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Bolivia

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Politics and government of
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The President of Bolivia is the head of state of Bolivia. According to the current constitution, the president is elected by popular vote for a single non-renewable five year term. If none of the candidates receive half the popular vote, the president is chosen by vote of the Senate between the two candidates who received the most votes.

Contents

List of Heads of State of Bolivia (1825-Present)

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Liberators (1825-1826)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
11 August 1825 28 May 1826 Simón Bolívar Military
28 May 1826 19 June 1826 Antonio José de Sucre (in charge of the Supreme Executive Power) Military

Presidents of the Republic of Bolivia (1826-1964)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
19 June 1826 18 April 1828 Antonio José de Sucre Military
18 April 1828 2 August 1828 José María Pérez de Urdininea Military
2 August 1828 18 December 1828 José Miguel de Velasco Franco (1st time, acting) Military
18 December 1828 31 December 1828 Pedro Blanco (provisional) Military
1 January 1829 24 May 1829 José Miguel de Velasco Franco (2nd time, "accidental") Military
24 May 1829 20 February 1839 Andrés de Santa Cruz (provisional to 15 August 1831; also Supreme Protector of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation 28 October 1836 - 20 February 1839) Military
20 February 1839 10 June 1841 José Miguel de Velasco Franco (3rd time) (Provisional Supreme Chief to 16 June 1839, provisional to 15 August 1840) Military
10 June 1841 9 July 1841 Sebastián Ágreda (Provisional Chief) Military
9 July 1841 22 September 1841 Mariano Calvo (acting) Military
22 September 1841 23 December 1847 José Ballivián (provisional to 15 August 1844) Military
23 December 1847 2 January 1848 Eusebio Guilarte Vera (interim) Military
6 January 1848 18 January 1848 Manuel Isidoro Belzu (1st time, interim) Populist Party
18 January 1848 6 December 1848 José Miguel de Velasco Franco (4th time, provisional) Military
6 December 1848 15 August 1855 Manuel Isidoro Belzu (2nd time) (provisional (in rebellion from 13 October 1848) to 15 August 1850) Populist Party
15 August 1855 21 October 1857 Jorge Córdova Populist Party
21 October 1857 14 January 1861 José María Linares (provisional (in rebellion from 9 September 1857)) Generator Party
14 January 1861 4 May 1861 Military junta
composed of:
Ruperto Fernández
José María Achá
Manuel Antonio Sánchez (to 9 Apr 1861)
Military
4 May 1861 28 December 1864 José María Acha (provisional to 15 August 1862) Military
28 December 1864 15 January 1871 Mariano Melgarejo (provisional to 15 August 1870) Military
15 January 1871 27 November 1872 Agustín Morales (Supreme Chief of the Revolution (in rebellion from 26 November 1870) to 21 January 1871; provisional to 25 August 1872) Liberal Party
27 November 1872 28 November 1872 Juan de Dios Bosque (acting) Non-party
28 November 1872 9 May 1873 Tomás Frías Ametller (1st time) Liberal Party
9 May 1873 14 February 1874 Adolfo Ballivián Military
14 February 1874 4 May 1876 Tomás Frías Ametller (2nd time) Liberal Party
4 May 1876 28 December 1879 Hilarión Daza (provisional) Military
28 December 1879 17 January 1880 Uladislao Silva (President of Junta) Military
19 January 1880 31 May 1880 Narciso Campero (1st time, provisional) No Party
31 May 1880 19 June 1880 Aniceto Arce (1st time, acting) Conservative Party
19 June 1880 3 September 1884 Narciso Campero (2nd time, interim from 6 August 1884) Conservative Party
3 September 1884 15 August 1888 Gregorio Pacheco Conservative Party
15 August 1888 11 August 1892 Aniceto Arce (2nd time) Conservative Party
11 August 1892 19 August 1896 Mariano Baptista Conservative Party
19 August 1896 12 April 1899 Severo Fernández Conservative Party
12 April 1899 25 October 1899 Serapio Reyes Ortiz (President of Federal Junta (in rebellion from 12 December 1898)) Liberal Party
25 October 1899 14 August 1904 José Manuel Pando (interim from 6 August 1904) Liberal Party
14 October 1904 12 October 1909 Ismael Montes (1st time) Liberal Party
12 October 1909 14 October 1913 Eliodoro Villazón Liberal Party
14 October 1913 15 October 1917 Ismael Montes (2nd time) Liberal Party
15 October 1917 12 July 1920 José Gutiérrez Liberal Party
12 July 1920 13 July 1920 Bautista Saavedra (1st time, "Political Chief") Republican Party
13 July 1920 28 January 1921 Military junta
composed of:
José María Escalier
Bautista Saavedra
José Manuel Ramírez
Republican Party
28 January 1921 3 September 1925 Bautista Saavedra Republican Party
3 September 1925 10 January 1926 Felipe S. Guzmán (provisional) Republican Party
10 January 1926 28 May 1930 Hernando Siles Reyes Republican Party
28 May 1930 25 June 1930 Council of Ministers (acting)
composed of:
Alberto Díez de Medina
Germán Antelo Arauz (to 17 Jun 1930)
Franklin Mercado
David Toro
José Aguirre Achá
Fidel Vega
Carlos Banzer
Ezequiel Romecín Calderón (from 17 Jun 1930)
28 June 1930 5 March 1931 Carlos Blanco Galindo (Chairman of the Military Government Junta) Military
5 March 1931 27 November 1934 Daniel Salamanca Urey Republican Party
28 November 1934 17 May 1936 José Luis Tejada Sorzano Liberal Party
17 May 1936 20 May 1936 Germán Busch (1st time, Provisional Chairman of the Government Junta) Military
20 May 1936 13 July 1937 David Toro (Chairman of the Government Junta) Military
13 July 1937 23 August 1939 Germán Busch (2nd time, Chairman of the Government Junta to 28 May 1938) Military
23 August 1939 15 April 1940 Carlos Quintanilla (Provisional) Military
15 April 1940 20 December 1943 Enrique Peñaranda Military
20 December 1943 21 July 1946 Gualberto Villarroel López (Chairman of the Government Junta to 5 April 1944; Provisional president 5 April - 6 August 1944) Military/Fatherland's Cause-Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
21 July 1946 15 August 1946 Néstor Guillén (Senior Judge to 22 July 1946, then Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta) Non-party
15 August 1946 10 March 1947 Tomás Monje (Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta) Non-party
10 March 1947 22 October 1949 Enrique Hertzog Socialist Republican Union Party
22 October 1949 16 May 1951 Mamerto Urriolagoitia (acting (for Hertzog from 7 May 1949) to 24 October 1949) Socialist Republican Union Party
16 May 1951 11 April 1952 Hugo Ballivián (Chairman of the Military Junta) Military
11 April 1952 16 April 1952 Hernán Siles Zuazo (1st time, Provisional) Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
16 April 1952 6 August 1956 Víctor Paz Estenssoro (1st time) Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
6 August 1956 6 August 1960 Hernán Siles Zuazo (2nd time) Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
6 August 1960 4 November 1964 Víctor Paz Estenssoro (2nd time) Nationalist Revolutionary Movement

