2005)
 - Total 113,364
Time zone Cape Verde Time (UTC-1)
Website www.cmpraia.cv

Praia is the capital of the island nation of Cape Verde. It lies on Santiago island in the Sotavento archipelago. The city has a population of 113,364 people. Praia is Cape Verde's largest city. It is also the commercial center of the country. The name Praia means "beach" in Portuguese.

Praia a port that transports coffee, sugar cane, and tropical fruits. Praia also has a fishing industry. The city is home to one of the nation's two international airports. There are resort beaches nearby.

Things to see

Some of the interesting things to see in Praia include:

Other things

Praia has many schools, churches, beaches, ports, and a university named after Jean Piaget.

Other websites








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message