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President of Romania
Preşedintele României
Flag of the President of Romania.svg
Flag of the President of Romania
Incumbent
Traian Băsescu

since 20 December 2004
Residence Cotroceni Palace
Term length five years
(renewable once;
terms may be consecutive)
Inaugural holder Nicolae Ceauşescu
Formation March 29, 1974
Website www.presidency.ro
Romania

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Romania



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The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania. The President is directly elected by a two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004, after the Constitution was modified in 2003). An individual may serve two terms. During his/her term in office, the President may not be a member of any political party. The President of Romania has the right to name the Prime-Minister at his discretion after consulting the political parties in the Parliament and if his proposals are turned down by the Parliament two times in 60 days, except for the last 6 months of neither the first or second term, the President can dissolve the Parliament and call for early General Elections. The President can only name the Prime Minister and not dismiss him from office but can refuse naming of members of the cabinet once and have no right to act the second time, even though the same name is proposed, this happened during Tăriceanu II Cabinet in 2007 by Traian Băsescu, more precisely for Adrian Cioroianu's proposal for Minister of Foreign Affairs who ultimately was dismissed after a unsuccessful year in office.

The current President of Romania is Traian Băsescu since 20 December 2004. On 20 April 2007 he was arguably suspended from office. He re-assumed the office on 23 May 2007 after a referendum was held. He was re-elected on 6 December 2009 for a second 5 year term that started on 21 December 2009.

Contents

Suspension

An incumbent President who severely violates the Constitution can be suspended from office by the Parliament in joint session. If the suspension motion passes, there is a call for a referendum of dismissal within no more than 30 days from the suspension.

If the Senate and Chamber of Deputies, in joint session, accuses the President of high treason, the President is suspended from office by right. The accusations are judged by the High Court of Cassation and Justice. The incumbent President is dismissed by right if found guilty of high treason.

The first President to be suspended was Traian Băsescu, on 20 April 2007. He re-assumed the office on 23 May 2007, after the Referendum held on 19 May 2007.

Succession

If the office of President becomes vacant due to resignation or death, or the incumbent president is suspended from office, the first to replace him or her as Ad Interim President of Romania (Romanian: Preşedinte Interimar al României) is the President of the Senate. If they are unable or unwilling to do so, the next person in line is the President of the Chamber of Deputies. Neither one loses relinquishes their position as President of their respective Legislative House. An Ad Interim President cannot address the Parliament, dissolve the Parliament, nor call for a referendum.

Latest election

e • d Summary of the 22 November and 6 December 2009 Romanian presidential election results
Candidates First round Runoff
Candidate Sustaining Party Votes % Votes %
Traian Băsescu Democratic Liberal Party
(Partidul Democrat Liberal)
3,153,640 32.44 5,275,808 50.33
Mircea Geoană Social Democratic Party + Conservative Party
(Alianţa Electoralǎ Partidul Social Democrat + Partidul Conservator)
3,027,838 31.15 5,205,760 49.66
Crin Antonescu National Liberal Party
(Partidul Naţional Liberal)
1,945,831 20.02
Corneliu Vadim Tudor Greater Romania Party
(Partidul România Mare)
540,380 5.56
Hunor Kelemen Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
(Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România)
372,761 3.83
Sorin Oprescu Independent 309,764 3.18
George Becali New Generation Party – Christian Democratic
(Partidul Noua Generaţie – Creştin Democrat)
186,390 1.91
Remus Cernea Green Party
(Partidul Verde)
60,539 0.62
Constantin Rotaru Socialist Alliance Party
(Partidul Alianţa Socialistă)
43,684 0.45
Gheorghe-Eduard Manole Independent 34,189 0.35
Ovidiu-Cristian Iane Ecologist Party of Romania
(Partidul Ecologist Român)
22,515 0.23
Constantin-Ninel Potîrcă Independent 21,306 0.21
Total valid votes 9,718,840 100 % 10,481,568 100 %
Source: Biroul Electoral Central

See also

External links

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Simple English

The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania. The President is directly elected by a two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004, after the Constitution was modified in 2003). He or she can serve two terms. During his term in office, the President must not be a member of any political party.

Contents

List of Presidents of Romania (1947-Present)

Peoples Republic Romania (1947-1965) Socialist Republic of Romania (1965-1989)

Chairman of the Presidium of the Romanian People's Republic

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Constantin Parhon 30 December 1947 13 April 1948 Romanian Communist Party

Chairman of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Constantin Parhon 13 April 1948 2 June 1952 Romanian Workers' Party
Petru Groza 3 June 1952 7 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Mihail Sadoveanu (acting) 7 January 1958 11 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Anton Moisescu (acting) 7 January 1958 11 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
Ion Gheorghe Maurer 11 January 1958 21 March 1961 Romanian Workers' Party

Presidents of the Council of State

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej 21 March 1961 19 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Ion Gheorghe Maurer (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Ştefan Voitec (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Avram Bunaciu (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
Chivu Stoica 24 March 1965 9 December 1967 Romanian Workers' Party (until 1965), Romanian Communist Party (since 1965)
Nicolae Ceauşescu 9 December 1967 28 March 1974 Romanian Communist Party

President

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Nicolae Ceauşescu 28 March 1974 22 December 1989 (deposed in Romanian Revolution) Romanian Communist Party

Romania (1989-Present)

The title is "President of Romania" (Romanian: Preşedintele României). Article 84 of the Romanian Constitution forbids the President to be member of any political party during his (or her) term (only).

Name Term start Term end
Council of the National Salvation Front 22 December 1989 26 December 1989
Ion Iliescu (1st time) (President of the Council of the National Salvation Front until 13 February 1990; President of the Provisional National Unity Council from 13 February 1990) 26 December 1989 20 June 1990
Ion Iliescu (2nd time) 20 June 1990 11 October 1992
Ion Iliescu (3rd time) 11 October 1992 29 November 1996
Emil Constantinescu 29 November 1996 20 December 2000
Ion Iliescu (4th time) 20 December 2000 20 December 2004
Traian Băsescu 20 December 2004 19 April 2007 (suspended)
Nicolae Văcăroiu (ad interim) 20 April 2007 23 May 2007
Traian Băsescu 23 May 2007 (resumed office) Present

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