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President of Malta
Flag of the President of Malta.svg
Presidential Standard
George Abela

since 4 April 2009
Style His Excellency
Appointer House of Representatives of Malta
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Anthony Mamo
Formation 13 December 1974

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The President of Malta is the constitutional head of state of the Republic of Malta. The President is elected by the Resolution of the unicameral House of Representatives (Maltese: Kamra tar-Rappreżentanti) for a five year term. The President of Malta is the guardian of the Constitution of Malta being himself or herself the only one who takes this oath. If the President doubts the constitutionality of the law even if the advice of the Attorney General says it is constitutional, he may ask for clarification. Nevertheless, the President of Malta is bound to assent to the law, not to agree with it. The President of Malta also resides directly or indirectly in all three branches of the state. He is part of Parliament (established by the Constitution – section 51), he appoints the judiciary (section 96 of the constitution) and the executive authority is vested in the president (section 78 of the constitution).

Since 1989, the President's term has begun and ended on April 4. George Abela is currently serving as the 8th President of Malta.


Formation and qualifications

The office of the President of Malta (Maltese: President ta' Malta), came into being on 13 December 1974, when Malta became a republic within the Commonwealth. Queen Elizabeth II ceased to be head of state (Queen of Malta), and the last Governor-General, Sir Anthony Mamo, became the first President of Malta.

A person shall not be qualified to be appointed to the office of President if:

  • He is not a citizen of Malta;
  • He holds or has held the office of Chief Justice or other Judge of the Superior Courts;
  • He is not eligible for appointment to or to act in any public office in accordance with articles 109, 118 and 120 of the Constitution.

The office of President shall become vacant:

  • On the expiration of five years from the date of the appointment to that office;
  • If the holder of the office is removed from office by Resolution of the House of Representatives of Malta on the ground of inability to perform the functions of his office (whether arising from infirmity of body or mind or any other cause) or misbehaviour.

Whenever the office of President is temporarily vacant, and until a new President is appointed, and whenever the holder of the office is absent from Malta or on vacation or is for any reason unable to perform the functions conferred upon him by this Constitution, those functions shall be performed by such person as the Prime Minister, after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition, may appoint or, if there is no person in Malta so appointed and able to perform those functions, by the Chief Justice.

Role of the president

Among the powers of the president:

List of presidents

# Picture Name Took Office Left Office
1 Sir Anthony Mamo.jpg Sir Anthony Mamo 13 December 1974 27 December 1976
2 03 Anton Buttigieg.jpg Anton Buttigieg 27 December 1976 27 December 1981
Bertuhyzlermon.jpg Albert Hyzler (acting) 27 December 1981 15 February 1982
3 Agatha Barbara.jpg Agatha Barbara (First Woman) 15 February 1982 15 February 1987
06 Paul Xuereb.jpg Paul Xuereb (acting) 15 February 1987 4 April 1989
4 07 Censu Tabone.jpg Vincent Tabone 4 April 1989 4 April 1994
5 08 Ugo Mifsud Bonnici.jpg Ugo Mifsud Bonnici 4 April 1994 4 April 1999
6 Guido de Marco 2003 crop.jpg Guido de Marco 4 April 1999 4 April 2004
7 Edward Fenech Adami.jpg Edward Fenech Adami 4 April 2004 4 April 2009
8 George Abela 4 April 2009 Incumbent

Official residences

The official office of the president is the Grandmaster's Palace in Valletta. Other presidential residences include:

President's flag

Until 1988, there was no flag for the President of Malta, who instead used the national flag, but in that year a new flag was introduced, The Presidential Flag of Malta was introduced by Proclamation dated 12 December, 1988. This flag is flown on the President's official residences and offices and on all occasions at which he is present. It has the same proportions as the National Flag and consists of a blue field with the Emblem of Malta at its centre; and a Maltese Cross in gold in each corner.

See also


External links



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