Presidency of the Council of the European Union: Wikis


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Presidency of the Council of the European Union
Spanish presidency of the EU 2010.svg
Current Presidency logo
Term length Six months
Inaugural holder Belgium
Formation 1958
European Union

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Presidency of the Council of the European Union is the responsibility for the functioning of the Council of the European Union which is rotated between European Union (EU) member states every six months. The presidency is not a single president but rather the task is undertaken by an entire national government. Three and three successive presidencies, known as presidency trios, are required to provide additional continuity by sharing common political programmes.

Article 16(9) of the Treaty on European Union provides:

The Presidency of Council configurations, other than that of Foreign Affairs, shall be held by Member State representatives in the Council on the basis of equal rotation, in accordance with the conditions established in accordance with Article 236 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.



Historically, coordination between successive presidencies was minimal, causing incoherence hindering the development of long-term priorities for the EU. This situation was changed when the idea of trio presidencies was de facto implemented in 2007, and formally laid down in Treaty on European Union in 2009 (amended by the Treaty of Lisbon).

The Treaty of Lisbon also reduced the importance of the Presidency significantly by officially separating the European Council (EU heads of state or government) from the Council of the European Union, thus terminating the capacity of the head of state or government of the member state holding the Presidency to be President of the European Council.


The primary responsibility of the Presidency is to organise and chair all meetings of the Council, apart from the Foreign Affairs Council. This includes working out compromises capable of resolving difficulties.



The presidency is in some regards executed in a shared manner in order to cope with the rather short six month term of the presidency. Three successive presidents forming a "triple-shared presidency" work together over a 1.5 year period to accomplish a common agenda by the current president simply continuing the work of the previous "lead-president" after the end of his/her term. This process also allows new member states to hold the presidency sooner, and at the same time the triplets are arranged so that, in each of them, there are both new and old member states, with the assumption that the old member states will pass their experience to the co-presidency new-members.

List of rotations

Trio year half-year Presidency holder Website
  1958 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  West Germany N/A
1959 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Italy N/A
1960 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg N/A
Jul-Dec  Netherlands N/A
1961 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  West Germany N/A
1962 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Italy N/A
1963 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg N/A
Jul-Dec  Netherlands N/A
1964 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  West Germany N/A
1965 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Italy N/A
1966 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg N/A
Jul-Dec  Netherlands N/A
1967 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  West Germany N/A
1968 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Italy N/A
1969 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg N/A
Jul-Dec  Netherlands N/A
1970 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  West Germany N/A
1971 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Italy N/A
1972 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg N/A
Jul-Dec  Netherlands N/A
1973 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  Denmark N/A
1974 Jan-Jun  West Germany N/A
Jul-Dec  France N/A
1975 Jan-Jun  Ireland N/A
Jul-Dec  Italy N/A
1976 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg N/A
Jul-Dec  Netherlands N/A
1977 Jan-Jun  United Kingdom N/A
Jul-Dec  Belgium N/A
1978 Jan-Jun  Denmark N/A
Jul-Dec  West Germany N/A
1979 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Ireland N/A
1980 Jan-Jun  Italy N/A
Jul-Dec  Luxembourg N/A
1981 Jan-Jun  Netherlands N/A
Jul-Dec  United Kingdom N/A
1982 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  Denmark N/A
1983 Jan-Jun  West Germany N/A
Jul-Dec  Greece N/A
1984 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Ireland N/A
1985 Jan-Jun  Italy N/A
Jul-Dec  Luxembourg N/A
1986 Jan-Jun  Netherlands N/A
Jul-Dec  United Kingdom N/A
1987 Jan-Jun  Belgium N/A
Jul-Dec  Denmark N/A
1988 Jan-Jun  West Germany N/A
Jul-Dec  Greece N/A
1989 Jan-Jun  Spain N/A
Jul-Dec  France N/A
1990 Jan-Jun  Ireland N/A
Jul-Dec  Italy N/A
1991 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg N/A
Jul-Dec  Netherlands N/A
1992 Jan-Jun  Portugal N/A
Jul-Dec  United Kingdom N/A
1993 Jan-Jun  Denmark N/A
Jul-Dec  Belgium N/A
1994 Jan-Jun  Greece N/A
Jul-Dec  Germany N/A
1995 Jan-Jun  France N/A
Jul-Dec  Spain N/A
1996 Jan-Jun  Italy  ?
Jul-Dec  Ireland  ?
1997 Jan-Jun  Netherlands  ?
Jul-Dec  Luxembourg  ?
1998 Jan-Jun  United Kingdom
Jul-Dec  Austria  ?
1999 Jan-Jun  Germany  ?
Jul-Dec  Finland
2000 Jan-Jun  Portugal  ?
Jul-Dec  France  ?
2001 Jan-Jun  Sweden
Jul-Dec  Belgium
2002 Jan-Jun  Spain
Jul-Dec  Denmark
2003 Jan-Jun  Greece
Jul-Dec  Italy
2004 Jan-Jun  Ireland
Jul-Dec  Netherlands
2005 Jan-Jun  Luxembourg
Jul-Dec  United Kingdom
2006 Jan-Jun  Austria
Jul-Dec  Finland1
T1 2007 Jan-Jun  Germany
Jul-Dec  Portugal
2008 Jan-Jun  Slovenia
T2 Jul-Dec  France
2009 Jan-Jun  Czech Republic
Jul-Dec  Sweden
T3 2010 Jan-Jun  Spain[1]
Jul-Dec  Belgium[1]
2011 Jan-Jun  Hungary[1]
T4 Jul-Dec  Poland[2]
2012 Jan-Jun  Denmark TBD
Jul-Dec  Cyprus TBD
T5 2013 Jan-Jun  Ireland[3]
Jul-Dec  Lithuania
2014 Jan-Jun  Greece TBD
T6 Jul-Dec  Italy TBD
2015 Jan-Jun  Latvia TBD
Jul-Dec  Luxembourg TBD
T7 2016 Jan-Jun  Netherlands TBD
Jul-Dec  Slovakia TBD
2017 Jan-Jun  Malta TBD
T8 Jul-Dec  United Kingdom TBD
2018 Jan-Jun  Estonia
Jul-Dec  Bulgaria TBD
T9 2019 Jan-Jun  Austria TBD
Jul-Dec  Romania TBD
2020 Jan-Jun  Finland TBD

1Germany was due to succeed Austria in 2006 but stepped aside as general elections were scheduled for that period. Finland, as next in line, took their place. In the event, the German elections took place in 2005 due to a loss of confidence vote, but the re-arrangement remained.

See also


  1. ^ a b c Next Presidency logo presented Swedish Presidency of the European Union; retrieved on 29 November 2009.
  2. ^ The official website for the Polish Presidency of the EU Council Polish Presidency of the EU Council; 22 October 2009; retrieved on 29 November 2009.
  3. ^ .ie WHOIS lookup showing registration of to Dept. Foreign Affairs

External links


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