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PGBT.png Texas 161.svg Texas 190.svg
State Highways 161 and 190
Length: 34[1] mi (55 km)
Formed: 1977[2][3]
CCW end: Texas 183.svg SH 183 in Irving
Major
junctions:
I-635.svg IH 635 in Irving
I-35E.svg IH 35E in Carrollton
US 75.svg US 75 in Richardson
CW end: Texas 78.svg SH 78 in Garland
Highways in Texas
< SH 160 SH 162 >
< SH 189 SH 191 >
InterstateU.S.T.X. (LoopsSpursRecFM)

The President George Bush Turnpike (PGBT) is a 30.5-mile (49 km)[4] toll road running east–west through the northern suburbs of Dallas, Texas, United States. It is named for George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States. At its west end near Belt Line Road in Irving, State Highway 161 (SH 161) continues southwest as a freeway to State Highway 183 near Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. A further extension of SH 161 south to Interstate 20 in Grand Prairie is under construction. The discontinuous free frontage roads along the Turnpike from Interstate 35E in Carrollton east to its end at State Highway 78 in Garland are assigned the State Highway 190 (SH 190) designation. "190 TEXAS" signage appears only along the Garland, Richardson, Plano, and Carrollton sections of the frontage road with the undersign "frontage road only." At intersections with city streets, only the Bush Turnpike signs are displayed, not the "190 TEXAS" signage. Prior to the construction of the main lanes as a tollway, SH 190 was used as the name of the planned main lanes too. Similarly, the part west of I-35E was planned as part of SH 161. Bush Turnpike is signed as an east–west road east of I-35E and as a north–south road west (i.e., south) of I-35E, as Bush Turnpike makes a nearly 90-degree curve immediately west of its I-35E interchange.

The turnpike is operated by the North Texas Tollway Authority (NTTA). Currently, all maintenance is done under a five-year Total Routine Maintenance (TRM) contract with Infrastructure Corporation of America (ICA) based in Brentwood, Tennessee that started in November 2006.

The turnpike passes through three Texas counties (Dallas, Collin and Denton) and six Dallas suburbs (Garland, Richardson, Plano, Carrollton, Farmers Branch and Irving).

Originally PGBT was equipped with traditional toll plazas for cash payment as well as RFID-based Tolltag express lanes. However on July 1, 2009 the cash plazas were closed and replaced with "ZipCash", an OCR-based camera system which reads the license plate and bills the owner by mail. This made the turnpike the first in the United States to transition to all-electronic toll collection [5]. The ZipCash rates, however, come at a premium being significantly higher than both the TollTag rate and the earlier cash prices [5].

A turnoff to the George Bush Turnpike in Irving, Texas
Approach to toll plazas in north Dallas, 22 April 2008, before the plaza closures in 2009.

Contents

History

The corridor of SH 161 and the Turnpike was first proposed as an outer loop within Dallas County in 1957.[6] The 1964 plan was the first to designate it as a freeway,[7] and in 1969 the full loop was added to the state highway system as Loop 9. The loop would begin at Interstate 20 just east of the Tarrant County line and head north (along a corridor still planned as an extension of SH 161). From State Highway 183 it would run roughly along present SH 161, turning north on Belt Line Road and east just south of the Denton County line, crossing Interstate 35E near the present junction. Rather than cross into Denton and Tarrant Counties, the loop would stay in Dallas County, running roughly where Campbell Road is now. It would rejoin the present Turnpike alignment and head southeast to Interstate 30 west of Lake Ray Hubbard. The south part of the loop would continue in a roughly circular route to end at the junction of Interstate 20 and Spur 408, several miles east of the beginning of the loop. The short Spur 484, designated in 1970, would run from Loop 9 at Belt Line Road northeast along the present Turnpike alignment to Interstate 635.[8][9][10]

Some of the opposition to the loop came from the city of Richardson, which was already divided by the Central Expressway. In conjunction with Plano, the city acquired empty right-of-way about two miles (3 km) to the north, where the Turnpike now runs, and set the centerline of the right-of-way to the border between Richardson and Plano.[6]

Loop 9 was cancelled in 1977, and the western and northern section was split between two new designations: State Highway 161 from Interstate 20 to State Highway 114 (at Belt Line Road) and State Highway 190 from Interstate 35E to State Highway 78. (The piece between SH 114 and IH 35E was removed from the state highway system.) Spur 484 was absorbed into SH 161 in 1979, making its northern terminus Interstate 635 (at Valley View Lane). The connection between I-635 and I-35E was added to SH 161 in 1988.[2][3][8][10]

Construction on service roads began in late 1988 in north Garland and Richardson. A stack interchange was constructed in 1990 at U.S. Highway 75 in Richardson, which quickly became a white elephant as the structure remained abandoned for several years. In 1995 following a revision in federal laws, authorities agreed to shift to a toll financing scheme, providing an infusion of cash and new construction. The SH 190 designation was removed from the plans for the not-yet-constructed main lanes in 1996,[3], and in 1998 SH 161 was removed from the piece between Belt Line Road and I-635 (Segment V).[2]

