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A pregnant woman at 26 weeks
Pregnancy
Classification and external resources
ICD-9 V22
.Pregnancy (latin "graviditas") is the carrying of one or more offspring, known as a fetus or embryo, inside the womb of a female.^ It refers to, the carrying of offspring in the uterus or womb.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Explain to me why, all of a sudden, a fetus has MORE human rights than the woman carrying it?
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LOL. One medical report stated that 5% of all females conceive while having at LEAST sperm from two different men up inside of her vagina.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

.In a pregnancy, there can be multiple gestations, as in the case of twins or triplets.^ There are certain signs that indicate twin pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Don’t tell anyone it’s triplets until you hit twelve weeks.” And then there was, “you were built for a triplet pregnancy!” And George’s favorite, “Go.
  • Pregnancy | pyjammy's blog 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pyjammy.com [Source type: General]

^ Lead Generation Finding Information Online About Multiple Gestation Pregnancy - Twins, Triplets and More About 2% of all pregnancies are mothers carrying more than one fetus in their wombs.

.Human pregnancy is the most studied of all mammalian pregnancies.^ Laboratory studies and agricultural testing of animals shows that 98% of all birth defects are not genetic but are the result of nutritional deficiencies either before or during pregnancy.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sure, I will be happy to re-tell our little story as we are so thankful and I am eternally grateful for all of the works that you have published regarding human health and pregnancy.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Childbirth usually occurs about 38 weeks after conception; i.e., approximately 40 weeks from the last normal menstrual period (LNMP) in humans.^ When was your last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Pregnancy is measured in trimesters from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP), totaling 40 weeks.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Well I'm 19 and about to st2t college n a coupla wks.my boyfriend n I had sex two days after my last period on the 24th.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

The World Health Organization defines normal term for delivery as between 37 weeks and 42 weeks.

Contents

Terminology

.One scientific term for the state of pregnancy is gravid, and a pregnant female is sometimes referred to as a gravida.^ LOL. One medical report stated that 5% of all females conceive while having at LEAST sperm from two different men up inside of her vagina.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Swollen Ankles During Pregnancy One of the more common problems affecting pregnant women is the occurrence of swollen ankles during pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Cytomegalovirus (CMV) During Pregnancy Cytomegalovirus is one of the most common viral infections affecting pregnant women, which may be passed on to their babies.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

[1] Neither word is used in common speech. Similarly, the term "parity" (abbreviated as "para") is used for the number of previous successful live births. .Medically, a woman who has never been pregnant is referred to as a "nulligravida", a woman who is (or has been only) pregnant for the first time as a "primigravida", and a woman in subsequent pregnancies as a multigravida or "multiparous".[2][3][4] Hence, during a second pregnancy a woman would be described as "gravida 2, para 1" and upon live delivery as "gravida 2, para 2". An in-progress pregnancy, as well as abortions, miscarriages, or stillbirths account for parity values being less than the gravida number, whereas a multiple birth will increase the parity value.^ Pregnant for the First Time Is this your first pregnancy?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ She's very easy to knock up (first try every time) and so we are looking to have another man not only join us for cuckold sex but impregnate her as well.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ You also say that you don't want to allow abortions if a woman didn't use protection, and then you say its ok only in the case of rape or health risks.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Women who have never carried a pregnancy achieving more than 20 weeks of gestation age are referred to as "nulliparous".[5] The medical term for a woman who is pregnant for the first time is primigravida.^ The body temperature of pregnant women tends to increase more rapidly than that of women who are not pregnant.

^ Pregnant for the First Time Is this your first pregnancy?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ This will be our 3rd child (we already have two beautiful boys) and after a very early miscarriage in November (we miscarried only 4 days after getting a positive HPT), I have been even more obsessed with getting pregnant than with my first!
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

[6]
.The term embryo is used to describe the developing offspring during the first 8 weeks following conception, and the term fetus is used from about 2 months of development until birth.^ The first trimester of pregnancy is week 1 through week 12, or about 3 months.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Ello <3,well at 13 i got pregnant my first time but did not carry fullterm because i had a miscarrige at 6 months and 2 weeks.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ However, a fetus can be considered viable at 21 weeks, which is during the 2nd trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7][8]
.In many societies' medical or legal definitions, human pregnancy is somewhat arbitrarily divided into three trimester periods, as a means to simplify reference to the different stages of prenatal development.^ The signs of spotting or your period during early pregnancy can send any woman into a state of panic.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ I was told breasts go through different stages before starting a period.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy due date is usually calculated by adding seven days to the first day of the last menstrual period and subtracting three months from the result.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.The first trimester carries the highest risk of miscarriage (natural death of embryo or fetus).^ I just received my first trimester screening results and was told that my risk of trisomy 13/18 is greater than 1 in 5.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Actually, the result you got is probably just about equivalent to your 'age alone' risk for Down syndrome in first trimester.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ We learned yesterday from first-trimester screening results that we have a 1 in 110 risk of having a baby with Down Syndrome (decreased from my age-related risk at age 41 of 1 in 34).
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

.During the second trimester, the development of the fetus can be more easily monitored and diagnosed.^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Indigestion During Pregnancy Gas, bloating, indigestion and heartburn are some of the common problems, faced by the pregnant women, especially during their second and third trimester.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Second-trimester exams and tests may include fetal ultrasound and electronic fetal heart monitoring.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.The beginning of the third trimester often approximates the point of viability, or the ability of the fetus to survive, with or without medical help, outside of the uterus.^ However, a fetus can be considered viable at 21 weeks, which is during the 2nd trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 8, 2009 11:21 PM [ 0 + Personally, I'm okay with an abortion at virtually any point until the fetus is outside of the mother, and for virtually any reason.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I believe that talking about third trimester abortions is a moot point when it is based on a pretend argument, such as the OC was doing.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]

Progression

Stages in prenatal development, with weeks and months numbered from last menstrual period.

Initiation

.Pregnancy occurs as the result of the female gamete or oocyte merging with the male gamete, spermatozoon, in a process referred to, in medicine, as "fertilization", or more commonly known as "conception". After the point of "fertilization", it is referred to as an egg.^ Your actual pregnancy begins at the time the egg is fertilized by a sperm cell.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ I am 36 years old and 11w4d pregnant with twins (first pregnancy) as a result of IVF with ICSI for male factor infertility (morphology).
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Sciatic Nerve Pain During Pregnancy Sciatic nerve pain during pregnancy occurs when the nerve is subjected to intense pressure resulting from the growing baby in the womb.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.The fusion of male and female gametes usually occurs through the act of sexual intercourse, resulting in spontaneous pregnancy.^ Sciatic Nerve Pain During Pregnancy Sciatic nerve pain during pregnancy occurs when the nerve is subjected to intense pressure resulting from the growing baby in the womb.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Cuckold pregnancy , in my opinion, presents many of the issues that are common to pregnancy in every day life - especially one that occurs between two single people (male and female).
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pregnancy due date is usually calculated by adding seven days to the first day of the last menstrual period and subtracting three months from the result.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.However, the advent of artificial insemination and in vitro fertilisation have also made achieving pregnancy possible in cases where sexual intercourse does not result in fertilization (e.g., through choice or male/female infertility).^ Further there wouldn't be a city of any size in the world today that doesn't have a fertility clinic and most of their work is done artificially impregnating females with another man's sperm.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ My husband is completely opposed to having an amnio, considering the great lengths that we went through to achieve the pregnancy.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ I am 36 years old and 11w4d pregnant with twins (first pregnancy) as a result of IVF with ICSI for male factor infertility (morphology).
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

Perinatal period

.Perinatal defines the period occurring "around the time of birth", specifically from 22 completed weeks (154 days) of gestation (the time when birth weight is normally 500 g) to 7 completed days after birth.^ Pregnancy is measured in trimesters from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP), totaling 40 weeks.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Sonogram Risk Factors for Premature Birth When a baby is born before the completion of 37 weeks gestation, he or she is considered to be premature.

^ If there is something abnormal at that time, it is not too late to do the amnio and if it is completely 'normal', your risk is reduced by as much as another 90%.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[10]
.Legal regulations in different countries include gestation age beginning from 16 to 22 weeks (5 months) before birth.^ I am 31 and the test was taken at a gestational age of 16 weeks.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Contrary to my OB's advice, I had two first trimester screens done at different gestational ages and from different laboratories.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Yesterday, I had a sonogram that said my gestational sac measured 2.79 cm (putting the gestational age at 8 weeks 2 days).
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

Postnatal period

.The postnatal period begins immediately after the birth of a child and then extends for about six weeks.^ Helping your child deal with the birth of a new sibling If youre pregnant with your second child, its time to be thinking about how to prepare your first child to deal with "not being an only child" anymore...
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ If this is your first pregnancy, you'll begin to feel your fetus move at about 18 to 22 weeks after your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ If a regular casual employee is not granted a reasonable period of leave after the birth of her child enabling her to return to her regular casual role, the employer may be subject to a claim of pregnancy discrimination.

.During this period the mother's body returns to prepregnancy conditions as far as uterus size and hormone levels are concerned.^ The fertilized egg appears to have difficulty becoming and remaining implanted in the uterus when the hormones are imbalanced or when the mother has insulin resistance on a high-carbohydrate diet.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lend Lease also employs a nurse to provide advice and answer any queries that mothers returning to work might have, for example concerning diet and depression.

