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.A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system.^ In parliamentary systems like the United Kingdom 's or Australia 's Westminster system , the prime minister is the presiding and actual head of the government and head of the executive branch.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a parliamentary system, the head of government is often styled Prime Minister, Premier, etc.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.The position is usually held by, but need not always be held by, a politician.^ The position is usually held by, but need not always be held by, a politician .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Walpole's office, First Lord of the Treasury, became strongly associated with the leadership of the Government; it became the position which the Prime Minister almost always held.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

.In many systems, the prime minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet, and allocates posts to members within the Government.^ Since then it has usually, but not always, been associated with the post of the Prime Minister of the government.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The PM appoints and dismisses all members of CABINET and allocates their responsibilities.

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In most systems, the prime minister is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet.^ In most systems they are the presiding member and chairperson of the cabinet.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Cameroon's president sacks prime minister .
  • Newsvine - prime-minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: News]

^ Ministries are usually subordinate to the cabinet, and prime minister, president or chancellor.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.In a minority of systems, notably in semi-presidential systems of government, a prime minister is the official who is appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives of the president.^ The semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a prime minister and a president are both active participants in the day-to-day administration of the state.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister selects the members of the Council of Ministers who are formally appointed by the President.
  • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In some presidential or semi-presidential systems such as those of France , Russia or South Korea the prime minister is an official generally appointed by the President but usually approved by the legislature and responsible for carrying out the directives of the President and managing the civil service.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.In parliamentary systems fashioned after the Westminster system, the prime minister is the presiding and actual head of the government and head of the executive branch.^ The monarch is the head of the executive and judicial branches of the government and is a part of the legislative branch.
  • HowStuffWorks "Geography of The United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC geography.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Executive: Prime minister and Cabinet.
  • HowStuffWorks "Geography of The United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC geography.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (i.e the monarch, president, or governor-general), although officially the head of the executive branch, in fact holds a ceremonial position.^ The monarch is the head of the executive and judicial branches of the government and is a part of the legislative branch.
  • HowStuffWorks "Geography of The United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC geography.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (the King, Queen, President, or Governor-General), although officially the head of the executive branch, in fact holds a ceremonial position.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Head of state: Monarch (queen or king).
  • HowStuffWorks "Geography of The United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC geography.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The prime minister is often, but not always, a member of parliament and is expected with other ministers to ensure the passage of bills through the legislature.^ Prime Ministers through the years .
  • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Prime minister and members of parliament.
  • Prime Minister video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

^ The Prime Minister is often, but not always, a member of parliament and is expected with other ministers to ensure the passage of bills through the legislature .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.In some monarchies the monarch may also exercise executive powers (known as the royal prerogative) which are constitutionally vested in the crown and can be exercised without the approval of parliament.^ In some monarchies the prime minister also exercises executive powers (known as the Royal Prerogative ) which are constitutionally vested in the Crown and can be exercised without the approval of parliament.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Executive government rests nominally with the monarch but actually is exercised by a committee of ministers (cabinet) traditionally selected from among the members of the House of Commons and, to a lesser extent, the House of Lords.
  • Background Notes Archive - Europe 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC dosfan.lib.uic.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ They are invited by the President as leader of the majority party in the Parliament of India to form a government and exercise its powers.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As well as being head of government, a prime minister may have other roles or titles – the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, for example, is also First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service.^ As well as being Head of Government, a prime minister may have other roles or titles — the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, for example, is also First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister .
  • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

    - Haaretz - Israel News
    23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As Salisbury was not First Lord he had to live elsewhere as prime minister.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

[1] .Prime ministers may take other ministerial posts – for example during the Second World War Winston Churchill was also Minister of Defence (although there was then no Ministry of Defence).^ Prime ministers may take other ministerial posts — for example during the Second World War Winston Churchill was also Minister of Defence (although there was then no Ministry of Defence ).
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no term of office for a prime minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ More recently, there is also the associated post of Deputy Prime Minister .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.The Prime Minister of Australia, Gough Whitlam, was famous for forming his cabinet entirely of himself and his deputy as soon as the overall result of the 1972 federal election was beyond doubt (see First Whitlam Ministry).^ Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister .
  • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

    - Haaretz - Israel News
    23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama, & the first Jewish Prime Minister in..
  • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

    - Haaretz - Israel News
    23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prime Minister to visit Australia .

Contents

History

The prime ministers of five members of the Commonwealth of Nations at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference.
.The first actual usage of the term prime minister or Premier Ministre was used by Cardinal Richelieu when in 1625 he was named to head the royal council as prime minister of France.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are numerous categorical testimonies deep into the 19th century decrying the notion of a First or Prime Minister, credibly declaring the concept alien to the Constitution, and the term actually emerges as a creature of historians, not lawyers or Parliament — indeed the contrary is best documented.

^ Although the origin of the title lies in 17th-century France, where Cardinal de Richelieu was acknowledged in 1624 as principal or premier ministre , the office essentially developed in Britain in the 18th century, when the king ceased to attend and chair meetings of his ministers.
  • prime minister (government official) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Louis XIV and his descendants generally attempted to avoid giving this title to their chief ministers.^ Louis XIV and his descendants generally attempted to avoid giving this title to their chief ministers.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ H.H the Prime Minister received editor in-chief of "Awan" newspaper and Director General of "Hiwar" media company.
  • Diwan of His Highness The Prime Minister 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.pm.gov.kw [Source type: News]

^ In some places alternative titles such as "Premier," "Chief Minister," "First Minister of State", "President of the Council" or "Chancellor" were adopted, but the essentials of the office were the same.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.The term prime minister in the sense that we know it originated in the 18th century in the United Kingdom.^ Is notable for being the only Oregonian Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first real Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The term Prime Minister in the sense that we know it originated in the 18th century in the United Kingdom .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.August 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Since medieval times monarchs of England and the United Kingdom had ministers in whom they placed special trust and who were regarded as the head of the government.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, who is your favorite Prime Minister of the United Kingdom?

^ Since medieval times Kings of England and the United Kingdom had ministers in whom they placed special trust and who were regarded as the head of the government.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.Examples were Thomas Cromwell under Henry VIII; William Cecil, Lord Burghley under Elizabeth I; Clarendon under Charles II and Godolphin under Queen Anne.^ Queen Elizabeth II (Royal) .
  • eMJA: Celebrity-based medicine 20 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.mja.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Head Of State: HM Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor-General HE Sir Silas Atopare .
  • Constitutional Monarchies of the World 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.hawaiiankingdom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Head Of State: HM Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor-General HE Sir Charles Daniel Williams .
  • Constitutional Monarchies of the World 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.hawaiiankingdom.org [Source type: Original source]

.These ministers held a variety of formal posts, but were commonly known as "the minister," the "first minister" and finally the "prime minister."^ These ministers held a variety of formal posts, but were commonly known as "the Minister," the "first Minister" and finally the "Prime Minister."
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Formally, the Prime Minister is appointed by the President .
  • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevertheless, in spite of this recognition, the brass plate outside the Prime Minister's front door still bears the title of First Lord of the Treasury.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.The power of these ministers depended entirely on the personal favour of the monarch.^ The power of these ministers depended entirely on the personal favour of the Monarch.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Monarch tired of a first minister, they could be dismissed, or worse: Cromwell was executed and Clarendon driven into exile when they lost favour.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although managing the parliament was among the necessary skills of holding high office, they did not depend on a parliamentary majority for their power.^ Although managing the Parliament was among the necessary skills of holding high office, they did not depend on a parliamentary majority for their power.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They are invited by the President as leader of the majority party in the Parliament of India to form a government and exercise its powers.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Knew how to get his way, as evidenced by his dissolution of Parliament because the Conservatives did not hold a majority there.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although there was a cabinet, it was appointed entirely by the monarch, and the monarch usually presided over its meetings.^ Although there was a Cabinet , it was appointed entirely by the Monarch, and the Monarch usually presided over its meetings.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ At the recent meeting between President Obama and President Hu, there was obviously, as everyone in this room knows, a reference to China's role in your part of the world.
  • A Conversation with Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh - Council on Foreign Relations 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.cfr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ministries are usually subordinate to the cabinet, and prime minister, president or chancellor.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.When the monarch grew tired of a first minister, he or she could be dismissed, or worse: Cromwell was executed and Clarendon driven into exile when they lost favour.^ When the Monarch tired of a first minister, they could be dismissed, or worse: Cromwell was executed and Clarendon driven into exile when they lost favour.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Israelis then voted Ariel Sharon into the prime minister's office hoping that, if Barak couldn't bring peace, at least Sharon could bring security.
  • Tag: Prime Minister | Jewish Journal 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.jewishjournal.com [Source type: News]

^ But there have always been practical limits upon the activities into which they could enter.
  • The 'Department of the Prime Minister' - should it continue? by Andrew Blick and George Jones 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.historyandpolicy.org [Source type: Original source]

.Kings sometimes divided power equally between two or more ministers to prevent one minister becoming too powerful.^ The House of Commons is the more powerful of the two houses.
  • THE UNITED KINGDOM A HAVEN FOR PLANNING CRIME AND CRIMINALS 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bushywood.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.naturemagics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kings sometimes divided power equally between two or more ministers to prevent one minister becoming too powerful.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The result of the initial struggle between the two "parties" during the succession crisis was that the Whigs lost and James became king when Charles II died in 1685.
  • List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

.Late in Anne's reign, for example, the Tory ministers Harley and St John shared power.^ At the meeting, they agreed to begin a power-sharing government on May 8 with Paisley as First Minister and Martin McGuinness of Sinn Fein as Deputy First Minister.
  • United Kingdom Companies - FTSE 100 (Emerginvest) 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.emerginvest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prime Minister and Minister of Tourism, John Key, has announced that eight groups will share $5 million to market their regions.

