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This is a list of Presidents of Czechoslovakia. In periods when the post of the President of the Czechoslovak Republic was vacant, some presidential duties were carried out by the Prime Minister. However, the Czechoslovak Constitutions do not define anything like a post of acting president, often misleadingly mentioned on English Wikipedia pages.

The second section lists the General Secretaries of the totalitarian Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) in 1948-1989, then possessing full control over the country and hence de facto representing the executive power.

Contents

List of Presidents of Czechoslovakia

      Czech National Social Party       Communist Party of Czechoslovakia       Civic Forum / Non-partisan       Non-partisan

# Flag of the President Portrait Name Assumed office Left office Political Party
(1918-1938)
1 Presidential Standard of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939).png Tomáš G Masaryk1918.jpg Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk 14 November 1918 14 December 1935 Non-partisan
2 Presidential Standard of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939).png Edvard Beneš.jpg Edvard Beneš 18 December 1935 5 October 1938 Czechoslovak National Socialist Party
(1938-1939)
3 Presidential Standard of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939).png Emil Hacha2.jpg Emil Hácha 30 November 1938 15 March 1939 Non-partisan
(1939-1945)
ProtectorateLargeCoA.gif Emil Hácha remained State President of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, a de iure autonomous region incorporated into "Nazi Germany".[1][2].
Czechoslovakia COA small 2.svg Edvard Beneš proclaimed himself president within the Czechoslovak Government-in-Exile, recognized as the only legitimate Czechoslovak Government during the Second World War.
CoA WWIISR.png Josef Tiso became president of the quasi-independent, pro-Nazi and clero-fascist Slovak State.
(1945-1948)
4 Presidential Standard of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939).png Edvard Beneš.jpg Edvard Beneš 4 April 1945 7 June 1948 Czechoslovak National Socialist Party
1948-1989
Official names: 1948-1960 Czechoslovak Republic, 1960-1990 Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
5 Presidential Standard of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939).png Klement Gottwald (20. léta).gif Klement Gottwald 14 June 1948 14 March 1953 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
6 Presidential Standard of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939).png Antonin Zapotocky.jpg Antonín Zápotocký 21 March 1953 13 November 1957 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
7 Presidential Standard of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939).pnguntil 1960
Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1960-1990).svgfrom 1960
Antonín Novotný.jpg Antonín Novotný 19 November 1957 22 March 1968 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
8 Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1960-1990).svg Ludvík Svoboda (Author - Stanislav Tereba).JPG Ludvík Svoboda 30 March 1968 28 May 1975 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
9 Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1960-1990).svg Husak.jpg Gustáv Husák 29 May 1975 10 December 1989 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
(1989-1992)
10 Czechoslovakia COA Flag 1990.svg Vaclav Havel IMF.jpg Václav Havel 29 December 1989 20 July 1992 Civic Forum / Non-partisan

List of General Secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) 1948-1989

# Portrait Name Took office Left office
1 Gottwald better.jpg Klement Gottwald April 1945 14 March 1953
2 Antonín Novotný.jpg Antonín Novotný 14 March 1953 5 January 1968
3 Dubcek.jpg Alexander Dubček 5 January 1968 17 April 1969
4 Husak.jpg Gustáv Husák 17 April 1969 17 December 1987
5 Milous Jakes.jpg Milouš Jakeš 17 December 1987 24 November 1989
6 Karel Urbánek 24 November 1989 20 December 1989

References

  1. ^ Rare 1943 Third Reich facts booklet
  2. ^ heavily illustrated rare big original 1943 Nazi book on Eastern Europe and Asia

See also








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