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President of Spain: Wikis

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Today, Spain is a constitutional monarchy.King Juan Carlos I, the current monarch, is Chief of State. The Head of Government has the official title of President of the Government.

During the First Spanish Republic (1873-74), Spain had heads of state known as the President of the Executive Power and President of the Provisional Government.

It is only during the Second Spanish Republic (1931-39), however, that the official title of President of Spain (or President of the Republic) existed.

Contents

Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)

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Presidents of the (until 31 July 1931 Provisional) Government of the Republic

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora 14 April 1931 14 October 1931 Conservative Republican Party
Manuel Azaña 14 October 1931 11 December 1931 Republican Action

Presidents (from 23 July 1936 in Republican Zone only)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora 11 December 1931 7 April 1936 Conservative Republican Party
Diego Martínez Barrio (interim) 7 April 1936 11 May 1936 Republican Union Party (Popular Front)
Manuel Azaña 11 May 1936 1 March 1939 Republican Left (Popular Front)
Diego Martínez Barrio (interim) 1 March 1939 4 March 1939 Republican Union Party (Popular Front)

Presidents of the National Council of Defense (Republican Zone)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Segismundo Casado López (interim) 4 March 1939 13 March 1939 Military
José Miaja Menant 13 March 1939 27 March 1939 Military

See also


Today, Spain is a constitutional monarchy. King Juan Carlos I, the current monarch, is Head of State. The Head of Government (Prime Minister) has the official title of President of the Government.

During the First Spanish Republic (1873–74), Spain had heads of state known as the President of the Executive Power and President of the Provisional Government.

It is only during the Second Spanish Republic (1931–39), however, that the official title of President of Spain (or President of the Republic) existed.

Contents

Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)

After the abdication of Alfonso XIII on 14 April there was no official head of state, meaning that the Prime Minister, officially known as President of the Government, was in effect the highest office in the land.

Presidents of the Government of the Republic (Prime Minister) (until 31 July 1931 Republic remained provisional)

Name Term start Term end
P
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora 14 April 1931 14 October 1931 Progressive Republican Right
Manuel Azaña 14 October 1931 12 September 1933 Republican Action

On 11 December 1931, Alcalá-Zamora assumed the new role of 'President', the effective head of state. Azaña remained as Prime Minister, head of the government, until 12 September 1933.

Presidents (from 23 July 1936 in Republican Zone only)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora 11 December 1931 7 April 1936 Progressive Republican Right
Diego Martínez Barrio (interim) 7 April 1936 11 May 1936 Republican Union Party (Popular Front)
Manuel Azaña 11 May 1936 1 March 1939 Republican Left (Popular Front)
Diego Martínez Barrio (interim) 1 March 1939 4 March 1939 Republican Union Party (Popular Front)

With Franco's victory imminent, a National Council of Defense was established to negotiate a peace settlement with the Nationalists. By this point, Franco was effectively in charge of all Spain.

Presidents of the National Council of Defense (Republican Zone)

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Segismundo Casado López (interim) 4 March 1939 13 March 1939 Military
José Miaja Menant 13 March 1939 27 March 1939 Military

See also


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