.In the mid 17th century, after the English Civil War and the Protectorate, Parliament had strengthened its position and it emerged even more powerful after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. The monarch could not establish any law or impose any tax without its permission.^ He has said he intends to yield certain traditional Prime Ministerial powers conferred on the office by royal prerogative , including the ability to declare war, thus giving the Parliament more powers and rights to vet and veto appointments to senior public positions, in a bid to crack down on cronyism .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The losses and destruction of World War I, the depression of the 1930s, and decades of relatively slow growth eroded the United Kingdom's preeminent international position of the previous century.
  • United Kingdom Companies - FTSE 100 (Emerginvest) 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.emerginvest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus it has been said that the House of Commons became a part of the government and it has been only a further step of this development that a new kind of prime minister should emerge.^ Speech by the Prime Minister in the House of Commons on August 24, 1939.
  • Avalon Project - The British War Bluebook 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The term of a Prime Minister is linked to the term of Members of the House of Commons.

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This turning point in the evolution of the prime ministership came with the death of Anne in 1714 and the accession of George I.^ This turning point in the evolution of the prime ministership came with the death of Anne in 1714 and the accession of George I .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ No other world leader was more solidly in President George W. Bush’s corner than Prime Minister Tony Blair when it came to the war on terror.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Made everybody excited when he came back, then suddenly died sixteen weeks after assuming the prime ministership.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.George spoke no English, spent much of his time at his home in Hanover, and had neither knowledge of nor interest in the details of English government.^ She was succeeded by the Elector of Hanover, a German prince descended from James I of England; he came to the throne as George I. Not much interested in Britain, George I did not even bother to learn English.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who serve in the armed forces do this in the knowledge that they may be called upon to risk their lives in the defence of their country or its legitimate interests at home or overseas.
  • House of Lords - R (on the application of Gentle (FC) and another (FC)) (Appellants) v The Prime Minister and others (Respondents) 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.publications.parliament.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Canadians will choose a government to look out for their interests at a time of global economic trouble," Harper said on Sunday.
  • Canada's prime minister calls early election 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.sfgate.com [Source type: News]

.In these circumstances it was inevitable that the king's first minister would become the de facto head of the government.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the Liberal Party in disarray federally and out of power everywhere, the media needs to become the de facto opposition and push for maximum disclosure, accountability and transparency from the Rudd Government, writes Stephen Mayne.
  • prime minister – Crikey 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.crikey.com.au [Source type: News]

^ The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India, and head of the Council of Ministers, appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive in India.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From 1721 this was the Whig politician Robert Walpole, who held office for twenty-one years.^ Furthermore, the position of First Lord of the Treasury came about in 1714 with Earl of Halifax taking the title - about 7 years before Walpole was considered Prime Minister (despite him holding the role before, in 1715), this quiz does not account for these and 3 other people who held the position before 1721.
  • Can you name the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom? - sporcle 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ His time in office ended 2 years ago, and everyone who has played this game probably lived through his time.
  • Can you name the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom? - sporcle 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ Whg Earl of Sunderland 4 Apr 1721 - 15 May 1730 Robert Walpole (2nd time) (s.a.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.Walpole chaired cabinet meetings, appointed all the other ministers, dispensed the royal patronage and packed the House of Commons with his supporters.^ Nowadays the Prime Minister and almost all the members of the Cabinet are members of the House of Commons.
  • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Prime Minister, all in all, it's been a great meeting.
  • President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with United Kingdom Prime Minister Brown 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Elizabeth also demonstrated support for inter-faith relations, often meeting with leaders of other religions, and granting her personal patronage to the Council of Christians and Jews.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Information �"; 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Under Walpole, the doctrine of cabinet solidarity developed.^ In addition to the practice of solidarity, the Cabinet also operates under the principle of Cabinet secrecy or confidentiality.
  • The Prime Minister & Cabinet in Canada | Mapleleafweb.com 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.mapleleafweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Walpole required that no minister other than himself have private dealings with the king, and also that when the cabinet had agreed on a policy, all ministers must defend it in public or resign.^ Upon the death of Anne, the distant claims of the elector of Hanover were recognized, and he became king of Great Britain and Ireland as George I. The unwillingness of the Hanoverian kings to rule resulted in the formation by the royal ministers of a cabinet, headed by a prime minister, which directed all public business.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I agree this is a confusing topic and there are probably debates that we can go into as to when the prime minister role emerged, but for simplicity accepting the "de facto" list as shown here must be acceptable considering Walpole in 1721 and his predecessors were all regarded as "Prime Minister" despite the title not officially existing.
  • Can you name the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom? - sporcle 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ First of all, I thanked the Prime Minister for his support of our policy of closing Guantanamo.
  • Remarks by President Obama and Prime Minister Berlusconi in press availability, 6-15-09 | The White House 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

As a later prime minister, Lord Melbourne, said: "It matters not what we say, gentlemen, so long as we all say the same thing."
.Walpole always denied that he was "prime minister," and throughout the 18th century parliamentarians and legal scholars continued to deny that any such position was known to the Constitution.^ The 'Department of the Prime Minister' - should it continue?
  • The 'Department of the Prime Minister' - should it continue? by Andrew Blick and George Jones 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.historyandpolicy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In August 2006, BBC History Magazine historian, Francis Beckett ranked each 20th Century Prime Minister on how well they implemented their policies.

^ Robert Walpole - commonly regarded as the first Prime Minister from 1730 to 1742 - established and performed the role with the assistance of individuals such as John Scrope, his Secretary to the Treasury, and Edmund Gibson, Bishop of London, his ecclesiastical adviser.
  • The 'Department of the Prime Minister' - should it continue? by Andrew Blick and George Jones 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.historyandpolicy.org [Source type: Original source]

.The title was first referred to on government documents during the administration of Benjamin Disraeli but did not appear in the formal British Order of precedence until 1905. George II and George III made strenuous efforts to reclaim the personal power of the monarch, but the increasing complexity and expense of government meant that a minister who could command the loyalty of the Commons was increasingly necessary.^ The first mention of "Prime Minister" in an official government document occurred during the premiership of Benjamin Disraeli .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister had no special precedence until the order of precedence first recognized the office in 1905.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was first legally recognised in 1905, when the office was named in the order of precedence .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.The long tenure of the wartime Prime Minister Pitt the Younger (1783-1801), combined with the mental illness of George III, consolidated the power of the post.^ Role and powers of the Prime Minister of Canada .
  • The Prime Minister & Cabinet in Canada | Mapleleafweb.com 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.mapleleafweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The long tenure of the wartime Prime Minister Pitt the Younger ( 1783 - 1801 ), combined with the mental illness of George III, consolidated the power of the post.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

.The prestige of British institutions in the 19th century and the growth of the British Empire saw the British model of cabinet government, headed by a prime minister, widely copied, both in other European countries and in British colonial territories as they developed self-government.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government who appoints other Ministers from Parliament to form the Cabinet.
  • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prime Minister: We have to operate from both sides.
  • EMBASSY OF INDIA TO THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.indembassy.be [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some places alternative titles such as "premier," "chief minister," "first minister of state", "president of the council" or "chancellor" were adopted, but the essentials of the office were the same.^ The Prime Minister presides over the meetings of the Council of Ministers.
  • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India, and head of the Council of Ministers, appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive in India.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, in spite of this recognition, the brass plate outside the Prime Minister's front door still bears the title of First Lord of the Treasury.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.By the late 20th century the majority of the world's countries had a prime minister or equivalent minister, holding office under either a constitutional monarchy or a ceremonial president.^ The prime minister holds office "at Her Majesty's pleasure".
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ BARACK OBAMA: I was with Kevin Rudd, prime minister of Australia, today, who was very forceful in suggesting that countries around the world, those with the capacity to do so, take the steps that are needed to fill this enormous hole in global demand.
  • Australian Prime Minister Rudd Discusses Global Economy, War in Afghanistan | Online NewsHour | March 25, 2009 | PBS 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The prime minister does have the sole responsibility to request prorogation from the Governor General (although the custom is to request it in person, out of respect for the office of the Queen's representative, and that was not done in this case).
  • The prime minister has violated our trust 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.ottawacitizen.com [Source type: News]

.The main exceptions to this system have been the United States and the presidential republics in Latin America, modelled on the U.S. system, in which the president directly exercises executive authority.^ President of the United States from 1829 to 1837 .

^ Congo Republic's President Denis Sassou Nguesso (R), current head of the African Union, arrives for the 8th African Union Summit of Heads of States at the United Nations office in Addis Ababa January 29, 2007.
  • http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L30447160.htm 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.alertnet.org [Source type: News]

^ The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India, and head of the Council of Ministers, appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive in India.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Prime ministers in republics and in monarchies

.The post of prime minister may be encountered both in constitutional monarchies (such as Belgium, Denmark, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Malaysia, Spain,[2] Sweden, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom), and in republics in which the head of state is an elected official (such as Finland, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Ireland, Portugal, Montenegro, Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Turkey) or an unelected official (such as Singapore before 1993) with varying degrees of real power.^ She is also head of state of 16 independent countries including Canada and Australia.
  • BBC News - Country profile: United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Major powers - United Kingdom .
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The extent of a Prime Minister's power over the Cabinet may vary.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

.This contrasts with the presidential system, in which the president (or equivalent) is both the head of state and the head of the government.^ A constitution is typically a document or number of documents which together provide a basic framework for a country’s system of government, defining the relationship between the state and its citizens, and between the institutions of state themselves.

^ The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India, and head of the Council of Ministers, appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive in India.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heads of State and Government agree on the creation of a co-presidency and also decide that a joint secretariat will be established.
  • Summit of the Union for the Mediterranean - France in the United States/ Embassy of France in Washington 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.info-france-usa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.See also "First Minister", "Premier", "Chief Minister", "Chancellor", "Taoiseach" and "Secretary of State": alternative titles usually equivalent in meaning to, or translated as, "prime minister". The head of government of the People's Republic of China is referred to as the Premier.^ H.H the Prime Minister received First Deputy Prime Minister and Defense.
  • Diwan of His Highness The Prime Minister 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.pm.gov.kw [Source type: News]

^ The first mention of "Prime Minister" in an official government document occurred during the premiership of Benjamin Disraeli .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ H.H the Prime Minister received British Defense Secretary Des Browne and his accompanying delegation.
  • Diwan of His Highness The Prime Minister 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.pm.gov.kw [Source type: News]

.In some presidential or semi-presidential systems, such as those of France, Russia or South Korea, the prime minister is an official generally appointed by the president but usually approved by the legislature and responsible for carrying out the directives of the president and managing the civil service.^ The Prime minister is exercising his constitutional responsibility by appointing the commissioner and deputy commissioner.
  • Green accuses prime minister of disregarding constitution | Dominica News Online 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC dominicanewsonline.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the 1960s every prime minister has also been Minister for the Civil Service.

