Presidential Unit Citation (United States): Wikis

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Presidential Unit Citation
Army and Air Force P.U.C.
Army and Air Force P.U.C.
Navy and Marine P.U.C.
Navy and Marine P.U.C.
Coast Guard P.U.C.
Coast Guard P.U.C.
Awarded by United States Military
Type Ribbon and streamer
Eligibility Military units
Awarded for "[G]allantry, determination, and esprit de corps in accomplishing its mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions."
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
First awarded 1941
Last awarded Ongoing
Precedence
Equivalent Presidential Unit Citation
Individual
equivalent
Service Crosses: Army, Navy, Air ForceTankLogo.JPG
Next (lower) Defense – Joint Meritorious Unit AwardTankandbranch.JPG
Army – Valorous Unit AwardTanklogo.JPG
Navy – Unit CommendationTankandbranch.JPG
Air Force – Gallant Unit CitationTanklogo.JPG
Coast Guard – Unit CommendationBranchlogo.JPG
Streamer PUC Army.PNG
Streamer PUC Navy.PNG
CG PUC Streamer.JPG
Streamers for the Presidential Unit Citation (top: USA and USAF PUC Streamer; next: the Navy and Marine Corps PUC Streamer; bottom: the Coast Guard PUC Streamer)

The Presidential Unit Citation, originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after December 7, 1941 (the date of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II). The unit must display such gallantry, determination, and esprit de corps in accomplishing its mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions so as to set it apart from and above other units participating in the same campaign.

Since its inception by Executive Order No. 9075 on February 26, 1942, retroactive to December 7, 1941, to 2008, the Presidential Unit Citation has been awarded in such conflicts as the Second World War, Korean War, Vietnam War, Iraq War, Afghanistan War and the Cold War.

The degree of heroism required is the same as that which would warrant award of the Distinguished Service Cross, Air Force Cross or Navy Cross to an individual. In some cases, one or more individuals within the unit may have also been awarded personal recognitions for their contribution to the actions for which their entire unit was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation.

Contents

Creation and Official Format

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Army and Air Force

USA and USAF PUC Streamer

The Army citation was established as the Distinguished Unit Citation by Executive Order No. 9075 on 26 February 1942, and received its present name on 3 November 1966. As with other Army unit citations, the PUC is in a larger frame that is worn above the right pocket. All members of the unit may wear the decoration, whether or not they personally participated in the acts for which the unit was cited. Only those assigned to the unit at the time of the action cited may wear the decoration as a permanent award. For the Army and Air Force, the emblem itself is a solid blue ribbon enclosed in a gold frame.

The Air Force PUC was adopted from the Army Distinguished Unit Citation, after they were made into a separate military branch in 1947. They also renamed the unit citation to its present name on 3 November 1966. The Air Force wears its unit citation on the left pocket below all personal awards, unlike the Army not every unit award is enclosed in a gold frame.

The Citation is carried on the unit's regimental colours in the form of a blue streamer, four feet long and 2 3/4 inches wide. For the Army, only on rare occasions will a unit larger than battalion qualify for award of this decoration.[1]

USAF PUC

Navy and Marine Corps

Army and Air Force Streamer for the award of the Navy and Marine Corps PUC

The Navy citation is the unit equivalent of a Navy Cross and was established by Executive Order No. 9050 on 6 February 1942.

The Navy version has blue, yellow, and red horizontal stripes. To distinguish between the two versions of the Presidential Unit Citation, the Navy version is typically referred to as the Navy and Marine Corps Presidential Unit Citation while the Army and Air Force refer to the decoration simply as the Presidential Unit Citation. These are only worn by persons who meet the criteria at the time it is awarded to the unit. Unlike the Army, those who later join the unit do not wear it on a temporary basis.

Special Clasps

USS Nautilus (SSN-571)
USS Nautilus Navy PUC.png

To commemorate the first submerged voyage under the North Pole by the nuclear-powered submarine USS Nautilus (SSN-571) in 1958, all members of her crew who made that voyage were authorized to wear their Presidential Unit Citation ribbon with a special clasp in the form of a gold block letter N.[2]

USS Triton (SSRN-586)
Pucribbontriton1.JPG

To commemorate the first submerged circumnavigation of the world by the nuclear-powered submarine USS Triton (SSRN-586) during its shakedown cruise in 1960, all members of her crew who made that voyage were authorized to wear their Presidential Unit Citation ribbon with a special clasp in the form of a golden replica of the globe.[3]

USS Parche (SSN-683)

The most decorated unit in U.S. Navy history was the nuclear-powered submarine USS Parche (SSN-683), with a total of nine PUCs awarded during its 30 years of service.[4] Parche's special modifications and extensive research and development duties allowed her to be the premier spy submarine in the US fleet. This earned her the many PUCs, but prevents the release of many of the details involved.

Coast Guard

United States Coast Guard units may be awarded either the Navy or Coast Guard version of the Presidential Unit Citation, depending on which service the Coast Guard was supporting when the citation action was performed.

Special Clasp

USA - CG PUC Hurricane Katrina.png

A Coast Guard version of the award was awarded to all U.S. Coast Guard and Coast Guard Auxiliary responding to Hurricane Katrina by President George W. Bush for rescue and relief operations. All Coast Guard members who received the award are authorized to wear the Presidential Unit Citation ribbon with a special clasp in the form of the internationally recognized “hurricane symbol”

Recipients

World War II

Army

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
26th Cavalry Regiment U.S. Army 1941 Battle of Damortis/Lingayen Gulf
Division and 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division U.S. Army 1944 Normandy
Division and 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division U.S. Army 1944 Battle of Bastogne
3rd Infantry Division U.S. Army 1945 COLMAR War Department General Orders Number 44, 6 June 1945: As authorized by Executive Order 9396 (sec. I, WD Bul. 22, 1943), superseding Executive Order 9075 (sec. III, WD Bul, 11, 1942), the following unit is cited by the War Department for outstanding performance of duty in action during the period indicated under provisions of section IV, WD Circular 333, 1943, In the name of the President of the United States as public evidence of deserved honor and distinction. The citation reads as follows:

The 3rd Infantry Division with the following-attached units: 254 Infantry Regiment, 99th Chemical Battalion, 168th Chemical Smoke Generator Company, 441st Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion, 601st Tank Destroyer Battalion (SP), 756th Tank Battalion, IPW Team 183, fighting incessantly, from 22 January to 6 February 1945, in heavy snow storms, through enemy-infested marshes and woods, and over a flat plain crisscrossed by numerous small canals, irrigation ditches, and unfordable streams, terrain ideally suited to the defense, breached the German defense wall on the northern perimeter of the Colmar bridgehead and drove forward to isolate Colmar from the Rhine. Crossing the Fecht River from Guemar, Alsace, by stealth during the late hours of darkness of 22 January, the assault elements fought their way forward against mounting resistance. Reaching the Ill River, a bridge was thrown across but collapsed before armor could pass to the support of two battalions of the 80th Infantry on the far side. Isolated and attacked by a full German Panzer brigade, outnumbered and outgunned, these valiant troops were forced back yard by yard. Wave after wave of armor and infantry was hurled against them but despite hopeless odds the regiment held tenaciously to its bridgehead. Driving forward in knee-deep snow, which masked acres of densely sown mines, the 3d Infantry Division fought from house to house and street to street in the fortress towns of the Alsatian Plain. Under furious concentrations of supporting fire, assault troops crossed the Colmar Canal in rubber boats during the night of 29 January. Driving relentlessly forward, six towns were captured within 8 hours, 500 casualties inflicted on the enemy during the day, and large quantities of booty seized. Slashing through to the Rhone-Rhine Canal, the garrison at Colmar was cut off and the fall of the city assured. Shifting the direction of attack, the division moved south between the Rhone-Rhine Canal and the Rhine toward Neuf Brisach and the Brisach Bridge. Synchronizing the attacks, the bridge was seized and Neuf Brisach captured by crossing the protecting moat and scaling the medieval walls by ladder. In one of the hardest fought and bloodiest campaigns of the war, the 3d Infantry Division annihilated three enemy divisions, partially destroyed three others, captured over 4,000 prisoners, and inflicted more than 7,500 casualties on the enemy.

