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Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
&
President of the Board of Trade

Incumbent:
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Mandelson
Style: The Right Honourable
Appointed by: Gordon Brown
as Prime Minister
First : Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury
Formation: (16 September 1672)

United Kingdom
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The Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (formerly the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and previously Secretary of State for Trade and Industry) is a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government. Its secondary title is the President of the Board of Trade. The Secretary of State is responsible for the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (formerly the Department of Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and previously the Department of Trade and Industry). The current holder of the post is Lord Mandelson.

Contents

History

The idea of a Board of Trade was first translated into action by Oliver Cromwell in 1655 when he appointed his son Richard Cromwell to head a body of Lords of the Privy Council, judges and merchants to consider measures to promote trade. Charles II established a Council of Trade on 7 November 1660 followed by a Council of Foreign Plantations on 1 December that year. The two were united on 16 September 1672 as the Board of Trade and Plantations.

After the Board was re-established in 1696, there were 15 (and later 16) members of the Board - 7 (later 8) Great officers of state, and 8 unofficial members, who did the majority of the work. The senior unofficial member of the board was the President of the Board, commonly known as the First Lord of Trade. The board was abolished on 11 July 1782, but a Committee of the Privy Council was established on 5 March 1784 for the same purposes. On 23 August 1786 a new Committee was set up, more strongly focused on commercial functions than the previous boards of trade. At first the President of the Board of Trade only occasionally sat in the Cabinet, but from the early 19th century it was usually a cabinet level position.

During the government of Sir Alec Douglas-Home, the then President of the Board of Trade Edward Heath was given in addition the job of Secretary of State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development. This title was not continued under Harold Wilson, but when Heath became Prime Minister in 1970 he decided to merge the Board of Trade and the Ministry of Technology to create the Department of Trade and Industry. The head of this department became known as Secretary of State for Trade and Industry and President of the Board of Trade.

When Harold Wilson re-entered office in March 1974, the office was split into the Department of Trade, the Department of Industry and the Department of Prices and Consumer Protection. The title President of the Board of Trade became the secondary title of the Secretary of State for Trade. In 1979 the Department of Prices and Consumer Protection was abolished by the incoming Conservative government and its responsibilities were reintegrated into the Department of Trade. In 1983 the offices of trade and industry were remerged and the title of Secretary of State for Trade and Industry was recreated. When Michael Heseltine held this office, he preferred to be known by the older title of President of the Board of Trade, and this practice was also followed by Ian Lang and Margaret Beckett. Heseltine's decision to reuse the old title caused some comment and it was discovered that the Board of Trade had not in fact met since the mid-nineteenth century.

First Lord of Trade (1672–1782)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post
16 September 1672 1676 Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury Lord Chancellor
16 December 1695 9 June 1699 John Egerton, 3rd Earl of Bridgewater First Lord of the Admiralty
9 June 1699 8 January 1702 Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford None
8 January 1702 1705 Thomas Thynne, 1st Viscount Weymouth None
1705 12 June 1711 Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford None
12 June 1711 15 September 1713 Charles Finch, 4th Earl of Winchilsea None
15 September 1713 September 1714 Francis North, 2nd Baron Guilford None
September 1714 12 May 1715 William Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley None
12 May 1715 31 January 1718 Henry Howard, 6th Earl of Suffolk None
31 January 1718 11 May 1719 Robert Darcy, 3rd Earl of Holderness None
11 May 1719 May 1735 Thomas Fane, 6th Earl of Westmorland None
May 1735 June 1737 Benjamin Mildmay, 1st Earl Fitzwalter None
June 1737 1 November 1748 John Monson, 1st Baron Monson None
1 November 1748 21 March 1761 George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax First Lord of the Admiralty (1762–)
21 March 1761 1 March 1763 Samuel Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys None
1 March 1763 20 April 1763 The Rt. Hon. Charles Townshend MP Paymaster of the Forces (1765–)
20 April 1763 9 September 1763 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne Secretary of State for the Southern Department (1766–)
9 September 1763 20 July 1765 Wills Hill, 1st Earl of Hillsborough First Lord of Trade (1766–)
20 July 1765 16 August 1766 William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth Secretary of State for the Colonies (1772–)
16 August 1766 December 1766 Wills Hill, 1st Earl of Hillsborough First Lord of Trade (1768–)
19 January 1767 20 January 1768 Robert Nugent, 1st Viscount Clare Vice-Treasurer of Ireland
20 January 1768 31 August 1772 Wills Hill, 1st Earl of Hillsborough Secretary of State for the Southern Department (1779–)
31 August 1772 10 November 1775 William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth Lord Privy Seal
10 November 1775 6 November 1779 Lord George Sackville-Germain Secretary of State for the Colonies (1776–1782)
6 November 1779 9 December 1780 Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
9 December 1780 11 July 1782 Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations (1784–1786)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post
5 March 1784 23 August 1786 Thomas Townshend, 1st Baron Sydney Secretary of State for the Home Department (1783–1789)