^ He is usually addressed as "Prime Minister".

.(The premier of the Republic of China is also appointed by the president, but requires no approval by the legislature.^ The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India, and head of the Council of Ministers, appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive in India.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh shaking hands with the President of the Peoples Republic of China, Hu Jintao .
  • Sarkaritel.com : Photo Gallery January 2005 :  The visiting King of Bhutan, His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuk with President A P J Abdul Kalam & Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.sarkaritel.com [Source type: News]

.Appointment of the prime minister of France requires no approval by the parliament either, but the parliament can force the resignation of the government.^ Resign of Palestinian Prime minister for unity of government .
  • Prime Minister // Current 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC current.com [Source type: News]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has no reference to the Prime Minister.
  • Israeli Prime Minister Barak 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC clinton4.nara.gov [Source type: Original source]

) .In these systems, it is possible for the president and the prime minister to be from different political parties if the legislature is controlled by a party different from that of the president.^ The Prime Minister (PM) is the leader of the political party in power.
  • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The origin of the term prime minister and the question to whom it should originally be applied have long been issues of scholarly and political debate.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of the Republic of India, and head of the Council of Ministers, appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive in India.
  • Prime Ministers of India - List of Prime Ministers of India 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.knowledgebase-script.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When it arises, such a state of affairs is usually referred to as (political) cohabitation.^ Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs: Guests - Nicholas Burns journalist and author Rick Atkinson: Guests - Rick Atkinson first aired: October 1, 2007 (#13196) A conversation with Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs: Guests ...
  • Charlie Rose: President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili: Guests - Mikhail Saakashvili former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: Guests - Tony Blair: TV Schedule: Rocky Mountain PBS ( a1) 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.rmpbs.org [Source type: General]

^ April 2005 Nicholas Burns on a Trans Atlantic Agenda For the Year Ahead Remarks by Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs at Chatham House, London .
  • Embassy of the U.S. London: Current Issues: United Kingdom: 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC london.usembassy.gov [Source type: News]

Entry into office

.In parliamentary systems a prime minister can enter into office by several means.^ Click to Start Enter prime minister: .
  • Can you name the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom? - sporcle 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ The prime minister does have the sole responsibility to request prorogation from the Governor General (although the custom is to request it in person, out of respect for the office of the Queen's representative, and that was not done in this case).
  • The prime minister has violated our trust 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.ottawacitizen.com [Source type: News]

^ The Act made a certain distinction between "position" (Prime Minister) and "office" (First Lord of the Treasury) emphasizing the unique character of the position and recognized the existence of the Cabinet.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.
  • By appointment by the head of state, without reference to parliament: While in practice most prime ministers under the Westminster system (including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Malaysia, India and the United Kingdom) are the leaders of the largest party in parliament, technically the appointment of the prime minister is a royal prerogative exercised by the monarch or the governor-general.^ Labour party leader Tony Blair became Prime Minister.
    • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Prime Minister (PM) is the leader of the political party in power.
    • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The exercise of the Royal Prerogative by the Prime Minister gives him/her the power to wage wars without formal reference to Parliament.
    • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .In India, the Prime Ministerial candidate must be a member of parliament either Lok Sabha (Lower House) or Rajya Sabha (Upper House).^ In this system, the Prime Minister is generally the leader of a party (or coalition of parties) that can gain a majority in the lower house ( Lok Sabha ) of the Parliament of India .
    • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ He also advises the President on the summoning and proroguing of the Parliament , the dissolving of the Lok Sabha and the declaration of emergencies.
    • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The Prime Minister either has to be a current member of one of the houses of Parliament , or be elected within six months of being appointed.
    • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

    .No parliamentary vote takes place on who is forming a government.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government who appoints other Ministers from Parliament to form the Cabinet.
    • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Prime Minister Ariel Sharon quit the Likud Party this week to form a new centrist party to compete in early elections expected to take place in March.
    • Tag: Prime Minister | Jewish Journal 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.jewishjournal.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The next parliamentary elections in the Netherlands are slated to take place on May 11, 2011, not sometime in 2010 as Ed stated.
    • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Are you ready for Prime Minister Geert Wilders? 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

    .However as the government will have to outline its legislative programme to parliament in, for example, the Speech from the Throne, the speech is sometimes used to test parliamentary support.^ However as the government will have to outline its legislative programme to parliament in the Speech from the Throne , the speech is sometimes used to test parliamentary support.
    • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In late 1997, however, following approval of referenda by Scottish and Welsh voters (though only narrowly in Wales), the British Government introduced legislation to establish a Scottish Parliament and a Welsh Assembly.
    • United Kingdom Companies - FTSE 100 (Emerginvest) 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.emerginvest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ However, this increased autonomy and devolution of executive and legislative powers has not contributed to a reduction in support for independence from the UK, with the rise of new pro-independence parties: for example the Scottish Green Party and the Scottish Socialist Party .
    • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A defeat on the Speech is taken to mean a loss of confidence and so requires either a new draft (a humiliating act no government would contemplate), resignation, or a request for a dissolution of parliament.^ Also it’d be interesting to see if a lack of any new legislation or government action on anything would have any material effect on people’s lives.
    • Top 10 ‘Better’ Prime Ministers at The Charlotte Gore Blog 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC charlottegore.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It was nakedly partisan when it was invoked to save his government from defeat in a confidence motion in December 2008, and it is nakedly partisan now, when it is being used to short-circuit the work of the parliamentary committee looking into the Afghan detainees question and evade Parliament's request that the government turn over documents pertaining to that question.
    • The prime minister has violated our trust 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.ottawacitizen.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Party discipline, furthermore, is very strong; a Member of Parliament may be expelled from his or her party for failing to support the Government on important issues, and although this will not mean he or she must resign as an MP, it would make re-election difficult for most.
    • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
    • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Until the early 20th century governments when defeated in a general election remained in power until their Speech from the Throne was defeated and then resigned.^ Remaining in power despite his declared reluctance to be validated by the British Public in a General Election, no one voted for this man so why is he still in no.
    • Prime minister's questions – live | Politics | guardian.co.uk 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ Although this Bill fell when the government announced the general election to be held on the 5th May 2005, Labour have pledged to introduce ID cards if they win the election.
    • PRIME RECENT and PROPOSED ATTACKS on CIVIL RIGHTS in the UNITED KINGDOM, a list - magnacartaplus 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.magnacartaplus.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He faces the challenge of restoring the British people's confidence in a Labour government before the next general election, due in a few years' time.
    • BBC News - Country profile: United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

    No government has done so for one hundred years, though Edward Heath in 1974 did delay his resignation while he explored whether he could form a government with Liberal party support.
In such systems unwritten (and unenforceable) constitutional conventions often outline the order in which people are asked to form a government. If the prime minister resigns after a general election, the monarch usually asks the leader of the opposition to form a government. Where however a resignation occurs during a parliament session (unless the government has itself collapsed) the monarch will ask another member of the government to form a government. While previously the monarch had some leeway in whom to ask, all British political parties now elect their leaders (until 1965 the Conservatives chose their leader by informal consultation). .The last time the monarch had a choice over the appointment occurred in 1963 when the Earl of Home was asked to become Prime Minister ahead of Rab Butler.^ I ask the deputy prime minister.
  • Ahoy - Mac's Web Log - UK Prime Minister Anthony Eden, current UK Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott, and the R.M.S. Rangitata. Mary Muhr 20 September 2009 22:022 UTC ahoy.tk-jk.net [Source type: General]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ IVISON: Prime Minister, it seems there is not going to be much for us to write about, unless there are Senate appointments in our near future.
  • Prime Minister Stephen Harper, word for word 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

During the period between the time it is clear that the incumbent government has been defeated at a general election, and the actual swearing-in of the new prime minister by the monarch or governor-general, that person is variously referred to as the "prime minister-elect", "...-designate" etc. Neither term is strictly correct from a constitutional point of view, but they have wide acceptance. In a situation in which a ruling party elects or appoints a new leader, the incoming leader will usually be referred as "prime minister-in-waiting." An example or this situation was in 2003 in Canada when .Paul Martin was elected leader of the Liberal Party of Canada while Jean Chrétien was still prime minister.^ Labour party leader Tony Blair became Prime Minister.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister (PM) is the leader of the political party in power.
  • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Weak, liberal prime minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.
  • Appointment by the head of state after parliament nominates a candidate: Example: The Republic of Ireland where the President of Ireland appoints the Taoiseach on the nomination of the Dáil Éireann.
  • The head of state nominates a candidate for prime minister who is then submitted to parliament for approval before appointment as prime minister: Example: Spain, where the King sends a nomination to parliament for approval.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government who appoints other Ministers from Parliament to form the Cabinet.
    • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
    • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Combining the idea of prime minister and head of state is apt.
    • PostPartisan - The Debate: The Prime Minister and the President 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    .Also Germany where under the German Basic Law (constitution) the Bundestag votes on a candidate nominated by the federal president.^ By voting for the CDU and the BFD, East Germans made clear that they were not only in favour of German unity, but also in favour of Germany’s NATO-membership.
    • The Thatcher papers: 30 years ago, we had a proper Prime Minister – Telegraph Blogs 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Former President of the Federal Republic of Germany .
    • The Order of Jamaica | Government of Jamaica - Office of the Prime Minister 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.opm.gov.jm [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .In these cases, parliament can choose another candidate who then would be appointed by the head of state.
  • The head of state appoints a prime minister who has a set timescale within which s/he must gain a vote of confidence: (Example: Italy, Romania, Thailand)
  • The head of state appoints the leader of the political party with the majority of the votes in the Parliament as Prime Minister: (Example: Greece)
  • Direct election by parliament: (Example: Japan, Papua New Guinea, Pakistan.^ Labour party leader Tony Blair became Prime Minister.
    • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Prime Minister is the head of government who appoints other Ministers from Parliament to form the Cabinet.
    • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Prime Minister (PM) is the leader of the political party in power.
    • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    )
  • .
  • Direct election by popular vote: (Example: Israel, 1996-2001, where the prime minister was elected in a general election, with no regard to political affiliation.^ Israel first arab prime minister of Israel .
    • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

      - Haaretz - Israel News
      23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The first Arab prime minister of Israel The first Arab prime minister of Israel .
    • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

      - Haaretz - Israel News
      23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Contrary to myth a prime minister is not reappointed after every general election.
    • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

    )
  • .
  • Nomination by a state office holder other than the head of state or his/her representative: (Example: Under the modern Swedish Instrument of Government, the power to appoint someone to form a government has been moved from the monarch to the Speaker of Parliament and the parliament itself.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government who appoints other Ministers from Parliament to form the Cabinet.
    • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Speaker also represents Parliament at ceremonial occasions.
    • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
    • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
    • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

    The speaker nominates a candidate, who is then elected to prime minister (statsminister) by the parliament if an absolute majority of the members of parliament does not vote no (i.e. he can be elected even if more MP:s vote no than yes).