Duration

.The expected date of delivery (EDD) is 40 weeks counting from the last menstrual period (LMP), and birth usually occurs between 37 and 42 weeks.^ Pregnancy is measured in weeks from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ When was your last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If you are between 20 and 37 weeks pregnant, call your health professional immediately or go to the hospital if you have signs of preterm labor , including: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

[11] .The actual pregnancy duration is typically 38 weeks after conception.^ First week after conception (1-7dpo) - initial symptoms disappeared (quite boring, actually!
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

.Though pregnancy begins at conception, it is more convenient to date from the first day of a woman's last menstrual period, or from the date of conception if known.^ When was your last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Your first sign of pregnancy may be a missed menstrual period.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy is measured in weeks from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

Starting from one of these dates, the expected date of delivery can be calculated. .Forty weeks is 9 months and 6 days, which forms the basis of Naegele's rule for estimating date of delivery.^ Please recognize that this is intended to be a special haven for when you are simply having one of those days, weeks, or even months.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ In the following month her arrangements for maternity leave were agreed; she would take three months off work after the birth and then work three days per week on her return.

^ Hi, I am 38 and had my 1st trimester screening done at 12 weeks and I was dated 12 weeks 6 days.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

.More accurate and sophisticated algorithms take into account other variables, such as whether this is the first or subsequent child (i.e., pregnant woman is a primip or a multip, respectively), ethnicity, parental age, length of menstrual cycle, and menstrual regularity.^ Remember that the length of your menstrual cycle can vary.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ If you stopped taking your pills because your boyfriend is away, just remember that they will take a week to get into your system again, just like when you first started taking them.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Join together with other members that are facing many of the same issues of parenting this age group!
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

.Pregnancy is considered "at term" when gestation attains 37 complete weeks but is less than 42 (between 259 and 294 days since LMP).^ If you are between 20 and 37 weeks pregnant, call your health professional immediately or go to the hospital if you have signs of preterm labor , including: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Between 20 and 37 weeks of pregnancy, call your health professional immediately or go to the hospital if you: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy is measured in trimesters from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP), totaling 40 weeks.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.Events before completion of 37 weeks (259 days) are considered preterm; from week 42 (294 days) events are considered postterm.^ If you are between 20 and 37 weeks pregnant, call your health professional immediately or go to the hospital if you have signs of preterm labor , including: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

[12] .When a pregnancy exceeds 42 weeks (294 days), the risk of complications for woman and fetus increases significantly.^ Pregnancy is measured in trimesters from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP), totaling 40 weeks.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ We had an amnio at 14 2/7 weeks pregnancy, pretty early but I had confidence in the doctor who performed it that day, so decided to do it.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ A single womans (she being equivalent to the cuckold couple) can decide to engage in unprotected sex and risk pregnancy.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

[11][13] .As such, obstetricians usually prefer to induce labour, in an uncomplicated pregnancy, at some stage between 41 and 42 weeks.^ Between 20 and 37 weeks of pregnancy, call your health professional immediately or go to the hospital if you: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ The employee had some difficulty with her pregnancy and was advised by her doctor to take a week of leave.

^ There are twelve weeks in between in which second trimester abortions are legally performed on nonviable pregnancies.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14][15]
.Recent medical literature prefers the terminology preterm and postterm to premature and postmature. Preterm and postterm are unambiguously defined as above, whereas premature and postmature have historical meaning and relate more to the infant's size and state of development rather than to the stage of pregnancy.^ For more information about problems during pregnancy, see the topic Pregnancy-Related Problems .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ If the baby does not have Down syndrome or another chromosomal abnormality, we can talk more about what the serum markers might mean for the pregnancy.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Nutrition and weight gain may require more attention than usual, and dieting is never a healthy practice during pregnancy.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

[16][17]
.Fewer than 5% of births occur on the due date; 50% of births are within a week of the due date, and almost 90% within 2 weeks.^ Although your due date marks the end of your 40th week, a full-term pregnancy can deliver between the 38th and 42nd weeks of pregnancy.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Results of CVS may be available more quickly (within several days) than amniocentesis results (2 weeks).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ When I had the ultrascreen done, I thought that I was exactly 12 weeks pg, but the ultrasound changed my due date, making me actually 13 weeks pg.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[18] .It is much more useful, therefore, to consider a range of due dates, rather than one specific day, with some online due date calculators providing this information.^ How do I calculate my due date?
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ You can also use your LMP to calculate your due date .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ It is our hope that through the support of one another that we can ease some of the pain, provide encouragement and hope, and help lead one another on a path of healing.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

.Accurate dating of pregnancy is important, because it is used in calculating the results of various prenatal tests (for example, in the triple test).^ This happens if it is too early in the pregnancy to get accurate results.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Various tests are used in the diagnosis of Pregnancy symptoms.
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I used Answer early pregnancy test yesterday a.m.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

.A decision may be made to induce labour if a fetus is perceived to be overdue.^ In some situations, an employer may be deemed to have made a discriminatory decision if a reasonable request for part-time work is refused.

.Furthermore, if LMP and ultrasound dating predict different respective due dates, with the latter being later, this might signify slowed fetal growth and therefore require closer review.^ When I had the ultrascreen done, I thought that I was exactly 12 weeks pg, but the ultrasound changed my due date, making me actually 13 weeks pg.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ I have always thought that I had a later due date then April 7 because I tend to have irregular, longer cycles due to PCOS. I have my high resolution (but not level 2)ultrasound on Tuesday (at 21 weeks 1 day)due to my mom's recent cancer diagnosis.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Unless there is a fetal abnormality, poor fetal growth, or a significant 'soft marker' for aneuploidy at the time of your next ultrasound, I would not recommend the amnio.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

The Age of Viability has been receding relentlessly as medical revolution continues to unfold. .Whereas it used to be 28 weeks, it has been brought back to as early as 23, or even 22 weeks in some countries.^ There is some suggestion that some patients have these elevated levels as early in midtrimester as the maternal serum screening is done (16-20 weeks).
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ I could use some help by Sap0928 12-22-2009 09:34 PM .
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ To anonymous Apr 6 09:44: Most laboratories can provide accurate results at 15 4/7 weeks and some as early as 15 weeks.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

.Unfortunately, there has been a profound increase in morbidity and mortality associated with the increased survival to the extent it has led some to question the ethics and morality of resuscitating at the edge of viability.^ Survival depends on associated anomalies (particularly cardiac and gastrointestinal), metabolic disturbances that can occur in some babies and are poorly understood, and gestational age at delivery.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed]

Childbirth

Childbirth is the process whereby an infant is born. It is considered by many to be the beginning of the infant's life, and age is defined relative to this event in most cultures.
.A woman is considered to be in labour when she begins experiencing regular uterine contractions, accompanied by changes of her cervix — primarily effacement and dilation.^ Your cervix begins to thin and open ( cervical effacement and dilatation ).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ The contractions cause the cervix to widen and begin to open.
  • Human Physiology/Pregnancy and birth - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What a great change in the contents of the mothers abdomen As soon as a woman becomes pregnant, her body begins to change so that it can support both herself and the unborn baby.
  • Human Physiology/Pregnancy and birth - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While childbirth is widely experienced as painful, some women do report painless labours, while others find that concentrating on the birth helps to quicken labour and lessen the sensations.^ It is our hope that through the support of one another that we can ease some of the pain, provide encouragement and hope, and help lead one another on a path of healing.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ I am so grateful there are doctors like you out there helping women face some of the most difficult times in their lives.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Premature labor and birth can happen to any pregnant woman; however, there are risk factors that leave some women more susceptible than others.

.Most births are successful vaginal births, but sometimes complications arise and a woman may undergo a cesarean section.^ Alcohol Effects on a Fetus Bacterial Vaginosis Birth Control Breech Position and Breech Birth Cesarean Section medical update in progress.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ If you have had a cesarean delivery before, you may have a choice between a vaginal trial of labor and a planned cesarean birth.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ It has been discovered that taking prenatal vitamins after conception may be too late to prevent most birth defects.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the time immediately after birth, both the mother and the baby are hormonally cued to bond, the mother through the release of oxytocin, a hormone also released during breastfeeding.^ At any time during your pregnancy, call your health professional immediately if you: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Therefore, the baby can be suffering from malnutrition and underweight even while the mother is putting on excess fat during pregnancy.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Full-time, part-time or occasional users find natural infant hygiene is a great way to bond with their baby while helping the environment.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

Diagnosis

.The beginning of pregnancy may be detected in a number of different ways, either by a pregnant woman without medical testing, or by using medical tests with or without the assistance of a medical professional.^ External medical advice may be of assistance.

^ We would not terminate the pregnancy, but I guess I just want to know either way if the baby is going to have Down's.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ If you're planning to become pregnant, prepare for a healthy pregnancy by taking care of medical and dental concerns beforehand.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.Most pregnant women experience a number of symptoms[19] , which can signify pregnancy.^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ The physical changes pregnant women experience may mean that some women need increased access to toilet breaks.

^ Now, I'm afraid i am pregnant because i've been having pregnancy symptoms.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.The symptoms can include nausea and vomiting, excessive tiredness and fatigue, craving for certain foods not normally considered a favorite, and frequent urination particularly during the night.^ Symptoms You may be pregnant if you have had sexual intercourse and have the following symptoms: • Missed period • Short, scant period • Sore, tender or swollen breasts • Nausea and/or vomiting • Fatigue • Frequent urge to urinate • Mood swings These symptoms most often don't occur until you have missed your period for about two weeks, but this varies from woman to woman.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Second week (7-14dpo) - mild queasiness after certain types of food - continued fatigue - continued bathroom trips - slightly elevated temp.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

.A number of early medical signs are associated with pregnancy.^ Early signs of pregnancy .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Other early signs of pregnancy, caused by hormonal changes, include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Where medical issues are associated with a pregnancy or legitimate OH&S issues arise, employers should make reasonable adjustments in the workplace to allow pregnant employees to continue to work.