President of the Board of Trade (1786–1963)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post
23 August 1786 7 June 1804 The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Liverpool None
7 June 1804 5 February 1806 His Grace The Duke of Montrose Master of the Horse (1807–)
5 February 1806 31 March 1807 The Rt. Hon. The Lord Auckland None
31 March 1807 29 September 1812 The Rt. Hon. The Earl Bathurst Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
29 September 1812 24 January 1818 The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Clancarty None
24 January 1818 21 February 1823 The Rt. Hon. Frederick Robinson MP Chancellor of the Exchequer
21 February 1823 4 September 1827 The Rt. Hon. William Huskisson MP Secretary of State for War and the Colonies and Leader of the House of Commons
4 September 1827 11 June 1828 The Rt. Hon. Charles Grant MP President of the Board of Control
11 June 1828 2 February 1830 The Rt. Hon. William Vesey-FitzGerald MP President of the Board of Control
2 February 1830 22 November 1830 The Rt. Hon. John Charles Herries MP Secretary at War
22 November 1830 5 June 1834 The Rt. Hon. The Lord Auckland First Lord of the Admiralty
5 June 1834 14 November 1834 The Rt. Hon. Charles Poulett Thomson MP President of the Board of Trade
15 December 1834 8 April 1835 The Rt. Hon. Alexander Baring MP None
8 April 1835 29 August 1839 The Rt. Hon. Charles Poulett Thomson MP Governor General of the Province of Canada
29 August 1838 30 August 1841 The Rt. Hon. Henry Labouchere MP Chief Secretary for Ireland
3 September 1841 15 May 1843 The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Ripon President of the Board of Control
15 May 1843 5 February 1845 The Rt. Hon. William Ewart Gladstone MP Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
5 February 1845 27 June 1846 The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Dalhousie Governor-General of India
6 July 1846 22 July 1847 The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Clarendon Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
22 July 1847 21 February 1852 The Rt. Hon. Henry Labouchere MP Secretary of State for the Colonies
27 February 1852 17 December 1852 The Rt. Hon. Joseph Warner Henley MP President of the Board of Trade
28 December 1852 31 March 1855 The Rt. Hon. Edward Cardwell MP Chief Secretary for Ireland
31 March 1855 21 February 1858 The Rt. Hon. The Lord Stanley of Alderley Postmaster General
26 February 1858 3 March 1859 The Rt. Hon. Joseph Warner Henley MP None
3 March 1859 11 June 1859 The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Donoughmore None
6 July 1859 26 June 1866 The Rt. Hon. Thomas Milner Gibson MP None
6 July 1866 8 March 1867 The Rt. Hon. Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt. MP Secretary of State for India
8 March 1867 1 December 1868 His Grace The Duke of Richmond Lord President of the Council
9 December 1868 14 January 1871 The Rt. Hon. John Bright MP Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
14 January 1871 17 February 1874 The Rt. Hon. Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue MP Lord Privy Seal
21 February 1874 4 April 1878 The Rt. Hon. Sir Charles Adderley MP None
4 April 1878 21 April 1880 The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Sandon Lord Privy Seal
3 May 1880 9 June 1885 The Rt. Hon. Joseph Chamberlain MP President of the Local Government Board
24 June 1885 19 August 1885 His Grace The Duke of Richmond Secretary for Scotland
19 August 1885 28 January 1886 The Rt. Hon. Edward Stanhope MP Secretary of State for the Colonies
17 February 1886 20 July 1886 The Rt. Hon. Anthony John Mundella MP President of the Board of Trade
