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President of Poland
Proporzec Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej.svg
Presidential Jack
Incumbent
Lech Kaczyński

since December 23, 2005
Appointer Popular election
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Gabriel Narutowicz
Formation December 11, 1922
Website www.prezydent.pl
Poland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Poland



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, shorter form: Prezydent RP) is the Polish Head of State. His or her rights and obligations are determined in the Constitution of Poland.

The President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state, the supreme representative of Poland in the international arena. He has the executive authority. He has a right to dissolve the parliament in certain cases (i.e. when it fails to form a Council of Ministers or to adopt the budget).

Although in the English language the Polish head of state is commonly referred to as President of Poland, in Poland the President is always referred to as the President of the Republic of Poland (Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej or Prezydent RP) or less commonly as the President of the Republic (Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej), but never as the President of Poland (Prezydent Polski).

Contents

Election

The President of Poland is elected directly by the people to serve for 5 years and can be reelected only once. Pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution, the President is elected by an absolute majority of valid votes. If no candidate succeeds in passing this threshold, a second round of voting is held with the participation of the two candidates who received the largest and second largest number of votes respectively.

In order to be registered as a candidate in the presidential election, one must be a Polish citizen, be at least 35 years old on the day of the first round of the election and collect at least 100,000 signatures of voters.

Powers

The President has a free choice in selecting the Prime Minister, yet in practice he usually gives the task of forming a new government to a politician supported by the political party with the majority of seats in the Sejm (usually, though not always, it is the leader of that political party).

The President has the right to initiate the legislative process. He also has the opportunity to directly influence it by using his veto to stop a bill; however, his veto can be overruled by a three-fifths majority vote in the presence of at least half of the statutory number of members of the Sejm (230). Before signing a bill into law, the President can also ask the Constitutional Tribunal to verify its compliance with the Constitution, which in practice bears a decisive influence on the legislative process.

In his role as supreme representative of the Polish state, the President ratifies and revokes international agreements, nominates and recalls ambassadors, and accepts the accreditations of representatives of other states. The President also makes decisions on the award of state distinctions and orders. In addition, he has the right of clemency, viz. he can dismiss final court verdicts (in practice, the President consults such decisions with the Minister of Justice).

The President is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces; he appoints the Chief of the General Staff and the commanders of all of the service branches; in wartime he nominates the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and can order a general mobilization. The President performs his duties with the help of the following offices: the Chancellery of the President, the Office of National Security, and the Body of Advisors to the President.

Presidential residencies and properties

Several properties are owned by the Office of the President and are used by the Head of State as his or her official residence, private residence, residence for visiting foreign officials etc.

  • The Presidential Palace in Warsaw, largest palace in Warsaw, the official seat of the President of the Republic of Poland since 1993, the first presidential tenant was Lech Wałęsa when he moved to the Palace from Belweder in 1994.
  • Belweder in Warsaw, was the official seat of the President until 1993, currently owned by the Office of the President as the official residence of the President and is used by the President and the Government for ceremonial purposes. The palace also serves as an official residence for heads of state on official visits to Poland and other important guests.
  • Presidential Castle in Wisła, a château built for the Habsburgs as their hunting cottage, rebuilt 1929-1931 and used as recreational residence by the President Ignacy Mościcki. Since 2002 again a property of the President, restored and opened in 2005 by the President Aleksander Kwaśniewski. It is today a recreational and conference centre for the President and a hotel.
  • Residence of the President of the Republic of Poland in Łucień.
  • Manor House of the President of the Republic of Poland in Ciechocinek.

Acting President of Poland

Former Presidents

Since former Presidents of Poland are for the most part well-known, public figures (quite often of celebrity status) each of them is entitled to lifetime personal protection (though only within state limits) by Biuro Ochrony Rządu officers, in addition to receiving a substantial pension and being given a private office.

As of 2007 three former Presidents of Poland are alive:

Additional information

  • Gabriel Narutowicz died in office for assassination
  • Władysław Raczkiewicz died in exile for natural causes
  • Ignacy Mościcki and Wojciech Jaruzelski resigned from office, the first after German invasion in 1939, the latter agreeing to shorten his term in 1990
  • Lech Wałęsa was the first president elected by direct vote, his forerunners being appointed by Parliament
  • Aleksander Kwaśniewski was the first president to be reelected, in 2000
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Age upon entering office