[20][21] .These signs typically appear, if at all, within the first few weeks after conception.^ First week after conception (1-7dpo) - initial symptoms disappeared (quite boring, actually!
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What do these last few weeks mean to you?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ Sometimes the babies do not look very abnormal in first trimester, but almost all will by 18-20 weeks.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

.Although not all of these signs are universally present, nor are all of them diagnostic by themselves, taken together they make a presumptive diagnosis of pregnancy.^ If you have any or all of these symptoms, but don't want to go to a clinic yet, buy a home pregnancy test at any pharmacy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Missing a period, sleeping a lot, and needing to pee can definitely all be signs of pregnancy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Is this pregnancy making you feel paranoid or worried all the time?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

.These signs include the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the blood and urine, missed menstrual period, implantation bleeding that occurs at implantation of the embryo in the uterus during the third or fourth week after last menstrual period, increased basal body temperature sustained for over 2 weeks after ovulation, Chadwick's sign (darkening of the cervix, vagina, and vulva), Goodell's sign (softening of the vaginal portion of the cervix), Hegar's sign (softening of the uterus isthmus), and pigmentation of linea alba - Linea nigra, (darkening of the skin in a midline of the abdomen, caused by hyperpigmentation resulting from hormonal changes, usually appearing around the middle of pregnancy).^ Other early signs of pregnancy, caused by hormonal changes, include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ WW - I usually only got them around ovulation.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When was your last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

[20][21]
.Pregnancy detection can be accomplished using one or more of various pregnancy tests, which detect hormones generated by the newly formed placenta.^ Various tests are used in the diagnosis of Pregnancy symptoms.
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Check out Ovulation, Pregnancy Tests & More!
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ The test reacts to one of the many hormones in a woman's body.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Clinical blood and urine tests can detect pregnancy 12 days after implantation [22], which is as early as 6 to 8 days after fertilization.^ If you have any or all of these symptoms, but don't want to go to a clinic yet, buy a home pregnancy test at any pharmacy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ I used Answer early pregnancy test yesterday a.m.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tested positive with a CVS early pregnancy test at 9 dpo after 5 months of TTC. This month: used Vitex, Mucinex and Preseed around ovulation time.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

.Blood pregnancy tests are more accurate than urine tests.^ Read more about Misdiagnosis and Pregnancy symptoms Diagnostic tests for Pregnancy symptoms: .
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ More than 2/3 Down syndrome babies that get well into the midtrimester will survive the pregnancy.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Talk to your health professional about whether to have cystic fibrosis carrier screening (a blood test) before pregnancy.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

[23] .Home pregnancy tests are personal urine tests, which normally cannot detect a pregnancy until at least 12 to 15 days after fertilization.^ If you have any or all of these symptoms, but don't want to go to a clinic yet, buy a home pregnancy test at any pharmacy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Home medical tests possibly related to Pregnancy symptoms: .
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If you think you might be pregnant, you can use a home pregnancy test as soon as the first day of your first missed menstrual period.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.Both clinical and home tests can only detect the state of pregnancy, and cannot detect the age of the embryo.^ If you have any or all of these symptoms, but don't want to go to a clinic yet, buy a home pregnancy test at any pharmacy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Home medical tests possibly related to Pregnancy symptoms: .
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It's impossible for us to tell you if you are pregnant or not, only a pregnancy test can do that.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.In the post-implantation phase, the blastocyst secretes a hormone named human chorionic gonadotropin, which in turn stimulates the corpus luteum in the woman's ovary to continue producing progesterone.^ Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Progesterone is the hormone produced by the corpus luteum after ovulation.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This acts to maintain the lining of the uterus so that the embryo will continue to be nourished.^ In turn, the corpus luteum continues to secrete progesterone, which maintains the endometrium of the uterus in the secretory phase.
  • Human Physiology/Pregnancy and birth - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once the cloned embryo reaches a suitable stage, it is transferred to the uterus of a female host to continue development until birth.
  • Human Physiology/Pregnancy and birth - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The glands in the lining of the uterus will swell in response to the blastocyst, and capillaries will be stimulated to grow in that region.^ During the following week, the fertilized egg grows into a microscopic ball of cells (blastocyst), which implants on the wall of your uterus.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

This allows the blastocyst to receive vital nutrients from the woman.
.Despite all the signs, some women may not realize they are pregnant until they are quite far along in their pregnancy, in some cases not even until they begin labour.^ Even if they can afford it, that's not really fair to them.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Some women start showing the pregnancy.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think as a wannabe cuckold, that all men desiring women who are sexually promiscuous, should expect, and even desire that a pregnancy happen outside the marriage, for the best genes, and that they take the responsibility for all children born in the marriage and conceived outside the marriage.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

.This can be caused by many factors, including irregular periods (quite common in teenagers), certain medications (not related to conceiving children), and obese women who disregard their weight gain.^ I think as a wannabe cuckold, that all men desiring women who are sexually promiscuous, should expect, and even desire that a pregnancy happen outside the marriage, for the best genes, and that they take the responsibility for all children born in the marriage and conceived outside the marriage.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Although obesity or overweight can in themselves reduce fertility, there are other weight-related or associated medical conditions that further reduce...
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It would be wise for employers to adopt non-discriminatory practices relating to recruitment, selection, terms and conditions of employment and termination of employment when managing employees who are adopting children.

Others may be in denial of their situation.
.An early sonograph can determine the age of the pregnancy fairly accurately.^ This happens if it is too early in the pregnancy to get accurate results.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Many home pregnancy kits may be accurate as early as several days after a missed period.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Or you can go to the doctor for a test since theirs are often more accurate in early pregnancy than the home tests.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.In practice, doctors typically express the age of a pregnancy (i.e., an "age" for an embryo) in terms of "menstrual date" based on the first day of a woman's last menstrual period, as the woman reports it.^ Your first sign of pregnancy may be a missed menstrual period.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy is measured in weeks from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ When was your last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Unless a woman's recent sexual activity has been limited, she has been charting her cycles, or the conception is the result of some types of fertility treatment (such as IUI or IVF), the exact date of fertilization is unknown.^ Your post mentioned some limitations to these results, can you explain what they are.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Failure to promote an employee because she is undergoing IVF or other form of fertility treatment.

^ Serum progesterone levels are carefully monitored during ovulation induction and in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Without symptoms such as morning sickness, often the only visible sign of a pregnancy is an interruption of the woman's normal monthly menstruation cycle, (i.e., a "late period").^ When was your last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Morning Sickness Are you sick all the time (even to the degree of HyperEmesis Gravidarium), or are you lucky and the "wave" only hits you once in a while?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ Missing a period, sleeping a lot, and needing to pee can definitely all be signs of pregnancy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Hence, the "menstrual date" is simply a common educated estimate for the age of a fetus, which is an average of 2 weeks later than the first day of the woman's last menstrual period.^ When was your last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Well I'm 19 and about to st2t college n a coupla wks.my boyfriend n I had sex two days after my last period on the 24th.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Down syndrome would be less than that of a 35 year old woman based on her age alone.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

.The term "conception date" may sometimes be used when that date is more certain, though even medical professionals can be imprecise with their use of the two distinct terms.^ Certain prescription medications may also cause damage to the developing fetus.
  • Pregnancy Precautions: FAQs 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.kidshealth.org [Source type: General]

^ A policy that employees may apply for a promotion only after two years of uninterrupted service may be indirectly discriminatory to female employees who break their term of service for maternity leave.

^ Please read the Terms of Service for more information regarding use of the Healthline Site.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

.The due date can be calculated by using Naegele's rule.^ You can also use your LMP to calculate your due date .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ How do I calculate my due date?
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ It appears they used my due date on the genetic screen which my doctor has as september 3rd.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

.The expected date of delivery may also be calculated from sonogram measurement of the fetus.^ Under some laws, awards or agreements an employer may require an employee to take some form of leave before and/or after the expected birth date.

.This method is slightly more accurate than methods based on LMP.[24] The beginning of labour, which is variously called confinement or childbed, begins on the day predicted by LMP 3.6% of the time and on the day predicted by sonography 4.3% of the time.^ 'Training' tends to put more faith in technology and the people using it than in the patient at times.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ We all have phases when we may be having one of those days , where some topics may be more difficult to read than others.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ Have vaginal bleeding (for light spotting, you can call at any time on the same day).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

[25]
.Diagnostic criteria are: Women who have menstrual cycles and are sexually active, a period delayed by a few days or weeks is suggestive of pregnancy; elevated B-hcG to around 100,000 mIU/mL by 10 weeks of gestation.^ I think as a wannabe cuckold, that all men desiring women who are sexually promiscuous, should expect, and even desire that a pregnancy happen outside the marriage, for the best genes, and that they take the responsibility for all children born in the marriage and conceived outside the marriage.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If you opt for a diagnostic test, I would suggest an amniocentesis at 16 weeks.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ We had an amnio at 14 2/7 weeks pregnancy, pretty early but I had confidence in the doctor who performed it that day, so decided to do it.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[1]

Physiology

The term trimester redirects here. For the term trimester used in academic settings, see Academic term
.Pregnancy is typically broken into three periods, or trimesters, each of about three months.^ The first trimester of pregnancy is week 1 through week 12, or about 3 months.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy is measured in trimesters from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP), totaling 40 weeks.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ The signs of spotting or your period during early pregnancy can send any woman into a state of panic.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.While there are no hard and fast rules, these distinctions are useful in describing the changes that take place over time.^ There is no excuse for not using protection.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ There is nothing you can do to change the result at this point but there is also no reason not to keep your chin up.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ He used a spermicde condom, and there were no breaks.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

First trimester

.Traditionally, doctors have measured pregnancy from a number of convenient points, including the day of last menstruation, ovulation, fertilization, implantation and chemical detection.^ Pregnancy is measured in weeks from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Went to the doctor last week and was told that based on my due date i should be 6 weeks and 5 days but i'm measuring 4 weeks and 5 days..we saw a gestional sac and a yolk sac but no fetus...could it be that my cycle is 32 days instead of 28 days?
  • Pregnancy - Pregnancy Symptoms - Pregnancy Week by Week 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC pregnant.thebump.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since we use the first day of the last normal menstrual cycle to determine the age of the embryo / fetus , we call this measurement MENSTRUAL AGE. .
  • ULTRASOUND IN PREGNANCY WEB BOOK- frames version 9 October 2009 20:24 UTC www.drapplebaum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In medicine, pregnancy is often defined as beginning when the developing embryo becomes implanted into the endometrial lining of a woman's uterus.^ The fertilized egg appears to have difficulty becoming and remaining implanted in the uterus when the hormones are imbalanced or when the mother has insulin resistance on a high-carbohydrate diet.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Urine pregnancy tests are therefore designed to react with HCG after it is secreted into a pregnant woman's blood and urine.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.In some cases where complications may have arisen, the fertilized egg might implant itself in the fallopian tubes or the cervix, causing an ectopic pregnancy.^ Employers should be aware that in some cases codes may contravene the federal Sex Discrimination Act.