3 August 1886 21 February 1888 The Rt. Hon. The Lord Stanley of Preston Governor General of Canada
21 February 1888 11 August 1892 The Rt. Hon. Sir Michael Hicks Beach MP Chancellor of the Exchequer
18 August 1892 28 May 1894 The Rt. Hon. Anthony John Mundella MP None
28 May 1894 21 June 1895 The Rt. Hon. James Bryce MP Chief Secretary for Ireland
29 June 1895 7 November 1900 The Rt. Hon. Charles Ritchie MP Secretary of State for the Home Department
7 November 1900 12 March 1905 The Rt. Hon. Gerald Balfour MP President of the Local Government Board
12 March 1905 4 December 1905 The Most Hon. The Marquess of Salisbury Lord President of the Council (1922–)
10 December 1905 12 April 1908 The Rt. Hon. David Lloyd George MP Chancellor of the Exchequer
12 April 1908 14 February 1910 The Rt. Hon. Winston Churchill MP Secretary of State for the Home Department
14 February 1910 11 February 1914 The Rt. Hon. Sydney Buxton MP Governor-General of South Africa
11 February 1914 5 August 1914 The Rt. Hon. John Burns MP None
5 August 1914 5 December 1916 The Rt. Hon. Walter Runciman MP President of the Board of Trade (1931–)
10 December 1916 26 May 1919 The Rt. Hon. Sir Albert Henry Stanley MP None
26 May 1919 19 March 1920 The Rt. Hon. Sir Auckland Geddes MP British Ambassador to the United States
19 March 1920 1 April 1921 The Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Horne MP Chancellor of the Exchequer
1 April 1921 19 October 1922 The Rt. Hon. Stanley Baldwin MP Chancellor of the Exchequer
24 October 1922 22 January 1924 The Rt. Hon. Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame MP President of the Board of Trade (November 1924–)
22 January 1924 3 November 1924 The Rt. Hon. Sidney Webb MP Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs (1929–)
6 November 1924 4 June 1929 The Rt. Hon. Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister MP President of the Board of Trade (1931–)
7 June 1929 24 August 1931 The Rt. Hon. William Graham MP None
25 August 1931 5 November 1931 The Rt. Hon. Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister MP Secretary of State for the Colonies
5 November 1931 28 May 1937 The Rt. Hon. Walter Runciman MP Lord President of the Council (1938–)
28 May 1937 5 January 1940 The Rt. Hon. Oliver Stanley MP President of the Board of Education
5 January 1940 3 October 1940 The Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew Duncan MP Minister of Supply
3 October 1940 29 June 1941 The Rt. Hon. Oliver Lyttelton MP Minister of State in the Middle East
29 June 1941 4 February 1942 The Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew Duncan MP Minister of Supply
4 February 1942 22 February 1942 The Rt. Hon. John Llewellin MP Minister of Aircraft Production
22 February 1942 23 May 1945 The Rt. Hon. Hugh Dalton MP Chancellor of the Exchequer (July 1945–)
25 May 1945 26 July 1945 The Rt. Hon. Oliver Lyttelton MP
(also Minister of Production)
Secretary of State for the Colonies (1951–)
27 July 1945 29 September 1947 The Rt. Hon. Sir Stafford Cripps MP Chancellor of the Exchequer
29 September 1947 23 April 1951 The Rt. Hon. Harold Wilson MP Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1964–)
24 April 1951 26 October 1951 The Rt. Hon. Sir Hartley Shawcross MP None
30 October 1951 13 January 1957 The Rt. Hon. Peter Thorneycroft MP Chancellor of the Exchequer
13 January 1957 14 October 1959 The Rt. Hon. Sir David Eccles KCVO MP Minister of Education
14 October 1959 9 October 1961 The Rt. Hon. Reginauld Maudling MP Secretary of State for the Colonies
9 October 1961 20 October 1963 The Rt. Hon. Fred Erroll MP Minister of Power

