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Iceland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Iceland



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Stjórnarráðið in Reykjavik, the Prime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister of Iceland (Icelandic: Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Iceland's head of government. The prime minister is appointed formally by the President and exercises executive authority along with the cabinet subject to parliamentary support.

Contents

List of Prime Ministers of Iceland

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Prime Ministers of The Home rule (1904–1917)

Prime Minister Entered office Left office Party
Hannes Hafstein 1 February 1904 31 March 1909 HP
Björn Jónsson 31 March 1909 14 March 1911 OIP
Kristján Jónsson 14 March 1911 24 July 1912 No party
Hannes Hafstein 24 July 1912 21 July 1914 UP
Sigurður Eggerz 21 July 1914 4 May 1915 OIP
Einar Arnórsson 4 May 1915 4 January 1917 OIP þversum

Prime Ministers of Iceland (1917–present)

# Prime Minister Entered office Left office Party Age
1. Jón Magnússon 4 January 1917 7 March 1922 Home Rule Party 57
2. Sigurður Eggerz 7 March 1922 22 March 1924 Old Independence Party 47
1. Jón Magnússon 22 March 1924 23 June 1926 Conservative Party 65
3. Magnús Guðmundsson (acting) 23 June 1926 8 July 1926 Conservative Party 47
4. Jón Þorláksson 8 July 1926 28 August 1927 Conservative Party 49
5. Tryggvi Þórhallsson 28 August 1927 3 June 1932 Progressive Party 38
6. Ásgeir Ásgeirsson 3 June 1932 28 July 1934 Progressive Party 38
7. Hermann Jónasson 28 July 1934 16 May 1942 Progressive Party 37
8. Ólafur Thors 16 May 1942 16 December 1942 Independence Party 50
9. Björn Þórðarson 16 December 1942 21 October 1944 Independent 63
8. Ólafur Thors 21 October 1944 4 February 1947 Independence Party 52
10. Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson 4 February 1947 6 December 1949 Social Democrats 52
8. Ólafur Thors 6 December 1949 14 March 1950 Independence Party 57
11. Steingrímur Steinþórsson 14 March 1950 11 September 1953 Progressive Party 57
8. Ólafur Thors 11 September 1953 24 July 1956 Independence Party 61
7. Hermann Jónasson 24 July 1956 23 December 1958 Progressive Party 59
12. Emil Jónsson 23 December 1958 20 November 1959 Social Democrats 56
8. Ólafur Thors 20 November 1959 14 November 1963 Independence Party 67
13. Bjarni Benediktsson 14 November 1963 10 July 1970 Independence Party 55
14. Jóhann Hafstein 10 July 1970 14 July 1971 Independence Party 54
15. Ólafur Jóhannesson 14 July 1971 28 August 1974 Progressive Party 58
16. Geir Hallgrímsson 28 August 1974 1 September 1978 Independence Party 48
15. Ólafur Jóhannesson 1 September 1978 15 October 1979 Progressive Party 65
17. Benedikt Gröndal 15 October 1979 8 February 1980 Social Democrats 55
18. Gunnar Thoroddsen 8 February 1980 26 May 1983 Independence Party 69
19. Steingrímur Hermannsson 26 May 1983 8 July 1987 Progressive Party 54
20. Þorsteinn Pálsson 8 July 1987 28 September 1988 Independence Party 39
19. Steingrímur Hermannsson 28 September 1988 30 April 1991 Progressive Party 60
21. Davíð Oddsson 30 April 1991 15 September 2004 Independence Party 43
22. Halldór Ásgrímsson 15 September 2004 15 June 2006 Progressive Party 57
23. Geir Haarde 15 June 2006 1 February 2009 Independence Party 55
24. Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir 1 February 2009 Incumbent Social Democratic Alliance 66

Note about Magnús Guðmundsson: Jón Magnússon died 23 June 1926. Magnús Guðmundsson acted as PM until Jón Þorláksson could be reached. Officially the third cabinet of Jón Magnússon is said to have been in office until 8 July 1926, but as the PM was dead, it seemed proper to include the acting PM in the list.

Abbreviations

Current Political Parties

Former Political Parties

  • CiP: Citizens' Party (Borgaraflokkurinn). Extinct.
  • CP: Conservative Party (Íhaldsflokkurinn). Extinct.
  • HP: Home Rule Party (Heimastjórnarflokkurinn). Extinct.
  • LL: Association of Liberals and Leftists (Samtök frjálslyndra og vinstri manna). Extinct.
  • OIP: The old Independence Party (no relation to the current one). OIP langsum and OIP þversum denote two fractions that split the party at one time. Extinct.
  • PA: The People's Alliance (Alþýðubandalagið). Extinct.
  • SD: Social Democrats (Alþýðuflokkurinn). Extinct.
  • SP: Socialists (Sósíalistaflokkurinn). Extinct.
  • UP: Union Party (Sambandsflokkurinn). Extinct.

See also

External links


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