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Pretoria
View from the Union Buildings.

Flag

Seal
Motto: Præstantia Prævaleat Prætoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence)
Pretoria is located in South Africa
Location of Pretoria
Coordinates (City Hall): 25°45′12″S 28°11′13″E / 25.75333°S 28.18694°E / -25.75333; 28.18694Coordinates: 25°45′12″S 28°11′13″E / 25.75333°S 28.18694°E / -25.75333; 28.18694
Country  South Africa
Province Gauteng
Metropolitan municipality City of Tshwane
Established 1855
Area
 - Total 1,644 km2 (634.8 sq mi)
Elevation 1,271 m (4,170 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 2,345,908
 Density 856/km2 (2,217/sq mi)
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 012
The Union Buildings, seat of South Africa's government.

Pretoria is a city located in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the executive (administrative) and de facto national capital; the others are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Bloemfontein, the judicial capital.

Pretoria is contained in the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality as one of several constituent former administrations (among which also Centurion and Soshanguve). Pretoria itself is sometimes referred to as Tshwane a controversial proposed name change, the status of which is still being decided as of 2010.

The city's original name was Pretoria Philadelphia ("Pretoria of brotherly love").[1] It gave its name to the Pax Praetoriana, referring to the country's relative stability.

Contents

History

The Southern Transvaal Ndebele occupied the river valley, which was to become the location of the city of Pretoria, by around 1600.[2]

During the difaqane in Natal, another band of refugees arrived in this area under the leadership of Mzilikazi. However, they were forced to abandon their villages in their flight from a regiment of Zulu raiders in 1832.

Statue of Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (November 27, 1798 – 23 July 1853) in Pretoria

Pretoria itself was founded in 1855 by Marthinus Pretorius, a leader of the Voortrekkers, who named it after his father Andries Pretorius. The elder Pretorius had become a national hero of the Voortrekkers after his victory over the Zulus in the Battle of Blood River. Andries Pretorius also negotiated the Sand River Convention (1852), in which Britain acknowledged the independence of the Transvaal. It became the capital of the South African Republic (ZAR) on 1 May 1860. The founding of Pretoria as the capital of the South African Republic can be seen as marking the end of the Boers' settlement movements of the Great Trek.

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Boer Wars

During the First Boer War, the city was besieged by Republican forces in December 1880 and March 1881. The peace treaty which ended the war was signed in Pretoria on 3 August 1881 at the Pretoria Convention.

The Second Boer War (1899 to 1902) resulted in the end of the Republic of Transvaal and start of British hegemony in South Africa. During the war, Winston Churchill was imprisoned in the Staats Model School in Pretoria but escaped to Mozambique. The city surrendered to British forces under Frederick Roberts on 5 June 1900 and the conflict was ended in Pretoria with the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging on 31 May 1902.

A number of forts were built for the defence of the city just prior to the Second Boer War, though some are today in ruins, a number of them have been preserved as national monuments.

Union of South Africa

The Boer Republics of the ZAR and the Orange Free State were united with the Cape Colony and Natal Colony in 1910 to become the Union of South Africa. Pretoria then became the administrative capital of the whole of South Africa, with Cape Town the legislative capital. Between 1860 and 1994, the city was also the capital of the province of Transvaal, superseding Potchefstroom in that role.

On 14 October 1931, Pretoria achieved official city status. When South Africa became a republic in 1961, Pretoria remained its administrative capital.

Post Apartheid

After the creation of new municipal structures across South Africa in 2000, the name Tshwane was adopted for the Metropolitan Municipality that includes Pretoria and surrounding towns.

Pretoria previously had a rather sinister image as "the capital of Apartheid South Africa". However, Pretoria's political reputation was changed with the inauguration of Nelson Mandela as the country's first non-apartheid President at the Union Buildings close to Pretoria CBD.

Beginning in 2005, portions of the African National Congress wished to change the name of the city to match the name of the Tshwane municipality, however this met with stiff opposition, particularly from Afrikaner civil rights groups and political parties.

In 1994 Peter Holmes Maluleka was elected as transitional mayor of Pretoria, until the first democratic election held later that year, making him the first black mayor of this capital of South Africa. Maluleka later became the chairman of the Greater Pretoria Metropolitan City Council (later City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality), then was elected Speaker of the Tshwane Metro Council and in 2004 was chosen to be a member of the South African Parliament for the Soshanguve constituency.

(All of this section needs to be cited)

Geography

Satellite image of Pretoria.

Pretoria is situated approximately 50 km (30 miles) north of Johannesburg in the north-east of South Africa, in a transitional belt between the plateau of the Highveld to the south and the lower-lying Bushveld to the north. It lies at an altitude of about 1,350 m (4,500 ft) above sea level, in a warm, sheltered, fertile valley, surrounded by the hills of the Magaliesberg range.