Prime ministers and constitutions

.The position, power and status of prime ministers differ depending on the age of the constitution.^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Act made a certain distinction between "position" (Prime Minister) and "office" (First Lord of the Treasury) emphasizing the unique character of the position and recognized the existence of the Cabinet.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This occurs after each General Election and also whenever a Prime Minister dies in office or resigns their position without calling a General Election.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Australia's constitution makes no mention of a Prime Minister of Australia.^ Prime Minister to visit Australia .

^ The United Kingdom's Constitution , being uncodified and largely unwritten, makes no mention of a Prime Minister .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Prime ministers and constitutions .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.China's constitution set a prime minister just one place below the president of China.^ The Prime minister is exercising his constitutional responsibility by appointing the commissioner and deputy commissioner.
  • Green accuses prime minister of disregarding constitution | Dominica News Online 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC dominicanewsonline.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Secretary Clinton and Mr. Prime Minister just had very fruitful discussions on bilateral issues and other matters of mutual interest.
  • Remarks With Thai Deputy Prime Minister Korbsak Sabhavasu 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PRIME MINISTER NETANYAHU: We’ve had extraordinarily friendly and constructive talks here today, and I’m very grateful to the President for that.
  • Remarks by President Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu in press availability | The White House 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: Original source]

.While the president deals with international problems, the prime minister deals with national problems.^ But I assured the Prime Minister that we are not foreclosing a range of steps, including much stronger international sanctions, in assuring that Iran understands that we are serious.
  • Meeting Between PM Netanyahu and U.S. President Barack Obama 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.pmo.gov.il [Source type: Original source]

^ Appointed the leader of house in 1989, on May 7, 1993 Wickramasinghe was sworn in as Prime Minister after President Ranasinghe Premadasa was assassinated, by the Tamil Tigers.
  • Sri Lanka: Former Prime Ministers 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.priu.gov.lk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think the British Prime Minister is RIGHT! While it's awesome to see that our community has support from someone in the international community, lets remember that Barack Obama is an awesome ally as well.
  • Hot Topics: British Prime Minister Gordon Brown Denounces Prop 8 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC hottopics.gay.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, the earth quake in 2008, the prime minister will be the first to arrive, then the president arrived after to just examine the situation.^ Nevertheless, in spite of this recognition, the brass plate outside the Prime Minister's front door still bears the title of First Lord of the Treasury.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Prime Minister Brown, Taoiseach Cowen, First Minister Robinson - tear down this wall between Northern Ireland's children.

^ Silvio Berlusconi: Colourful but controversial Prime minister in 1994, from 2001-2006 and again in 2008 Profile: Silvio Berlusconi Berlusconi in his own words MPs pass Berlusconi immunity bill .
  • BBC News - Timeline: Italy 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

.Prime minister read as "Zong Li" in Chinese.^ Read full release > > John Key Prime Minister First Page < < Previous 30 Next 30 > > Last Page Page 6 of 8 .

^ Read full newsletter > > John Key Prime Minister 11 March, 2009 .

^ Read full speech > > John Key Prime Minister 14 December, 2009 .

Canada's constitution, being a 'mixed' or hybrid constitution (a constitution that is partly formally codified and partly uncodified) originally did not make any reference whatsoever to a prime minister, with her or his specific duties and method of appointment instead dictated by "convention." In the Constitution Act, 1982, passing reference to a "Prime Minister of Canada" is added, though only regarding the composition of conferences of federal and provincial first ministers.
.Germany's Basic Law (1949) lists the powers, functions and duties of the federal chancellor.^ It is the duty of the state to comply with international law, whatever may be the organs which have the power to do so.
  • CND - v - The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and others 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ HE Mrs Angela Merkel, Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany .
  • Summit of the Union for the Mediterranean - France in the United States/ Embassy of France in Washington 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.info-france-usa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Greece's constitution (1975) lists the powers, functions and duties of the Prime Minister of Greece.^ And this Prime Minister has understood the duty.
  • President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with United Kingdom Prime Minister Brown 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A year later, at the height of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam was dismissed from his post by Governor-General Sir John Kerr after the Opposition-controlled Senate rejected Whitlam's budget proposals.
  • � Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Information �"; 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.India's constitution (1950) lists the powers, functions and duties of the Prime Minister of India.^ And this Prime Minister has understood the duty.
  • President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with United Kingdom Prime Minister Brown 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister also has limited veto powers over legislation moving through the Houses of Parliament and is able to speed up the legislative process if a law is required due to an emergency situation.
  • United Kingdom - eRepublik Official Wiki 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wiki.erepublik.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ireland's constitution, Bunreacht na hÉireann (1937), provides for the office of Taoiseach in detail, listing powers, functions and duties.
.Italy's constitution (1948) lists the powers, functions and duties of the Prime Minister of Italy.^ And this Prime Minister has understood the duty.
  • President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with United Kingdom Prime Minister Brown 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister also has limited veto powers over legislation moving through the Houses of Parliament and is able to speed up the legislative process if a law is required due to an emergency situation.
  • United Kingdom - eRepublik Official Wiki 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wiki.erepublik.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Japan's constitution (1946) lists the powers, functions and duties of the Prime Minister of Japan.^ Role and powers of the Prime Minister of Canada .
  • The Prime Minister & Cabinet in Canada | Mapleleafweb.com 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.mapleleafweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime minister is exercising his constitutional responsibility by appointing the commissioner and deputy commissioner.
  • Green accuses prime minister of disregarding constitution | Dominica News Online 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC dominicanewsonline.com [Source type: Original source]

.Malta's constitution (1964) lists the powers, functions and duties of the Prime Minister of Malta.^ And this Prime Minister has understood the duty.
  • President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with United Kingdom Prime Minister Brown 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister also has limited veto powers over legislation moving through the Houses of Parliament and is able to speed up the legislative process if a law is required due to an emergency situation.
  • United Kingdom - eRepublik Official Wiki 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wiki.erepublik.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Malaysia's constitution (1957) lists the powers, functions and duties of the Prime Minister of Malaysia.^ And this Prime Minister has understood the duty.
  • President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with United Kingdom Prime Minister Brown 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under longstanding parliamentary custom and practice, however, the Prime Minister holds de facto decision-making power over the deployment and disposition of British forces.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

.The United Kingdom's constitution, being uncodified and largely unwritten, makes no mention of a prime minister.^ Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The first real Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, 1895– .
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Though it had de facto existed for centuries, its first mention in official state documents did not occur until the first decade of the twentieth century.^ The first mention of "Prime Minister" in an official government document occurred during the premiership of Benjamin Disraeli .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Using the financial leadership of the City (London), Britain dominated international trade until World War I. Heavy industry declined throughout the twentieth century.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland existed as separate states since the 9th century.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Accordingly, it is often said "not to exist", indeed there are several instances of parliament declaring this to be the case.^ There exist several limits on the powers of the Prime Minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are undoubtedly cases where it may be appropriate for the court to entertain a claim for a declaration in advance of a decision or even where there is no decision in prospect.
  • CND - v - The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and others 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ First there's the excuse we used for instance in the Anthony Blunt case.
  • Yes, Minister/Yes, Prime Minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.rubberturnip.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The prime minister sits in the cabinet solely by virtue of occupying another office, either First Lord of the Treasury (office in commission), or more rarely Chancellor of the Exchequer (the last of whom was Balfour in 1905).^ First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer (from 1767 ) .
  • Prime Minister - British Offices and Honours 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC british.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ 'Prime Minister' since Walpole served as First Lord of the Treasury from 1721 - 1742.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ First Lord of the Treasury ; the first to hold the title of Prime Minister officially.
  • Prime Minister - British Offices and Honours 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC british.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

Exit from office

.Most prime ministers in parliamentary systems are not appointed for a specific term in office and in effect may remain in power through a number of elections and parliaments.^ There is no term of office for a prime minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Contrary to popular and journalistic belief, most prime ministers in parliamentary systems are not appointed for a specific term in office and in effect may remain in power through a number of elections and parliaments.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The extent of a Prime Minister's power over the Cabinet may vary.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

.For example, Margaret Thatcher was only ever appointed prime minister on one occasion, in 1979. She remained continuously in power until 1990, though she used the assembly of each House of Commons after a general election to reshuffle her cabinet.^ The Prime Minister is also entitled to use the country house of Chequers in Buckinghamshire.

