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President of the
Republic of Macedonia
Seal of the President of Macedonia.png
Official seal
Incumbent
Gjorge Ivanov

since May 12, 2009
Residence Vila Vodno[1]
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Kiro Gligorov
January 27, 1991
Formation Macedonian Constitution
April 16, 1991
Website www.president.gov.mk

The President of the Republic of Macedonia is the head of state of the Republic of Macedonia. The institution of the Presidency of the modern Republic of Macedonia began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on 8 September 1991. Its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world until his resignation in 1999. The Macedonian presidency is a non-executive office. The head of the executive is the Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia. The president must be a citizen of the Republic of Macedonia, be over 40 years of age and have lived in Macedonia for at least ten of the previous fifteen years. [2]

Contents

History

Republic of Macedonia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Republic of Macedonia







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During the period of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, there was a collective presidency which was abolished in 1991. Its first president was Metodija Andonov Čento elected at ASNOM, when the modern Macedonian state was formed, while the last one was Vladimir Mitkov.[3] Following the transition from socialist system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia changed the collective leadership with a single-president post in 1991. Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on 27 January 1991.[4] On 16 April 1991 the parliament adopted a constitutional amendment removing the term "Socialist" from the official name of the country, and on 7 June of the same year, the new name Republic of Macedonia was officially established.[5] Hence Gligorov continued his function as a president of the Republic of Macedonia. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence following a referendum held on 8 September 1991. On completing his second term as head of the independent state Gligorov was succeeded by Boris Trajkovski in 1999. Following Trajkovski's death in 2004, he was succeeded by Branko Crvenkovski. Gjorge Ivanov won the 2009 presidential election and will take office in May 2009.

Leaders of Macedonia (1903)

President of the Kruševo Republic (first republic in the Balkans)

Leaders of Macedonia (1943-Present)[6]

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Socialist Macedonia (1943-1991)

President of Initiatory Committee of ASNOM

Chairman of ASNOM

Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly

Presidents of the People's Assembly

  • Dimce Stojanov (1953 - 19 December 1953)
  • Lazar Koliševski (19 December 1953 - 26 June 1962)
  • Ljupčo Arsov (26 June 1962 - 24 June 1963)
  • Vidoe Smilevski (25 June 1963 - 12 May 1967)
  • Mito Hadzivasilev (1967 - 1 August 1968)
  • Nikola Mincev (23 December 1968 - 6 May 1974)

Presidents of the Presidency

  • Vidoe Smilevski (6 May 1974 - 31 October 1979)
  • Ljupčo Arsov (31 October 1979 - 29 April 1982)
  • Angel Cemerski (29 April 1982 - 29 April 1983)
  • Blagoja Taleski (29 April 1983 - 29 April 1984)
  • Tome Bukleski (29 April 1984 - 26 April 1985)
  • Vanco Apostolski (26 April 1985 - June 1986)
  • Dragoljub Stavrev (June 1986 - May 1988)
  • Jezdimir Bogdanski (May 1988 - 28 April 1990)
  • Vladimir Mitkov (28 April 1990 - 27 January 1991)
  • Kiro Gligorov (27 January 1991 - 18 September 1991)

Republic of Macedonia (1991-Present)

Presidents

Incumbent Took Office Left Office Political Affiliation
1 Kiro Gligorov 18 September 1991 4 October 1995 Non-partisan
Stojan Andov (acting) 4 October 1995 17 November 1995 Liberal Party of Macedonia
1 Kiro Gligorov 17 November 1995 19 November 1999 Non-partisan
Savo Klimovski (acting) 19 November 1999 15 December 1999 Democratic Alternative
2 Boris Trajkovski 15 December 1999 26 February 2004
(died in plane crash)
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity
Ljupco Jordanovski (acting) 26 February 2004 12 May 2004 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
3 Branko Crvenkovski 12 May 2004 12 May 2009 Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
4 Gjorge Ivanov 12 May 2009 Present Non-partisan

Notes

Kiro Gligorov was incapacitated after an assassination attempt in 1995. Stojan Andov served as acting leader during Gligorov's incapacitation.

Latest election

e • d  Summary of the 22 March and 5 April 2009 Macedonian presidential election results
Candidates and nominating parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Gjorgje Ivanov (VMRO–DPMNE) 343,374 35.06 453,616 63.14
Ljubomir Frčkoski (Social Democratic Union of Macedonia) 200,316 20.45 264,828 36.86
Imer Selmani (New Democracy) 146,795 14.99  
Ljube Boškoski (independent) 145,638 14.87
Agron Buxhaku (Democratic Union for Integration) 73,567 7.51
Nano Ružin (Liberal Democratic Party) 39,645 4.05
Mirushe Hoxha (Democratic Party of Albanians) 30,281 3.09
Invalid votes 31,943 3.15 44,600 5.87
Total (turnout %) 1,011,441 100.00 759,421 100.00
Source: SEC, SEC

References

  1. ^ www.dnevnik.com.mk
  2. ^ Macedonian Information Agency
  3. ^ Prof. Dr. Vladimir Mitkov - Faculty of Law, University of Skopje (Macedonian)
  4. ^ Kiro Gligorov was elected as a President on 27 January 1991, when SR Macedonia was still an official name of the state. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of MacedoniaThe Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia
  5. ^ On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA, see: 1991 (Macedonian)
  6. ^ [1]

External links


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