Climate

Pretoria
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
136
 
29
18
 
 
75
 
28
17
 
 
82
 
27
16
 
 
51
 
24
12
 
 
13
 
22
8
 
 
7
 
19
5
 
 
3
 
20
5
 
 
6
 
22
8
 
 
22
 
26
12
 
 
71
 
27
14
 
 
98
 
27
16
 
 
110
 
28
17
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: SAWS[3]

The city has a moderately dry subtropical climate, specifically a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cwa), with long hot and rainy summers and short cool and dry winters. The average annual temperature is 18.7 °C (65.7 °F).[4] This is rather high considering its relatively high altitude of about 1350 metres and is due mainly to its sheltered valley position, which acts as a heat trap and cuts it off from cool southerly and south-easterly air masses for much of the year. Rain falls mainly in the summer months, with drought conditions prevailing over the winter months, when frosts may be sharp. Snowfall is an extremely rare event, occurring once or twice in a century.

Climate data for Pretoria
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36
(97)
36
(97)
35
(95)
33
(91)
29
(84)
25
(77)
26
(79)
31
(88)
34
(93)
36
(97)
36
(97)
35
(95)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
24
(75)
22
(72)
19
(66)
20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
25
(77)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
17
(63)
16
(61)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
5
(41)
8
(46)
12
(54)
14
(57)
16
(61)
17
(63)
12
(54)
Record low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
6
(43)
3
(37)
-1
(30)
-6
(21)
-4
(25)
-1
(30)
2
(36)
4
(39)
7
(45)
7
(45)
-6
(21)
Precipitation mm (inches) 136
(5.35)
75
(2.95)
82
(3.23)
51
(2.01)
13
(0.51)
7
(0.28)
3
(0.12)
6
(0.24)
22
(0.87)
71
(2.8)
98
(3.86)
110
(4.33)
674
(26.54)
Avg. precipitation days 14 11 10 7 3 1 1 2 3 9 12 15 87
Source: South African Weather Service[3] 6 March 2010

CBD

Pretoria CBD, April 2006, from Lukasrand (Muckleneuk Hill), to the SE of the CBD.

The Central Business District (CBD) of Pretoria has been the traditional centre of government and commerce, although today many corporate offices, small businesses, shops and government departments are situated in the sprawling suburbs of the city rather than the CBD.

Demographics

Population density in Pretoria
     <1 /km²      1–3 /km²      3–10 /km²      10–30 /km²      30–100 /km²      100–300 /km²      300–1000 /km²      1000–3000 /km²      >3000 /km²
Geographical distribution of home languages in Pretoria
     Afrikaans      English      Ndebele      Zulu      Northern Sotho      Tswana      Tsonga      None dominant

The city has a population of approximately one million. The main languages spoken in Pretoria are Pedi, Afrikaans, Tswana, Tsonga, Zulu and English. Ndebele and Sotho are also widely spoken. The whole Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality had a population of 1,985,997 at the 2001 census.

Language Population %
Pedi 500 732 27.14%
Afrikaans 422,866 21.29%
Tswana 339,719 17.11%
Tsonga 198,441 9.99%
Zulu 151,200 7.61%
English 129,923 6.54%
Ndebele 98,077 4.94%
Sotho 78,435 3.95%
Swati 37,963 1.91%
Xhosa 37,957 1.91%
Venda 35,242 1.77%
Other 16 425 0.83%

Cityscape

Architecture

Media related to Buildings in Pretoria at Wikimedia Commons

The Union Buildings

Pretoria has over the years had very diverse cultural influences and this is reflected in the architectural styles that can be found in the city. It ranges from British Colonial Architecture to Art Deco with a good mix of uniquely South African style mixed in.

Some of the notable structures in Pretoria include the Union Buildings, Voortrekker Monument, the main campus of the University of South Africa, Mahlamba Ndlopfu (the President's House), Reserve Bank of South Africa (Office Tower) and the Telkom Lukas Rand Transmission Tower. Other known structures and buildings include the Loftus Versfeld Stadium, The South African State Theatre, University of Pretoria, and Head Quarters of the Department of International Relations and Co-Operation (modern architecture).

Parks and gardens

National Botanical Gardens in Pretoria

Pretoria is home to the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa as well as the Pretoria National Botanical Garden, one of the National Botanical Gardens in South Africa.[5] There are also a number of smaller parks and gardens located throughout the city, including the Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary.

Transport

Streetsigns in Pretoria

Railway

Transnet operates commuter and main line trains from Pretoria Station. Extensive changes are in progress at this station as work in being done to accommodate the new Gautrain station below the lines and platforms of the existing station.[6]

Pretoria Station is a departure point for the Blue Train.

Rovos Rail[7], a luxury mainline train safari service operated from the colonial-style railway station at Capital Park.[8]

The South African Friends of the Rail have recently moved their vintage train trip operations from the Capital Park station to the Hercules station.[9]

Buses

Road

The N1 is the major freeway that runs through Pretoria. The N1 Eastern Bypass bisects the large expanse of the eastern suburbs, routing traffic from Johannesburg to Polokwane and the north of the country. The N4 Platinum Highway forms the Northern Bypass and routes traffic from Witbank to Rustenburg. The N4 runs east-west through South Africa, connecting Maputo to Gaborone. Other major freeways include the N14 which links Pretoria with Johannesburg's West Rand, and the R21 which links the city with OR Tambo International Airport.

Airports

Pretoria is served by the OR Tambo International Airport, situated to the north-east of Johannesburg and some 55 km (34 mi) from Pretoria city centre. Wonderboom Airport in the suburb of Wonderboom in the north of Pretoria services light commercial and private aircraft. There are two military air bases to the south of the city (Swartkop and Waterkloof).