^ Your actual pregnancy begins at the time the egg is fertilized by a sperm cell.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Travelling long distances to antenatal services can be particularly difficult in the later stages of pregnancy and in some cases, employees may wish to commence maternity leave early.

.Most pregnant women do not have any specific signs or symptoms of implantation, although it is not uncommon to experience minimal bleeding at implantation.^ The physical changes pregnant women experience may mean that some women need increased access to toilet breaks.

^ Most women don't really start to get their big pregnant belly until they are five or six months along.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ One example of a special measure to achieve equality between pregnant women and non-pregnant people would be providing a mentoring program specifically for pregnant women.

.Some women will also experience cramping during their first trimester.^ Usually measured during the first trimester.
  • ULTRASOUND IN PREGNANCY WEB BOOK- frames version 9 October 2009 20:24 UTC www.drapplebaum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ The physical changes pregnant women experience may mean that some women need increased access to toilet breaks.

.This is usually of no concern unless there is spotting or bleeding as well.^ But there is no cramping at all like I usually have.
  • Healthy Pregnancy: Bleeding during Pregnancy 9 October 2009 20:24 UTC blogs.webmd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Babies can still be abnormal for reasons other than chromosomal abnormalities, but there is no good way to screen for those at this point unless we knew what we were looking for.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ If the bleeding is about like a period, or less than that, it is probably safe to report the bleeding on the next office workday, UNLESS there is severe pain accompanying the bleeding.
  • Healthy Pregnancy: Bleeding during Pregnancy 9 October 2009 20:24 UTC blogs.webmd.com [Source type: Original source]

After implantation the uterine endometrium is called the decidua. The placenta, which is formed partly from the decidua and partly from outer layers of the embryo, is responsible for transport of nutrients and oxygen to, and removal of waste products from the fetus. .The umbilical cord is the connecting cord from the embryo or fetus to the placenta.The developing embryo undergoes tremendous growth and changes during the process of fetal development.^ For more information about how your fetus is changing this month, and about what tests you might think about having, see Interactive Tool: From Embryo to Baby in 9 Months .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ These nutrients are vital to your fetus's cellular growth, brain and organ development, and weight gain.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ During the first three months of pregnancy, or the first trimester, your body is undergoing many changes.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.iifar.org [Source type: General]

.Morning sickness occurs in about seventy percent of all pregnant women and typically improves after the first trimester.^ Usually called "morning sickness," nausea and vomiting are common during early pregnancy.Although it can seem like it will last forever, nausea and vomiting usually go away after the first trimester.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.iifar.org [Source type: General]

^ To Jaycee Feb 2: Not all babies with Down syndrome or other chromosomal abnormalities will have an abnormal ultrasound in first trimester.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Morning Sickness Are you sick all the time (even to the degree of HyperEmesis Gravidarium), or are you lucky and the "wave" only hits you once in a while?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

[26]
.In the first 12 weeks of pregnancy the nipples and areolas darken due to a temporary increase in hormones.^ The first trimester of pregnancy is week 1 through week 12, or about 3 months.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy is measured in trimesters from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP), totaling 40 weeks.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ CVS can be done earlier in pregnancy (usually at 10 to 12 weeks) than amniocentesis (usually at about 16 weeks).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

[27]
Most miscarriages occur during this period.[citation needed]

Second trimester

.Months 4 through 6 of the pregnancy are called the second trimester.^ The first trimester of pregnancy is week 1 through week 12, or about 3 months.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ The Second Coming Second Trimester Weekly Pregnancy Calendar: Your Baby and Your Development This article contains an overview of the second trimester of your pregnancy including tips and advice for the weeks to come.
  • Third Trimester - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 20 September 2009 13:10 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.Most women feel more energized in this period, and begin to put on weight as the symptoms of morning sickness subside and eventually fade away.^ If you do this you will feel GREAT during pregnancy and possibly even avoid morning sickness, hair loss, and other negative pregnancy side effects.

^ I just pretended I didnt know anything.Within a couple of months my wife missed her periods and morning sickness set in.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ So your symptoms are more likely due to stress or an oncoming period.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.In the 20th week the uterus, the muscular organ that holds the developing fetus, can expand up to 20 times its normal size during pregnancy.^ See illustrations of the fetus at 16, 20, and 24 weeks of development .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ At any time during your pregnancy, call your health professional immediately if you: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.Although the fetus begins to move and takes a recognizable human shape during the first trimester, it is not until the second trimester that movement of the fetus, often referred to as "quickening", can be felt.^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ When the fetus gets further a head, (especially in the third trimester) your human rights take a back seat to the life of the child you are carrying.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, a fetus can be considered viable at 21 weeks, which is during the 2nd trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This typically happens in the fourth month, more specifically in the 20th to 21st week, or by the 19th week if the woman has been pregnant before.^ Just a few more months or weeks.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ Ello <3,well at 13 i got pregnant my first time but did not carry fullterm because i had a miscarrige at 6 months and 2 weeks.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ About being pregnant and still getting your period, when I was pregnant at 15 it took me a month and a half before I missed my period, but the chances of something like that are slim.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.However, it is not uncommon for some women not to feel the fetus move until much later.^ Although your fetus has been moving for several weeks, the movements have not been strong enough for you to notice until now.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ If this is your first pregnancy, you'll begin to feel your fetus move at about 18 to 22 weeks after your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Feeling like I am going to get a BFP. Took a hpt and got a BFN using FRER. Some CM later in the afternoon along with AF cramps.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

The placenta fully functions at this time and the fetus makes insulin and urinates. The reproductive organs distinguish the fetus as male or female.

Third trimester

Comparison of growth of the abdomen between 26 weeks and 40 weeks gestation.
.Final weight gain takes place, which is the most weight gain throughout the pregnancy.^ Indirect pregnancy and potential pregnancy discrimination take place when there is a requirement, condition or practice that disadvantages pregnant or potentially pregnant women, and when the requirement, condition or practice is not reasonable in the circumstances.

^ Indirect pregnancy and potential pregnancy discrimination takes place when there is a requirement, condition or practice that disadvantages pregnant or potentially pregnant women.

^ Strive for proper nutrition and weight gain during pregnancy .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.The fetus will be growing the most rapidly during this stage, gaining up to 28g per day.^ During this final trimester, your fetus grows larger and the body organs mature.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Also, Plan B is most effective within the first 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, but it does have some effectiveness up to 120 hours (or five days).
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The third through eighth weeks of growth are called the embryonic stage, during which the embryo develops most major body organs.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.The woman's belly will transform in shape as the belly drops due to the fetus turning in a downward position ready for birth.^ Alcohol Effects on a Fetus Bacterial Vaginosis Birth Control Breech Position and Breech Birth Cesarean Section medical update in progress.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ In your opinion, if a woman is due to give birth in a week or even a day and the life/health of the mother or the fetus are not at risk, do you believe an abortion should be allowed?
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For instance, if a woman was due to give birth in a week or the next day and there were no health risks to the mother or the fetus, in your mind would abortion be acceptable?
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the second trimester, the woman's belly would have been very upright, whereas in the third trimester it will drop down quite low, and the woman will be able to lift her belly up and down.^ Normal symptoms you may experience during the second trimester of pregnancy include: .
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ Down syndrome would be less than that of a 35 year old woman based on her age alone.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ At the end of the third trimester, a fetus usually settles into a head-down position in the uterus.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.The fetus begins to move regularly, and is felt by the woman.^ If this is your first pregnancy, you'll begin to feel your fetus move at about 18 to 22 weeks after your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