32nd Infantry Division U.S. Army 1943 Kokoda Track campaign, Battle of Buna-Gona General Orders Number 21, War Department, 6 May 1943:
"When (a) bold and aggressive enemy invaded Papua in strength, the combined action of ground and air units of these forces, in association with Allied units, checked the hostile advance, drove the enemy back to the seacoast and in a series of actions against a highly organized defensive zone, utterly destroyed him. Ground combat forces, operating over roadless jungle-covered mountains and swamps, demonstrated their courage and resourcefulness in closing with an enemy who took every advantage of the nearly impassable terrain. Air forces, by repeatedly attacking the enemy ground forces and installations, by destroying his convoys attempting reinforcement and supply, and by transporting ground forces and supplies to areas for which land routes were non-existent and sea routes slow and hazardous, made possible the success of the ground operations. Service units, operating far forward of their normal positions and at times in advance of ground combat elements, built landing fields in the jungle, established and operated supply points, and provided for the hospitalization and evacuation of the wounded and sick. The courage, spirit, and devotion to duty of all elements of the command made possible the complete victory attained."[5]
26th Infantry Division U.S. Army 1945 Ardennes-Alsace
2nd Battalion, 274th Infantry Regiment of the 70th Infantry Division U.S. Army 1945 Wingen
Combat Command "B", 7th Armored Division U.S. Army 1948 St. Vith (Ardennes Campaign) Dept. of the Army GO #48, dated 12 July 1948:
"Combat Command B. 7th Armored Division, composed of the following units: Headquarters and Headquarters Company; 17th Tank Battalion; 31st Tank Battalion; 23d Armored Infantry Battalion; 38th Armored Infantry Battalion; 87th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron Mechanized (less Troop D); 275th Armored Field Artillery Battalion; 434th Armored Field Artillery Battalion; 965th Field Artillery Battalion; 168th Engineer Combat Battalion; 1st Platoon, Company F, 423d Infantry Regiment (amended from 3rd Platoon in Defense Department Permanent Order #032-01, dated 1 Feb 1999); Company B, 33d Armored Engineer Battalion; and Company A, 814th Tank Destroyer Battalion (SP), is cited for outstanding performance of duty in action from 17 to 23 December 1944, inclusive, at St. Vith, Belgium. Combat Command B, 7th Armored Division, was subjected to repeated tank and infantry attacks, which grew in intensity as the German forces attempted to destroy the stubborn defenses that were denying to them the use of the key communication center at St. Vith. By the second day, the flanks were constantly threatened by enemy forces that had bypassed the St. Vith area and pushed far to the rear in an effort to encircle the command east of the Salm River. The attacking forces were repeatedly thrown back by the gallant troops who rose from their fox holes and fought in fierce hand to hand combat to stop the penetrations and inflict heavy losses on the numerically superior foe. As the command continued to deny the important St. Vith highway and railroad center to the Germans, the entire offensive lost its initial impetus and their supply columns became immobilized. By 21 December, the German timetable was so disrupted that the enemy was forced to divert a corps to the capture of St. Vith. Under extreme pressure from overwhelming forces, this command, which for 6 days had held the St. Vith area so gallantly, was ordered to withdraw west of the Salm River. By their epic stand, without prepared defenses and despite heavy casualties, Combat Command B,. 7th Armored Division inflicted crippling losses and imposed great delay upon the enemy by a masterful and grimly determined defense in keeping with the highest traditions of the Army of the United States."
761st Tank Battalion U.S. Army 1978 ETO, World War II
1st Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Art. U.S. Army Guadalcanal Army citation
146th Engineer (Combat) Battalion U.S. Army 1944 Operation Overlord Landed H+03 minutes, Omaha Beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944
695th Armored Field Artillery Battalion U.S. Army 1945 Invasion behind enemy lines and capture of the French city Metz.
34th Field Artillery US Army 1943 North Africa
51st Combat Engineer Battalion US Army 1945 Ardennes Defense of several key Belgian cities against Kampfgruppe Peiper between December 17–22, 1944.
1st Battalion, 307th Infantry Regiment of the 77th Infantry Division U.S. Army 1945 Okinawa, le Shima "For assaulting, capturing and securing The Ecarpment, a heavily fortified coral rock fortress which was the key to the famed Japanese Shuri defensive position on Okinawa, during the period 30 April to 5 May 1945, and making possible a general advance by all elements of the command."
505th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division U.S. Army 1944 D-Day - Normandy for action at Sainte-Mère-Église
First Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment (less Company “A”) of the 82nd Airborne Division U.S. Army 1945 Operation Market Garden - Cheneux, Belgium

HEADQUARTERS 82D AIRBORNE DIVISION Office of the Division Commander A.P.O. 469, U.S. Army, 23 March 1945 GENERAL ORDERS UNIT CITATION NUMBER 43

The First Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry (less Company “A”) has been cited by the Commanding General, First United States Army, for outstanding performance of duty in action against the enemy. The citation is as follows:

The First Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry (less Company “A”) is cited for outstanding performance of duty in action against the enemy on 20–21 December 1944, at Cheneux, Belgium. This force was ordered to seize and occupy the town which is situated on hilly terrain and was defended by a heavily reinforced battalion of armored SS Troops supported by a Mark VI tank, numerous machine guns, SP 20 mm guns, SP 77 mm guns, and 105 mm howitzers. The position was further defended in depth by armored halftracks mounting triple 20 mm cannon and SP 81mm mortars. The battalion attacked Cheneux in echelons of assault waves and stormed the strongly emplaced enemy through the heavy fire of 20 mm cannon, machine gun, mortar and small arms. The first three waves suffered severe losses as they charged across 400 yards of open fields fenced with barbed wire. Despite heavy losses, these airborne soldiers kept going with grim determination, each succeeding wave getting closer until the enemy and his armored vehicles and cannon were finally overwhelmed in fierce hand-to-hand combat. When ammunition ran low the troopers drove the enemy from almost impregnable positions with bayonets and clubbed rifles. The stubborn enemy was completely routed from his perimeter defenses and the attack continued until a portion of Cheneux was seized, where reorganization was effected and preparations made for a counter-attack. At dawn, the enemy laid down a heavy artillery preparation, then launched five successive counter-attacks through the day. All of these were repelled and at dusk this undaunted force continued the attack and drove the Germans from the town and nearby high ground. In this battle for CHENEUX, the First Battalion of the 504th Parachute Infantry (less Company “A”), destroyed five companies of German SS Armored troops and large quantities of artillery, vehicles and one Mark VI tank. They sealed a trap for thirty tanks and ninety-five vehicles which were eventually completely destroyed. This airborne force sustained heavy casualties in the engagement, but, despite these losses and the fanatical ferocity with which the enemy defended key positions, it prevailed in a most outstanding manner through superb discipline, skill and teamwork. The superior fortitude, unparalleled élan and individual feats of gallantry and high courage on the part of every man and officer reflect credit on the traditions of the airborne forces of the United States Army.

Company "A", 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division U.S. Army 1945 Co. A for crossing Rhine River at Hitdorf, Germany on 6 April 1945

Company "A" 504th Parachute Infantry, is cited for outstanding performance of duty in the armed conflict against the enemy in Germany on 6–7 April 1945. This company crossed the Rhine River at 02–30 hours 6 April 1945, and seized the mile-long town of Hitdorf on the east shore with the mission of providing a base for further patrolling and to cause the German High Command to commit disproportionate forces against them in the belief that it was to be a major river crossing. The enemy immediately counter-attacked, but the assault groups were met with great vigor and virtually destroyed to a man. Apparently under the impression that a strong American bridgehead had been established overnight, the Germans assembled and directed a considerable portion of two divisions to the mission of containing and annihilating the formidable thrust. In mid-afternoon the entire area was subjected to a withering and devastating artillery barrage for two hours after which counter-attacking forces in overwhelming strength with tank support assaulted the defending troopers from every direction and penetrated to the heart of the town. The troopers of Company A doggedly stood their ground, fought at close quarters, and at point blank range and inflicted terrible casualties on the masses of the enemy. Fighting with relentless ferocity throughout the afternoon and night, this gallant company held its ground and carried out its mission until it was finally ordered to withdraw to the west bank of the Rhine on the night of 6–7 April. Fighting was bitter and at close quarters. The German armor committed was destroyed with hand weapons, most of the troopers using captured German panserfausts. The company fought its way back step by step during the hours of darkness to their boats. The courageous and skillful efforts of the officers and men of this brave group, although outnumbered numerically at least eight to one, is reflected in the total number of casualties inflicted on the German forces during the day's fighting . Eighty prisoners were taken and evacuated and conservative estimates indicate that 150 of the enemy were killed and 250 wounded. The conduct of Company A reflects great credit on the Airborne Forces of the United States Army.[6]

505th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division U.S. Army 1944 Operation Market Garden - Groesbeek, Holland
551st Parachute Infantry Battalion of the 82nd Airborne Division U.S. Army 1944 Battle of the Bulge, Rochelinval, Belgium

The 551st Parachute Infantry Battalion is cited for exceptional heroism in performance of duty in combat against the enemy at the beginning of the American counteroffensive in the Ardennes, Belgium, culminating in its heroic attack and seizure of the critical, heavily fortified, regimental German position of Rochelinval on the Salm River. A separate battalion attached to the 82nd Airborne Division, the 551st began its grueling days as the Division's spearhead by successfully executing a raid on advanced German positions at Noirfontaine on 27 and 28 December 1944, delivering to XVIII Airborne Corps vital intelligence for the Allied counteroffensive soon to come. On 3 January 1945, the 551st from the division's line of departure at Basse Bodeux attacked against great odds and secured the imposing ridge of Herispehe. Punished by artillery, mortar and machine gun fire as it moved across open, up slope terrain, the battalion lost its forward artillery observers, causing an acute lack of artillery support for its week-long push against two German regiments. On 4 January, the battalion conducted a rare fixed bayonet attack of machine gun nests that killed 64 Germans. On 5 and 6 January, the 551st captured the towns of Dairomont and Quartiers, parrying German counterattacks while often fighting in hand-to-hand combat. At less than half strength, on 7 January the battalion confronted its final critical objective: Rochelinval on the Salm River. Initially repelled into a hailstorm of artillery and machine gun fire toward a high ridge of entrenched enemy, the 551st finally overwhelmed the defenders and captured Rochelinval, shutting off the last bridge of egress to the Germans in a 10 mile sector of the Salm River. The next day, January 8, Hitler ordered the German Army's first pullback from the Battle of the Bulge. In fighting a numerically superior foe with dominant high ground advantage, the 551st lost over four-fifths of its men, including the death of its inspirational commander, Lieutenant Colonel Wood Joerg, as he led the last attack. Disbanded a month later, the battalion accounted for 400 German dead, and took over 300 prisoners. The 551st Parachute Infantry Battalion fought with a tenacity and fervor that was extraordinary. In what United States Army historian Charles MacDonald called "the greatest battle ever fought by the United States Army," the 551st demonstrated the very best of the Army tradition of performance of duty in spite of great sacrifice and against all odds.