Society and culture

Media

Since Pretoria forms part the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, most radio, television and paper media is the same as what can be found in the rest of the metro area.

Museums

Music

A number of popular South African bands and musicians are originally from Pretoria. These include Zebra & Giraffe, Desmond and the Tutus, Seether popular mostwako rapper JR and DJ Mujava who was raised in the town of Attridgeville.

The song Marching to Pretoria refers to this city.

Sport

One of the most popular sports in Pretoria is rugby union. Loftus Versfeld is home to the Blue Bulls who compete in the domestic Currie Cup, the Bulls who compete in the international Super 14 competition (Winners of the Super 14 in 2007 and 2009) and to soccer side Mamelodi Sundowns . Pretoria also hosted matches during the 1995 Rugby World Cup. Loftus Versfeld will be used for matches of the 2010 Soccer World Cup.There are two soccer teams in the city campaigning in the Premier Soccer League. They are Sundowns and Supersport United. Supersport United are the reigning PSL Champions. Cricket is also popular.

Stadiums

Commerce and Industry

As the national administrative (executive) capital of South Africa, Pretoria is the seat of government and houses the headquarters of the main government departments and ministries. As the de facto capital city, it also hosts the foreign embassies and diplomatic missions. The city is a major commercial centre and an important industrial centre. Its main industries are iron and steel works, copper casting, and the manufacture of automobiles, railway carriages and heavy machinery.

Education

Tertiary education

The front part of the Theo van Wyk Building on the Main Campus of UNISA.
University of Pretoria's Old Arts Building

Pretoria is one of South Africa's leading academic cities, and it is home to the largest residential university in the country (the University of Pretoria),[10] the Tshwane University of Technology and the largest distance education university (the University of South Africa, more commonly known by its acronym, UNISA). The South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is also located in this city.

Secondary education

  • Hoërskool f.h Odenaal

Change of name

On 26 May 2005 the South African Geographical Names Council (SAGNC), which is linked to the Directorate of Heritage in the Department of Arts and Culture, approved changing the name of Pretoria to Tshwane, which is already the name of the Metropolitan Municipality[11] in which Pretoria, and a number of surrounding towns are located. Although the name change was approved by the SAGNC, it has not yet been approved by the Minister of Arts and Culture. The matter is currently under consideration while he has requested further research on the matter. Should the Minister approve the name change, the name will be published in the Government Gazette, giving the public opportunity to comment on the matter. The Minister can then refer the public response back to the SAGNC, before presenting his recommendation before parliament, who will vote on the change. Various public interest groups have warned that the name change will be challenged in court, should the minister approve the renaming. The long process involved made it unlikely the name would change anytime soon, if ever, even assuming the Minister had approved the change in early 2006.

The Tshwane Metro Council has advertised Tshwane as "Africa's leading capital city" since the name change was approved by the SAGNC in 2005. This has led to further controversy, however, as the name of the city had not yet been changed officially, and the council was, at best, acting prematurely. Following a complaint lodged with the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA), it was ruled that such advertisements are deliberately misleading and should be withdrawn from all media.[12] Despite the rulings of the ASA, Tshwane Metro Council failed to discontinue their "City of Tshwane" advertisements. As a result, the ASA requested that Tshwane Metro pay for advertisements in which it admits that it has misled the public. Refusing to abide by the ASA's request, the Metro Council was banned consequently from placing any advertisements in the South African media that refer to Tshwane as the capital. ASA may still place additional sanctions on the Metro Council that would prevent it from placing any advertisements in the South African media, including council notices and employment vacancies.[13][14]

After the ruling, the Metro Council continued to place Tshwane advertisements, but placed them on council-owned advertising boards and busstops throughout the municipal area. In August 2007, an internal memo was leaked to the media in which the Tshwane mayor sought advice from the premier of Gauteng on whether the municipality could be called the "City of Tshwane" instead of just "Tshwane".[15] This could increase confusion about the distinction between the city of Pretoria and the municipality of Tshwane.

In early 2010 it was again rumoured that the South African government would make a decision regarding the name, however, a media briefing regarding name changes, where it may have been discussed, was cancelled shortly before tahttp://www.timeslive.co.za/local/article354858.eceking place [1]. Rumours of the name change provoked outrage from Afrikaner civil rights and political groups [2]. It later emerged that the registration of the municipality as a geographic place had been published in the government gazette as it had been too late to withdraw the name from the publication [3], but it was announced that the name had been withdrawn, pending "further work" by officials [4][5]. The following week, the registration of "Tshwane" was officially withdrawn in the Government Gazette [6][7]. In March 2010, the "Tshwane Royal House Committee", claiming to be descendents of Chief Tshwane, called for the name to be changed, and for the descendents of Chief Tshwane to be recognised, and to be made part of the administration of the municipality[8].

