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Premier of the
State Council of the
People's Republic of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
Emblem of the People's Republic of China
Wen Jiabao

since March 16, 2003
Residence Zhongnanhai
Appointer the National People's Congress
Term length five years, renewable
once consecutively
Inaugural holder Zhou Enlai
Formation September 27, 1954
Website State Council
People's Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the People's Republic of China

See: Politics of Hong Kong and Macau

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The Premier of the State Council (simplified Chinese: 国务院总理traditional Chinese: 國務院總理pinyin: guówùyuàn zŏnglĭ), sometimes incorrectly referred to as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of the People's Republic of China (the "Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China" after 1954), who is the head of government. This position was originally known as Premier of the Government Administration Council (Chinese: 政務院總理) and changed to its current name in 1954. The Premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the apparent nomination of the President. In practice, the candidate is recommended by the Politburo of the Communist Party of China. Both the President and the Premier are selected once every five years. The Premier has always been a member of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China.


The Premier is the highest administrative position in the Government of the People's Republic of China. The Premier is responsible for organizing and administering the Chinese civil bureaucracy. This includes overseeing the various ministries, departments, commissions and statutory agencies and announcing their candidacies to the National People's Congress for Vice-Premiers, State Councillors and ministry offices. Apparently, the Premier does not have authority over the People's Liberation Army, but the Premier is the Head of the National Defense Mobilization Committee of China which is a department of armed forces redeployment. In recent years, there has been a division of responsibilities between the Premier and the General Secretary of CPC wherein the Premier is responsible for the technical details of implementing government policy while the General Secretary gathers the political support necessary for government policy.

The Premier has been supported by four Vice-Premiers since Deng Xiaoping's reform in 1983.

See also

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