^ The extent of a Prime Minister's power over the Cabinet may vary.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Speech by the Prime Minister in the House of Commons on August 24, 1939.
  • Avalon Project - The British War Bluebook 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Some states, however, do have a term of office of the prime minister linked to the period in office of the parliament.^ There is no term of office for a prime minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The period in office of a Prime Minister is not linked to the term of Members of the House of Commons.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.Hence the Irish Taoiseach is formally 'renominated' after every general election.^ The UK is divided into 646 parliamentary constituencies and at least every five years voters in each constituency elect their Member of Parliament (MP) in a general election.
  • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ There must be a general election to elect MPs at least every five years, though they may be held sooner if the Prime Minister so decides.
  • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Contrary to myth a prime minister is not reappointed after every general election.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.(Some constitutional experts have questioned whether this process is actually in keeping with the provisions of the Irish constitution, which appear to suggest that a taoiseach should remain in office, without the requirement of a renomination, unless s/he has clearly lost the general election.^ Remaining in power despite his declared reluctance to be validated by the British Public in a General Election, no one voted for this man so why is he still in no.
  • Prime minister's questions – live | Politics | guardian.co.uk 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ This occurs after each General Election and also whenever a Prime Minister dies in office or resigns their position without calling a General Election.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Peel, however, found it impossible to govern without the support of the House of Commons, which remained Whig-dominated despite a general election , and was forced to resign from his position.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

) .The position of prime minister is normally chosen from the political party that commands majority of seats in the lower house of parliament.^ The Prime Minister (PM) is the leader of the political party in power.
  • Chapter 4: How The United Kingdom Is Governed 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC ebook.prepareuktest.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ If another party has lost a majority in the House of Commons, the Prime Minister is compelled to resign.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The leader of the political party which commands a majority of seats in the House of Commons is normally invited by the monarch to form a government and act as prime minister.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In parliamentary systems, governments are generally required to have the confidence of the lower house of parliament (though a small minority of parliaments, by giving a right to block supply to upper houses, in effect make the cabinet responsible to both houses, though in reality upper houses, even when they have the power, rarely exercise it).^ Secondly, it permits the government to enter into international agreements without popular assent (for instance, by means of a referendum); generally, minor international treaties are not even scrutinised by Parliament, and are simply approved by the monarch as Orders in Council .
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Leader of the House of Commons (Ms Harriet Harman): The Government firmly believe in strengthening the role of the House of Commons, and making Parliament more effective is an essential part of restoring public trust in our political system.

^ They are all British Crown Dependencies , which means that they are effectively self-governing with their own legislature and tax systems: the UK remains responsible for foreign policy and in certain circumstances has legal authority superior to the parliaments.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Where they lose a vote of confidence, have a motion of no confidence passed against them, or where they lose supply, most constitutional systems require either:
a) a letter of resignation or
b) a request for parliamentary dissolution.
.The latter in effect allows the government to appeal the opposition of parliament to the electorate.^ Most of the electorate knows what they’re voting for, perpetual unnecessary war, criminality and bad government, because that’s what they want, as long as it doesn’t effect their life.
  • Danish Prime Minister Knew WTC Would Collapse 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Globe and Mail (blog) Harper Prorogues Parliament, Opposition Upset, No Government Until March - Cambridge Now!
  • PrimeMinister.ca Canada News Links 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.primeminister.ca [Source type: General]

.However in many jurisdictions a head of state may refuse a parliamentary dissolution, requiring the resignation of the prime minister and his or her government.^ He is sworn in as prime minister in May.
  • BBC News - Timeline: Italy 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1951, Churchill again became prime minister at the head of a Conservative government.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In most modern parliamentary systems, the prime minister is the person who decides when to request a parliamentary dissolution.^ In most modern parliamentary systems, the prime minister is the person who decides when to request a parliamentary dissolution.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.

.Older constitutions often vest this power in the cabinet.^ The UK is a constitutional monarchy , with executive power exercised on behalf of the monarch by the Prime Minister and other cabinet ministers.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy , with executive power exercised on behalf of the Queen by the Prime Minister and other cabinet ministers who head departments .
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, with executive power exercised on behalf of the Queen by the Prime Minister and other cabinet ministers who head departments.
  • THE UNITED KINGDOM A HAVEN FOR PLANNING CRIME AND CRIMINALS 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bushywood.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(In the United Kingdom, for example, the tradition whereby it is the prime minister who requests a dissolution of parliament dates back to 1918. Prior to then, it was the entire government that made the request.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government who appoints other Ministers from Parliament to form the Cabinet.
  • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parliament is the national legislature of the United Kingdom.
  • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • THE UNITED KINGDOM A HAVEN FOR PLANNING CRIME AND CRIMINALS 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bushywood.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is notable for being the only Oregonian Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Similarly, though the modern 1937 Irish constitution grants to the Taoiseach the right to make the request, the earlier 1922 Irish Free State Constitution vested the power in the Executive Council (the then name for the Irish cabinet).^ This constituted a complete recognition of the Confederacy as a belligerent power, that is, as entitled, so far as England was concerned, to all those exceptional rights and privileges that international law assigns to sovereign states which are at war with each other."
  • President Abrahan Lincoln 9 October 2009 20:25 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While the monarch is Head of State and theoretically holds all executive power, it is the Prime Minister who is the head of government .
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under him suffrage was extended to women, southern Ireland became the Irish Free State, and Egypt gained independence.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

Titles

.Different terms are used to describe prime ministers.^ A number of different terms are used to describe prime ministers.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The origin of the term prime minister and the question to whom it should originally be applied have long been issues of scholarly and political debate.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.In Germany and Austria the prime minister is actually titled Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler).^ Nevertheless, in spite of this recognition, the brass plate outside the Prime Minister's front door still bears the title of First Lord of the Treasury.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ He had inherited a title as 14th Earl of Home which he renounced so that he could serve as Prime Minister in the Commons in succession to Harold Macmillan from 1963 - 64.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ H.H the Prime Minister received the Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany Claus Achenbach, who took leave of HH as he has been appointed elsewhere.
  • Diwan of His Highness The Prime Minister 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.pm.gov.kw [Source type: News]

.In Russian Provisional Government the prime minister is actually titled Minister-Chairman while the Irish prime minister is called the Taoiseach (which is rendered into English as prime minister), and in Israel he is 'Rosh Memshalah' meaning head of government.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1951, Churchill again became prime minister at the head of a Conservative government.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On her resignation, Short denounced "the centralisation of power into the hands of the Prime Minister and an increasingly small number of advisers" [3] The Butler Review of 2004 condemned Blair's style of "sofa government".
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.In many cases, though commonly used, "prime minister" is not the official title of the office-holder; the Spanish prime minister is the President of the Government (Presidente del Gobierno).^ First Lord of the Treasury ; the first to hold the title of Prime Minister officially.
  • Prime Minister - British Offices and Honours 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC british.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until 1905 , there was no official office of Prime Minister.
  • Prime Minister - British Offices and Honours 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC british.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Other common forms include president of the council of ministers (for example in Italy, Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri), President of the Executive Council, or Minister-President.^ The Prime Minister is the head of government who appoints other Ministers from Parliament to form the Cabinet.
  • British Pound, GBP, United Kingdom, Information on the Currency of the UK 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.gocurrency.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ITALY: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will go to the US later this year while US President Barack Obama will visit India next year.
  • Prime Minister Manmohan Singh | 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC despardes.com [Source type: News]

^ No other world leader was more solidly in President George W. Bush’s corner than Prime Minister Tony Blair when it came to the war on terror.
  • AllGov - Nations - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.allgov.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the Scandinavian countries the prime minister is called statsminister in the native languages (i.e. minister of state). In federations, the head of government of subnational entities such as provinces is most commonly known as the premier, chief minister, governor or minister-president.
.In non-Commonwealth countries the prime minister may be entitled to the style of Excellency like a president.^ In non-Commonwealth countries the prime minister may be entitled to the style of Excellency like a president.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister is also entitled to use the country house of Chequers in Buckinghamshire .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a prime minister and a president are both active participants in the day-to-day administration of the state.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

.In some Commonwealth countries prime ministers and former prime ministers are styled Right Honourable due to their position, for example in the Prime Minister of Canada.^ Sir Humphrey: Commonwealth countries, Prime Minister.
  • Yes, Minister/Yes, Prime Minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.rubberturnip.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Act made a certain distinction between "position" (Prime Minister) and "office" (First Lord of the Treasury) emphasizing the unique character of the position and recognized the existence of the Cabinet.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This occurs after each General Election and also whenever a Prime Minister dies in office or resigns their position without calling a General Election.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In the United Kingdom the prime minister and former prime ministers may appear to also be styled Right Honourable, however this is not due to their position as head of government but as a privilege of being current members of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council.^ Are Labour members prepared to defend the rights of this United Kingdom Parliament?
  • The Thatcher papers: 30 years ago, we had a proper Prime Minister – Telegraph Blogs 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Is notable for being the only Oregonian Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]
.In the UK where devolved government is in place, the leaders of the Scottish, Northern Ireland and Welsh Governments are styled First Minister.^ In the devolved governments of Scotland , Wales , and Northern Ireland , the position which corresponds with that of Prime Minister is First Minister .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ UK offers civil-partnerships while neither England, Scotland, Wales, or Northern Ireland allows same-sex marriage.
  • Think Progress » UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown slams Prop. 8. 20 September 2009 22:022 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bombings subsided somewhat in mid-1994, and during 1994–96 the British government and leaders from the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (including representatives from Sinn Fein, the political arm of the provisional IRA) conducted negotiations concerning the future of Northern Ireland.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Pakistan, the prime minister is referred to as "Wazir-e-Azam", meaning "Grand Vizier".^ Tony Blair, the previous Prime Minister, was frequently referred to in print as "the Prime Minister", "Mr Blair", "Tony Blair" or "Blair".
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ She was challenging, along with another former prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, the current president and general of Pakistan who declared martial law, General Musharraf.
  • Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto Assassinated 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.democracynow.org [Source type: News]

^ The exercise of the Royal Prerogative by the Prime Minister gives him/her the power to wage wars without formal reference to Parliament.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

"Chairman or Chief?"