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Pretoria is twinned with:

Shopping Malls

  • Atterbury Boulevard
  • Atterbury Value Mart
  • Brooklyn Mall*
  • Brooklyn Design Square
  • Centurion Mall (upon Hennops River)*
  • Hatfield Plaza*
  • Irene Village Mall*
  • Kolonnade Centre*
  • Mall @ Reds*
  • Menlyn Retail Park
  • Menlyn Park*
  • Parkview Centre
  • Sammy Marks Shopping Centre
  • Sancardia Shopping Centre
  • Sterland Mall*
  • The Grove Shopping Centre*
  • Woodlands Boulevard*
  • Wonderboom Junction Shopping Centre

Please note: The malls with and asterix are malls with at least a 4-screen cinema complex. Menlyn Retail Park is currently the only shopping mall with an "Imax Theatre" and Kolonnade Centre is the only mall in the city with a public ice-skating rink.

Places of interest

Nature Reserves

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Pretoria Skyline
Pretoria Skyline

Pretoria, the administrative capital of South Africa, is in Gauteng.

Understand

History

The area known today as Tshwane Metro Council, with Pretoria (City) at its centre, was occupied by the Sotho people for many centuries. During the 15th century the Ndebele people also migrated into the area and settled along the banks of what is today called the Apies River. Around 1820 the Matabele under the leadership of Mzilikaza also entered the region, leading to local conflicts between the Matabele newcomers and the already established Sotho and Ndebele tribes as well as the European Voortrekkers who were steadily moving northward through the country. These conflicts came to an end when the Matabele were defeated by the Voortrekkers in 1837 at Mosega.

By 1855 there was no known tribe in what is known as Pretoria area today. Only nomadic groups passed through this area, with a leader/person Tshwane (so it is alleged) one of the them. Pretoria was founded in 1855. Initially the capital of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek was Ohrigstad, but Pretoria became the capital of the then ZAR. Later on Pretoria became the capital of the Transvaal province (old ZAR) after the Anglo-Boer War. The city was named after Andries Pretorius, the boer leader at the Battle of Blood River where the Voortrekkers defeated the Zulus under King Dingaan. In 1856 the area today know as Arcadia was acquired in exchange for a pony and added to the town.

In 1899, during the Anglo-Boer War, Winston Churchill was captured and held as a POW in Pretoria until his eventual escape to Mozambique. British forces captured Pretoria in 1900 and held control over the city until the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging treaty in 1902.

When the Union of South Africa was established in 1910, Pretoria was elected the capital and is still the administrative capital of the Republic of South Africa today.

Climate

Pretoria is located in a summer rainfall area with hot days regularly followed by short and intense afternoon thunderstorms. The thunderstorms are often accompanied by lightning and occasionally result in hail. Summer temperatures range between 16°C at night to 30°C during the day. Winters are mild and dry with temperatures averaging between a minimum of 5°C and a maximum of 20°C.

By car

Five highways join in the Gauteng region, making it accessible from all cities in the country. This would include the N1, N3, N4, N12 and N14 national highways.

By air

The closest international airport is OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg. The Albertina Sisulu Highway or R21 leads from there to Pretoria. Airport shuttles are available on the airport or can be pre-booked:

  • JIATA Taxi Assosiation, P O box 1899 Kempton Park South Africa 1620, +27 (0)11 390 1857, [1]. Johannesburg based company. Will get you from point A to point B.  edit
  • Ants Events and Tours, +27 (0)82 557 9604, [3]. Very reliable and friendly. Contact +27 (0)12 346 2400 or e-mail: info@antsevents.com  edit

By bus

Major bus companies like Greyhound, Translux, Intercape Mainliner and the BazBus offer connections to all big cities in South Africa.

By train

The train station is on the corner of Andries and Railway streets, just south of the city centre.

There are frequent commuter trains to Johannesburg, other outlying towns and many suburbs of Pretoria. Metrorail is unreliable and notoriously unsafe, and is best avoided but the long distance Shosholoza meyl trains are safe and a very comfortable way to travel between cites, don't use if in a hurry.

The Shosholoza meyl service runs to Johannesburg (south), Polokwane, Musina (north), Witbank, Nelspruit and the Mozambique border (east).

A high-speed rail link [4] is being constructed between Pretoria, Johannesburg and OR Tambo International Airport, east of Johannesburg. It should be at least partially complete by 2010, in time for the World Cup.

Get around

Either use a taxi, rent a car, use the municipal bus service or, if you really must, use the minibus taxis. Walking after dark is definitely not recommended.

