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President of the
Russian Federation
Президент Российской Федерации
Official Standard
Official Standard
Dmitry Medvedev

since 7 May 2008
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length Six years, renewable once,
consecutively [however the incumbent will serve a four year term]
Inaugural holder Boris Yeltsin
Formation 10 July 1991
Website (Russian)

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The President of the Russian Federation is the head of state, supreme commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Russian Federation. Despite the fact that the Constitution of Russia does not explicitly determine the President as the head of the executive branch, the Executive power is de facto split between the President and the Prime Minister, who is the head of government. The current president of Russia is Dmitry Medvedev.

Before 25 December 1991 the head of state was known as the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian: Президент Российской Советской Федеративной Социалистической Республики).


Requirements to hold office

According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, a person willing to run for presidency has to be a citizen of Russia not younger than 35, and has permanently resided in the Russian Federation for at least 10 years.

The Constitution of Russia also restricts the period during which a person can hold the office of the President to two consecutive terms. There is no limit to the total number of terms that a President may serve, just a limit on successive terms.


After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions.


Chain of office

Chain of office

The first insignia that is issued is the chain of office with an emblem. The central emblem is a red cross, with arms in equal size, charged with the Russian coat of arms. On the reverse of the cross, the words "Benefit, Honor and Glory" appear in a form of a circle. A golden wreath is used to connect the cross with the rest of the chain. There are seventeen "links" in the emblem, with nine consisting of the Russian coat of arms. The other eight consist of a rosette, also bearing the motto "Benefit, Honor and Glory." At the inauguration of Vladimir Putin, the emblem was placed on a red pillow, positioned on the left side of podium. According to the Presidential website, the emblem is placed inside the Kremlin and is used only on certain occasions.

Standard (Flag)

Presidential Standard Afloat

The standard is a square version of the Russian flag, charged in the center with the Russian coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, at the Kremlin, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Russia. A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the mostly used symbol to denote the presence of the Russian President.

Special Copy of the Constitution

Dmitry Medvedev takes the Presidential Oath whilst placing his right hand on the Presidential copy of the Russian Constitution.

The President also has a special copy of the Russian Constitution that is used during the inauguration. This copy has a hard, red cover with gold lettering. An image of the Russian coat of arms appears in silver. The special copy is kept in the Presidential Library, which is located inside the Kremlin.

Legal Basis of the Insignia

These insignia and the procedure were established by the presidential decree No. 1138 from 5 August 1996.[1] and modified by decree No. 832 from 6 May 2000.[2] In the new decree the special copy of the Constitution was removed as the third symbol of the Russian Presidency; the other two symbols remained intact because they were and are regulated by separate decrees. Nonetheless, the special copy of the Constitution still exists and serves for inauguration purposes only without being officially presented as a symbol of the Russian Presidency.

Oath of Office

Each person who has been elected to this office takes this oath during their inauguration:

I do solemnly swear, in the performance of my powers as the President of the Russian Federation, to respect and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to observe and protect the Constitution of the Russian Federation, to protect the sovereignty and independence, security and integrity of the state and to serve the people faithfully.[3]


The primary working President's residence is the Senate building (also known as 1st building) in the Moscow Kremlin complex[4]. Also the President can use the Grand Kremlin Palace (the ceremonial residence) and so called 14th building[4] (the reserve residence).

The current (since 2000) home President's residence is Novo-Ogaryovo (Russian: Ново-Огарёво). It is planned that it will have remained at the disposal of Putin after the term ending, as Gorki-9 (Russian: Горки-9) (also called Barvikha (Russian: Барвиха), but actually near it) had remained at the disposal of Boris Yeltsin after his retirement.

Also, the President has several vacation residences outside of Moscow[5].

Political affiliation

Though technically the President of Russia may be a member of a political party, traditionally the President is nonpartisan and without political affiliation. He does support a specific party during parliamentary elections in order to promote his agendas and goals. He tends to be above the political spectrum and to act as a statesman, who reconciles and balances between the various political groups while not identifying with any one of them particularly.


The land transport services for the Russian President is provided by the Special Purpose Garage (SPG)[6]. The SPG is a unit within the Federal Protective Service.

Ilyushin Il-96-300PU used by the President of Russia for long-range air travel.

Air transport services for the President are provided by airline company Rossiya[7].

The President's aircraft use the same color scheme as standard Rossiya aircraft, except for the use of the Russian coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead flag of Russia.

Living former presidents

See also


  1. ^ Coбpaниe зaкoнoдaтeльcтвa Рoccийcкoй Фeдepaции 1996, No. 33, ar. 3976
  2. ^ Coбpaниe зaкoнoдaтeльcтвa Рoccийcкoй Фeдepaции 2000, No. 19, ar. 2068
  3. ^ Constitution of the Russian Federation, Article 82
  4. ^ a b The Presidential Residences (English)
  5. ^ Vladimir Putin Residences // Kommersant, #18(3594), Feb.07 2007
  6. ^ President's transports. Cars (Russian)
  7. ^ President's transports. Air transport (Russian)

External links


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