  • Segment I (North Dallas). Extends from Campbell Road to Midway Road, and includes the Dallas North Tollway and U.S. Highway 75 (Central Expressway) interchanges. Opened in December 1998.
  • Segment II (Garland/Richardson). Extends from Campbell Road to State Highway 78. Opened in 2000.
  • Segment III (Carrollton). Extends from Midway Road in north Dallas to Interstate 35E. Opened July 2001.
  • Segment IV ("PGBT Superconnector"). Connects I-35E to the I-635 airport extension. It covers 5.2 miles (8.4 km) and was built at the cost of $339 million. Much of the expense is because the segment is built within the Trinity River wetland and comprises many miles of bridges. Construction began in January 2003 and was completed in October 2005.
  • Segment V (Irving). A 3.9-mile (6.3 km) segment connecting the I-635 airport extension to the SH 161 freeway near Belt Line Road. It opened in December 2001. Unstable clay soil was a significant problem in this segment, requiring contractors to use concentrated liquid stabilizers and geosynthetic reinforcement.

SH 190's Previous Routes

SH 190 was formerly a route proposed in 1933 from Cuero southwestward to SH 119. That route was transferred to SH 29 in 1939.

Expansion

The Eastern Extension phase of the President George Bush Turnpike (PGBT) will extend the highway 9.9 miles (15.9 km) southeast to Interstate 30 through the cities of Sachse and Rowlett, meeting I-30 in extreme southeast Garland.[11] (This was added to the definition of SH 190 in 2006.[3]) The NTTA received environmental clearance in 2005 and construction began in October 2008, with completion scheduled for Q4 2011. The project will include a 1-mile (1.5 km) bridge spanning Lake Ray Hubbard. Costs estimates are anticipated to be $1.04 billion.

From the terminus of the Eastern Extension project, the next PGBT segment is planned to continue through Mesquite and Sunnyvale, meeting I-20 in southern Mesquite near Lawson Road. Approximately five miles south of I-20, the PGBT is planned to merge into Loop 9.

The southern segment from the confluence with Loop 9 to US 287 is planned to be included in the Trans Texas Corridor loop around Dallas/Ft. Worth. The mainlane design speed is 90 mph (140 km/h), and the highway is expected to be signed for a speed limit of 85 mph (137 km/h).

The NTTA is also planning to extend the western PGBT terminus south to Interstate 20 through the city of Grand Prairie, forming a half loop around the city of Dallas. This phase is still in the early stages and the NTTA has not released a completion date; however, construction on 161 Toll south of State Highway 183 is in progress.

Long term plans are for the turnpike to form a full outer loop around Dallas, dubbed Loop 9 (despite the cancellation of that number by TxDOT in 1977).

Exit list

County Location Destinations Notes
Dallas Irving SH 183Fort Worth, Dallas Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Rochelle Road Westbound exit only
Northgate Drive
Walnut Hill Lane
Belt Line Road
Main Lane Plaza 10 (MLP 10)
SH 114 / Royal Lane, Gateway Drive
MacArthur Boulevard Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
I-635 west / Las Colinas Boulevard, Riverside Drive
I-635 east Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Farmers Branch Valley View Lane
Carrollton Luna Road, Belt Line Road
Main Lane Plaza 9 (MLP 9)
Sandy Lake Road
I-35E (US 77) – Denton, Dallas
Old Denton Road, McCoy Road, Dickerson Parkway
Josey Lane, Scott Mill Road, McCoy Road
Trinity Mills Road, Kelly Boulevard Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Denton Dallas Main Lane Plaza 8 (MLP 8)
Frankford Road, Marsh Lane
Rosemeade Parkway, Midway Road
Collin
Dallas North Tollway
Dallas,
Plano
SH 289 (Preston Road)
Main Lane Plaza 7 (MLP 7)
Coit Road
Richardson,
Plano
Independence Parkway, Waterview Parkway – UT Dallas
Custer Parkway
Alma Road Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
US 75 (North Central Expressway)
Avenue K, Plano Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; former SH 5
Jupiter Road
Renner Road
Dallas Garland Lookout Drive, Shiloh Road, Telecom Parkway Westbound exit is via Campbell Road exit
Main Lane Plaza 6 (MLP 6)
Campbell Road, Holford Road
North Garland Avenue, Holford Road
Brand Road Eastbound exit is via North Garland Avenue exit
SH 78Garland, Sachse, Wylie
Firewheel Pkwy Exit is scheduled to open in November 2011

Note: NTTA does not provide mile reference markers (mile posts) or exit numbers. However, reference markers are provided at 500-foot (150 m) intervals along the major corridors. These markers are typically installed on the top of the concrete traffic barrier (CTB) along the PGBT corridor. The reference marker corresponds to the station of the alignment in the construction plans. The stationing for the PGBT is divided at I-35E and at Main Lane Plaza 7 near Coit Road.

References

External links

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