.Irish political scientist Professor Brian Farrell coined the term Chairman or Chief to describe the two alternative concepts of prime ministerial leadership, in his book of the same name about the office of Taoiseach.^ Irish political scientist Professor Brian Farrell coined the term "Chairman or Chief" to describe the two alternative concepts of prime ministerial leadership, in his book of the same name about the office of Taoiseach .
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Benjamin Disraeli was named prime minister in 1868, but a Liberal victory soon afterwards brought William Gladstone to office.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In some places alternative titles such as "Premier," "Chief Minister," "First Minister of State", "President of the Council" or "Chancellor" were adopted, but the essentials of the office were the same.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

[4] .The term, widely used in political science worldwide, draws a distinction between a head of government who is merely a facilitator and co-ordinator of a cabinet (the "chairman"), and those who lead it forcefully from the front, setting its policy agenda and requiring all ministers to follow the leader's policies (the "chief").^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The origin of the term prime minister and the question to whom it should originally be applied have long been issues of scholarly and political debate.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ They continue in office, but may use the opportunity to reshuffle the cabinet, without only those ministers moved or brought in going to the Palace for appointment.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.Examples of "chairmen" have included Bertie Ahern (Ireland), John Major (United Kingdom) and Couve de Murville (France), while examples of "chiefs" included Indira Gandhi and Atal Bihari Vajpayee (India), Seán Lemass (Ireland), Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair (United Kingdom), and Jacques Chirac when prime minister under cohabitation.^ Labour party leader Tony Blair became Prime Minister.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Major powers - United Kingdom .
  • United Kingdom | Koordinaten / Informationen / Encyclopedia of terms - United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.koordinaten.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then-Prime Minister Tony… 24/11/2009 - Tags : Iraq War , United Kingdom , Tony Blair .
  • United Kingdom | euronews 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.euronews.net [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.Not every prime minister fits exclusively into either category: Éamon de Valera, though a strong personality, was only interested in controlling some of his government's agenda (usually constitutional matters and Anglo-Irish affairs), and allowed large areas to be decided by his colleagues.^ Not every prime minister fits exclusively into either category: Éamon de Valera , though a strong personality, was only interested in controlling some of his government's agenda (usually constitutional matters and Anglo-Irish affairs), and allowed large areas to decided by his colleagues.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Since then it has usually, but not always, been associated with the post of the Prime Minister of the government.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Though superficially a chief (and called "the Chief" [the literal translation of Taoiseach] by his colleagues) historians see him as more of a chairman, particularly in later governments.^ I did send my chief of staff [General Amer Hashimi] to go and see him in London, and I was in daily contact with him in London.
  • A Meeting with Iraqi Interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi - Council on Foreign Relations 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.cfr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ McSame gives me some peace of mind-I can see him as Commander in Chief of the world's only superpower-I cannot say the same about Obama.
  • PostPartisan - The Debate: The Prime Minister and the President 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.Winston Churchill too, though superficially a "chief", was more chairmanlike in later governments and in those areas in which he had little personal interest.^ Leased Area, except to, or for, the Government of the United States or the persons mentioned in Article XIV (1) (c).
  • Agreement (March 27, 1941) between the Governments of the United Kingdom and the United States of America relating to the Bases Leased to the United States of America (and related documents) 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.lexum.umontreal.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The judgment of the Secretary of State and of the Foreign & Commonwealth Office is that, in this sensitive area and at this time, it would be detrimental to the national interest and the conduct of this countrys international relations for the Government to go further or to commit itself to any more definitive view.
  • CND - v - The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and others 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I am proud that those days are gone and that in the last 12 years this government has done so much to make life fairer and more equal for our LGBT community.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - U.K. Prime Minister Gordon Brown Apologizes for Conviction of Alan Turing: 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

.As well as describing office holders, individual offices could be described as belonging to one or other category.^ Godfrey: Well, it's one or the other really.
  • Yes, Minister/Yes, Prime Minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.rubberturnip.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil servants and other paid office holders of the Crown including judges, members of the armed forces or police .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Home Office noted that the King was aware that legally no one could be prevented from flying the Royal Standard, but he wanted it to be discouraged.
  • United Kingdom - History of the Flag 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC flagspot.net [Source type: Original source]

.Among the more dominant prime ministerial offices in terms of powers, and so more chieflike, are the premierships of Ireland and Spain, where premiers can hire and fire at will.^ He has said he intends to yield certain traditional Prime Ministerial powers conferred on the office by royal prerogative , including the ability to declare war, thus giving the Parliament more powers and rights to vet and veto appointments to senior public positions, in a bid to crack down on cronyism .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The origins of the modern term "Prime Minister" date back to the time after the Glorious Revolution (1688), when Parliament's power began to grow steadily at the expense of that of the monarch.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no term of office for a prime minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.In contrast, offices such as President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State, Prime Minister of the Third French Republic, and the premierships of Belgium and the Netherlands are more chairmanlike in format.^ Congo Republic's President Denis Sassou Nguesso (R), current head of the African Union, arrives for the 8th African Union Summit of Heads of States at the United Nations office in Addis Ababa January 29, 2007.
  • http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L30447160.htm 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.alertnet.org [Source type: News]

^ Was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for a few weeks in 1935 because a United Kingdom including Ireland needed to have a twentieth-century Irish prime minister sooner or later.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Act made a certain distinction between "position" (Prime Minister) and "office" (First Lord of the Treasury) emphasizing the unique character of the position and recognized the existence of the Cabinet.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

Lijphart referred to the premiership of the Netherlands as "primus inter pares without due emphasis on primus".[5]

Description of the role

Wilfried Martens, who served as Prime Minister of Belgium, described his role as follows:
First of all [the Prime Minister] must listen a lot, and when deep disagreements occur, he must suggest a solution to the matter. This can be done in different ways. Sometimes during the discussion, I note the elements of the problem and think of a proposal I can formulate to the Council (cabinet), the Secretary taking notes. The Ministers then insist on changing commas and full stops. The Prime Minister can also make a proposal which leaves enough room for amendments in order to keep the current discussion on the right tracks. When a solution must be found in order to reach a consensus, he can force one or two Ministers to join or resign.[6]

Lists of prime ministers

.The following table groups the list of past and present prime ministers and details information available in those lists.^ H.H the Prime Minister visited those injured in a huge fire in a wedding in Jahra where be became acquainted with the medical facilities granted to them at Jahra hospital.
  • Diwan of His Highness The Prime Minister 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.pm.gov.kw [Source type: News]

^ What follows are some other helpful things you can seek to do to help you gain the office of Prime Minister.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ We understand that finding the perfect list of australian prime ministers vendor can be difficult.
  • Party Planning: list of australian prime ministers 20 November 2009 21:30 UTC www.mypartyplanner.com [Source type: News]