Fetal movement can become quite strong and be disruptive to the woman. The woman's navel will sometimes become convex, "popping" out, due to her expanding abdomen. .This period of her pregnancy can be uncomfortable, causing symptoms like weak bladder control and back-ache.^ Causes of Pregnancy symptoms .
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Causes in Children: Pregnancy symptoms .
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Drug interactions causing Pregnancy symptoms: .
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Movement of the fetus becomes stronger and more frequent and via improved brain, eye, and muscle function the fetus is prepared for ex utero viability.^ Alcohol in the mother's diet can damage the brain of a baby in the womb, but this is not the cause of autism because it occurs more frequently in children of non-alcoholic mothers.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But, personally, I believe that an abortion of a perfectly healthy, viable fetus that is more than half way to full term is callous and cruel.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The woman can feel the fetus "rolling" and it may cause pain or discomfort when it is near the woman's ribs and spine.^ May 9, 2009 10:07 AM [ 0 + I agree, creating laws that undermine a woman's decisions is just a slap in the face (that by the way, men don't have to feel*).
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You're assuming a woman would feel no connection to the fetus.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just because a woman feels connected to the fetus in her uterus, does not mean she loses the right to deny it access if she so chooses.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is head engagement in the third trimester, that is, the fetal head descends into the pelvic cavity so that only a small part (or nothing) of it can be felt abdominally.^ When the fetus gets further a head, (especially in the third trimester) your human rights take a back seat to the life of the child you are carrying.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There certainly are milestones in the progress of a pregnancy, but a trimester is simply an easy way to speak about the generalities of fetal development.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Third-trimester exams and tests may include fetal ultrasound, hepatitis B , and group B strep screening.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

[28]
.It is during this time that a baby born prematurely may survive.^ Parents of 1990 95 kids Do you have a child born during this time period?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ "Re: Your idiotic assertion that babies born by caesarean section are 3 times more likely to die in the first month after birth."
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Babies born by caesarean are nearly three times more likely to die in the first month than those born naturally, US research shows."
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The use of modern medical intensive care technology has greatly increased the probability of premature babies surviving, and has pushed back the boundary of viability to much earlier dates than would be possible without assistance.^ Have noticed that your baby has stopped moving or is moving much less than normal.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs.
  • Pregnancy symptoms - WrongDiagnosis.com 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Birthing Naturally Have you decided to attempt labor without the use of any pain medications?
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

[29] .In spite of these developments, premature birth remains a major threat to the fetus, and may result in ill-health in later life, even if the baby survives.^ Even if you do deliver your baby prematurely, modern advances in newborn intensive care mean the chances are good that a baby of at least 28 weeks gestation will survive and thrive.

^ While anticipating the birth of the child, the mother-to-be may have to go through a variety of minor or major discomforts.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Certain prescription medications may also cause damage to the developing fetus.
  • Pregnancy Precautions: FAQs 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.kidshealth.org [Source type: General]

Prenatal development and sonograph images

.Prenatal development is divided into two primary biological stages.^ In many societies' medical and legal definitions, human pregnancy is somewhat arbitrarily divided into three trimester periods, as a means to simplify reference to the different stages of fetal development.
  • Human Physiology/Pregnancy and birth - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first is the embryonic stage, which lasts for about two months.^ Well I'm 19 and about to st2t college n a coupla wks.my boyfriend n I had sex two days after my last period on the 24th.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ I got on birth control pills about two months ago.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Since you're talking about a sexual encounter that took place nearly two months ago, you're definitely not testing too soon at this point.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.At this point, the fetal stage begins.^ It is this stage, where the fetus's bones become more developed and harder, that the mother begins to notice fetal movement.
  • Human Physiology/Pregnancy and birth - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the beginning of the fetal stage, the risk of miscarriage decreases sharply,[30] all major structures including hands, feet, head, brain, and other organs are present, and they continue to grow and develop.^ At every stage of recruitment advertising, all parties involved may be held liable for discriminatory advertisements, including: .

^ For others, the worry begins when they start trying to conceive and continues throughout their pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ Cholesterol and fat in the diet are very important for brain development in infants and hormone development in growing children.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When the fetal stage commences, a fetus is typically about 30 mm (1.2 inches) in length, and the heart can be seen beating via sonograph; the fetus bends the head, and also makes general movements and startles that involve the whole body.^ However, there is a general principle that a person cannot make a complaint to two different forums about the same subject matter.

^ Electronic fetal heart monitoring , either continuous for a high-risk delivery, or periodic, to check for signs that the fetus might be in distress.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ You, on the other hand, seem to feel that it's very important to establish whether a fetus is human, whether s/he is sentient, and whether s/he has capacity to make decisions about her/his own welfare.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] .Some fingerprint formation occurs from the beginning of the fetal stage.^ It is this stage, where the fetus's bones become more developed and harder, that the mother begins to notice fetal movement.
  • Human Physiology/Pregnancy and birth - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]
.Electrical brain activity is first detected between the 5th and 6th week of gestation, though this is still considered primitive neural activity rather than the beginning of conscious thought, something that develops much later in fetation.^ To Cindy Jan 4: Congratulations and please, count your blessings rather than fret that something else must be wrong.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ After much thought, we have decided to do amnio- even though we are totally terrified (it took us 4 years to get here!
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ I am only beginning my 5th week but I am so excited!
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

.Synapses begin forming at 17 weeks, and at about week 28 begin multiply at a rapid pace which continues until 3–4 months after birth.^ Right, some woman waited until eight months, three weeks, and then said "Gosh, I guess I feel like aborting, for no particular reason"?
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Viability of the fetus is usually placed at about seven months (28 weeks) but may occur earlier, up to 24 weeks.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If this is your first pregnancy, you'll begin to feel your fetus move at about 18 to 22 weeks after your last menstrual period (LMP).
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

.It isn't until week 23 that the fetus can survive, albeit with major medical support, outside of the womb.^ They cannot survive outside the womb.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 8, 2009 11:21 PM [ 0 + Personally, I'm okay with an abortion at virtually any point until the fetus is outside of the mother, and for virtually any reason.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although your fetus has been moving for several weeks, the movements have not been strong enough for you to notice until now.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

It is not until then that the fetus possesses a sustainable human brain.[33]
One way to observe prenatal development is via ultrasound images. Modern 3D ultrasound images provide greater detail for prenatal diagnosis than the older 2D ultrasound technology.[38] .While 3D is popular with parents desiring a prenatal photograph as a keepsake,[39] both 2D and 3D are discouraged by the FDA for non-medical use,[40] but there are no definitive studies linking ultrasound to any adverse medical effects.^ Information from medical examinations must strictly be used in a non-discriminatory manner and remain confidential.

^ Unfortunately, after 2 years of no luck with conception, we both became discouraged.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no single answer as to what is required to reach a non-discriminatory outcome as it depends on individual circumstances.

[41] The following 3D ultrasound images were taken at different stages of pregnancy:
.Some people are confused about the differences between an ultrasound and a sonogram.^ Pregnancy discrimination often occurs because people make automatic assumptions about pregnant employees requiring different treatment.

^ With Dr. Lewis I wanted to explore whether or not some of the observations she made about the differences between first and second trimester abortions applied to the differences between second and third trimester abortions.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An ultrasound is the actual machine that lets you observe pregnancy.^ Thanks for writing and let us know what you find out and BEST OF LUCK to you for the rest of the pregnancy!
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ At this point, an ultrasound should be able to tell you if the pregnancy is currently alive.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ T I just wanted to let you know the sad ending to my pregnancy and an end to my amnio dilemma.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

A sonogram is the image of the baby that the ultrasound produces. 4D Ultrasounds take 3D sonograms. Some people refer to the procedure as prenatal imaging, 3D imaging, a 3D scan, or 4D scan.

Physiological changes in pregnancy

.The body must change its physiological and homeostatic mechanisms in pregnancy to ensure the fetus is provided for.^ A fetus is still using a woman's body whether the pregnancy is in the first, second, or third trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the first three months of pregnancy, or the first trimester, your body is undergoing many changes.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.iifar.org [Source type: General]

^ The Hearing Commissioner found that the complainant's pregnancy must have been a factor leading to the arbitrary change in the complainant's duties.

.Increases in blood sugar, breathing and cardiac output are all required.^ All carbohydrates are turned to glucose (blood sugar) during digestion.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The body converts all carbohydrates to glucose (blood sugar).
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

Hormonal changes

.Levels of progesterone and estrogens rise continually throughout pregnancy, suppressing the hypothalamic axis and subsequently the menstrual cycle.^ At mid-cycle the peak estrogen level triggers the release of the LH spike from the pituitary gland.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For others, the worry begins when they start trying to conceive and continues throughout their pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ Serum progesterone levels are carefully monitored during ovulation induction and in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The woman and the placenta also produce many hormones.^ The test reacts to one of the many hormones in a woman's body.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Prolactin levels increase due to maternal Pituitary gland enlargement by 50%.^ Elevated levels of androgens may be found in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome or with a tumor in the pituitary gland, adrenal gland, or ovary.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At mid-cycle the peak estrogen level triggers the release of the LH spike from the pituitary gland.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This mediates a change in the structure of the Mammary gland from ductal to lobular-alveolar. Parathyroid hormone is increased which leads to increases of calcium uptake in the gut and reabsorption by the kidney. Adrenal hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone also increase.
.Placental lactogen is produced by the placenta and stimulates lipolysis and fatty acid metabolism by the woman, conserving blood glucose for use by the fetus.^ This means that the mother produces excessive insulin in order to lower the blood glucose level caused by eating carbohydrates.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cod liver oil contains unprocessed healthy alpha-linolenic fatty acid that the body uses to obtain arachidonic fatty acid (ARA).
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do not use those containing wheat protein, sugars, fruit juices or omega-6 fatty acids as found in vegetable, nut, and seed oils.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It can also decrease maternal tissue sensitivity to insulin, resulting in gestational diabetes.[citation needed]

Musculoskeletal changes

The body's posture changes as the pregnancy progresses. The pelvis tilts and the back arches to help keep balance. Poor posture occurs naturally from the stretching of the woman's abdominal muscles as the fetus grows. These muscles are less able to contract and keep the lower back in proper alignment. The pregnant woman has a different pattern of gait. The step lengthens as the pregnancy progresses, due to weight gain and changes in posture. .On average, a woman's foot can grow by a half size or more during pregnancy.^ Many women notice an increase in breast size during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy includes the everyday definition of pregnancy - a time during which a woman carries a developing foetus.