  • Rixi Taxi, +27 (0)12 362-6262. Safe and professional taxi service. Not the cheapest means of getting around.  edit
  • Municipal bus routes and timetables, [7]. Not extensive coverage or very regular, but is fairly reliable. -Main office at church square. Get time table there. Busstops have manytimes lousy indication of bus, direction. So ask or wait. Bus frequency is during rush hours best. Very old fashioned but good for nostalgists. About R15 from City to suburbs.  edit
Union Buildings
Union Buildings
  • Botanical Gardens, +27 (0)12 843-5194 (), [8]. Open 8AM to 6PM daily. R15 entrance fee (R18 on special event days).  edit
  • National Zoological Gardens (The Zoo), 232 Boom Street (Near the city center), +27 (0)12 328-3265 (). Aquarium, reptile park and all the larger mammals. One can also camp within the zoo on Friday and Saturday nights. R10 for secure parking plus R36 entrance fee. For those not inclined to walk, golf carts are available at R80 per hour.  edit
  • The Union Buildings, 2 Church Street, +27 (0)12 323-5649. The location of the South African presidency with beautiful gardens. Building designed by sir Herbert Baker.  edit
  • The Wonderboom (Wonder tree), Wonderboom Nature Reserve, [9]. A fig tree over 1000 years old  edit
Voortrekker Monument
Voortrekker Monument
Freedom Park
Freedom Park
  • Correctional Services Museum, +27 (0)12 314-1766, [10]. Open 9AM to 3PM Monday to Friday.  edit
  • Melrose House Museum, 275 Jacob Maré Street, +27 (0)12 322-2805 (). Where the peace treaty that ended the Anglo-Boer War as signed in 1902.  edit
  • National Cultural History Museum, 149 Visagie Street, +27 (0)11 324-6082, [11]. Learn about the people and the cultures of South Africa, from the Iron age till today. (Wheelchair friendly).  edit
  • Pioneer Museum, +27 (0)12 803-6086 (), [12]. Open 9AM to 4PM daily. An old pioneer house R7 entrance fee.  edit
  • Sammy Marks Museum, Zwartkoppies, +27 (0)12 802-1150, [13].  edit
  • Transvaal Museum, Paul Kruger Street, +27 (0)12 322-7632, [14]. Where you can meet Mrs. Pless [15] when she is not on tour somewhere.  edit
  • Voortrekker Monument and Fort Scanskop, Eeufees Road, Groenkloof (On Proclamation Hill, big cubic building, to the south west of the city, you can't miss it), +27 (0)12 326-6770, [16]. R32 per person (plus R15 per car).  edit
  • Freedom Park, Salvokop of Potgieter Street (Located on a hill across from the Voortrekker Monument), +27 (0)12 470-7400 (, fax: +27 (0)12 361-0021), [17].  edit
  • Willem Prinsloo Agricultural Museum, +27 (0)12 736-2035 (), [18].  edit
  • Kruger House Museum, 60 Church Str, +27 (0)12 326-9172 (fax: +27 (0)12 328-5173).  edit
JO-ANNA, Restored and operated by Friends of the Rail
JO-ANNA, Restored and operated by Friends of the Rail
  • Friends of the Rail, +27 (0)12 548-4090, [19]. Take a step back in time and circle Pretoria on a steam train or visit Cullinan, birth place of the worlds largest diamond.  edit
  • State Theatre, cnr Pretorius and Prinsloo Streets, [20]. Book via Computicket [21]  edit
  • Groenkloof Nature Reserve, Fountains Valley Resort, +27 (0)12 440-8316 (), [22]. 5:30AM to 7PM in summer and 7AM to 8PM in winter. Walk, mountainbike, go on a 4x4 drive or stay over in the second oldest nature reserve in the world. See giraffe, antelope and many other animals. R15 entrance fee, R35 (with R300 refundable deposit) for an overnight hut (sleeps 12), R50 per day for mountainbike hire, R100 for guided walks, R40 for access to the 4x4 trail (R250 if you get stuck and call for a recovery vehicle).  edit
  • Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary, cnr Boshoff and Roper, +27 (0)12 440-8316 (), [23]. Open 7AM to 5PM (6PM in summer). Free entrance.  edit
  • Wonderboom Nature Reserve, +27 (0)12 341-0591, [24]. Open 7AM to 6PM, entrance until 4PM. Not much wildlife, some Dassies at most. A very old fig tree.  edit
University of South Africa.
University of South Africa.
  • University of Pretoria, +27 (0)12 420-3111 (), [25]. Also known as Tukkies, or Tuks locally.  edit
  • University of South Africa (UNISA), Preller Street, Muckleneuk, Pretoria, +27 (0)11 670-9000 (, fax: +27 (0)11 471-2987), [26]. Located in Pretoria, this university offers distance learning courses.  edit
  • Tshwane University of Technology, Staatsartillerie Road, +27 (0)12 382-5911 (), [27].  edit
  • Menlyn Park, [28]. Located in the East. A large mall, it includes a roof top drive-in theater.  edit
  • Brooklyn Mall, [29]. Just East of the city center with its art galleries and movie theaters for both mainstream and independent films.  edit
  • Kolonnade, [30]. In the North with its ice rink and other entertainment.  edit
  • Centurion Mall, [31]. South of Pretoria, in Centurion.  edit
  • Wonderpark, [32]. In the North just as you get onto Brits road off the Mabopani highway, Skatepark and 100's of stores.  edit
  • Irene village mall, [33]. South of Pretoria. Like a village, with roofed passages. Including a nice childrenfriendly Hitec-Fountain  edit
  • German bakery and Alma german butchery. East of Pretoria, Offramp Russeau, then turn north, after 200 m.Closed Mondays. Also serves Coffee  edit

There are also many smaller, local shopping centers usually with one of the larger chain stores as an anchor.

This guide uses the following price ranges for a typical meal for one, including soft drink:
Budget Under R60
Mid-range R60 to R120
Splurge Over R120

The renowned restaurants include Cynthia's, The Hillside Tavern and Pachas. There are also many franchised diners throughout the city.

