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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The word presidency is often used to describe the administration or the executive, the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. It is also the governing authority of some churches.

For example, in a republic with a presidential system of government, the presidency is the executive branch of government, and is personified by a single elected man or woman who holds the office of "president". In practice, it includes a much larger collective of people, such as chiefs of staff, advisors and other bureaucrats.

The term is also used to describe the time period in office held by an individual president. For example, the presidency of Richard Nixon overlapped many important developments.

Other states and organizations may have other systems, such as a collective presidency. The presidency of the European Union is held on a rotating basis by the various national governments of the member states. The presidency of British crown colonies was held by the office of the United Kingdom colonial secretary.

The presidency may also refer to the holder of a non-governmental office of president in a corporation, business, charity, university, etc or to the institutional arrangement around them. For example "the presidency of the Red Cross refused to support his idea."

See also


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

PRESIDENCY, an administrative unit of the Indian empire. The word is derived from the title of president or chief of the council of a principal factory under the early East India Company - a title which lasted until governors were appointed under act of parliament in 1784. It thence came to be applied to the three original provinces of Bengal, Madras, and Bombay. It is now restricted to Madras and Bombay, in distinction to the lieutenant-governorships. In Anglo-Indian usage, "presidency" was also applied to the capital city as opposed to the country beyond, termed the "mofussil"; and this usage lingers in such phrases as "presidency town," "presidency magistrate," and "presidency college."


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