^ Study proves that 4 year-old children are more intelligent when the mother takes cod liver oil during pregnancy and lactation.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, the increased body weight of pregnancy, fluid retention, and weight gain lowers the arches of the foot, further adding to the foot's length and width.^ I replaced running and weightlifting with swimming 4X a week because I knew I needed to gain some weight and put less strain on my body.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

.The influences of increased hormones such as estrogen and relaxin initiate the remodeling of soft tissues, cartilage and ligaments.^ Soy increases the estrogen in men and disrupts the normal male hormone balance.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Certain skeletal joints such as the symphysis pubis and sacroiliac widen or have increased laxity.[citation needed]

Physical changes

.One of the most noticeable alterations in pregnancy is the gain in weight.^ An unplanned pregnancy can be one of the most upsetting situations in life, but now is not the time to panic.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bookclub: Pregnancy Books Pregnancy can be one of the most exciting times of your life.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

The enlarging uterus, the growing fetus, the placenta and liquor amnii, the acquisition of fat and water retention, all contribute to this increase in weight. .The weight gain varies from person to person and can be anywhere from 5 pounds (2.3 kg) to over 100 pounds (45 kg).^ Come together and discuss the various treatments available, what questions to ask medical personal, and gain the support you need!
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

.In America, the doctor-recommended weight gain range is 25 pounds (11 kg) to 35 pounds (16 kg), less if the woman is overweight, more (up to 40 pounds (18 kg)) if the woman is underweight.^ First, for infants -- trying to discern what works out best for them, determining the proper weight gain, & more!
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

^ Down syndrome would be less than that of a 35 year old woman based on her age alone.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ I replaced running and weightlifting with swimming 4X a week because I knew I needed to gain some weight and put less strain on my body.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

.Other physical changes during pregnancy include breasts increasing two cup sizes.^ Many women notice an increase in breast size during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The physical changes pregnant women experience may mean that some women need increased access to toilet breaks.

^ Since even small amounts of alcohol can increase the risks of birth defects, the safest choice is to not drink at all during your pregnancy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Also areas of the body such as the forehead and cheeks (known as the 'mask of pregnancy') become darker due to the increase of melanin being produced.^ Potential pregnancy includes being capable of having children, a woman expressing a desire to have children or a woman being likely or being perceived as likely to become pregnant.

^ The term "potential pregnancy" refers to being capable of having children, a situation where a woman has expressed a desire to have children or when a woman is likely or is perceived to be likely to become pregnant.

^ The PAPP-A increases throughout pregnancy and becomes more similar in Down's babies and normal babies as gestational age advances.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[27]

Cardiovascular changes

.Blood volume increases by 40% in the first two trimesters.^ Contrary to my OB's advice, I had two first trimester screens done at different gestational ages and from different laboratories.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Dr.T Also can first trimester spotting between weeks 5 and 6 increase the chance of miscarriage with an amnio?
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

This is due to an increase in plasma volume through increased aldosterone. .Progesterone may also interact with the aldosterone receptor, thus leading to increased levels.^ Excessive levels may lead to infertility.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Red blood cell numbers increase due to increased erythropoietin levels.^ The high-carbohydrate diet in a pregnant woman with insulin resistance increases her blood level of insulin.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Increasing numbers of women put off having children in many cases due to work pressures and the expectation of women's primary role in child-care.

Cardiac function is also modified, with increased heart rate and increased stroke volume. A decrease in vagal tone and increase in sympathetic tone is the cause. Blood volume increases act to increase stroke volume of the heart via Starling's law. After pregnancy the change in stroke volume is not reversed. Cardiac output rises from 4 to 7 liters in the 2nd trimester.
Blood pressure also fluctuates. In the first trimester it falls. Initially this is due to decreased sensitivity to angiotensin and vasodilation provoked by increased blood volume. Later, however, it is caused by decreased resistance to the growing uteroplacental bed.[citation needed]

Respiratory changes

.The partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2) increases slightly and that of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) decreases during pregnancy.^ Since even small amounts of alcohol can increase the risks of birth defects, the safest choice is to not drink at all during your pregnancy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Many women notice an increase in breast size during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.The resulting effects on blood pH are compensated for by increased excretion of bicarbonate via the urine, maintaining a normal acid-base balance.^ To anonymous mar 25: I doubt the way the blood was drwan had any significant effect on the test results.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Soy increases the estrogen in men and disrupts the normal male hormone balance.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He said that the results were purely based on the blood work.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[42]
Progesterone may act centrally on chemoreceptors to reset the set point to a lower partial pressure of carbon dioxide. This maintains an increased respiration rate even at a decreased level of carbon dioxide.[42]
Decreased functional residual capacity is seen, typically falling from 1.7 to 1.35 litres,[citation needed] due to the compression of the diaphragm by the uterus. Tidal volume increases, from 0.45 to 0.65 litres,[citation needed] giving an increase in pulmonary ventilation. This is necessary to meet the increased oxygen requirement of the body, which reaches 50 mL/min, 20 mL of which goes to reproductive tissues. Overall, the net change in maximum breathing capacity is zero.[42]
.Dyspnea (shortness of breath) is a symptom reported by the majority of women at some point during pregnancy.^ That should be true at any point during the pregnancy.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some women start showing the pregnancy.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That cost point means that for some women who desperately need it, access to abortion is denied.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It typically begins during the first or second trimester, before chest volume is significantly restricted by growth of the uterus, so decreased lung capacity is not the primary cause.^ I know that even some staunch supporters of abortion rights begin to have doubts about abortion in the second trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We learned yesterday from first-trimester screening results that we have a 1 in 110 risk of having a baby with Down Syndrome (decreased from my age-related risk at age 41 of 1 in 34).
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ A fetus is still using a woman's body whether the pregnancy is in the first, second, or third trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Possible factors include slightly decreased PaCO2 and the effects of progesterone on respiration, as well as the woman's subjective interpretation of increased respiratory rate in pregnancy.^ It is only slightly more relevant than your/the public in general's opinion of whether or not women should be aborting, in that he has the power to effect policy on the subject.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pregnancy includes the time when a woman carries a foetus, as well as physical characteristics of pregnancy such as having a large abdomen and tiredness.

[42]

Metabolic changes

An increased requirement for nutrients is given by fetal growth and fat deposition. Changes are caused by steroid hormones, lactogen, and cortisol.
.Maternal insulin resistance can lead to gestational diabetes.^ Elevated insulin levels, insulin resistance, or diabetes .
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fructose (fruit sugar) has been linked to insulin resistance, which is the primary cause of diabetes.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Increased liver metabolism is also seen, with increased gluconeogenesis to increase maternal glucose levels.[citation needed]

Renal changes

Renal plasma flow increases, as does aldosterone and erthropoietin production as discussed. The tubular maximum for glucose is reduced, which may precipitate gestational diabetes.[citation needed]

Management

Prenatal medical care is of recognized value throughout the developed world. .Periconceptional folic acid supplementation is the only type of supplementation of proven efficacy.^ The lack of folic acid has also been proven to cause birth defects in babies.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

Nutrition

.A balanced, nutritious diet is an important aspect of a healthy pregnancy.^ A healthy balance of beneficial bacteria (called probiotics ) must be restored in the intestines during the low-carbohydrate, anti-yeast diet.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and Proper Diet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby .
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and Proper Diet During Pregnancy For a Healthy Baby Background song is "El Shaddai."
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Eating a healthy diet, balancing carbohydrates, fat, and proteins, and eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, usually ensures good nutrition.^ The healthy diet is high in protein and fats.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do not eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast, a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet of adequate calories as recommended here corrects hormonal imbalances and promotes fertility.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Those whose diets are affected by health issues, religious requirements, or ethical beliefs may choose to consult a health professional for specific advice.^ This may involve seeking medical advice, consulting with the employee and acting on the medical advice in a non-discriminatory way.

^ The information should not be considered complete and should not be used in place of a visit, call, consultation or advice of your physician or other health care provider.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An employer can lawfully refuse to employ a pregnant applicant if she is unable to adequately perform the duties required for the position; where there may be OH&S issues in the workplace that cannot be resolved and if the position required the completion of a specific project and the applicant would be unable to meet the deadlines.

.Adequate periconceptional folic acid (also called folate or Vitamin B9) intake has been proven to limit fetal neural tube defects, preventing spina bifida, a very serious birth defect.^ The lack of folic acid has also been proven to cause birth defects in babies.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spina bifida (exposed spine) is associated with a deficiency of folic acid (folate) in the mother's diet.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soy causes birth defects and can prevent conception.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The neural tube develops during the first 28 days of pregnancy, explaining the necessity to guarantee adequate periconceptional folate intake.^ Pregnancy includes the everyday definition of pregnancy - a time during which a woman carries a developing foetus.