  • Centurion Mall Express Sandwich Baron (annemarie@sandwichbaron.com), Shop 30A, Cnr Hendrik Verwoerd and Embankment, Centurion Mall, Centurion, 012-643-1144, [34]. Sandwich Baron produces freshly made platters and sandwiches and holds no ready-made products in stock. Also has a catering service.  edit
  • Smoke, Groenkloof Plaza,Goerge Storrar Road, Groenkloof, +27 (0)12 346-0916.  edit
  • Cynthia's Indigo Moon Restaurant, 283 Dey Street, Nieuwmuckleneuk, Brooklyn, +27 (0)12 346-8926. Around R170 per person.  edit
  • La Pentola, 5 Riviera Galleries, Well Street, Riviera, +27 (0)12 329-4028 (fax: +27 (0)12 329-5464), [35]. Open Mon to Fri from 12PM to 3PM and 6PM to 10PM, Sat from 6PM to 10PM, closed on Sundays. Multi award winning restaurant with excellent food. From around R150 per person.  edit
  • Pretoria's nightlife is concentrated in Hatfield (near the university), which boasts a number of bars and night clubs. Menlyn Square (just off the Menlyn shopping centre) is also a popular location which contains several venues but caters for the more upmarket crowd.
  • Zeplin's Nightclub, Pretorius Street, [36]. Caters for the Pretoria goth/alternative community. Note it is situated in a fairly dangerous part of Pretoria but you should be fine if you do not loiter outside the venue.  edit
  • Nile Crocodile, turn left off Nelson Mandela Road. Live bands mostly alternative  edit
  • Drop Zone, Hatfield Square. Popular night club that stays open until late at night/early morning. Entrance is free.  edit
This guide uses the following price ranges for a standard double room:
Budget Under R500
Mid-range R500 to R1000
Splurge Over R1000

Being the capital, there are many posh hotels (including the Sheraton) and guest houses and all the usual hotel chains have one or more hotels. With so many hotels owned by the same chains, in particularly Southern Sun, and occasional change of ownership (e.g. a Holiday Inn is now a Southern Sun) things can get a bit confusing. Make sure you note the address when booking so you go to the right hotel. When Parliament is in session and when there are other state events it can be almost impossible to find a mid-range or splurge room. Consider nearby Centurion as an alternative if you have to be in Pretoria at those times.

  • North South backpackers, 355 Glyn Street, Hatfield, +27 (0)12 362-0989, [40]. From R140 for a single and R180 for a double room.  edit
  • Pretoria Backpackers, 425 Farenden Street, Clydesdale, +27 (0)12 343-9754 (), [41]. From R50 for camping, R80 for the dorms and R125 for a room.  edit
  • Villa Zieshaan, 323 Minnaar Street, Central, +27 (0)82 855-4354, [42]. checkin: 12AM; checkout: 11AM. R350 per room. (-25.753807,28.183837) edit
  • Word of Mouth Backpackers, 430 Reitz Street, Sunnyside, +27 (0)12 343-7499 (), [43]. (Skype:travelinafrica) From R100.  edit
  • Don Arcadia I, 599 Pretorius Street, Arcadia (Pretoria, South Africa), +27 (12) 341 0098, [44]. Don Arcadia I has 46 hotel suites in total, 4 of which are Studio Suites, 34 are one bedroom Suites and 8 two-bedroom suites.  edit
  • The Farm Inn, Lynnwood Road, +27 (0)12 809-0266 (), [46]. Provides a unique South African experience. From R510pps.  edit
  • Ithiliens Grace Guest House, 47 Kamperfoelie Street, Amandasig (easily accessible from all major highways), +2779 892 2376 (), [47]. From R280 up to R900.  edit
  • The Village in Hatfield _, 1252 Arcadia Street, Cnr. Glyn & Arcadia Streets, Hatfield (N4 into PTA-Hatfield, near Duncan Street), +27 (0)12 362-3737 (), [48]. From R500 single.  edit
  • The Waterhouse Guesthouse, 439 Stonewall Street, Faerie Glen (easily accessible from all major highways), +27 12 991 2823 (), [49]. From R670 single up to R1400 double.  edit

Contact

Complete GSM coverage with GPRS, 3G and HSDPA and Edge available almost everywhere.

Buy a local simcard for your overseashandy at most supermarkets for 1-5 R. Then let your self get phoned from home ( call by call). Have your own handy with simcard with you in case of emergancies

WiFi

Always-On [54] , +27 (0)11 575-2505, provides prepaid WiFi access in a number of locations in and around Johannesburg. Simply connect to the access point and you will be given the opportunity to pay for access by credit card. Pricing starts at around R15 for 10 minutes or R60 for 100 MB.

Coverage areas include:

  • Cafe Dulce. Centurion Mall.  edit
  • City Lodge. Courtyard in Arcadia.  edit
  • JB Rivers. Lynwood  edit
  • Holiday Inn. Arcadia  edit
  • Mugg&Bean. Just about all of them.  edit
  • Villa Sterne Boutique Hotel and Health Spa. Waterkloof Ridge  edit
  • Wimpy. Doornkloof  edit
  • Unitas Hospital, Clifton Avenue, Lyttelton, Centurion, +27 (0)12 421-6700. Caters for 24 hour accident and emergency treatment.  edit

Stay safe

Avoid walking around after dark, even in a group.