Government List starts Table shows
parties?
Term given by
years or dates?
Incumbent
Abkhazia 1995 - dates Sergei Shamba
Afghanistan 1927 - years (Post Abolished)
Albania (List) 1912 - years Sali Berisha
Algeria 1962 yes years Ahmed Ouyahia
Andorra 1982 - years Jaume Bartumeu
Angola 1975 - dates Paulo Kassoma
Anguilla 1976 yes dates Hubert Hughes
Antigua and Barbuda 1981 - years Baldwin Spencer
Armenia 1918 yes dates Tigran Sargsyan
Aruba 1986 - dates Mike Eman
Australia (List) 1901 yes dates Kevin Rudd
Austria 1918 yes years Werner Faymann
Azerbaijan 1918 yes dates Artur Rasizade
Bahamas 1967 - dates Hubert Ingraham
Bahrain 1970 - years Sheikh Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifah
Bangladesh 1971 yes dates Sheikh Hasina
Barbados 1954 yes dates David Thompson
Belarus 1919 - dates Sergey Sidorsky
Belgium 1831 yes dates Yves Leterme
Belize 1973 yes years Dean Barrow
Benin 1957 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Bermuda 1968 yes dates Ewart Brown
Bhutan 1952 - dates Jigme Thinley
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1943 - dates Nikola Špirić
Botswana 1965 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Brazil 1847 yes dates (Post Abolished)
British Virgin Islands 1967 yes dates Ralph T. O'Neal
Bulgaria 1879 yes dates Boyko Borisov
Burkina Faso 1971 - dates Tertius Zongo
Burundi 1961 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Cambodia 1996 - years Hun Sen
Cameroon 1960 - dates Philémon Yang
Canada (List) 1867 yes dates Stephen Harper
Cape Verde 1975 - dates José Maria Neves
Cayman Islands 1992 yes dates McKeeva Bush
Central African Republic 1958 - dates Faustin-Archange Touadéra
Chad 1978 - dates Emmanuel Nadingar
China (PRC) (List) 1949 - dates Wen Jiabao
Comoros 1957 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Congo (Brazzaville) 1957 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Congo (Kinshasa) 1960 yes dates Adolphe Muzito
Cook Islands 1965 yes dates Jim Marurai
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 1957 yes dates Guillaume Soro
Croatia 1939 - dates Jadranka Kosor
Cuba 1940 - dates Raúl Castro
Northern Cyprus 1983 yes dates Derviş Eroğlu
Czech Republic 1993 - years Jan Fischer
Denmark (List) 1848 - years Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Djibouti 1977 - dates Dileita Mohamed Dileita
Dominica 1960 - dates Roosevelt Skerrit
East Timor 2002 - dates Xanana Gusmão
Egypt (List) 1878 - years Ahmed Nazif
Equatorial Guinea 1963 - dates Ignacio Milam Tang
Estonia 1918 - dates Andrus Ansip
Ethiopia 1942 yes dates Meles Zenawi
Faroe Islands 1946 - years Kaj Leo Johannesen
Fiji 1966 - dates Frank Bainimarama (interim)
Finland 1917 yes years Matti Vanhanen
France (List) 1815 - years François Fillon
Gabon 1957 yes dates Paul Biyoghé Mba
The Gambia 1961 - dates (Post Abolished)
Ghana 1957 - dates (Post Abolished)
Georgia 1918 yes dates Nikoloz Gilauri
Germany (List) 1871/1949 yes dates Angela Merkel
Gibraltar 1964 yes dates Peter Caruana
Greece (List) 1833 - dates George Papandreou
Greenland 1979 - years Kuupik Kleist
Grenada 1954 - years Tillman Thomas
Guernsey 2007 - dates Lyndon Trott
Guinea 1972 - dates Jean-Marie Doré
Guinea-Bissau 1973 - dates Carlos Gomes Júnior
Guyana 1953 - dates Sam Hinds
Haiti 1988 - dates Jean-Max Bellerive
Hungary 1848 - dates Gordon Bajnai
Iceland 1904 - dates Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
India 1947 yes dates Manmohan Singh
Indonesia 1945 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Iran (List) 1824 - years (Post Abolished)
Iraq 1920 - years Nouri al-Maliki
Ireland 1937 yes dates Brian Cowen
Israel (List) 1948 - years Benjamin Netanyahu
Italy (List) 1861 - years Silvio Berlusconi
Jamaica 1959 - years Bruce Golding
Japan (List) 1885 - dates Yukio Hatoyama
Jersey 2005 - dates Terry Le Sueur
Jordan 1944 - dates Samir Rifai
Kazakhstan 1920 - years Karim Massimov
Kenya 1963 - dates Raila Odinga
North Korea 1948 - years Kim Yong-il
South Korea (List) 1948 - years Chung Un-chan
Kosovo 1945 yes dates Hashim Thaçi
Kuwait 1962 - dates Sheikh Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
Kyrgyzstan 1924 - dates Daniar Usenov
Laos 1941 - years Bouasone Bouphavanh
Latvia 1918 yes dates Valdis Dombrovskis
Lebanon 1926 - dates Saad Hariri
Lesotho 1965 yes dates Pakalitha Mosisili
Libya 1951 - dates Baghdadi Mahmudi
Liechtenstein 1921 yes dates Klaus Tschütscher
Lithuania 1918 yes dates Andrius Kubilius
Luxembourg 1959 - years Jean-Claude Juncker
Macedonia 1943 yes dates Nikola Gruevski
Madagascar 1833 - dates Albert Camille Vital
Malawi 1963 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Malaysia 1957 yes years Najib Tun Razak
Mali 1957 yes dates Modibo Sidibé
Malta 1921 yes years Lawrence Gonzi
Isle of Man 1986 - years Tony Brown
Mauritania 1957 yes dates Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf
Mauritius 1961 yes dates Navin Ramgoolam
Moldova 1990 - dates Vlad Filat
Monaco 1911 n/a dates Jean-Paul Proust
Mongolia 1912 yes dates Sükhbaataryn Batbold
Montenegro 1879 yes dates Milo Đukanović
Montserrat 1960 yes dates Reuben Meade
Morocco 1955 yes years Abbas El Fassi
Mozambique 1974 yes dates Aires Ali
Myanmar (Burma) 1948 yes dates Thein Sein
Nagorno-Karabakh 1992 no dates Arayik Harutyunyan
Namibia 1990 yes dates Nahas Angula
Nepal 1953 - dates Madhav Kumar Nepal
Netherlands (List) 1848 yes dates Jan Peter Balkenende
Netherlands Antilles 1954 yes years Emily de Jongh-Elhage
New Zealand (List) 1856 yes dates John Key
Newfoundland 1855 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Niger 1958 yes dates Mahamadou Danda
Niue 1974 - dates Toke Talagi
Norfolk Island 1896 - dates Andre Nobbs
Norway 1814 yes years Jens Stoltenberg
Pakistan (List) 1947 - dates Yousaf Raza Gillani
Palestinian National Authority 2003 yes dates Salam Fayyad
Papua New Guinea 1975 yes years Sir Michael Somare
Peru 1975 yes dates Javier Velásquez
Philippines 1899 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Poland (List) 1917 - dates Donald Tusk
Portugal (List) 1834 yes dates José Sócrates
Qatar 1972 - dates Sheikh Hamad ibn Jassim ibn Jabr Al Thani
Romania 1862 - years Emil Boc
Russia (List) 1864/1905 yes dates Vladimir Putin
Rwanda 1960 yes dates Bernard Makuza
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1960 - dates Denzil Douglas
Saint Lucia 1960 - dates Stephenson King
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1956 - dates Ralph Gonsalves
Samoa 1875 yes dates Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
São Tomé and Principe 1974 yes dates Joaquim Rafael Branco
Saudi Arabia 1953 no dates King Abdullah
Senegal 1957 yes dates Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye
Serbia 1805 yes years Mirko Cvetković
Seychelles 1970 yes years (Post Abolished)
Sierra Leone 1954 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Singapore 1959 - dates Lee Hsien Loong
Slovakia 1918 - dates Robert Fico
Slovenia 1943 yes years Borut Pahor
Solomon Islands 1949 yes dates Derek Sikua
Somalia 1949 yes dates Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
South Africa 1910 - dates (Post Abolished)
South Ossetia 1991 - dates Vadim Brovtsev
Spain (List) 1705 yes years José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Sri Lanka (List) 1948 - dates Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
Sudan 1952 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Suriname 1949 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Swaziland 1967 - years Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
Sweden (List) 1876 yes years Fredrik Reinfeldt
Syria 1920 - dates Muhammad Naji al-Otari
Taiwan (Republic of China) (List) 1911 - dates Wu Den-yih
Tajikistan 1924 - dates Okil Okilov
Tanzania 1960 yes dates Mizengo Pinda
Thailand (List) 1932 - dates Abhisit Vejjajiva
Togo 1956 yes dates Gilbert Houngbo
Tokelau 1992 - dates Foua Toloa
Tonga 1876 - years Feleti Sevele
Trinidad and Tobago 1956 - dates Patrick Manning
Tunisia 1969 - dates Mohamed Ghannouchi
Turkmenistan 1924 - dates (Post Abolished)
Turkey 1920 yes dates Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Turks and Caicos Islands 1976 yes dates vacant
Tuvalu 1975 n/a dates Apisai Ielemia
Uganda 1961 yes dates Apolo Nsibambi
Ukraine (List) 1917 - dates Mykola Azarov
United Arab Emirates 1971 - years Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United Kingdom (List) 1721 yes dates Gordon Brown
Uzbekistan 1924 - dates Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Vanuatu 1980 yes dates Edward Natapei
Vatican 1644 - years Tarcisio Bertone
Vietnam 1976 yes dates Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
Yemen 1990 yes years Ali Muhammad Mujawar
Western Sahara 1976 no years Abdelkader Taleb Oumar
Zambia 1964 yes dates (Post Abolished)
Zimbabwe 1923 - dates Morgan Tsvangirai
Kevin Rudd, the current Prime Minister of Australia
Boyko Borisov, the current Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Stephen Harper, the current Prime Minister of Canada
Angela Merkel, the current Chancellor of Germany
Matti Vanhanen, the current Prime Minister of Finland
George Papandreou, the current Prime Minister of Greece
Manmohan Singh, the current Prime Minister of India
Nouri al-Maliki, the current Prime Minister of Iraq
Benjamin Netanyahu, the current Prime Minister of Israel
Silvio Berlusconi, the current Prime Minister of Italy
Yukio Hatoyama, the current Prime Minister of Japan
Raila Odinga, the current Prime Minister of Kenya
Najib Tun Razak, the current Prime Minister of Malaysia
Lawrence Gonzi, the current Prime Minister of Malta
Jan Peter Balkenende, the current Prime Minister of the Netherlands
John Key, the current Prime Minister of New Zealand
Yousaf Raza Gillani, the current Prime Minister of Pakistan
José Sócrates, the current Prime Minister of Portugal
Vladimir Putin, the current Prime Minister of Russia
Mirko Cvetković, the current Prime Minister of Serbia
Lee Hsien Loong, the current Prime Minister of Singapore
Robert Fico, the current Prime Minister of Slovakia, meeting with Serbian President Boris Tadić
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, the current Prime Minister of Spain
Gordon Brown, the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Footnotes

  1. ^ Contrary to popular perception the two posts are separate and need not be held by the one person. The last prime minister not to be First Lord of the Treasury was Lord Salisbury at the turn of the 20th century. 10 Downing Street is actually the First Lord's residence, not the Prime Minister's. As Salisbury was not First Lord he had to live elsewhere as prime minister.
  2. ^ Although the roles of the Spanish head of government coincide with the definition of a 'prime minister', in Spain the position is in fact referred to as 'the Presidency of the Government'
  3. ^ "Privy Council Members". The Privy Council Office. http://www.privy-council.org.uk/output/Page25.asp. Retrieved 19-Sep-2009. 
  4. ^ Brian F. Farrell, Chairman or Chief? The Role of Taoiseach in Irish Government (1971)
  5. ^ Jean Blondel & Ferdinand Muller-Rommel Cabinets in Western Europe Macmillan, 1993 edition.
  6. ^ Wilfried Martens, quoted in ibid.

See also

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.PRIME MINISTER, or Premier, in England, the first minister of the Crown.^ Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister .
  • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

    - Haaretz - Israel News
    23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama, & the first Jewish Prime Minister in..
  • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

    - Haaretz - Israel News
    23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PRIME MINISTER, or Premier , in England , the first minister of the Crown .

.Until 1905 the office of prime minister was unknown to the law,' but by a royal warrant of the 2nd of December of that year the holder of the office, as such, was given precedence next after the archbishop of York.^ Prime Minister’s Office has the following functions: .
  • The Cabinet of Ministers fo the Republic of Latvia: Prime Minister’s Office 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.mk.gov.lv [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prime Ministers Office Skip to navigation .

^ Prime Ministers through the years .
  • Prime Minister of India at AllExperts 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Academic]

.The prime minister is the medium of intercourse between the cabinet and the sovereign; he has to be cognizant of all matters of real importance that take place in the different departments so as to exercise a controlling influence in the cabinet; he is virtually responsible for the disposal of the entire patronage of the Crown; he selects his colleagues, and by his resignation of office dissolves the ministry.^ The Prime minister is exercising his constitutional responsibility by appointing the commissioner and deputy commissioner.
  • Green accuses prime minister of disregarding constitution | Dominica News Online 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC dominicanewsonline.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prime Ministers of Australia should be responsible.

^ It is her second term in office as prime minister.
  • Hasina sworn in as Bangladesh prime minister | TopNews United States 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC topnews.us [Source type: News]

.Yet he was until 1905, in theory at least, but the equal of the colleagues he appointed.^ Yet he was until 1905, in theory at least, but the equal of the colleagues he appointed.

.The prime minister is nominated by the sovereign.^ The prime minister is nominated by the sovereign.

^ Nominates Prime Minister; approves ministers.
  • President & Prime Minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.sras.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Australia - Prime Minister's water savings award- call for nominations ISRIA The Prime Minister and the Minister for Climate Change and Water, Senator Penny Wong, today called for nominations for the inaugural Prime Minister's Water ...