^ Same thing as my first pregnancy tested 4-5 days early with FRER & not FMU and got a positive.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He considered this a necessary part of my accepting his dominance in our relationship, and he explained this to me during my first meeting with him.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

[43][44] Folates (from folia, leaf) are abundant in spinach (fresh, frozen, or canned), and are also found in green vegetables, salads, citrus fruit and melon, chickpeas (i.e. in the form of hummus or falafel), and eggs. In the United States and Canada, most wheat products (flour, noodles) are fortified with folic acid.[45]
.DHA omega-3 is a major structural fatty acid in the brain and retina, and is naturally found in breast milk.^ One of the omega-3 fatty acids, DHA, is a major constituent of cell membranes in the brain.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Milk is a poor choice for vitamin D. Carlson's Lemon Flavored Cod Liver Oil is the best choice because it also provides vitamin A and essential omega-3 fatty acids that have been proven to increase the IQ in infants.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even dog food is fortified with omega-3 fatty acids, because dogs get sick if they are not added.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is important for a mother to consume adequate amounts of DHA during pregnancy and while nursing to support her well-being and the health of her infant.^ Therefore, the baby can be suffering from malnutrition and underweight even while the mother is putting on excess fat during pregnancy.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since even small amounts of alcohol can increase the risks of birth defects, the safest choice is to not drink at all during your pregnancy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ To recognize that their very health and well being is out of your control is heartbreaking.
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]
  • Pregnancy.org Bulletin Board Communities Home - Powered by vBulletin 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancy.org [Source type: General]

.Developing infants cannot produce DHA efficiently, and must receive this vital nutrient from the mother through the placenta during pregnancy and in breast milk after birth.^ Therefore, the baby can be suffering from malnutrition and underweight even while the mother is putting on excess fat during pregnancy.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The body cannot produce essential fatty acids - you must get them from the food you eat.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dumb Children - The study referenced below proves that 4-year old children are more intelligent when the mother takes cod liver oil during pregnancy and lactation.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]
Several micronutrients are important for the health of the developing fetus, especially in areas of the world where insufficient nutrition is prevalent.[47] .In developed areas, such as Western Europe and the United States, certain nutrients such as Vitamin D and calcium, required for bone development, may require supplementation.^ View your profile Overview According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the United States has the highest teenage pregnancy rate of all developed countries.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Accumulated annual leave or other forms of leave may be used instead of, or in conjunction with, maternity leave, subject to the usual requirements for taking such leave.

^ Employers should also note the high level of evidence that may be required to defend a claim of discrimination such as this.

[48][49][50]
Dangerous bacteria or parasites may contaminate foods, particularly listeria and toxoplasma, toxoplasmosis agent. .Careful washing of fruits and raw vegetables may remove these pathogens, as may thoroughly cooking leftovers, meat, or processed meat.^ Make a nice lunch or dinner by adding cubed precooked meat or leftover meat to stir-fried vegetables.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Soft cheeses may contain listeria; if milk is raw the risk may increase.^ Twins are also at increased risk for congenital birth defects, especially cardiac malformations, that can be (and often are) disparate between the babies and that may be accompanied by a wide NT measurement.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ If the baby does not have a chromosomal abnormality, you may still be at increased risk for complications related to 'placental insufficiency' later in the pregnancy.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Margarine May Increase Asthma Risk in Children.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cat feces pose a particular risk of toxoplasmosis. .Pregnant women are also more prone to catching salmonella infections from eggs and poultry, which should be thoroughly cooked.^ Women who are pregnant or lactating should not follow the weight loss phases of the Atkins program.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women who plan to get pregnant should begin a healthy diet plan many months prior to conception.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are not pregnant, you should still see a doctor because you could have an infection.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Practicing good hygiene in the kitchen can reduce these risks.^ Should I be concerned, and is there anything I can do to ensure a good outcome and reduce risks?
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ In good hands, if all looks normal then, your risk is further reduced by at least 60-80% in experienced hands.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[51]

Weight gain

Caloric intake must be increased to ensure proper development of the fetus. .The amount of weight gained during pregnancy varies among women.^ Since even small amounts of alcohol can increase the risks of birth defects, the safest choice is to not drink at all during your pregnancy.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Many women notice an increase in breast size during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ In this case the mother may be gaining weight, but she also is suffering from malnutrition from inadequate amounts of essential protein and fats.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The National Health Service recommends that overall weight gain during the 9 month period for women who start pregnancy with normal weight be 10 to 12 kilograms (22–26 lb).^ Some women start showing the pregnancy.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following are the sad regrets sent to us by a mother who ate soy tofu during her pregnancy.
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pregnant employees who become ill during pregnancy have the same sick leave rights and entitlements as well as the same responsibilities as other employees.

[52] .During pregnancy, insufficient weight gain can compromise the health of the fetus.^ If you want help quitting drugs, alcohol or cigarettes during pregnancy, talk to your health care provider or a local community support group.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ You must also get prenatal health care (special health care during pregnancy) right away.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Likewise, excessive weight gain can pose risks to the woman and the fetus.^ Sex Discrimination Commissioner Comment: In most cases entire workplaces will not pose a risk to a pregnant woman or her unborn child.

.Women who are prone to being overweight may choose to plan a healthy diet and exercise to help moderate the amount of weight gained.^ Rare exceptions aside, women who choose abortion for their children should never have had those children to begin with.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Pregnant women who have very low levels of cholesterol may be at a greater risk of giving birth prematurely, US research suggests."
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many women who have problems getting pregnant or suffer from repeated miscarriages have hormone imbalances caused by diet that have resulted in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) .
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Immune tolerance

.The fetus inside a mother may be viewed as an unusually successful allograft, since it genetically differs from the mother.^ May 8, 2009 11:21 PM [ 0 + Personally, I'm okay with an abortion at virtually any point until the fetus is outside of the mother, and for virtually any reason.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53] .In the same way, many cases of spontaneous abortion may be described in the same way as maternal transplant rejection.^ May 9, 2009 2:10 PM [ 0 + In many ways I agree with you.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Redundancy arrangements should be offered to an employee on maternity leave in the same way it is offered to other employees.

^ When an employee has had her position adjusted in some way because of her pregnancy, her benefits should remain the same, although her salary may alter if her hours decrease.

[53]

Drugs in pregnancy

.Drugs used during pregnancy can have temporary or permanent effects on the fetus.^ Using sick leave during pregnancy .

^ A fetus is still using a woman's body whether the pregnancy is in the first, second, or third trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These needs may be permanent or temporary, for example, returning to work from an illness or extended leave of absence, pregnancy, or specific disability."

.Therefore many physicians would prefer not to prescribe for pregnant women, the major concern being over teratogenicity of the drugs.^ Anyway, I had my period almost a week before that, so i think i was ovulating already, which would make the chances of me being pregnant very high, right?
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Many women who have problems getting pregnant or suffer from repeated miscarriages have hormone imbalances caused by diet that have resulted in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) .
  • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sat, March 24, 2007 - 12:37 PM If I were to become pregnant, it would be a 75% chance if it not being Stephen's.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

.Drugs have been classified into categories A,B,C,D and X based on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rating system to provide therapeutic guidance based on potential benefits and fetal risks.^ This includes providing pregnant and potentially pregnant employees with the same basic terms and conditions of employment and the same benefits as they would receive if they were not pregnant.

Drugs like multivitamins that have demonstrated no fetal risks after controlled studies in humans are classified as Category A. On the other hand drugs like thalidomide with proven fetal risks that outweigh all benefits are classified as Category X.[54]

Exposure to toxins

Various toxins pose a significant hazard to fetuses during development:
.
  • Alcohol ingestion during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a permanent and often devastating birth-defect syndrome.^ This can result in a baby born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS).
    • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Since even small amounts of alcohol can increase the risks of birth defects, the safest choice is to not drink at all during your pregnancy.
    • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Soy products cause birth defects in males.
    • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A number of studies have shown that light to moderate drinking during pregnancy might not pose a risk to the fetus, although no amount of alcohol during pregnancy can be guaranteed to be absolutely safe.^ Dumb Children - The study referenced below proves that 4-year old children are more intelligent when the mother takes cod liver oil during pregnancy and lactation.
    • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Since even small amounts of alcohol can increase the risks of birth defects, the safest choice is to not drink at all during your pregnancy.
    • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This story is for all of the women who get up every morning and scrutinize every twinge, itch or emotion for any sign of pregnancy during the TWW. I just got my BFP yesterday (9dpo and very, very faint) and have had absolutely no pregnancy symptoms at all.
    • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and TTC Success Stories! 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.twoweekwait.com [Source type: Original source]

    [55][56][57]
  • Women who have suffered mercury poisoning in pregnancy have sometimes given birth to children with serious birth defects, termed Minamata disease.

Sexual activity during pregnancy

.Most pregnant women can enjoy sexual activity during pregnancy throughout gravidity.^ Indirect pregnancy and potential pregnancy discrimination take place when there is a requirement, condition or practice that disadvantages pregnant or potentially pregnant women, and when the requirement, condition or practice is not reasonable in the circumstances.

^ And of course the libido goes up during pregnancy so you would still be able to enjoy sex with me regularly.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Many women notice an increase in breast size during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Most research suggests that, during pregnancy, both sexual desire and frequency of sexual relations decrease.^ During this time, we also discovered that my husband and I would both become aroused when I told him about my sexual experiences with my ex-boyfriend.
  • Have you considered a cuckold pregnan... - Cuckold pregnancy - tribe.net 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC tribes.tribe.net [Source type: Original source]

[58][59] .In context of this overall decrease in desire, some studies indicate a second-trimester increase, preceding a decrease.^ I know that even some staunch supporters of abortion rights begin to have doubts about abortion in the second trimester.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With Dr. Lewis I wanted to explore whether or not some of the observations she made about the differences between first and second trimester abortions applied to the differences between second and third trimester abortions.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some labporatories will combine the first and second trimester data into a single integrated risk assessment.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

[60] .However, these decreases are not universal: a significant number of women report greater sexual satisfaction throughout their pregnancies.^ The Guidelines are a companion to the Pregnancy Report, and where greater detail on a subject covered by the Guidelines is needed, the relevant section of the Pregnancy Report should be referred to.