(Awarded on February 23, 2001, by U.S. Army Chief of Staff Gen. Eric K. Shinseki during an official ceremony at the Pentagon.)

96th Infantry Division U.S. Army 2001 Okinawa Entire Division
2nd Battalion and one platoon of Company A, 749th Tank Battalion and one platoon of Company A, 776th Tank Destroyer Battalion of the 44th Infantry Division (United States) U.S. Army 1945 France Defensive action starting on December 31, 1944, against the German offensive Operation Nordwind in Rimling, France.
503rd Regimental Combat Team U.S. Army 1945 Battle of Corregidor (1945) Liberation the island of Corregidor in Manila Bay, 16–26 February.
222nd Infantry Regiment U.S. Army 2001 Alsace 24 & 25 January 1945 withstood repeated attacks from three enemy divisions
Third Platoon, Company C of the 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion U.S. Army 1945 Alsace 14 December 1944 Set up their guns in full view of the enemy, acting as a decoy so other units could attack and take the town of Climback, France
5307th Composite Unit ("Merrill's Marauders") U.S. Army 1966[1] northern Burma
601st Tank Destroyer Battalion U.S. Army 1942 Battle of El Guettar 23 March 1942 broke up an attack by strong elements of the 10th Panzer Division, destroying 37 tanks and receiving the Presidential Unit Citation. This has the interesting distinction of being the only time a battalion would fight in the way envisaged by the original "tank destroyer" concept, as an organized independent unit opposing an armored force in open terrain. Received a second Presidential Unit Citation for heavy action in the Colmar Pocket, destroying 18 tanks.
3rd Battalion, 351st Infantry Regiment U.S. Army 1944 9 July to 13 July 1944 - Five days of heavy combat; 425 prisoners taken; 250 enemy killed or wounded.
100th Infantry Battalion U.S. Army 1944 Belvedere and Sassetta, Italy War Department General Orders 66, 15 August 1944: 26 and 27 June 1944 - The stubborn desire of the men to close with a numerically superior enemy and the rapidity with which they fought enabled the 100th Infantry Battalion to destroy completely the right flank positions of a German army, killing at least 178 Germans, wounding approximately 20, capturing 73, and forcing the remainder of a completely disrupted battalion to surrender approximately 10 kilometers of ground. In addition, large quantities of enemy weapons, vehicles, and equipment were either captured or destroyed.
100th Infantry Battalion U.S. Army 1944 Bruyeres, Biffontaine, and in the Foret Domaniale de Champ, France War Department General Orders 78, 12 September 1945: 15 to 30 October 1944 - The 100th Battalion was again committed to the attack. Going to the rescue of the "lost battalion, 141st Infantry Regiment, it fought without respite for 4 days against a fanatical enemy that was determined to keep the "lost battalion" isolated and force its surrender. On the fourth day, although exhausted and reduced through casualties to about half its normal strength, the battalion fought doggedly forward against strong enemy small-arms and mortar fire until it contacted the isolated unit.
442 Regimental Combat Team U.S. Army 1945 Serravezza, Carrara, and Fosdinovo, Italy War Department General Orders 34, 10 April 1946, as amended by War Department General Orders 106, 20 September 1946: 5 to 14 April 1945 - It accomplished the mission of creating a diversion along the Ligurian Coast, which served as a feint for the subsequent break-through of the Fifth Army forces into Bologna and the Po Valley. The successful accomplishment of this mission turned a diversionary action into a full scale and victorious offensive, which played an important part in the dual destruction of the German armies In Italy.
2d Battalion, 442 Regimental Combat Team U.S. Army 1944-5 Bruyeres, France; Biffontaine, France; and Massa, Italy War Department General Orders 83, 6 August 1946: 19 October 1944, 28 and 29 October 1944, 6 to 10 April 1945 - The 2d Battalion executed a brilliant tactical operation in capturing Hill 503, to expedite the forward movement beyond Bruyeres, France and to erase the German threat from the rear. On 28 October 1944, the 2d Battalion secured its objective in a 2-day operation, which eliminated a threat to the flanks of two American divisions. In the face of intense enemy barrages and numerous counterattacks, the infantrymen of this battalion fought their way through difficult jungle-like terrain in freezing weather and completely encircled the enemy. Maintaining its admirable record of achievement in the vicinity of Massa, Italy the 2d Battalion smashed through and exploited the strong Green Line on the Ligurian Coast. Surging over formidable heights through strong resistance, the 2d Battalion, in 5 days of continuous, heavy fighting, captured a series of objectives to pave the way for the entry into the important communications centers of Massa and Carrara, Italy, without opposition. In this operation, the 2d Battalion accounted for more than 200 Germans and captured or destroyed large quantities of enemy materiel.
3d Battalion, 442 Regimental Combat Team U.S. Army 1944 Biffontaine, France War Department General Orders 68, 14 August 1945: 27 to 30 October 1944 - One of the battalions of another unit which had been advancing deep into enemy territory beyond the town of Biffontaine was suddenly surrounded by the enemy, and separated from all friendly units by an enemy force estimated at 700 men. The mission of the 3d Battalion was to attack abreast with the 100th Battalion and four other battalions and relieve the entrapped unit. Though seriously depleted in manpower, the battalion hurled back two determined enemy counterattacks, and after reducing a heavily mined roadblock finally established contact with the besieged battalion.
Companies F and L, 442 Regimental Combat Team U.S. Army 1944 Belmont, France War Department General Orders 14, 4 March 1945: 21 October 1944 - Companies F and L, 442d Regimental Combat Team, designated the O'Connor Task Force, launched an attack down the north slope of the wooded ridge, Foret de Belmont. In destroying the enemy main line of resistance and advancing the divisional front lines by approximately 2,000 meters, the task force captured 56 prisoners, killed 80 of the enemy, and captured considerable quantifies of enemy materiel and equipment.
232d Engineer Combat Company (then attached to the 111th Engineer Combat Battalion), 36th Infantry Division U.S. Army 1944 Bruyeres, France War Department General Orders 56, 17 June 1946: 23 October to 11 November 1944 - Even though the engineers sustained 57 casualties in dead and wounded, they captured 27 German prisoners and killed many more as they worked. Almost continuous rain and snow made their task more difficult, and yet by sheer determination and grit, these men accomplished this magnificent feat of engineering. Without this road, the division operation could not have succeeded and it is due to the extraordinary achievement of the 11th Engineer Combat Battalion with the 232d Engineer Combat Company (attached) that the 36th Division was able to outflank the enemy forces in the Laveline-Corcieux Valley and pursue a disorganized enemy to the banks of the Meurthe River.
21st Tank Battalion Combat Command B, 10th Armored Division U.S. Army 1944 Battle of the Bulge On December 18, 1944, the 10th's charge across Europe was halted due to the Ardennes Offensive. The 10th Armored Division executed a 90 degree turn and rushed 75 miles into the German onslaught. Combat Command B were sent directly into Bastogne with orders to hold. For over eight hours CCB held Bastogne alone, against eight German Divisions. When the 101 Airborne Division arrived both military outfits were surrounded and trapped. However CCB and the 101 Airborne Division maintained a defensive posture and held until the German offensive burned out several days later. At the Conclusion of the battle, the 21st Tank Battalion was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for their extraordinary heroism from December 17, to December 27, 1944 Battle of the Bulge.
Company "A" 612th Tank Destroyer Battalion, U.S. Army December 12 - December 29, 1944 Hofen, Germany Battle of the Bulge During the period of 12 December 1944 to 29 December 1944 in the vicinity of Höfen , Germany, Company Company A, 612th Tank Destroyer Battalion distinguished itself by exhibiting outstanding courage and superior heroism in the presence of the enemy. The officers and men of Company Company A, 612th Tank Destroyer Battalion, by spirited arid out-standing aggressiveness, were successful in preventing a breakthrough by the enemy in the sector occupied by the 3rd Battalion of the 395th Infantry Regiment. During the entire action the personnel of Company A, 612th Tank Destroyer Battalion were employed in the role of infantry, one for which they were not trained nor to which assigned, fighting with the courage and spirit of infantrymen and being responsible for, the capture of many enemy personnel and enemy materiel as well as the killing of numerous Germans. Their outstanding courage, bravery and discipline exhibited to all that this was a superior fighting unit and was instrumental in resisting the northern arm of the German Pincer aimed for Eupen, Belgium through Monschau, Germany. Had the enemy offensive successfully overrun the positions of Company A 612th Tank Destroyer Battalion, the entire northern flank of the First United States Army would have been endangered, and the major supply depots in the vicinity of Eupen and Verviers threatened.

