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Preved can be found all over the world now. This one is in the city park of Aalst, Belgium.
Promotional poster for the Russian edition of Newsweek magazine features its chief editor Leonid Parfyonov crying Preved with the Preved bears flying on the background.

Preved (Russian: Преве́д) is a meme in the Russian-speaking Internet which developed out of a heavily-circulated picture, and consists of choosing alternative spellings for words for comic effect. The picture, a modified version of John Lurie's watercolor Bear Surprise, whose popularity was stoked by emails and blogs, features a man and a woman having sex in the clearing of a forest, when suddenly a bear comes out, and with paws raised, says "Surprise!" in the original version, or "Preved!" (a deliberate misspelling of privet, приве́т – "hi!") in the Russian adaptation. In keeping with another popular trend of image manipulation, the iconic bear (dubbed Medved (a misspelling of медведь – bear)) has been inserted into many other pictures where his appearance adds a new dimension to the joke.

The word and the bear image have found their way into the mainstream mass media, such as the Russian edition of Newsweek (see illustration). On July 6, 2006 there was an online conference of Vladimir Putin prior to which the question "PREVED, Vladimir Vladimirovich! How do you regard MEDVED?" became the most popular (28424 votes).[1] No answer was given, but the Associated Press, informing on the questions collection process, reportedly interpreted it as a reference to then-vice-prime-minister Dmitry Medvedev.[2] (The third most popular question was "How does one patch KDE2 under FreeBSD?".)

Eventually, it has become known that the author of the photoshopped picture with the word "preved" was user Lobzz from site Dirty.ru, real name Roman Yatsenko. The authorship of the word itself is still unclear, although the "unfinished" version, "prevet" was traced to 2003.[3]

Preved is identified by a specific pattern of alternate spelling which emerged from the word. In this pattern, voiceless consonants are replaced with their voiced counterparts, and unstressed vowels are interchanged pair-wise – a and o stand in for each other, as do e and i. The words уча́снег (uchasneg, a misspelling of участник (uchastnik), "user" or "participant"), preved itself, and кагдила (kagdila, a misspelling of как дела (kak dela), "how are you") illustrate this pattern.

The larger trend of alternate spellings, called "olbansky yazyk" ("Olbanian language", misspelled "Albanian") developed from the padonki movement which originated on sites such as udaff.com. That trend uses the opposite conversion from the Preved trend – voiced consonants are replaced with their voiceless counterparts (which are sometimes doubled). For vowels, o is replaced with a and e with i. For example, áвтор (ávtor, "author") would be spelled áффтар (áfftar) or áфтар (áftar). The latter exhibits a sort of eye dialect.

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