Chairmen of the Military Junta (1964-1966)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
4 November 1964 5 November 1964 Alfredo Ovando Candía (1st time) Military
5 November 1964 5 November 1964 Alfredo Ovando Candía (2nd time) + René Barrientos (1st time, co-chairmen) Military
5 November 1964 26 May 1965 René Barrientos (2nd time) Military
26 May 1965 4 January 1966 René Barrientos (3rd time) + Alfredo Ovando Candía (3rd time, co-chairmen) Military/Popular Christian Movement
4 January 1966 6 August 1966 Alfredo Ovando Candía (4th time) Military

Presidents of the Republic of Bolivia (1966-Present)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
6 August 1966 27 April 1969 René Barrientos Bolivian Revolution Front
27 April 1969 26 September 1969 Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas Social Democratic Party-Bolivian Revolution Front
26 September 1969 6 October 1970 Alfredo Ovando Candía Military
6 October 1970 7 October 1970 Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1970
composed of:
Efraín Guachalla Ibáñez
Fernando Sattori Ribera
Alberto Albarracín Crespo
Military
7 October 1970 21 August 1971 Juan José Torres Military
21 August 1971 22 August 1971 Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1971
composed of:
Andrés Selich Chop (junta chairmen)
Hugo Banzer
Jaime Florentino Mendieta
Military
22 August 1971 21 July 1978 Hugo Banzer (1st time) Military
21 July 1978 21 July 1978 Víctor González Fuentes (Chairman of the Military Junta) Military
21 July 1978 24 November 1978 Juan Pereda Military
24 November 1978 8 August 1979 David Padilla (Chairman of the Military Junta) Military
8 August 1979 1 November 1979 Wálter Guevara (acting) Authentic Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
1 November 1979 16 November 1979 Alberto Natusch Military
17 November 1979 18 July 1980 Lydia Gueiler Tejada (acting) Revolutionary Party of the National Left
18 July 1980 18 July 1980 Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1980
composed of:
Luis García Meza Tejada (1st time)
Waldo Bernal Pereira (1st time)
Ramiro Terrazas Rodríguez
Military
18 July 1980 4 August 1981 Luis García Meza Tejada (2nd time) Military
4 August 1981 4 September 1981 Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1981
composed of:
Waldo Bernal Pereira (2nd time)
Celso Torrelio
Óscar Jaime Pammo (1st time)
Military
4 September 1981 19 July 1982 Celso Torrelio Military
19 July 1982 21 July 1982 Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1982
composed of:

Natalio Morales Mosquera
Óscar Jaime Pammo (2nd time)
Ángel Mariscal Gómez

Military
21 July 1982 10 October 1982 Guido Vildoso Military
10 October 1982 6 August 1985 Hernán Siles Zuazo (3rd time) Nationalist Revolutionary Left Movement
6 August 1985 6 August 1989 Víctor Paz Estenssoro (3rd time) Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
6 August 1989 6 August 1993 Jaime Paz Zamora Movement of Revolutionary Left
6 August 1993 6 August 1997 Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (1st time) Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
6 August 1997 7 August 2001 Hugo Banzer (2nd time) Nationalist Democratic Alliance
7 August 2001 6 August 2002 Jorge Quiroga (acting for Banzer 1 July - 7 August 2001) Nationalist Democratic Alliance
6 August 2002 17 October 2003 Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (2nd time) Nationalist Revolutionary Movement
17 October 2003 9 June 2005 Carlos Mesa Non-party
9 June 2005 22 January 2006 Eduardo Rodríguez Non-party
22 January 2006 Present Evo Morales Movement Towards Socialism

Historical reputation

In 1983, a poll was taken by the newspaper Última Hora to determine which seven historical presidents were regarded as most significant. The "winners" were Antonio José de Sucre, Andrés de Santa Cruz, Manuel Isidoro Belzu, Mariano Melgarejo, Aniceto Arce, Ismael Montes, and Víctor Paz Estenssoro.

See also

External links


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