Army Air Force

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
3d Fighter Group, Fourteenth Air Force U.S. Army 1945 Mission "A", China
2d Bombardment Group U.S. Army 1944 Mission 150 24 February 1944 mission to Steyr, Austria
2nd Bombardment Group U.S. Army 1944 Mission 151 25 February 1944 mission to Regensburg, Germany. Marks the only time in U.S. military aviation history that a unit is awarded back to back citations for actions on successive days.[7]
319th Bombardment Group U.S. Army 1944 In March, it earned two Distinguished Unit Citations for raids on marshalling yards in Rome and Florence that damaged enemy communications without destroying cultural monuments.
46th Squadron, 21st Fighter group U.S. Army 1945 Cited 13 November 1945 for outstanding performance of duty in 7 April 1945 armed conflict with the enemy while escorting B-29 Superfortress attack on the heavily-defended Nakajima aircraft factory near Tokyo. Launching from Iwo Jima, this was also the first fighter-escort of bombers over Japan.[8]
56th Fighter Group U.S. Army 1944 Missions against German aircraft plants and assembley centers. During the period from 20 February to 9 March 1944, the 56th Figther Group destroyed 98 enemy aircraft, probably destroyed 9 more and damaged 52 aircraft.[9]
56th Fighter Group U.S. Army 1944 Operation Market Garden On 18 Sep 1944, the 56th Fighter Group flew an extremely dangerous mission to suppress enemy flak positions in support of the airborne landings in Holland. The mission was successfully carried out but resulted in the loss of 16 of 39 aircraft with another 15 damaged.[10][9]
367th Fighter Group U.S. Army 1945 Luftwaffe airfields at Clastres, Péronne and Rosières. For its achievements on August 25, the 367th Fighter Group received the Presidential Unit Citation, the highest possible award for a unit in combat.
367th Fighter Group U.S. Army 1945 German Army Headquarters for the entire Western Front. For this successful undertaking the 367th Fighter Group was awarded an Oak Leaf Cluster to the Presidential Unit Citation.
330th Bombardment Group U.S. Army 1945 Mission 27 & 46 The group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for incendiary raids on the industrial sections of Tokushima and Gifu and for a strike against the hydroelectric power center at Kofu, Japan, in Jul 1945. The group received another DUC for attacking the Nakajima-Musashino aircraft engine plant near Tokyo in Aug 1945[11]

Navy

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
USS O'Bannon (DD-450) U.S. Navy 1943 Solomon Islands Campaign

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION to the UNITED STATES SHIP USS O’BANNON (DD-450) for service as set forth in the following CITATION: "For outstanding performance in combat against enemy Japanese forces in the South Pacific from October 7, 1942, to October 7, 1943. An aggressive veteran after a year of continuous and intensive operations in this area, the U.S.S. O’BANNON has taken a tremendous toll of vital Japanese warships, surface vessels and aircraft. Launching a close range attack on hostile combatant ships off Guadalcanal on the night of November 13, 1942, the O’BANNON scored three torpedo hits on a Japanese battleship, boldly engaged two other men o’ war with gunfire and retired safely in spite of damage sustained. During three days of incessant hostilities in July 1943, she gallantly stood down Kula Gulf to bombard enemy shore positions in coverage of our assault groups, later taking a valiant part in the rescue of survivors from the torpedoed U.S.S STRONG while under fierce coastal battery fire and aerial bombing attack and adding her fire power toward the destruction of a large Japanese naval force. In company with two destroyers, the O’BANNON boldly intercepted and repulsed nine hostile warships off Vella Lavella on October 7, 1943, destroying two enemy ships and damaging others. Although severely damaged, she stood by to take aboard and care for survivors of a friendly torpedoed destroyer and retired to base under her own power. The O’BANNON’s splendid achievements and the gallant fighting spirit of her officers and men reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service." For the President, /s/ Frank Knox, Secretary of the Navy

USS Alchiba (AKA-6) U.S. Navy 1943 Guadalcanal Campaign Navy Citation, for service at Guadalcanal from August through December 1942:

"The vessel arrived off Guadalcanal on 7 August, disembarked her troops, unloaded her cargo, and left the Solomons two days later, bound for New Caledonia. Alchiba returned to Guadalcanal on 18 September. After unloading cargo to support marines struggling for that island, she sailed back to New Caledonia for more supplies and returned to Guadalcanal on 1 November. She was anchored off Lunga Point at 0616 on 28 November, when two torpedoes from the Japanese submarine 1-16 exploded on the vessel s port side. At that time, her hold was loaded with drums of gasoline and ammunition, and the resulting explosion shot flames 150 feet (46 m) in the air. The commanding officer ordered the ship to get underway to run her up on the beach. This action undoubtedly saved the ship. Hungry flames raged in the ship for over five days before weary fire fighting parties finally brought them under control. Salvage operations began soon thereafter. Most of her cargo was saved, and temporary repairs were in progress when Alchiba was torpedoed again on 7 December. An enemy submarine's conning tower had been spotted shortly before two torpedoes were fired. One passed close under the cargo ship's stern, but the other struck her port side near the engine room. The blast killed three men, wounded six others, and caused considerable structural damage. Once the fires and flooding were controlled, salvage operations resumed and enabled the ship to get underway for Tulagi on 27 December 1942."[12]

USS Archerfish (SS-311) U.S. Navy 1944

For sinking the Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano in November 1944 - the largest warship ever sunk by a submarine

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION to the UNITED STATES SHIP ARCHERFISH for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

"For extraordinary heroism in action during the Fifth War Patrol against enemy Japanese combatant units in restricted waters of the Pacific. Relentless in tracking an alert and powerful hostile force which constituted a potential threat to our vital operations in the Philippine area, the U.S.S. ARCHERFISH culminated a dogged six and one-half-hour pursuit by closing her high speed target, daringly penetrated the strong destroyer escort screen, and struck fiercely at a large Japanese aircraft carrier (SHINANO) with all six of her torpedoes finding their mark to sink this extremely vital enemy ship. Subjected to devastating air and surface anti-submarine measures, the ARCHERFISH skillfully evaded her attackers by deep submergence and returned to port in safety. Handled with superb seamanship, she responded gallantly to the fighting determination of the officers and men and dealt a fatal blow to one of the enemy's major Fleet units despite the most merciless Japanese opposition and rendered valiant service toward the ultimate destruction of a crafty and fanatic enemy." For the President, /s/ James Forrestal Secretary of the Navy

USS Barb (SS-220) U.S. Navy 1945

U.S. submarine campaign against the Japanese Empire

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION to the UNITED STATES SHIP BARB for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

"For extraordinary heroism in action during the Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, and Eleventh War Patrols against enemy Japanese surface forces in restricted waters of the Pacific. Persistent in her search for vital targets, the USS BARB relentlessly tracked down the enemy and struck with indomitable fury despite unfavorable attack opportunity and severe countermeasures. Handled superbly, she held undeviatingly to her aggressive course and, on contacting a concentration of hostile ships in the lower reaches of a harbor, boldly penetrated the formidable screen. Riding dangerously, surfaced, in shallow water, the BARB launched her torpedoes into the enemy group to score devastating hits on the major targets, thereafter retiring at high speed on the surface in a full hour's run through uncharted, heavily mined and rock obstructed waters. Inexorable in combat, the BARB also braved the perils of a topical typhoon to rescue fourteen British and Australian prisoners of war who had survived the torpedoing and sinking of a hostile transport ship en route from Singapore to the Japanese Empire. Determined in carrying the fight to the enemy, the BARB has achieved an illustrious record of gallantry in action, reflecting the highest credit upon her valiant officers and men and upon the United States Naval Service."

USS Enterprise (CV-6) U.S. Navy 1943 Air raids on the Marshall Islands (1942), Doolittle Raid, Battle of Midway, Battle of the Eastern Solomons, Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal Campaign Navy Citation, for 7 December 1941 to 15 November 1942. First aircraft carrier to received the PUC. Most decorated U.S. Navy ship from World War II.[2]

"For consistently outstanding performance and distinguished achievement during repeated action against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific war area, December 7, 1941, to November 15, 1942. Participating in nearly every major carrier engagement in the first year of the war, the Enterprise and her air group, exclusive of far-flung destruction of hostile shore installations throughout the battle area, did sink or damage on her own a total of 35 Japanese vessels and shoot down a total of 185 Japanese aircraft. Her aggressive spirit and superb combat efficiency are fitting tribute to the officers and men who so gallantly established her as an ahead bulwark in the defense of the American nation."