Important telephone numbers

From a fixed line

  • 107 - Emergency
  • 10111 - Police [55]
  • 10177 - Ambulance
  • 082911 - Netcare911 [56]

From a mobile phone

  • 112 - Emergency
  • 911 - Netcare911 [57]
A balloon ride from Hartebeespoort Dam
A balloon ride from Hartebeespoort Dam
  • Fly out of OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg [60].
  • Rent a car from one of the many outlets. Note that the N1 North, towards Limpopo Province, is a toll road, so have some cash on hand (or a credit card).
  • Catch a bus at the station S25 45.473 E28 11.321.
  • Mpumalanga Escarpment in a weekend
  • Rietvlei Nature Reserve, a small and quiet nature reserve with a number of wildlife species and lots of bird watching opportunities.
  • Visit Hartebeespoort Dam. There are hot air balloon rides over the Savanna, a cable car, a golf course and watersport.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

PRETORIA, the administrative capital of the Union of South Africa and of the province of the Transvaal, 46 m. by rail N. by E. of Johannesburg. Pop. (1904) 36,839, of whom 21,114 were whites. Pretoria is situated on the banken veld or northern slopes of the high veld, on both banks of the Aapies tributary of the Limpopo, and is 4470 ft. above the sea, being 1300 ft. lower than Johannesburg. Built in a hollow surrounded by hills, the aspect of the town with the river flowing through it and its broad streets lined with willows is picturesque. In summer the heat and moisture are excessive, and the Aapies (which is spanned by four bridges) is liable to floods.

The town is regularly laid out in rectangular blocks of uniform width. The older part lies on the west side of the Aapies River and between it and a smaller stream known as the Spruit. In the centre of this part of Pretoria is Church Square, so named from the Dutch Reformed Church which stood in it, but was demolished in 1905. Government buildings on the south side of the square contain the chambers of the Provincial Council and other public offices. They were erected in 1892 and are a handsome block in Renaissance style, three-storied, with a central tower surmounted by a statue of Liberty. On the north side of the square are the law courts, on the west side the Post Office. The chief banking offices are also in the square.

Running east and west from Church Square is Church Street, the chief business thoroughfare. A little east of Church Square this street opens on to Market Square, with commodious market buildings. The former Presidency, the residence of Paul Kruger, is at the western end of the street near the Spruit. Opposite it is the Dopper Church, in which Kruger used occasionally to preach. Other churches in the heart of the town include the Anglican cathedral, dedicated to St Alban, and the Presbyterian Church, both in Schoemans Street, the Roman Catholic Church in Koch Street with schools, convent buildings and extensive grounds, and the new Dutch Reformed Church in Vermeulen Street. In the north of the town is the National Museum and adjacent are the Zoological Gardens. Other public buildings are the government library, the University College and the opera house. East of the Aapies and on the slopes of the hills are the residential districts of Arcadia, Sunnyside and Muckleneuk. Bryntirion, a suburb on the northern slopes of the hills, contains the residences of the chief officials, including Government House. Here is Meintjes Kop, with a broad natural shelf midway below the summit. This shelf was chosen in 1909 as the site of the public offices of the Union. The designs of Mr Herbert Baker were accepted for two large blocks of identical design connected by a semicircular colonnade (passing behind the narrow kloof which bisects the shelf). Besides other open spaces there is Burger's park, originally planned, during the first British occupation, as a botanical garden. It is beautifully wooded and through it runs the Spruit. A park and sports ground at the western end of the town contains the pedestal for a statue of President Kruger. The statue itself remained for years at Lourenco Marques and appears to have been lost. Adjoining this park on the north is the cemetery. Among those buried there are Kruger and many of the British who fell during the war of 1899-1902. Signal Hill, which rises 400 ft. above the plain, is west of the park. The plateau at its foot was the site of the English laager during the war of 1880-81, and is now occupied by the central railway station and workshops. North of the cemetery is the prison, a building which replaces a notoriously insanitary gaol used during the republican regime.

The water supply of Pretoria is drawn from the source of the Aapies River, where rise magnificent springs. The Fountains, as they are called, are 3 m. west of Pretoria. Some 3 m. north of the town is the Wonderboom, an enormous wild fig-tree, the only one of its kind in the district. At West Fort, 7 m. from the town, is a leper asylum; at Waterval, 15 m. north, the British prisoners captured by the Boers up to the fall of Pretoria were confined. Thirty miles east by north of Pretoria is the Premier Diamond mine. Bronkhorst Spruit, where in December 1880 a detachment of British soldiers was ambushed by the Boers, lies about 30 m. east by south of the town.

