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Costa Rica

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Costa Rica



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The President of Costa Rica is the head of state and government of Costa Rica. President is elected in direct elections for a period of four years, which is not immediately renewable. Two Vice Presidents are elected in the same ticket with the President. President appoints the Council of Ministers [1].

The following table contains a list of the junta chairmen, presidents and heads of state of Costa Rica since Central American independence from Spain and Mexico. From 1824 to 1838 Costa Rica was a state within the United States of Central America; since then it has been an independent nation.

Contents

Heads of State of Costa Rica (1825-1848)

Name Term Party Notes
Juan Mora Fernández 1825-1833 Liberal Two successive periods; re-elected in 1829.
José Rafael Gallegos 1833-1835 Conservative Resigned, Manuel Fernández Chacón and Nicolás Ulloa Soto followed as acting Heads of State.
Braulio Carrillo Colina 1835-1837 Liberal First term.
Joaquín Mora Fernández March-Apr 1837 Liberal Provisional
Manuel Aguilar Chacón 1837-1838 Liberal Deposed in a coup.
Braulio Carrillo Colina 1838-1842 Liberal Second term, deposed in a coup.
Francisco Morazán Apr-Sept 1842 Liberal Deposed by popular uprising; executed 15 September 1842.
António Pinto Soares Sept 1842 Liberal Came to power in popular uprising, and quickly resigned.
José María Alfaro Zamora 1842-1844 Liberal First term. Provisional.
Francisco María Oreamuno Bonilla Nov-Dec 1844 Liberal Deposed in a coup.
José Rafael Gallegos 1845-1846 Conservative
José María Alfaro Zamora 1846-1847 Liberal Second term.
José María Castro Madriz 1847-1848 Liberal

Presidents of Costa Rica (1848-Present)

