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President of the Irish Republic: Wikis


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President of the Republic was the title given to the head of the Irish ministry or Aireacht in August 1921 by an amendment to the Dáil Constitution, which replaced the previous title, Príomh Aire or President of Dáil Éireann. Unlike the previous offices, which were simply head of government or prime minister, the President of the Republic was explicitly declared to be the Irish Republic's head of state.

Presidents of the Republic

  • W. T. Cosgrave – Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin (August to December 1922)
    Following Arthur Griffith's death and Michael Collins's assassination in August 1922, Cosgrave simultaneously held both their offices; like Griffith he used the title "President of Dáil Éireann". In reality all distinction between both offices and indeed both states ceased to exist – by September 1922 it was not even clear when TDs assembled whether they were meeting as the Dáil or the Provisional Parliament of the treaty state. Both states themselves and their respective heads of government disappeared with the coming into force in December 1922 of the Irish Free State (Constitution) Act 1922 which created the Irish Free State.

See also


  1. ^ In October 1922, during the Irish Civil War the anti-Treaty TDs formed a "republican government", with de Valera claiming the title of "President of the Republic". See Irish republican legitimatism for more details.
Preceded by
President of Dáil Éireann (1919–1922)
Irish Prime Ministerial Offices Succeeded by
President of the Executive Council (1922–1937)
Preceded by
Newly created office
Irish Heads of State Succeeded by
King & Governor General of the Irish Free State (1922–1936)


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