"I offered," said Sir Robert Peel on his resignation of office, "no opinion as to the choice of a successor. .That is almost the only act which is the personal act of the sovereign; it is for the sovereign to determine in whom her confidence shall be placed."^ And so we were married, with my husband being the only person present whom I already knew and my uncle from Edinburgh whom I had only just met, giving me away.
  • Ahoy - Mac's Web Log - UK Prime Minister Anthony Eden, current UK Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott, and the R.M.S. Rangitata. Mary Muhr 20 September 2009 22:022 UTC ahoy.tk-jk.net [Source type: General]

^ If he has such a prophecy, and God instructs that it be revealed, then the audience should be only to the person to whom the prophecy concerns – in this case, the candidate.
  • Costello: God’s own Prime Minister – Crikey 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.crikey.com.au [Source type: General]

^ Instead the standard became, by persuasion, the sovereign's personal standard, even though the Act creating it describes it as, "the standard of the said United Kingdom", not "the standard of His Majesty, King of the United Kingdom".
  • United Kingdom - History of the Flag 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC flagspot.net [Source type: Original source]

.Yet this selection by the Crown is practically limited.^ Yet this selection by the Crown is practically limited.

.No prime minister could carry on the government of the country for any length of time who did not possess the confidence of the House of Commons.^ The Prime Minister is also entitled to use the country house of Chequers in Buckinghamshire.

^ Who is england's prime minister in 2008?
  • WikiAnswers - Who is England's prime minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Head of government: Prime minister, usually the head of the majority party in the House of Commons.
  • HowStuffWorks "Geography of The United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC geography.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The prime minister has no salary as prime minister, but he usually holds the premiership in connexion with the first lordship of the treasury, the chancellorship of the exchequer, a secretaryship of state or the privy seal.^ By convention, as noted above, the Prime Minister also holds the office of First Lord of the Treasury.

^ Who was britains first prime minister?
  • WikiAnswers - Who was the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Firstly the Prime Ministers title is actually "First Lord of the Treasury".
  • WikiAnswers - Who was the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sir Robert Walpole must be regarded as the first prime minister - that is, a minister who imposed harmonious action upon his colleagues in the cabinet.^ Sir Robert Walpole is widely regarded as being Britain's first Prime Minister in the modern sense...
  • Questions about Great Britain - Ask.com 9 October 2009 20:25 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Nepalese prime minister resigns from cabinet .

^ Who is england's prime minister in 2008?
  • WikiAnswers - Who is England's prime minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.This was brought about partly by the capacity of the man himself, partly by the lack of interest of George I. and II. in English home affairs.^ This was brought about partly by the capacity of the man himself, partly by the lack of interest of George I. and II. in English home affairs.

^ George spoke no English, spent much of his time at his home in Hanover , and had neither knowledge of nor interest in the details of English government.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Conservative Party warns that a gas shortage is about to hit the UK due to a lack of storage capacity.
  • The Oil Drum | Is the United Kingdom facing a natural gas shortage? 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.theoildrum.com [Source type: General]

.This creation, as it were, of a superior minister was so gradually and silently effected that it is difficult to realize its full importance.^ A senior British Cabinet minister has sparked fury by saying that Muslim women who wore full veils made community relations more difficult.
  • Cabinet of the United Kingdom: News & Videos about Cabinet of the United Kingdom - CNN.com 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]
  • Cabinet of the United Kingdom: News & Videos about Cabinet of the United Kingdom - CNN.com 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC topics.edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.In previous ministries there was no prime minister except so far as one member of the administration dominated over his colleagues by the force of character and intelligence.^ There is no term of office for a prime minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Write a Recap » There are no reviews for Yes, Prime Minister.
  • Yes, Prime Minister: The Tangled Web episode on TV.com 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC www.tv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "There is no one else around."
  • Japan's Next Prime Minister: Taro Aso - TIME 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.time.com [Source type: News]

.In the reign of George III.^ During the reign of George III (1760–1820), the population almost doubled.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early Reign of George III George III, grandson of George II, came to the throne in 1760.
  • Howstuffworks "History of the United Kingdom" 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The reign of George III , which began in 1760 upon the death of George II, is particularly notable for developments in the office of Prime Minister.
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

even .North and Addington were universally acknowledged by the title of prime minister, though they had little claim to the independence of action of a Walpole or a Pitt.^ In Ukraine, they have gothic prime minister .
  • prime minister - Scanner 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.nerve.com [Source type: General]

^ Title: memos to the prime minister .
  • memos to the prime minister - AbeBooks 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.abebooks.com [Source type: General]

^ North and Addington were universally acknowledged by the title of prime minister, though they had little claim to the independence of action of a Walpole or a Pitt.

.British Prime Ministers. Sir R. Walpole..^ Sir John Alexander Macdonald, lawyer, businessman, politician, first prime minister of Canada (b at Brunswick Place, ...

^ Sir Robert Walpole is widely regarded as being Britain's first Prime Minister in the modern sense...
  • Questions about Great Britain - Ask.com 9 October 2009 20:25 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ British prime minister: recession likely in UK .
  • Newsvine - united-kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: News]

.John, Lord Carteret (afterwards Earl Granville).^ John, Lord Carteret (afterwards Earl Granville).

^ Lord Chancellors 5 Jan 1692 - 2 May 1696 John Hay, Earl of Tweeddale (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Lord John Russell and Earl Russell are the same man - typing in "Lord John Russell" should give me both.
  • Can you name the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom? - sporcle 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

.
Henry Pelham. Duke of Newcastle. .William Pitt and Duke of Newcastle Earl of Bute.^ One list had William Pitt, the Elder as prime minister from 1766 to 1768 while another had the Duke of Grafton holding the office from 1766 to 1770.
  • Britannia Government: Prime Ministers 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.britannia.com [Source type: News]

^ William Pitt and Duke of Newcastle Earl of Bute .

^ Whg Duke of Newcastle (1st time) 16 Nov 1756 - 25 Jun 1757 William Cavendish, (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

.George Grenville Marquess of Rockingham W. Pitt, Earl of Chatham.^ Grenville (6 others); Chatham (2 el s, 3 yn ch); Grafton (1 yn b); Pitt (2 el s, 1 yn ch); Perceval (1 el b, 3 el s, 4 yn ch); Goderich (1 yn b); Grey (7 yn ch); Melbourne (4 yn ch); Palmerston (4 others, 1 el b); Campbell-Bannerman (1 b, 2 el s); Asquith (4 others) .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ University of Life - 8 Devonshire, Rockingham; Pitt, Disraeli, Lloyd George, Bonar Law, Callaghan, Major .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ William - eight Devonshire, Chatham 8 , Shelburne, Pitt, Lord Grenville, Portland, Melbourne, Gladstone .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4197440 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

Duke of Grafton Lord North. Marquess of Rockingham .
.' The first formal mention in a public document appears to be in 1878, where, in the opening clause of the treaty of Berlin, the earl of Beaconsfield is referred to as "First Lord of Her Majesty's Treasury, Prime Minister of England."1721-1742-1742-17441744-1754-1754-17561756-1762-1762-17631763-1765-1765-17661766-1767-1767-17701770-1782-1782 Earl of Shelburne (afterwards Mar quess of Lans downe).1782-1783Lord North (after wards Earl of Guil ford.^ First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer (from 1767 ) .
  • Prime Minister - British Offices and Honours 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC british.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An open sandwich to the Prime Minister .
  • catherinelim.sg » An Open Letter to the Prime Minister 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC catherinelim.sg [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister Obama & the first Arab Prime Minister .
  • Obama, and the first Arab prime minister of Israel

    - Haaretz - Israel News
    23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: Original source]

.1783 W. Pitt..1783-1801H. Addington (after wards Viscount Sidmouth).1801-1804W. Pitt.^ The long tenure of the wartime Prime Minister Pitt the Younger ( 1783 - 1801 ), combined with the mental illness of George III, consolidated the power of the post.
  • What is Prime Minister? 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Whg Bentinck, Duke of Portland (1st time) 19 Dec 1783 - 14 Mar 1801 William Pitt "the Younger" (b.
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC www.worldstatesmen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ William Pitt the Younger (1783–1801) -- Tory .
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - Wikiality, the Truthiness Encyclopedia 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC wikiality.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

..1804-1806Lord Grenville.1806-1807Duke of Portland
.1807-1809 Spencer Perceval1809-1812Earl of Liverpool 1812-18271827 G. Canning..^ On May 11, 1812, Spencer Perceval, the Protestant Christian Prime Minister of Great Britain, was brutally slain by an assassin from Liverpool, England, named John Bellingham.

^ The only Prime Minister to be assassinated was Spencer Perceval (in 1812).
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 2 February 2010 16:50 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: Original source]
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 14 January 2010 13:20 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Spencer Perceval was brutally gunned down in the very Houses of Parliament on May 11, 1812.

1827


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to prime minister article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

Noun

Singular
prime minister
  1. In a parliamentary democracy, the chief member of the cabinet and head of the government; usually the leader of the majority party.
    This is a list of all prime ministers since Churchill.
    .Yesterday we had a visit from the Prime Minister. (See usage notes.^ Sir Humphrey, The Key We are here to see that the Prime Minister is not confused.
    • Yes, Minister/Yes, Prime Minister 23 January 2010 10:24 UTC www.rubberturnip.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

    )

Usage notes

  • When referring to a particular prime minister, prime minister is capitalised:
    The Prime Minister issued a statement today.
  • When referring to a prime minister by title and name together, British usage is “the Prime Minister, Tony Blair” or “Tony Blair, the Prime Minister”, while North American usage is “Prime Minister Tony Blair”.

Synonyms

Translations

See also


Simple English

A prime minister manages the politics of a country. With countries that have kings and queens (known as monarchs), they are very important because they are in charge of most of the politics (they are "head of the government". In countries with a president, they might be in charge of most of the politics (as in Ireland), or they may be in day-to day charge, but taking orders from the president as in France.

Countries with a Prime Minister:



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, which are similar to those in the above article.








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