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Ghana

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Politics and government of
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The post of Prime Minister of Ghana existed from 1957 to 1960 and again from 1969 to 1972.

The country's first leader and Prime Minister was Kwame Nkrumah of the Convention People's Party (CPP). He held that post from the date of Ghanaian independence - 6 March 1957 to 1 July 1960, when a new constitution came into effect that abolished the position. Nkrumah became President of the Republic, but was later overthrown in a 1966 military coup.

When Ghana returned to civilian rule in 1969, the parliamentary system was restored. The Progress Party (PP), led by Kofi Abrefa Busia, won elections and he became Prime Minister on 3 September 1969. Busia's government was deposed in a military coup on 13 January 1972.

A presidential system was instituted in 1979 when civilian rule was re-established. The post of Prime Minister was never revived.

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