USS Houston (CA-30) U.S. Navy 1942,
1944
Java Campaign, ending with Second Battle of the Java Sea Navy Citation... "(f)or action in the Battle of Sunda Strait." Sunk in action with HMAS Perth against incredible odds. The two ships steamed into a Japanese invasion force and were sunk in the ensuing battle.
USS Hugh W. Hadley (DD-774) U.S. Navy 1945 Battle of Okinawa USS Hugh W. Hadley (DD-774)

"For extraordinary heroism in action as Fighter Direction Ship on Radar Picket Station Number 15 during an attack by approximately 100 enemy Japanese planes, forty miles northwest of the Okinawa Transport Area, May 11, 1945. Fighting valiantly against waves of hostile suicide and dive-bombing planes plunging toward her from all directions, the U.S.S. HUGH HADLEY sent up relentless barrages of antiaircraft fire during one of the most furious air-sea battles of the war. Repeatedly finding her targets, she destroyed twenty enemy planes, skillfully directed her Combat Air Patrol in shooting down at least forty others and, by her vigilance and superb battle readiness, avoided damage to herself until subjected to a coordinated attack by ten Japanese planes. Assisting in the destruction of all ten of these, she was crashed by one bomb and three suicide planes with devastating effect. With all engineering spaces flooded and with a fire raging amidships, the gallant officers and men of the HUGH W. HADLEY fought desperately against almost insurmountable odds and, by their indomitable determination, fortitude and skill, brought the damage under control, enabling their ship to be towed to port and saved. Her brilliant performance in this action reflects the highest credit upon the HUGH W. HADLEY and the United States Naval Service."

USS Pope (DD-225) U.S. Navy 1942,
1944
Java Campaign, ending
with Second Battle of the Java Sea
Navy Citation... "(f)or extraordinary heroism in action against enemy Japanese forces in the Java Campaign in the Southwest Pacific War Area, from January 23 to March 1, 1942...".[13]
USS Sealion (SS-315) U.S. Navy 1945 U.S. submarine campaign against the Japanese Empire Navy Citation, for first through sixth war patrols - 8 June 1943 to 30 June 1945

"For extraordinary heroism in action during the Second and Third War Patrols against enemy Japanese surface forces in restricted waters of the Pacific. Operating dangerously in defiance of extremely strong air and surface opposition, the U.S.S. SEALION penetrated deep into hostile waters to maintain a steady offensive against ships vital to Japan's prosecution of the war. Consistently outnumbered and outgunned, she pursued her aggressive course in spite of formidable screens and severe anti-submarine measures to strike at every opportunity and, by her concentrated torpedo fire, delivered against convoys and combatant ships, sank thousands of tons of enemy shipping including one large battleship and a destroyer of a major hostile task force, and seriously damaged another battleship. Daring and skilled in carrying the fight to the enemy, the SEALION also braved the perils of a tropical typhoon to rescue fifty-four British and Australian prisoners of war, survivors of a hostile transport ship torpedoed and sunk while enroute from Singapore to the Japanese Empire. Her meritorious record of achievement is evidence of her own readiness for combat and the gallantry and superb seamanship of the officers and men who brought her through unscathed." For the President, /signed/ JAMES FORRESTAL Secretary of the Navy

USS Trigger (SS-237) U.S. Navy 1943 U.S. submarine campaign against the Japanese Empire Navy Citation, for fifth, sixth, and seventh war patrols - 30 April to 8 December 1943
Torpedo Squadron 8 (VT-8) U.S. Navy 1943 Battle of Midway For first combat mission, 4 June 1942
Mine Division 34 (Pacific Fleet) U.S. Navy 1945 Borneo USS Sentry (Flagship)—Borneo Liberation Support
Task Unit 77.4.3
(aka "Taffy 3")
U.S. Navy 1944 Battle off Samar Taffy 3 was made up of six escort carriers, three destroyers and four destroyer escorts: USS St Lo (CVE-63) and VC-65, USS White Plains (CVE-66) and VC-4, USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68) and VC-3, USS Fanshaw Bay (CVE-70) and VC-68, USS Kitkun Bay (CVE-71) and VC-5, USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73) and VC-10, USS Heermann (DD-532), USS Hoel (DD-533), USS Johnston (DD-557), USS John C. Butler (DE-339), USS Raymond (DE-341), USS Dennis (DE-405), USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413).

In the Battle off Samar, these 13 ships repelled the 23 battleships, heavy cruisers, light cruisers and destroyers of the Japanese Center Force engaged in the collection of naval battles associated with the landings at Leyte Gulf.

"For extraordinary heroism in action against powerful units of the Japanese Fleet during the Battle off Samar, Philippines, October 25, 1944. Silhouetted against the dawn as the Central Japanese Force steamed through San Bernardino Strait towards Leyte Gulf, Task Unit 77.4.3 was suddenly taken under attack by hostile cruisers on its port hand, destroyers on the starboard and battleships from the rear. Quickly laying down a heavy smoke screen, the gallant ships of the Task Unit waged battle fiercely against the superior speed and fire power of the advancing enemy, swiftly launching and rearming aircraft and violently zigzagging in protection of vessels stricken by hostile armor-piercing shells, anti-personnel projectiles and suicide bombers. With one carrier of the group sunk, others badly damaged and squadron aircraft courageously coordinating in the attacks by making dry runs over the enemy Fleet as the Japanese relentlessly closed in for the kill, two of the Unit's valiant destroyers and one destroyer escort charged the battleships point-blank and, expending their last torpedoes in desperate defense of the entire group, went down under the enemy's heavy shells as a climax to two and one half hours of sustained and furious combat. The courageous determination and the superb teamwork of the officers and men who fought the embarked planes and who manned the ships of Task Unit 77.4.3 were instrumental in effecting the retirement of a hostile force threatening our Leyte invasion operations and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service." For the President, /signed/ JAMES FORRESTAL Secretary of the Navy

This unit also awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation Badge for the same action, dated Oct 12, 1984.

USS Aaron Ward (DM-34) U.S. Navy 1945 Battle of Okinawa

"For extraordinary heroism in action as a Picket Ship on Radar Picket Station during a coordinated attack by approximately twenty-five Japanese aircraft near Okinawa on May 3, 1945. Shooting down two Kamikazes which approached in determined suicide dives, the U.S.S. Aaron Ward was struck by a bomb from a third suicide plane as she fought to destroy this attacker before it crashed into her superstructure and sprayed the entire area with flaming gasoline. Instantly flooded in her after engineroom and fireroom, she battled against flames and exploding ammunition on deck and, maneuvering in a tight circle because of damage to her steering gear, countered another coordinated suicide attack and destroyed three Kamikazes in rapid succession. Still smoking heavily and maneuvering radically, she lost all power when her forward fireroom flooded under a seventh suicide plane which dropped a bomb close aboard and dived in flames into the main deck. Unable to recover from this blow before an eighth bomber crashed into her superstructure bulkhead only a few seconds later, she attempted to shoot down a ninth Kamikaze diving toward her at high speed and, despite the destruction of nearly all her gun mounts aft when this plane struck her, took under fire the tenth bomb-laden plane, which penetrated the dense smoke to crash on board with a devastating explosion. With fires raging uncontrolled, ammunition exploding and all engine spaces except the forward engineroom flooded as she settled in the water and listed to port, she began a nightlong battle to remain afloat and, with the assistance of a towing vessel, finally reached port the following morning. By her superb fighting spirit and the courage and determination of her entire company, the Aaron Ward upheld the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service."

USS Laffey (DD-459) U.S. Navy 194? Naval Battle of Guadalcanal

Shortly after midnight on 13 November 1942, at the start of the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the destroyer USS Laffey was crippled early in the battle yet engaged two Japanese battleships and two destroyers at point blank range. At one point Laffey was so close to the battleship Hiei that she was able to use her machine guns to cause critical damage to the control and communication systems on the bridge of the battleship, wound her commanding officer Admiral Hiroaki Abe, and kill Abe's chief of staff. Before she herself was sunk in the battle, Laffey contributed to the sinking of a cruiser and two destroyers.