  • Aleksander Kwaśniewski - 41 years old (youngest president)
  • Lech Wałęsa - 47 years old
  • Stanisław Wojciechowski - 53 years old
  • Bolesław Bierut - 54 years old
  • Lech Kaczyński - 56 years old
  • Gabriel Narutowicz - 57 years old
  • Ignacy Mościcki - 58 years old (oldest at time of leaving)
  • Wojciech Jaruzelski - 66 years old (oldest at time of entering)

See also

Fictional presidents

  • President Julian Szczęsny (played by Andrzej Seweryn) - President in the Polish political drama TV series Ekipa. By the end of season one he died from injuries suffered as a result of his helicopter being shot down over Kabul during a visit.
  • Acting President Jan Matajewicz (played by Marek Frąckowiak) - also in Ekipa, a leader of a major right-wing party and close ally to Szczęsny as Sejm Marshal briefly assumed presidential duties after the latters death. He resigned after he became a suspect in criminal case.
  • President Bartosz Czop (played by Andrzej Grabowski) - populist President in 19th meridian (19. południk). Said to be modeled on Andrzej Lepper.
  • Outgoing President Kazimierz Czechmeszyński (played by Jan Machulski) - also in 19th meridian.

External links


President of
the Republic of Poland
File:Proporzec Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej
Presidential Jack
Incumbent
Lech Kaczyński

since December 23, 2005
Term length Five years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Gabriel Narutowicz
Formation December 11, 1922
Website www.prezydent.pl
Republic of Poland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Poland



Other countriesTemplate:· Atlas
 Politics portal

The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, shorter form: Prezydent RP) is the Polish Head of State. His or her rights and obligations are determined in the Constitution of Poland.

The President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state, the supreme representative of Poland on the international area. He has the executive authority. He has a right to dissolve the parliament in certain cases (i.e. when it fails to form a Council of Ministers or to adopt the budget).

Although in the English language the Polish head of state is commonly referred to as President of Poland, in Poland the President is always referred to as the President of the Republic of Poland (Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej or Prezydent RP) or less commonly as the President of the Republic (Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej), but never as the President of Poland (Prezydent Polski).

Contents

Election

The President of Poland is elected directly by the people to serve for 5 years and can be reelected only once. Pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution, the President is elected by an absolute majority of valid votes. If no candidate succeeds in passing this threshold, a second round of voting is held with the participation of the two candidates who received the largest and second largest number of votes respectively.

In order to be registered as a candidate in the presidential election, one must be a Polish citizen, be at least 35 years old on the day of the first round of the election and collect at least 100,000 signatures of voters.

Powers

]] The President has a free choice in selecting the Prime Minister, yet in practice he usually gives the task of forming a new government to a politician supported by the political party with the majority of seats in the Sejm (usually, though not always, it is the leader of that political party).

The President has the right to initiate the legislative process. He also has the opportunity to directly influence it by using his veto to stop a bill; however, his veto can be overruled by a three-fifths majority vote in the presence of at least half of the statutory number of members of the Sejm (230). Before signing a bill into law, the President can also ask the Constitutional Tribunal to verify its compliance with the Constitution, which in practice bears a decisive influence on the legislative process.

In his role as supreme representative of the Polish state, the President ratifies and revokes international agreements, nominates and recalls ambassadors, and accepts the accreditations of representatives of other states. The President also makes decisions on the award of state distinctions and orders. In addition, he has the right of clemency, viz. he can dismiss final court verdicts (in practice, the President consults such decisions with the Minister of Justice).

on Krakowskie Przedmieście in Warsaw, with equestrian statue of Prince Józef Poniatowski by Bertel Thorvaldsen.]]

The President is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces; he appoints the Chief of the General Staff and the commanders of all of the service branches; in wartime he nominates the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and can order a general mobilization. The President performs his duties with the help of the following offices: the Chancellery of the President, the Office of National Security, and the Body of Advisors to the President.

Presidential residencies and properties

Several properties are owned by the Office of the President and are used by the Head of State as his or her official residence, private residence, residence for visiting foreign officials etc.

  • The Presidential Palace in Warsaw, largest palace in Warsaw, the official seat of the President of the Republic of Poland since 1993, the first presidential tenant was Lech Wałęsa when he moved to the Palace from Belweder in 1994.
  • Belweder in Warsaw, was the official seat of the President until 1993, currently owned by the Office of the President as the official residence of the President and is used by the President and the Government for ceremonial purposes. The palace also serves as an official residence for heads of state on official visits to Poland and other important guests.
  • Presidential Castle in Wisła, a château built for the Habsburgs as their hunting cottage, rebuilt 1929-1931 and used as recreational residence by the President Ignacy Mościcki. Since 2002 again a property of the President, restored and opened in 2005 by the President Aleksander Kwaśniewski. It is today a recreational and conference centre for the President and a hotel.
  • Residence of the President of the Republic of Poland in Łucień
  • Manor House of the President of the Republic of Poland in Ciechocinek

Acting President of Poland

Former Presidents

Since former Presidents of Poland are for the most part well-known, public figures (quite often of celebrity status) each of them is entitled to lifetime personal protection (though only within state limits) by Biuro Ochrony Rządu officers, in addition to receiving a substantial pension and being given a private office.

