The Pridnestrovie Communist Party is the local succesor to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It was banned for part of the 1990's. Its leader is Oleg Khorzhan. who has been called "young and dynamic" by Olvia Press, in contrast to the "conservative" Communist Party of Pridnestrovie headed by Vladimir Gavrilchenko.
Although it fielded candidates for parliament in the legislative elections of 11 December 2005, it failed to gain a single seat and has no political representation outside local government.
Nadezhda Bondarenko, editor of the party newspaper Pravda Pridnestrovya (Russian: Правда Приднестровья) and member of the central committee, was its candidate for the December 10, 2006 presidential election. She received 8.1% of the vote, second to Smirnov, who won his fourth term in office with 82.4% of the vote.
Khorzhan and Bondarenko were arrested on March 11, 2007, when handing out leaflets ahead of an anti-Smirnov rally and sentenced to three-day's detention as an administrative punishment. On March 13, a Communist demonstration took place in Tiraspol against growing consumer prices and energy tariffs and to demand the release of the Pridnestrovie Communist Party leaders.