[61]

Abortion

An abortion is termination of the fetus either naturally or via medical methods. .This normally occurs in the first trimester.^ A normal ultrasound at 18-20 weeks will reducs your a priori risk (based on that wonderful first trimester screen) by at least another 50%.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

Collecting stem cell

It's possible to collecting two types of stem cells before childbirth: amniotic stem cells or umbilical cord blood stem cells. .To collect amniotic stem cells is necessary to do amniocentesis and there're private banks in US: the first is Biocell Center in Boston [62][63][64].^ So there is on excuse whatsoever for not using it unless you're just plain not mature enough to be having sex in the first place.
  • Teen Pregnancy | LIVESTRONG.COM 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

About umbelical coord blood stem cells there are a lot of banks, both private and public.

Complications and complaints

.Each year, according to the WHO, ill-health as a result of pregnancy is experienced (sometimes permanently) by more than 20 million women around the world.^ Hi Dr. T, I am a 28 year old who just recieved abnormal results for first trimester screening that I had taken at 12 weeks.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ According to the doc, these numbers are what are given for a 20 year old (with no other test done.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ Pregnant employees who become ill during pregnancy have the same sick leave rights and entitlements as well as the same responsibilities as other employees.

Furthermore, the "lives of eight million women are threatened, and more than 500,000 women are estimated to have died in 1995 as a result of causes related to pregnancy and childbirth".[65]
The following are complaints that may occur during pregnancy:
  • Back pain. .A particularly common complaint in the third trimester when the patient's center of gravity has shifted.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome in between an estimated 21% to 62% of cases, possibly due to edema.^ With Dr. Lewis I wanted to explore whether or not some of the observations she made about the differences between first and second trimester abortions applied to the differences between second and third trimester abortions.
    • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I'm not sure how common it is to find out for the first time that something is seriously wrong in the third trimester.
    • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If the results of the FISH in your case return with trisomy 21, the overwhelming likelihood is that your baby has Down syndrome.
    • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

    [66]
  • Constipation. A complaint that is caused by decreased bowel motility secondary to elevated progesterone (normal in pregnancy), which can lead to greater absorption of water.
  • Braxton Hicks contractions. Occasional, irregular, and often painless contractions that occur several times per day.
  • Edema (swelling). Common complaint in advancing pregnancy. Caused by compression of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and pelvic veins by the uterus leads to increased hydrostatic pressure in lower extremities.
  • Regurgitation, heartburn, and nausea. .Common complaints that may be caused by Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD); this is determined by relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and increased transit time in the stomach (normal in pregnancy), as well as by increased intraabdominal pressure, caused by the enlarging uterus.
  • Haemorrhoids.^ A complaint of pregnancy or potential pregnancy discrimination in employment may also be made to the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission.

    ^ The low-cholesterol and low-fat diets of the mother in combination with a protein deficiency may be the cause of increased autism in the USA and UK at the rate of 20% per year.
    • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So, RELAX. Your worrying has a greater risk of negative impact on the pregnancy than the odds of having an abnormal baby from a chromosomal or genetic standpoint at this time!
    • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

    Complaint that is often noted in advancing pregnancy. Caused by increased venous stasis and IVC compression leading to congestion in venous system, along with increased abdominal pressure secondary to the pregnant space-occupying uterus and constipation.
  • Pelvic girdle pain. .PGP disorder is complex and multi-factorial and likely to be represented by a series of sub-groups with different underlying pain drivers from peripheral or central nervous system,[67] altered laxity/stiffness of muscles,[68] laxity to injury of tendinous/ligamentous structures[69] to ‘mal-adaptive’ body mechanics.^ Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3) and arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4 n-6) are important for development of the central nervous system in mammals.
    • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It has a face, a central nervous system, and tiny little fingers and toes.
    • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [70] Musculo-Skeletal Mechanics involved in gait and weightbearing activities can be mild to grossly impaired. PGP can begin peri or postpartum. There is pain, instability or dysfunction in the symphysis pubis and/or sacroiliac joints.
  • Round Ligament Pain. .Pain experienced when the ligaments positioned under the uterus stretch and expand to support the mother's growing uterus
  • Increased urinary frequency.^ Bleeding increases your risk for complications from an amnio, so I will frequently hold off doing them til a little later under those circumstances.
    • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum.
    • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A common complaint referred by the gravida, caused by increased intravascular volume, elevated GFR (glomerular filtration rate), and compression of the bladder by the expanding uterus.
  • Varicose veins.^ The low-cholesterol and low-fat diets of the mother in combination with a protein deficiency may be the cause of increased autism in the USA and UK at the rate of 20% per year.
    • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum.
    • Pregnant? Pregnancy, Adoption, Abortion, Infertility, and  ProperDiet During Pregnancy for a Healthy Baby . 26 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.biblelife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Common complaint caused by relaxation of the venous smooth muscle and increased intravascular pressure.

Context

.There are fine distinctions between the concepts of fertilization and the actual state of pregnancy, which starts with implantation.^ Start with a document explaining what constitutes pregnancy and potential pregnancy discrimination, stating that it will not be tolerated and inform all workplace participants of the action that will be taken if discrimination occurs.

^ Although there is no case law, a reasonable interpretation of the definition of potential pregnancy would cover situations where an employee was undergoing fertility treatment.

.In a normal pregnancy, the fertilization of the egg usually will have occurred in the Fallopian tubes or in the uterus.^ Unplanned Pregnancy Exploring Ectopic Pregnancy 95% of ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tubes.
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 20 September 2009 11:32 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ As the fertilized ovum is released from the fallopian tube, it needs to attach to the uterine lining and begin to form germ layers which eventually will become the essential organs of the fetus.
  • Pregnancy Week by Week | Pregnancy Stages | 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.pregnancytobaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fallopian Tubes Repaired after Tubal Ligation or IVF? If you are considering a pregnancy after tubal ligation has blocked your fallopian tubes, what are your choices?
  • Pregnancy - Pregnant Woman 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.(Often, an egg may become fertilized yet fail to become implanted in the uterus.^ During the following week, the fertilized egg grows into a microscopic ball of cells (blastocyst), which implants on the wall of your uterus.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ In the final 2 months of pregnancy, a fetus becomes too big to move around easily inside the uterus and may seem to move less.
  • Health Information 28 January 2010 0:41 UTC www.jhsmiami.org [Source type: General]

^ When a woman becomes pregnant, the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall.
  • Healthy Pregnancy: Bleeding during Pregnancy 9 October 2009 20:24 UTC blogs.webmd.com [Source type: Original source]

) .If the pregnancy is the result of in-vitro fertilization, the fertilization will have occurred in a Petri dish, after which pregnancy begins when one or more zygotes implant after being transferred by a physician into the woman's uterus.^ They then only put the 'healthy' ones into your uterus.
  • Abnormal First Trimester Screening Results 16 September 2009 22:55 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: General]

^ A woman whose life is physically threatened by her pregnancy, and you won't thank the physician who operated to save her life?
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was because the pregnancy led to her being on maternity leave and the restructuring occurred without consultation during this time.

In the context of political debates regarding a proper definition of life, the terminology of pregnancy can be confusing. .De Crespigny observes that doctors' language has a powerful influence over the way patients think, and thus proposes that the best interests of patients are served by using language that both supports patient autonomy and is neutral.^ Of course, the doctor has to first tell the patient that they're going to call, and it's probably best to try to empower the patient to call the police herself.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems to me that you begin by assuring the client that she is the one 'in power' and that you are the one 'out of power' (actually we do something like that for almost every decision a client makes) and then you remind her that your primary goal is to support her interests but that the best clinical results are the ones that are good both for the client and the client's family members.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 11, 2009 3:29 AM [ 0 + I personally think we ought to trust women to make this decision (with the help of their doctors) all the way through the end of the pregnancy.
  • Why I Provide Second Trimester Abortions - Community 20 September 2009 20:020 UTC community.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71]

See also

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External links


Simple English

File:Expecting
A pregnant woman.

Pregnancy is when a female mammal has an unborn baby inside her. A human pregnancy is usually nine months long. Pregnancy usually starts when a woman has sexual intercourse with a man. Her ovum (or egg) and his sperm (seed) come together and form a zygote (fertilized egg) inside her. The zygote grows into an embryo, which grows into a fetus. When the fetus is ready, it is born.

Pregnancy is divided into three parts called trimesters. Each trimester is about three months long. During the first trimester, the woman often feels sick in her stomach and has to urinate often. During the second trimester, the woman's body starts to look pregnant, and her belly starts to stick out. During the third trimester, her belly sticks out even more, and the woman becomes even heavier. Many other things happen to the woman during pregnancy. At the end of a full pregnancy, the woman goes into labour, and her body lets the baby come out. When this happens, it is called delivering a baby or giving birth. Labour can hurt a lot for the woman.

Pregnancy problems

Sometimes during pregnancy, there are problems. A miscarriage (spontaneous abortion) is when the fetus comes out of the woman too early, and the pregnancy ends suddenly. There are also certain sicknesses caused by pregnancy. Sometimes women die from giving birth.

Abortion

A pregnancy can also stop without the baby being born. This is called abortion. Abortion can happen sponaneously, because there is a problem with the baby or the mother. Doctors can also do things that will cause an abortion to happen. Such an abortion is called induced abortion. Different countries have laws regarding induced abortions. Some countries allow it, others do not. In still others, it is allowed, but only for certain circumstances (such as the woman's pregnancy resulting from rape, or that it poses a threat to the life of the pregnant woman). People also have different opinions regarding abortion, very often, these are influenced by religious beliefs.

There are certain diseases which make pregnancies very dangerous for the mother. Mothers with certain diseases will need to have an abortion, to protect their life.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Pregnancy, which are similar to those in the above article.








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