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Premier of the Soviet Union: Wikis

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Premier of the Soviet Union is the commonly used English term for the offices of Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR (Председатель Совета Народных Комиссаров СССР; Predsedatel' Soveta Narodnykh Komissarov SSSR) (1923-1946) and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Председатель Совета Министров СССР; Predsedatel' Soveta Ministrov SSSR) (1946-1991), who was the head of government in the Soviet Union.

However, the most important decisions were passed jointly with the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee, the latter being more influential in such cases. After Lenin's death the key position in the Politburo and the country was the General Secretary.

As some Soviet leaders held both positions at the same time, the western press often referred to the General Secretary as the "premier of the Soviet Union" regardless of whether the man actually held the office. For example Leonid Brezhnev was often referred to by the title without ever holding the office.

Premiers of the Soviet Union

The office is also known as:

  • Prime Minister of the USSR
  • President of the People's Commissars Soviet of the RSFSR/USSR
  • President of the USSR Soviet of Ministers
T# A# Name Term start Term end
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR
1 Vladimir Lenin Lenin CL Colour.jpg 6 July 1923 21 January 1924
2 Alexey Rykov Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10691, Alexej Iwanowitsch Rykow.jpg 2 February 1924 19 December 1930
3 Vyacheslav Molotov Molotov.bra.jpg 19 December 1930 6 May 1941
4 Joseph Stalin Joseph Stalin Colour.jpg 6 May 1941 15 March 1946
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR
4 1 Joseph Stalin Joseph Stalin Colour.jpg 19 March 1946 5 March 1953
5 2 Georgy Malenkov Malenkow.jpg 6 March 1953 8 February 1955
6 3 Nikolai Bulganin Bundesarchiv Bild 183-29921-0001, Bulganin, Nikolai Alexandrowitsch.jpg 8 February 1955 27 March 1958
7 4 Nikita Khrushchev Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruchstschow.jpg 27 March 1958 15 October 1964
8 5 Alexei Kosygin Kossygin Glassboro.jpg 15 October 1964 23 October 1980
9 6 Nikolai Tikhonov No male portrait.svg 23 October 1980 27 September 1985
10 7 Nikolai Ryzhkov Nikolay Ryzhkov1.jpg 27 September 1985 14 January 1991
Prime Minister of the USSR
11 1 Valentin Pavlov No male portrait.svg 14 January 1991 22 August 1991
12 2 Ivan Silayev No male portrait.svg 6 September 1991 25 December 1991

See also

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