As of 2007 four former Presidents of Poland are alive:

  • Wojciech Jaruzelski (served 1989-1990, before 1989 he was Chairman of the State Council, also titular head of state, and President of the People's Republic of Poland until December 1989)
  • Ryszard Kaczorowski (served 1989-1990), the last President in Exile
  • Lech Wałęsa (served 1990-1995) - first President elected by direct popular vote
  • Aleksander Kwaśniewski (served 1995-2005) - first President to serve two terms

Additional information

Age upon entering office

  • Lech Kaczyński - 56 years old
  • Aleksander Kwaśniewski - 41 years old (youngest president)
  • Lech Wałęsa - 47 years old
  • Wojciech Jaruzelski - 66 years old
  • Ryszard Kaczorowski - 70 years old
  • Kazimierz Sabbat - 73 years old
  • Edward Raczyński - 87 years old (oldest at time of entering and leaving)
  • Stanisław Ostrowski - 79 years old
  • August Zaleski - 63 years old
  • Władysław Raczkiewicz - 54 years old
  • Bolesław Bierut - 54 years old
  • Ignacy Mościcki - 58 years old
  • Stanisław Wojciechowski - 53 years old
  • Gabriel Narutowicz - 57 years old

Other information

  • Four Presidents who died in office
    • Gabriel Narutowicz (assassinated)
    • Władysław Raczkiewicz (natural causes)
    • August Zaleski (natural causes)
    • Kazimierz Sabbat (natural causes)
  • Four Presidents who resigned from office
    • Stanisław Ostrowski
    • Ignacy Mościcki (escaped into exile after Germany occupied Poland in September 1939)
    • Wojciech Jaruzelski (agreed to shorten his term)
    • Ryszard Kaczorowski (resigned after election of Lech Wałęsa, effectively abolishing the Polish government in exile in favour of the new President)
  • Three Presidents who were elected by direct vote
    • Lech Wałęsa (elected in 1990, not reelected in 1995)
    • Aleksander Kwaśniewski (elected in 1995 and reelected in 2000)
    • Lech Kaczyński (elected in 2005, incumbent)
  • Presidents who were elected by Parliament
    • Gabriel Narutowicz
    • Stanisław Wojciechowski
    • Ignacy Mościcki
    • Bolesław Bierut
    • Wojciech Jaruzelski
  • Presidents who were not formally elected (by Parliament or direct vote), but were appointed (all in the Polish government in exile)
    • Władysław Raczkiewicz
    • August Zaleski
    • Stanisław Ostrowski
    • Edward Raczyński
    • Kazimierz Sabbat
    • Ryszard Kaczorowski

See also

Fictional presidents

  • President Julian Szczęsny (played by Andrzej Seweryn) - President in the Polish political drama TV series Ekipa. By the end of season one he died from injuries suffered as a result of his helicopter being shot down over Kabul during a visit.
  • Acting President Jan Matajewicz (played by Marek Frąckowiak) - also in Ekipa, a leader of a major right-wing party and close ally to Szczęsny as Sejm Marshal briefly assumed presidential duties after the latters death. He resigned after he became a suspect in criminal case.
  • President Bartosz Czop (played by Andrzej Grabowski) - populist President in 19th meridian (19. południk). Said to be modeled on Andrzej Lepper.
  • Outgoing President Kazimierz Czechmeszyński (played by Jan Machulski) - also in 19th meridian.

External links


Simple English

, current President of Poland]] The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is the president of Poland. The president directly elected by the people to serve a term of five years. He can be reelected only once. His rights and responsibilities are determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.

In agreement with the current Constitution, the President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state, the supreme representative of Poland and the guarantor of the continuity of government and is prevented from holding office for more than two consecutive terms. This means that the President heads the executive authority, is appointed to represent Polish interests on the international arena, ensures the observance of the Constitution, and is responsible for the security of the state. The President calls elections to the Sejm and the Polish Senate. He has a right to dissolve the parliament when it fails to form a Council of Ministers or pass the budget act. He can (with the Senate's consent) call a national referendum in matters important for the state, requiring the decision of all the citizens.



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