Image Name Took office Left office Party Notes
Jose Maria Castro Madriz.jpg
José Castro Madriz 8 May 1847 16 November 1849 Liberal "Founder of the Republic".
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Miguel Mora Porras
(interim president)
16 November 1849 26 November 1849 Liberal
Juan Rafael Mora Porras 1859.jpg
Juan Mora Porras
(first, second and third term)
26 November 1849 14 August 1859 Liberal
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
José Montealegre Fernández 14 August 1859 8 May 1863 Liberal Provisional 1859-1860.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Jesús Jiménez Zamora 8 May 1863 8 May 1866 Liberal
Jose Maria Castro Madriz.jpg
José Castro Madriz
(second term)
8 May 1866 1 November 1868 Liberal Deposed in a coup d'état.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Jesús Jiménez Zamora
(second term)
1 November 1868 27 April 1870 Military
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Bruno Carranza Ramírez 27 April 1870 8 August 1870 Liberal Deposed in a coup d'état.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez 10 August 1870 8 May 1876 Liberal Provisional 1870-1872.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Aniceto Esquivel Sáenz 8 May 1876 30 July 1876 Liberal Deposed in a coup d'état.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Vicente Herrera Zeledón 30 July 1876 11 September 1877 Conservative
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez
(second term)
11 September 1877 6 July 1882 Liberal Died in office.
Saturnino Lizano Gutiérrez.jpg
Saturnino Lizano Gutiérrez 6 July 1882 20 July 1885 Liberal Acting president.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Próspero Fernández Oreamuno 20 July 1882 12 March 1885 Liberal Died in office.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Bernardo Soto Alfaro
(two consecutive terms, the first incomplete)
12 March 1885 8 May 1890 Liberal Carlos Durán Cartín was acting president 1889-1890.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
José Rodríguez Zeledón 8 May 1890 8 May 1894 Constitutional Party
Rafael Yglesias Castro (billete).jpg
Rafael Yglesias Castro
(first and second term)
8 May 1894 8 May 1902 Civil Party
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra
(first term)
8 May 1902 8 May 1904 National Union Party
Cleto González Víquez.jpg
Cleto González Víquez
(first term)
8 May 1906 8 May 1910 National Union Party
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
(first term)
8 May 1910 8 May 1914 National Republican Party Son of Jesús Jiménez Zamora
Alfredo Gonzalez Flores.jpg
Alfredo González Flores 8 May 1914 27 January 1917 National Republican Party Deposed by Tinoco in a coup.
Federico Tinoco Granados.jpg
Federico Tinoco Granados
(first and second term)
27 January 1917 13 August 1919 Partido Peliquista Overthrown by popular uprising.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Juan Quirós Segura
(previously Vice President)
13 August 1919 2 September 1919 Partido Peliquista Forced to resign by the U.S. government.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Francisco Aguilar Barquero
(interim president)
2 September 1919 8 May 1920 National Union Party
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Julio Acosta García 8 May 1920 8 May 1924 Constitutional Party
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
(second term)
8 May 1924 8 May 1928 National Republican Party
Cleto González Víquez.jpg
Cleto González Víquez
(second term)
8 May 1928 8 May 1932 National Union Party
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
(third term)
8 May 1932 8 May 1936 National Republican Party
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
León Cortés Castro 8 May 1936 8 May 1940 National Republican Party
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Rafael Calderón Guardia 8 May 1940 8 May 1944 National Republican Party
Picado.jpg
Teodoro Picado Michalski 8 May 1944 8 May 1948 National Republican Party
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Santos Leon Herrera
(interim president)
April 1948 May 1948 National Republican Party Former vice-president of Teodoro Picado Michalski.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
José Figueres Ferrer 8 May 1948 8 November 1949 PLN Came to power in civil war. Returned power to elected president after re-organizing the government.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Otilio Ulate Blanco 8 November 1949 8 November 1953 NUP
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
José Figueres Ferrer
(second term)
8 November 1953 8 May 1958 PLN Presidential re-election disallowed.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Mario Echandi Jiménez 8 May 1958 8 May 1962 PU
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Francisco Orlich Bolmarcich 8 May 1962 8 May 1966 PLN
JoseTrejos.jpg
José Trejos Fernández 8 May 1966 8 May 1970 PU
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
José Figueres Ferrer
(third term)
8 May 1970 8 May 1974 PLN Presidential re-election disallowed.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Daniel Oduber Quirós 8 May 1974 8 May 1978 PLN
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Rodrigo Carazo Odio 8 May 1978 8 May 1982 PUSC
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Luis Monge Álvarez 8 May 1982 8 May 1986 PLN
Óscar Arias (2009).jpg
Óscar Arias Sánchez 8 May 1986 8 May 1990 PLN Nobel Peace Prize winner 1987.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Rafael Calderón Fournier 8 May 1990 8 May 1994 PUSC Son of Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia.
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
José Figueres Olsen 8 May 1994 8 May 1998 PLN Son of José Figueres Ferrer.
CostaRica.MiguelAngelRodriguez.02.jpg
Miguel Rodríguez Echeverría 8 May 1998 8 May 2002 PUSC
Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
Abel Pacheco de la Espriella 8 May 2002 8 May 2006 PUSC Presidential re-election re-instated.
Óscar Arias (2009).jpg
Óscar Arias Sánchez
(second term)
8 May 2006 present PLN

Latest election

Ticket Party Votes  % Result
Óscar López
Agnes Lilliana Gutiérrez
Miguel Calderón
Accessibility without Exclusion 34,824 1.909
Ottón Solís
Mónica Segnini
Julio Humphreys
Citizens' Action 459,258 25.169
Rolando Araya1
Rocío Barahona
Dionisio Cabal
Patriotic Alliance 3,748 0.205
Eugenio Trejos
Carmen Chacón
Wilmar Matarrita
Broad Front 6,736 0.369
Walter Muñoz1
Álvaro Montero
Vivian González
National Integration 2,995 0.164
Laura Chinchilla
Alfio Piva
Luis Liberman
National Liberation 853,263 46.762 President
1st Vice-President
2nd Vice-President
Otto Guevara
Mario Quiroz
Lorena San Román
Libertarian Movement 380,103 20.831
Mayra González
Carlos Víquez
José Herrera
Costa Rican Renovation 13,203 0.724
Luis Fishman
Humberto Vargas
Iris Zamora
Social Christian Unity 70,546 3.866
Total valid votes 1,824,676 100.00
Null votes 29,825 1.603
Blank votes 6,530 0.351
Total votes 1,861,031 100.00
Total voters enrolled 2,690,550 N/A% turnout

^  Candidacy withdrawn on January 15, 2010 in favor of Solís.

See also

References

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