Marine Corps

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
3rd Marine Regiment US. Marine Corps Battle of Guam (1944) Navy Citation
VMA-214 and 213 U.S. Marine Corps 1944 the Black Sheep Squadron—for their second combat tour, lasting 84 days at the end of 1943
2nd Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 20-24Nov1943 Battle of Tarawa Navy Citation... "For outstanding performance in combat during the seizure and occupation of the Japanese-held Atoll of Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, November 20 to 24, 1943."
Wake Det, 1st Defense Bn and VMFA 211 U.S. Marine Corps 8-22Dec41 Wake Island
MAG 22 and VMF-221 U.S. Marine Corps Jun 1942 Midway Island
1st Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 7Aug-9Dec42 Solomon Islands
VMFA-214 U.S. Marine Corps 7Apr43 17Jul-30Aug43 16Sep-19Oct43 17Dec43-6Jan44 Battle of Guadalcanal, Munds, North Solomons, Vella Lavella and Torokina
2nd Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 20-24Nov43 Tarawa
4th Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 15Jun-1Aug44 Battle of Saipan and Battle of Tinian
1st Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 15-19Sep44 Battle of Peleliu and Negesebus
VMFA-124 and 213 U.S. Marine Corps 16Feb-11May43 and 3-22Jan45 USS Essex, Philippines, Formosa, China Sea
VMFA 211 and VMFA 451 U.S. Marine Corps 16Feb-11May45 USS Bunker Hill, Japan, Bonins, and Ryukyu Islands
Assault Troops, 5th Amphibious Corps U.S. Marine Corps 19-28Feb45 Iwo Jima
1st Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 1Apr-21Jun45 Okinawa
6th Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 1Apr-21Jun45 Okinawa
2nd MAW U.S. Marine Corps 4Apr-14Jul452 Okinawa
Marine Observation Squadron 3 U.S. Marine Corps 2Apr-21Jun45 Okinawa
Marine Aircraft Group 12 U.S. Marine Corps 3Dec44-9Mar45 Philippine Islands

Korean War

Air Force

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
452nd Bomb Wing U.S. Air Force 9 July 1951 - 27 Nov 1951 and 28 Nov 1951 - 30 April 1952 Korean War The 452nd Bomb Wing was a composite combat reserve wing stationed at Long Beach California called to serve in the Korean War. It was composed of men from both the 452nd and the 448th Bomb Wings many of whom had served during World War II. With aircrew flying in re-conditioned World War II Douglas B-26 Invader light bombers and ground crew maintaining them in combat readiness, the Wing was cited two times during the Korean War for its intrepid action under difficult circumstances. The unit was called to active duty 10 August 1950 and released from active duty in May 1952. During its period of active duty, it flew over 15,000 combat sorties, at a high cost of personnel and aircraft. 85 men and 39 aircraft never returned. It was also awarded 8 combat streamers: UN Defensive 27 June to 15 September 1950,UN Offensive 16 Sept to 2 Nov 1950, CCF Intervention 3 Nov 1950 to 24 Jan 1951. First UN Counteroffensive 25 Jan to 21 April 1951, CCF Spring Offensive 22 April to 8 July 1951, UN Summer Fall Offensive 9 July to 27 Nov 1951, 2nd Korean Winter 28 Nov 1951-30 March 1952 and Korean Summer Fall 1 May to 9 May 1952.

Marine Corps

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
1st Provisional Marine Brigade US Marine Corps 7Aug-7Sep50 Korean War
1st Marine Division US Marine Corps 15Sep-11Oct50 Korean War
1st Marine Division US Marine Corps 27Nov-11Dec50 Korean War
1st Marine Division US Marine Corps 21-26Apr, 16May-30Jun and 11-25Sep51 all one award Korean War
VMO 6 US Marine Corps 2Aug50-27Jul53 Korean War
VMF 214 and VMF 323 US Marine Corps 3-6Aug, 8-14Sep, 12Oct-26Nov50 and 15Dec50-1Aug51 all one award Korean War
1st Marine Aircraft Wing US Marine Corps 18Mar-30Jun, 3Aug-29Sep51 all one award Korean War

Army

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
Co A, 5th Infantry & Secti 1, Machinegun Plt, Co D, 5th Infantry U.S. Army 1953 Songnae-dong Army citation
1st Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Art. U.S. Army Nam River Army citation
1st Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Art. U.S. Army Pakchon Army citation
1st Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Art. U.S. Army Wonju-Hwachon
2nd Infantry Division U.S. Army 1951 Korean War
1st Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment (United States) U.S. Army 1952 CHOKSONG Army citation
2nd Battalion, 7th Infantry U.S. Army 1952 KOWANG-NI Army citation
3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry U.S. Army 1952 SEGOK March 1952 Department of the Army General Order 33: The 3d Battalion (second award for Company L only), 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, and the following attached units :3d Platoon, Medical Company, 7th Infantry Regiment; 1st Platoon, Heavy Mortar Company, 7th Infantry Regiment (second award) ; 2d Platoon, Heavy Tank Company, 7th Infantry Regiment; 3d Platoon, Heavy Tank Company, 7th Infantry Regiment (second award) ; Liaison Section 244,Headquartcrs Battery, 39th Field Artillery Battalion; Forward Observer Sections 1, 2, and 3, Battery B, 89th Field Artillery Battalion, are cited for outstanding performance of duty and extraordinary heroism inaction against the enemy near Segok, Korea, during the period 30 June to 4 July 1951. On the evening of 30 June, the 3d Battalion and attached units commenced their assigned mission which was to attack and seize Hill 717, the commanding terrain feature of the Chorwon-Kumhwa-Pyonggang area. A previous attempt by a friendly battalion to secure this vital objective had been unsuccessful because of the numerical superiority of the enemy force. Advancing nearly 7,000 yards (6,400 m) over rugged and uncertain terrain in darkness, while continually under intense enemy small-arms, automatic-weapons, artillery, and mortar fire, the battalion and attached units moved up the precipitous slopes and pressed the attack with such aggressiveness, determination, and skill that the enemy was forced to abandon carefully prepared entrenchments. Throughout the night of1 July, the hostile force savagely counterattacked, attempting to dislodge the battalion and attached units from their precarious positions on the slopes of Hill 717. On the morning of 2 July, the battalion and attached units resumed their assault against the enemy's fortified hill positions. Even though they had suffered severely from the previous night's engagement, these gallant units, imbued with a steadfast determination, continued to advance against vast numbers of the enemy, inflicting staggering losses on the hostile force. In order to supplement its seriously depleted force, the enemy was forced to commit additional reserves to prevent the seizure of this important hill by the friendly forces. The battle continued to rage throughout the night of 2 July, with the enemy force hurling its entire might against the 3d Battalion and attached units, repeatedly charging down on the friendly forces in suicidal waves. In the face of tremendous odds, the valiant members of these units engaged the enemy in hand-to-hand combat with such magnificent tenacity and courage that their positions remained intact and the enemy was repulsed with heavy casualties. The fierce battle went on until, late in the afternoon of 3 July, the stubbornly resisting hostile force was routed from its strongly defended hilltop emplacements. After repulsing several enemy counterattacks during the night, the positions of the friendly units were consolidated on 4 July. Throughout this heroic engagement, more than 1,500 casualties were inflicted on the hostile troops. The 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, and attached units displayed such gallantry, determination, and esprit de corps in accomplishing their mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions as to set them apart and above other units participating in the action. The extraordinary heroism displayed by all members of these units reflects great credit on them selves and upholds the highest traditions of the military service. (General Orders 769, Headquarters, Eighth United States Army, Korea, 15 October 1951.)
"A" Company, 72nd Heavy Tank Battalion U.S. Army 22 April to 25 April 1951 Kapyong

United Nations Forces

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Australian Army 22 April to 25 April 1951 Kapyong
2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry Regiment Canadian Army 22 April to 25 April 1951 Kapyong
1st Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment British Army 23rd, 24th, and 25 April 1951 Battle of the Imjin River
Belgian United Nations Command Battalion Belgian Army 23rd, 24th, and 25 April 1951 Battle of the Imjin River Known as the EXPEDITIONARY CORPS OF BELGIAN AND LUXEMBOURG VOLUNTEERS FOR KOREA. Belgium’s Korea Volunteer Corps (Corps Volontaires Corea) comprised 900 Infantry troops. The 1st Belgium Battalion (1eme Bataillon Belge) arrived in December 1950 and was attached to the U.S. 3rd Infantry Division in January 1951. It was replaced by the 2nd Belgium Battalion (2eme Bataillon Belge) in Aug 1951, which remained in Korea until Jun 1955. A 44-man all volunteer infantry platoon from Grand Duchy of Luxembourg served with the Belgium troops until 1953.
Troop C. 170th Independent Mortar Battery, Royal Artillery British Army 23rd, 24th, and 25 April 1951 Battle of the Imjin River
Nederlands Detachement Verenigde Naties (Netherlands Detachment United Nations) Royal Netherlands Army February 1951 and May-June 1951 Wonju and Hoengson & the Soyang River Battle Designated a battalion of a newly formed regiment, known as the Regiment Van Heutsz.
2 Squadron SAAF South African Air Force November 1950 to December 1953 Korean War During the war the squadron flew a total of 12,067 sorties, most being dangerous ground attack missions, accounting for the loss of 34 pilots and 2 other ranks. 74 of the 94 P-51 Mustangs and 4 out of the 22 F-86 Sabres were lost.
Turkish Armed Forces Command (TAFC) Turkish Army 25–26 January 1951 Battle of Kumyangjang-Ni The Turkish Brigade, a member of the United Nations Forces in Korea was cited for exceptionally outstanding performance of duty in combat in the area of Kumyangjang-ni, Korea, from 25 to 27 January 1951.
Greek Expeditionary Force battalion (Royal Hellenic Battalion) Hellenic Army February 1952 & 17 June to 18 June 1953 The capture of Scotch Hill & the defense of Outpost Harry Known as the Sparta Battalion. 840 soldiers of the Royal Hellenic Battalion arrived in Korea on 9 December 1950. The battalion was assigned to the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division’s 7th Cavalry Regiment. Augmented by a second battalion shortly after the Korean War cease-fire, these units returned home in December 1955.
Greek Expeditionary Force Flight 13 Hellenic Air Force December 1950 Evacuation of US Marines at Hagaru-ri
Bataillon français de l'ONU (French Battalion of the United Nations Organization) French Army February 20, July 11 and August 9, 1951 Actions in Chipyong-Ni 39 officers, 172 non-commissioned officers and more than 800 enlisted personnel arrived at Pusan on 30 November. Equipped with US weapons and vehicles, it was attached to the 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd US Division with which it served until the end of hostilities. 3,421 French soldiers were served in Korea, of which 287 were KIA, 1,350 WIA, 7 MIA, and 12 POW.