History

Pretoria was founded in 1855, the ground on which it stands being purchased by the Boer government from Marthinus Pretorius. It was made the centre of a new district created at the same time, both town and district being named in honour of Andries Pretorius. By treaty between the South African Republic (then comprising the districts of Potchefstroom, Rustenburg, Pretoria and Zoutpansberg) and the republic of Lydenburg, concluded at Pretoria in 1860, the two republics were united and Pretoria chosen as the capital of the whole state, and in September of that year the Volksraad held its first meeting in the new capital. Until 1864, however, when the civil war in the Transvaal ended, Potchefstroom remained the virtual capital of the country. From that year the seat of government has always been at Pretoria. There in 1877 Sir Theophilus Shepstone proclaimed the annexation of the Transvaal to Great Britain. In December 1880 it was invested by the Boers, but held out until the conclusion of peace. In 1881 the convention restoring self-government to the Transvaal was signed at Pretoria. From that time until 1900 the dominating figure in the town was that of the president - Paul Kruger. As revenue flowed in from the gold-mines on the Rand many fine buildings were erected in the capital, which was placed in railway communication with Cape Town in 1893 and with Lourenco Marques and Durban in 1895. To Pretoria Dr Jameson and his troopers were brought prisoners (January 1896) after the fight at Doornkop (to be handed over in few days to the British government), and thither also were brought the Reform Committee prisoners from Johannesburg. In May 1900 Kruger fled from the town, which on the 5th of June surrendered without resistance to Lord Roberts, despite its formidable encircling forts, which however were never effectively armed. On the 31st of May 1902 the articles of peace whereby the Boer leaders recognized British sovereignty were signed at Pretoria, and five years later there assembled in the capital the first parliament of the Transvaal as a self-governing state of the British Empire. On the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910 Pretoria became its administrative capital, the seat of the legislature being however at Cape Town. The Transvaal parliament was replaced by a Provincial Council (see Transvaal: § History). The town is governed by a municipality, which since 1903 has acquired control of the sanitary service, water supply, electric lighting and tramways. In 1909 the proportional representation system was adopted for the election of town councillors.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Pretoria

Plural
-

Pretoria

  1. The administrative capital of South Africa. South Africa has two other capitals: the legislative capital Cape Town and the judicial capital Bloemfontein.

Translations


Simple English

Pretoria
File:Flag of
Flag
Nickname(s): Jacaranda City
Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence)
Coordinates: 25°43′S 28°11′E / 25.717°S 28.183°E / -25.717; 28.183
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Established 1855
Capital 1910
City status 1931
Population (2005)
 - Total 1,884,046
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 012

Pretoria is one of the three capital cities of the African country of South Africa. It is the executive (administrative) and de facto capital of the country. The other two capitals are Cape Town (legislative) and Bloemfontein (judicial). The city is located in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa.

Contents

Geography and climate

Pretoria is located between the Highveld and the Bushveld, about 50 km north of Johannesburg in the north-east of South Africa. It is in a warm, well sheltered valley. The valley is surrounded by the hills of the Magaliesberg mountain range. Snow is a very rare event. It only snows in Pretoria once or twice in a century.

Demographics

The city has a population of about 1.9 million people. The main languages spoken in Pretoria include Tswana, Ndebele, Afrikaans, and English.

Language Population %
Sepedi 439 732 22.14%
Afrikaans 422 866 21.29%
Setswana 339 719 17.11%
Xitsonga 198 441 9.99%
IsiZulu 151 200 7.61%
English 129 923 6.54%
IsiNdebele 98 077 4.94%
Sesotho 78 435 3.95%
SiSwati 37 963 1.91%
IsiXhosa 37 957 1.91%
Tshivenda 35 242 1.77%
Other 16 425 0.83%

History

Nguni-speaking settlers were probably the first people to live in the river valley that later became the location of the city of Pretoria.

Pretoria itself was founded in 1855 by Marthinus Pretorius. He was a leader of the Voortrekkers. Pretoruis named the city after his father Andries Pretorius. Andries Pretorius had become a hero of the Voortrekkers after the Battle of Blood River. The city became the capital of the South African Republic (ZAR) on May 1, 1860.

During the First Boer War, the city was attacked in December 1880 and March 1881. The peace treaty which ended the war was signed in Pretoria on August 3, 1881 at the Pretoria Convention.

The Second Boer War (1899 to 1902) caused the end of the South African Republic. After this war, the United Kingdom took control of South Africa. During the war, Winston Churchill was imprisoned in the Staats Model School in Pretoria. He later got free and went to Mozambique. The city surrendered to British forces on June 5, 1900. The war ended in Pretoria with the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging on May 31 1902.

In 1910, Pretoria then became the administrative capital of all of South Africa, with Cape Town the legislative capital. Between 1860 and 1994, the city was also the capital of the province of Transvaal. On 14 October 1931, Pretoria got official city status. When South Africa became a republic in 1961, Pretoria stayed its administrative capital.

Pretoria was at one time seen as "the capital of Apartheid South Africa". This was changed when Nelson Mandela became the country's first black President.

Economy

Pretoria is an important industrial centre. It has many industries including iron and steel as well as automobile, railroad and machinery manufacture.

Places of interest

File:Union Buildings
The Union Buildings
File:Voortrekker
The Voortrekker Monument
  • The National Zoological Gardens of South Africa
  • Church Square
  • Union Buildings
  • Marabastad
  • Menlyn Park

Museums

  • Kruger House (Residence of the president of the ZAR, Paul Kruger).
  • Melrose House (The Treaty of Vereeniging which ended the Anglo-Boer War was signed here in 1902)
  • Voortrekker Monument
  • Freedom Park
  • Transvaal Museum
  • African Window

Nature Reserves

  • Groenkloof Nature Reserve
  • Rietfontein Nature Reserve
  • Moreletaspruit Nature Reserve
  • Fairy Glen Nature Reserve
  • Wonderboom Nature Reserve

Stadiums

Other websites

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