Secretary of State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development, and President of the Board of Trade (1963–1964)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
20 October 1963 16 October 1964 The Rt. Hon. Edward Heath MP Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1970–1974) Sir Alec Douglas-Home

President of the Board of Trade (1964–1970)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
18 October 1964 29 August 1967 The Rt. Hon. Douglas Jay MP None Harold Wilson
29 August 1967 6 October 1969 The Rt. Hon. Anthony Crosland MP Secretary of State for the Environment
6 October 1969 19 June 1970 The Rt. Hon. Roy Mason MP Secretary of State for Defence (1974–76)
20 June 1970 15 October 1970 The Rt. Hon. Michael Noble MP Minister for Trade

Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, and President of the Board of Trade (1970–1974)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
15 October 1970 5 November 1972 The Rt. Hon. John Davies MP Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Edward Heath
5 November 1972 4 March 1974 The Rt. Hon. Peter Walker MP Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

Secretary of State for Industry (1974–1983)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
5 March 1974 10 June 1975 The Rt. Hon. Tony Benn MP Secretary of State for Energy Harold Wilson
10 June 1975 4 May 1979 The Rt. Hon. Eric Varley MP None
James Callaghan
4 May 1979 14 September 1981 The Rt. Hon. Sir Keith Joseph, Bt. MP Secretary of State for Education and Science Margaret Thatcher
14 September 1981 12 June 1983 The Rt. Hon. Patrick Jenkin MP Secretary of State for the Environment

Secretary of State for Trade (1974–1983)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
5 March 1974 8 April 1976 The Rt. Hon. Peter Shore MP Secretary of State for the Environment Harold Wilson
8 April 1976 11 November 1978 The Rt. Hon. Edmund Dell MP None James Callaghan
11 November 1978 4 May 1979 The Rt. Hon. John Smith MP None
5 May 1979 5 January 1981 The Rt. Hon. John Nott MP Secretary of State for Defence Margaret Thatcher
5 January 1981 6 April 1982 The Rt. Hon. John Biffen MP Lord President of the Council
6 April 1982 12 June 1983 The Rt. Hon. The Lord Cockfield Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, and President of the Board of Trade (1983–2007)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
12 June 1983 11 October 1983 The Rt. Hon. Cecil Parkinson MP Secretary of State for Energy (1987–) Margaret Thatcher
16 October 1983 2 September 1985 The Rt. Hon. Norman Tebbit MP Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
2 September 1985 22 January 1986 The Rt. Hon. Leon Brittan QC MP None (Resigned)
24 January 1986 13 June 1987 The Rt. Hon. Paul Channon MP Secretary of State for Transport
13 June 1987 24 July 1989 The Rt. Hon. The Lord Young of Graffham None
24 July 1989 13 July 1990 The Rt. Hon. Nicholas Ridley MP None (Resigned)
14 July 1990 10 April 1992 The Rt. Hon. Peter Lilley MP Secretary of State for Social Security
John Major
10 April 1992 5 July 1995 The Rt. Hon. Michael Heseltine MP Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
First Secretary of State
5 July 1995 2 May 1997 The Rt. Hon. Ian Lang MP None
2 May 1997 27 July 1998 The Rt. Hon. Margaret Beckett MP Leader of the House of Commons
Lord President of the Council
Tony Blair
27 July 1998 23 December 1998 The Rt. Hon. Peter Mandelson MP Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1999–)
23 December 1998 8 June 2001 The Rt. Hon. Stephen Byers MP Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions
8 June 2001 6 May 2005 The Rt. Hon. Patricia Hewitt MP Secretary of State for Health
6 May 2005 5 May 2006 The Rt. Hon. Alan Johnson MP†† Secretary of State for Education and Skills
5 May 2006 27 June 2007 The Rt. Hon. Alistair Darling MP Chancellor of the Exchequer

† - Primarily referred to as President of the Board of Trade, and not as Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.

†† - Alan Johnson was initially announced on 6 May 2005, after the general election, as being "Secretary of State for Productivity, Energy and Industry and President of the Board of Trade", but after just a week, on 13 May, it was declared that the new title would not be used, after widespread derision of the new name, because the abbreviation for Johnson's title, Productivity, Energy and Industry Secretary, would have been "PENIS"[1]

Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, and President of the Board of Trade (2007–2009)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
28 June 2007 3 October 2008 The Rt. Hon. John Hutton MP Secretary of State for Defence Gordon Brown
3 October 2008 5 June 2009 The Rt. Hon. The Lord Mandelson Incumbent under new title

Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, and President of the Board of Trade (since 2009)

Took office Left office Incumbent Subsequent post Prime Minister
5 June 2009 Present The Rt. Hon. The Lord Mandelson Incumbent Gordon Brown

References








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