Vietnam War

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
Company D 4th Battalion 12th Infantry, 199th Infantry Brigade and Attached Units: Medical Aid Detachment, Battalion Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 4th Battalion 12th Infantry; Forward Observer Team/Battery C, 2nd Battalion 40th Artillery and 1st Platoon, D Troop, 17th Armored Cavalry. U.S. Army 1969 May Offensive GENERAL ORDERS NO. 60 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON, DC, 17 OCTOBER 1969: (awarded to these units) who distinguished themselves by extraordinary heroism during the period 5 to 10 May 1968, while engaged in military operations against a hostile force in the Republic of Vietnam. Serving as a blocking element to deny hostile forces approach routes into Saigon and portions of Binh Chanh District, Company D and attached units repeatedly displayed outstanding acts of valor against superior forces in offensive, defensive, and ambush operations. During the period nine major contacts were made with elements of four North Vietnamese Army battalions and in each instance the enemy forces were routed from the battlefield by the aggressive action, teamwork, firepower, spirit, heroism, and outstanding tactics of the combined arms team. Maintaining pressure on the enemy forces to prevent their withdrawal, Company D dispersed and demoralized the units and prevented their reorganization, while killing 181 North Vietnamese Army soldiers and capturing ten prisoners of war, numerous weapons, equipment, and ammunition. Throughout the prolonged period of savage fighting the men of Company D by their relentless determination, undaunted courage and aggressive spirit performed countless acts of heroism as they defeated enemy forces with numerically superior automatic weapons, small arms, mortar and rocket fire. These actions significantly contributed to the overall defense of Saigon. The extraordinary heroism, devotion to duty, and determination of all personnel of Company D and attached units reflect great credit upon themselves, their units and the United States Army. Delta Company is also entitled to the Presidential Unit Citation (Army) Streamer embroidered SAIGON
4th Infantry Division U.S. Army 1966 Battle of Ducco and Jackson Hole Vietnam 1st Brigade only and Supporting Units, and second one, Oakleaf Cluster in October and into November 1967, Battle of Dakto the forward 4th Infantry Base Camp and SOG's, Special Forces Camp, and Battle of Kontum,and LZ Jackson Hole, Vietnam.
101st Airborne Division U.S. Army Battle of Dak To 1st Brigade only
101st Airborne Division U.S. Army Battle of Dong Ap Bia Mountain 3rd Brigade Only
11th Armored Cavalry Regiment U.S. Army Hau Nghia-Binh Duong Tet Offensive near Saigon, Hq. Troop (1st Sqdn.), Troops A,B,C and Company D only
VO-67 U.S. Navy 2007 Vietnam War For extraordinary heroism and outstanding performance of duty in action against enemy forces in the Republic of Vietnam from 15 November 1967 to 2 July 1968. Throughout this period, Observation Squadron SIXTY-SEVEN (VO-67), operating in the Republic of South Vietnam, successfully executed its primary mission of providing quick reaction, close air support, and combat logistics support for United States and Vietnamese military forces. In the face of extremely harsh climatic conditions at a remote operating base, while sustaining extensive operating damage and losses, the flight crews and ground support personnel of VO-67 carried out their highly important and extremely sensitive missions with outstanding skill and dedication. The Squadron flew countless missions implanting newly developed sensors to detect enemy movement. The support provided by VO-67 was instrumental in supplying real-time intelligence regarding the movement of North Vietnamese troops and supplies, which enabled U.S. Forces to prevent the total invasion of the U.S. Marine Combat Base at Khe Sanh during the Tet Offensive and contributed to saving countless lives. The squadron's operations were consistently characterized by prudent tactics while maintaining meticulous adherence to the rules of engagement, ensuring maximum deterrence of the enemy with minimum risk to friendly troops and civilians. VO-67' s successful initiation of this new mission provided a significant and vital contribution to the art of warfare. By their outstanding courage, resourcefulness, and aggressive fighting spirit in combat against a frequently well-equipped, well-trained, and often numerically superior enemy, the officers and enlisted personnel of Observation Squadron SIXTY-SEVEN reflected great credit upon themselves and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) U.S. Navy 1969 Vietnam War 9 Jan 1969: The Presidential Unit Citation, covering 23 Dec 1967–1 Jun 1968, was awarded to the U.S.S. Kitty Hawk and Carrier Air Wing Eleven (CVW-11) for their exceptional performance during the fierce fighting of the enemy’s Tet Offensive, in part noting that they “succeeded in inflicting extensive damage and destruction to sites and installations vital to the enemy’s operations.” ADM Hyland noted during the award ceremony: “The ship is recognized in professional circles as having been on Yankee Station during the toughest part of the war and against the most heavily defended area in the world.” Kitty Hawk launched 185 major strikes, 150 of them against northern North Vietnam, hitting the Hanoi and Haiphong areas 65 times. Due to fluid enemy tactics additional emphasis was placed upon “lucrative targets of a fleeting nature.”
MACV U.S. Army 1971 Tet Offensive Only Advisor/Liaison Personnel attached to the 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron, Army of the Republic of Vietnam from 1 January 1968 to 30 September 1968. (DAGO 1971-24)
MACV-SOG U.S. Army 2001 Vietnam War Special Forces Top Secret status required decades to declassify (Studies and Observations Group)
1st Battalion, 5th Infantry, Army U.S. Army 1969 Ben Cui 18 August 1968 to 20 September 1968
9th Marines U.S. Marine Corps Operation Dewey Canyon 2 January 1969 to 18 March 1969 Army PUC
26th Marines U.S. Marine Corps 20 January to 1 April 1968
1st Mobile Communications Group U.S. Air Force 1969 Vietnam War 1 January 1967 to 15 February 1968
D Company, 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Australian Army 1968 Battle of Long Tan 18 August 1966 - 19 August 1966
17 SOS U.S. Air Force 1969 Vietnam War 1–30 Jun 1969 Combat in Southeast Asia, 1 Jun 1969–30 Sep 1971.[14]
834th Air Division U.S. Air Force 1969 Battle for Khe Sahn 483rd Tactical Airlift Wing, 535th Tactical Airlift Squadron (C-7A Caribou) received the Navy Presidential Unit Citation and the Air Force Presidential Unit Citation for airlift support of Khe Sanh and other forward bases from January to May 1968.
834th Air Division U.S. Air Force 1971 Battle for Dak Seang 483rd Tactical Airlift Wing, 535th Tactical Airlift Squadron (C-7A Caribou) received the Air Force Presidential Unit Citation, Special Order GB-613 dated 3 September 1971, for extraordinary gallantry from 1 April 1970 to 30 June 1970 for participation in aerial resupply of the besieged Special Forces Camp at Deak Seang. Nearly all C-7A Caribou's sustained battle damage during this time. Six, 6, C-7A Caribou's and fifteen, 15, airmen were lost during this time due to extreme enemy fire. This amounts to almost one-half of C-7A Caribou losses since the U.S. Air Force took over the C-7A Caribou mission from the U.S. Army in 1967. The primary mission for C-7A Caribou's was to support Special Forces and Special Operations Group missions and bases located throughout South Viet Nam, Cambodia, and Laos.
3rd Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 8 Mar 65-15 Sep 67 Vietnam
1st Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 29 Mar 65-15 Sep 67 Vietnam
1st Marine Aircraft Wing U.S. Marine Corps 11 May 65-15 Sep 67 Vietnam
5th Marine Regiment U.S. Marine Corps 25 Apr-5 Jun 67 Vietnam
1st Marine Regiment U.S. Marine Corps 31 Jan-2 Mar 68 Vietnam
1st Marine Division U.S. Marine Corps 16 Sep 67-31 Oct 68 Vietnam
1st Marine Regiment U.S. Marine Corps 20 Nov-31 Dec 68 Vietnam
CAP Program, III MAF U.S. Marine Corps 1 Jan-31 Dec 68 Vietnam
MAC "V" U.S. Marine Corps 24 Jan 64-30 Apr 72 Army PUC Vietnam
Operation Sealords Various units 1968–1972 Vietnam
Operation Swift raiders Various units 6 Dec 1968-31 Mar 1969 Vietnam

