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The following is a list of Presidents of the Republic of Liberia, made up of the 24 heads of state in the history of Liberia. At the foundation of the Republic the term of office was two years, which was increased to four years on May 7, 1907.[1] This list includes only presidents sworn in after the declaration of independence of Liberia on July 26, 1847. From 1980 to 2006, the office was interrupted three times due to a 1980 coup d'etat, and the First and Second Liberian Civil War. The heads of state of Liberia during these periods are shown on a separate list below the list of presidents. Samuel Doe served as both Head of People's Redemption Council and President of Liberia; he is therefore placed on both lists in his respective roles. Furthermore, both Joseph Jenkins Roberts and James Spriggs-Payne served non-consecutive terms and are each counted twice in the list. Because of this, the list below contains 24 presidencies, but only 22 people.

The colors indicate the political party affiliation of each President.

Contents

List of Presidents of Liberia

# President Took office Left office Party Vice President(s)
1 Joseph Jenkins Roberts Joseph Jenkins Roberts.jpg January 3, 1848 January 7, 1856 none
(Republican policies)
Stephen Allen Benson
2 Stephen Allen Benson Stephen Benson2.jpg January 7, 1856 January 4, 1864 none
(Republican policies)
Beverley Yates
3 Daniel Bashiel Warner Daniel Warner2.jpg January 4, 1864 January 6, 1868 Republican Party James M. Priest
4 James Spriggs-Payne James Payne2.jpg January 6, 1868 January 3, 1870 Republican Party Vacant
5 Edward James Roye Edward James Roye2.jpg January 3, 1870 October 26, 1871[A] True Whig Party James Skivring Smith
6 James Skivring Smith[2] James Skivring Smith2.jpg November 4, 1871 January 1, 1872 True Whig Party Anthony W. Gardiner
7 Joseph Jenkins Roberts(2nd time) Joseph Jenkins Roberts.jpg March 1, 1872 January 3, 1876 Republican Party Anthony W. Gardiner
8 James Spriggs-Payne(2nd time) James Payne2.jpg January 3, 1876 January 7, 1878 Republican Party Vacant
9 Anthony W. Gardiner Gardiner2.jpg January 7, 1878 January 20, 1883[R] True Whig Party Alfred Francis Russell
10 Alfred F. Russell Alfred Russell2.jpg January 20, 1883 January 7, 1884 True Whig Party John Tyler
11 Hilary R. W. Johnson Hilary Johnson2.jpg January 7, 1884 January 4, 1892 True Whig Party Vacant
12 Joseph James Cheeseman Joseph Cheeseman2.jpg January 4, 1892 November 12, 1896[D] True Whig Party William D. Coleman
13 William D. Coleman William Coleman2.jpg November 12, 1896 December 11, 1900[R] True Whig Party J. J. Ross
14 Garretson W. Gibson Garretson Gibson2.jpg December 11, 1900 January 4, 1904 True Whig Party Vacant
15 Arthur Barclay January 4, 1904 January 1, 1912 True Whig Party J. J. Dossen
16 Daniel E. Howard Daniel Edward Howard.jpg January 1, 1912 January 5, 1920 True Whig Party Samuel George Harmon
17 Charles D.B. King CBD King of Liberia.jpg January 5, 1920 December 3, 1930[R] True Whig Party Samuel Alfred Ross(1920-1924)
Henry Too Wesley
18 Edwin Barclay Edwin Barclay portrait.jpg December 3, 1930 January 3, 1944 True Whig Party James Skivring Smith
19 William V.S. Tubman William Tubman 1943.jpg January 3, 1944 July 23, 1971[D] True Whig Party Clarence Simpson
William Richard Tolbert, Jr.
20 William R. Tolbert, Jr. July 23, 1971 April 12, 1980[A] True Whig Party James Edward Greene
Bennie Dee Warner
21 Samuel K. Doe[3] HD-SC-98-07558 Ausschnitt fcm.jpg January 6, 1986 September 9, 1990[A] National Democratic Party of Liberia Henry Fumba Moniba
22 Charles G. Taylor August 2, 1997 August 11, 2003[R] National Patriotic Party Enoch Dogolea
Moses Blah
23 Moses Blah August 11, 2003 October 14, 2003[R] National Patriotic Party Vacant
24 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf3.jpg January 16, 2006 present Unity Party Joseph Nyumah Boakai
  • Left office early:
[A]  Assassinated in a coup d'etat.
[D]  Died in office of natural causes.
[R]  Resigned.

Interim and Non-Presidential Heads of State

President Position Took office Left office Party
Samuel K. Doe HD-SC-98-07558 Ausschnitt fcm.jpg Head of People's Redemption Council April 12, 1980 January 6, 1986 National Democratic Party of Liberia
Dr. Amos Sawyer President of the Interim Government of National Unity November 22, 1990 August 8, 1993 Liberian People's Party
Bismarck Kuyon Chairman of the Council of State August 18, 1993 November 13, 1993 None
Philip Banks Chairman of the Council of State November 13, 1993 February 28, 1994 None
David D. Kpormakpor Kpormakpor.jpg Chairman of the Council of State February 28, 1994 September 1, 1995 None
Wilton G. S. Sankawulo Chairman of the Council of State September 1, 1995 September 3, 1996 None
Ruth Perry Chairwoman of the Council of State September 3, 1996 August 2, 1997 None
Gyude Bryant Gyude Bryant.jpg Chairman of the National Transitional Government of Liberia October 14, 2003 January 16, 2006 Liberian Action Party

Notes

  1. ^ Starr, Frederick (1913) (in English). Liberia: Description, History, Problems. Chicago. p. 256. http://books.google.com/books?id=KjwUAAAAIAAJ&printsec=titlepage&dq=history+Liberia+monrovia&as_brr=1&client=firefox-a&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0.  
  2. ^ There has been some confusion as to whether Smith actually served as President of Liberia following the removal of Edward James Roye from office. However, evidence does show that Smith did in fact serve as president from the time of Roye's departure until the inauguration of Joseph Jenkins Roberts.[1]
  3. ^ Despite the fact that Doe assumed power immediately after the execution of William R. Tolbert, Jr. on April 12, 1980, he was not in fact sworn in as president until January 6, 1986.[2]

Latest election

e • d  Summary of the 11 October 2005 and 8 November Liberian presidential election results
Candidates - Nominating parties Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf - Unity Party 192,326 19.8 478,526 59.4
George Weah - Congress for Democratic Change 275,265 28.3 327,046 40.6
Charles Brumskine - Liberty Party 135,093 13.9 - -
Winston Tubman - National Democratic Party of Liberia 89,623 9.2 - -
Varney Sherman - Coalition for the Transformation of Liberia 76,403 7.8 - -
Roland Massaquoi - National Patriotic Party 40,361 4.1 - -
Joseph Korto - Liberia Equal Rights Party 31,814 3.3 - -
Alhaji G.V. Kromah - All Liberia Coalition Party 27,141 2.8 - -
Togba-Nah Tipoteh - Alliance for Peace and Democracy 22,766 2.3 - -
William V.S. Tubman, Jr. - Reformed United Liberia Party 15,115 1.6 - -
John Morlu - United Democratic Alliance 12,068 1.2 - -
Nathaniel Barnes - Liberian Destiny Party 9,325 1.0 - -
Margaret Tor-Thompson - Freedom Alliance Party of Liberia 8,418 0.9 - -
Joseph Woah-Tee - Labor Party of Liberia 5,948 0.6 - -
Sekou Conneh - Progressive Democratic Party 5,499 0.6 - -
David Farhat - Free Democratic Party 4,497 0.5 - -
George Klay Kieh - New Deal Movement 4,476 0.5 - -
Armah Jallah - National Party of Liberia 3,837 0.4 - -
Robert Kpoto - Union of Liberian Democrats 3,825 0.4 - -
George Kiadii - National Vision Party of Liberia 3,646 0.4 - -
Samuel Raymond Divine 3,188 0.3 - -
Alfred Reeves - National Reformation Party 3,156 0.3 - -
Total Valid Votes 973,790 805,572
Invalid/Blank Votes 38,883 20,144
Total Votes 1,012,673 825,716
Voter Turnout (1,352,730 registered voters) 74.9% 61.0%

See also

References

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