Operation Iraqi Freedom

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
1st Armored Division U.S. Army 2004 Operation Iraqi Freedom Army Citation
3rd Infantry Division U.S. Army 2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom Army Citation
I Marine Expeditionary Force U.S. Marine Corps 21Mar-24Apr2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom Navy Citation
First Naval Construction Division - 1st Marine Expeditionary Force (I MEF - Engineer Group (I MEG) U.S. Navy 2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom Navy Citation, for 31 March to 24 April 2003 [3]
NSW Task Group-Central, NSW Squadron 3, and NSW Unit 3 U.S. Navy 2006 Operation Iraqi Freedom Navy Citation [4]
814th Bridge Company - Attached to 3rd ID U.S. Army 2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom Army Citation
478th Combat Engineer Battalion - Attached to 1st MEF(1st MEG) U.S. Army 2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom Army Confirmed Navy Citation

[5] [6]

Cold War

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
USS Parche (SSN-683) US Navy various Operation Ivy Bells Navy Citations; awarded nine PUC, the most for any unit in the history of the U.S. Navy. [7]
USS Halibut (SSN-587) US Navy 1972 Operation Ivy Bells Navy Citation. [8][9]
USS Halibut (SSN-587) US Navy 1968 Operation Sand Dollar Navy Citation for search mission to locate the sunken Soviet ballistic missile submarine K-129 (Project Jennifer). [10]
USS Triton (SSRN-586) US Navy 1960 Operation Sandblast Navy Citation for the first submerged circumnavigation made during its shakedown cruise, for 16 February 1960 to 10 May 1960; second peacetime PUC awarded to a unit of the U.S. Navy.[11]
USS Nautilus (SSN-571) US Navy 1958 Operation Sunshine Navy Citation for the first submerged voyage under the North Pole, for 22 July 1958 to 5 August 1958; first peacetime PUC awarded to a unit of the U.S. Navy.[12]

Other actions

Unit Service Year awarded Campaign or battle Other notes
US Coast Guard US Coast Guard 2006 Hurricane Katrina Entire Coast Guard (including auxiliary and civilians) no Navy or Marine Corps personnel included

Non-U.S. recipients

World War II

Two units of the Free French Forces were awarded Presidential Unit Citations during the Second World War. The first was the 2nd Armored Division, which received the award after the liberation of Strasbourg; the second was the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment, which received it in 1946 with the inscription 'Rhine-Bavarian Alps'.

The 1st Fighter Group of the Força Aérea Brasileira (the Brazilian Air Force) received the award on 22 April 1986 for its bravery during the Italian Campaign in World War II.

Korean War

The 1st Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment and Troop C, 170th Independent Mortar Battery of the British Army were both awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for their defence of a hill whilst surrounded during the Battle of the Imjin River. The 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry and 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment were awarded the citation for their actions during the Battle of Kapyong, shortly afterwards.

One Belgian unit, Belgian-Luxemburgian Battalion (now the 3rd Parachute Regiment,) was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation once for actions during the Battle of the Imjin River.

One Dutch unit, the Netherlands Detachment United Nations, part of the Regiment Van Heutsz, was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation twice for actions during the Korean War. The first citation was awarded after the battle near Wonju and Hoengson in February 1951. The unit was awarded a second time for its bravery during the Soyang River Battle in May-June 1951.

One South African unit, the 2 Squadron SAAF was also awarded this honour, presented in August, 1956.

President Harry Truman signed a Distinguished Unit Citation (now the Presidential Unit Citation) on July 11, 1951, for the Turkish Brigade's acts of heroism. It reads: "The Turkish Brigade, a member of the United Nations Forces in Korea is cited for exceptionally outstanding performance of duty in combat in the area of Kumyangjang-ni, Korea, from 25 to 27 January 1951."

The Greek Expeditionary Force, Sparta Battalion, was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for their actions in the defense of Outpost Harry while vastly outnumbered by Chinese forces, June 18, 1953.

The French battalion of the UN forces in Korea, attached to the 23rd Infantry Regiment, US 2nd Infantry Division ("Indian Head"), received 3 Distinguished Unit Citations in 1951 : on February 20, July 11 (actions in Chipyong-Ni) and August 9 (as part of the 2nd Infantry Division).

Vietnam War

A Presidential Unit Citation was awarded to D Company, 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, on 28 May 1968, for the unit's actions at Long Tan, South Vietnam.

In 1977 the Presidential Unit Citation 1st Class was presented to New Zealand's 161 Battery in 1977 for service during the Vietnam War in 1965-66.[15][16]

In 1971 the Presidential Unit Citation was awarded to the 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron Army of the Republic of Vietnam and attached U.S. Advisor/Liaison Personnel for extraordinary heroism during the period 1 January 1968 to 30 September 1968 in actions in Pleiku and Binh Dinh Provinces. (DA General Order No. 24, 27 April 1971.)

In 1966 the Presidential Unit Citation was awarded to the 514th Tactical Fighter Squadron of the Republic of Vietnam Air Force for extraordinary heroism and outstanding performance of duty in combat against an armed enemy of the Republic of Vietnam throughout the period 1 January 1964 to 28 February 1965.

Operation Enduring Freedom

On December 7, 2004, the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force-South, known as Task Force K-BAR, a special collection of U.S. and international special forces units, was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. This award, for service between 17 October 2001 and 30 March 2002, was very unusual in that it was made to multiple international units fighting in the War in Afghanistan.[17]

The following units were recognized:

In the Presidential Unit Citation for Task Force K-BAR, Major General W. Semianiw, Chief Military Personnel For the Chief of the Defense Staff, stated:

Operating first from Oman and then from forward locations throughout the southern and eastern regions of Afghanistan, successfully executed its primary mission to conduct special operations in support of the United States’ efforts to destroy, degrade, and neutralize the Taliban and Al-Qaeda leadership and military. During its six-month existence, this Task Force was the driving force behind extremely high-risk missions and unconventional warfare operations in Afghanistan. The sailors, soldiers, airmen, marines and coalition partners of CJSOTF-South established benchmark standards of professionalism, tenacity, courage, tactical brilliance, and operational excellence while demonstrating superb esprit de corps and maintaining the highest measures of combat readiness. By their outstanding courage, resourcefulness and aggressive fighting spirit in combat against a well-equipped, well-trained, and treacherous terrorist enemy, the officers and enlisted personnel of CJSOTF-South/Task-Force K-BAR reflected great credit upon themselves and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Armed Forces.[18]

On 8 February 2005, the personnel from Norway's army special forces Forsvarets spesialkommando / Hærens Jegerkommando and the navy special forces the Marinejegerkommandoen was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Presidential Unit Citation for their actions in Afghanistan as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. The American ambassador, on behalf of President George W. Bush, presented the awards in a private ceremony in Oslo.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "The Institute of Heraldry, Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army". http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/PRESIDENTIAL%20UNIT%20CITATION%201.html. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  2. ^ AMTRAC.ORG - Navy Presidential Unit Citation Page, http://www.amtrac.org/1atbn/Commendations/description/PUC.asp 
  3. ^ Citation—Presidential Unit Citation for making the first submerged circumnavigation of the world, http://garrygray.tripod.com/presidential_unit_citation.htm 
  4. ^ Navy News article reprint "USS Parche Dedicates Sail to Museum" by PO2 Maebel Tinoko, August 29, 2007, http://www.military.com/features/0,15240,147559,00.html?ESRC=navy.nl 
  5. ^ Blakeley, Herbert W., Major General, Retired (6 May 1943), The 32d Infantry Division in World War II (General Orders Number 21, War Department), p. 130, 131, http://colonel.howe.home.att.net/ozagain.htm, retrieved 2008-11-14 
  6. ^ "The 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment". http://www.ww2-airborne.us/units/504/504_citations.html. Retrieved 2009-09-11. 
  7. ^ Sredl, K editor: "Defenders of Liberty", page 213. Turner Publishing Co., 1996
  8. ^ http://www.7thfighter.com/21stfg/index.htm
  9. ^ a b Davis, Coffin and Woodward, ed (1948). "Introduction". The 56th Fighter Group in World War II. Infantry Journal, Inc.. , xvi.
  10. ^ ">Danny Morris (1972). Aces & Wingmen. Neville Spearman Ltd., London. ISBN 85435 241 4. ,144-148.
  11. ^ Air Force Combat Units of World War II By United States USAF Historical Division, Maurer Maurer, James Gilbert
  12. ^ Dictionary of American Fighting Ships, Department of the Navy
  13. ^ James Forrestal, Sec of the Navy, for the President. Presidential Unit Citation
  14. ^ "History of the 17th Special Operations Squadron in SEA". http://airwarvietnam.com/17sos.htm. 
  15. ^ 161 Bty in Vietnam
  16. ^ SAS soldiers awarded rare presidential honour - 24 May 2007 - War news - NZ Herald
  17. ^ "Enduring Freedom Task Force Earns Presidential Unit Citation". http://www.news.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=16216. 
  18. ^ Major General W. Semianiw, Chief Military Personnel, for the Chief of the Defence Staff. "Department of National Defence, Canadian Forces". http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p1/2008/2008-08-02/html/notice-avis-eng.html. 

References

External links


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