Prime Minister of Iran: Wikis

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Prime Minister of Iran
نخست وزیر
Mir Hossein Mousavi in Zanjan by Mardetanha.jpg
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Residence Tehran
Appointer Parliament of Iran
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder Amir Asghar Khan
Formation 1 May 1907
Last holder Mir-Hossein Mousavi
End 3 August 1989
Succession Vice president of Iran
Iran

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Prime Minister of Iran was a political post in Iran that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era (when the country was internationally known as Persia) until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution.

Contents

Prime Ministers of Qajar era

In the Qajar era, prime ministers were known by different titles. The post itself was mainly known as ataabak or ataabak-e a'zam (grand ataabak), or sometimes sadr-e a'zam (premier) at the beginning, but became ra'is ol-vozaraa (head of ministers) at the end. The title of nakhost vazir (prime minister) was rarely used. The prime minister was usually called by the honorific title hazrat-e ashraf.After Iranian Constitutional Revolution, Amir Asghar Khan became first prime minister of Iran who choise by Parliament.Reza Khan Sardar Sepah became last prime minister of Qajar in 1923 who became Shah in 1925 after the Ahmad Shah Qajar and founded Pahlavi Dynasty.

For a list of Iranian 'prime ministers' prior to 1907 see List of Premiers of Iran (1699-1907).

Prime Ministers of Pahlavi era

In the 1925, Reza Shah became Shah of Iran.He installed Mohammad-Ali Foroughi as the prime minister.In the 1941, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi became Shah.He instakked Mohammad-Ali Foroughi as the prime minister too.In the 1951, Mohammed Mosaddeq voted to Parliament for prime minister.He Resignation in the 1952 but Parliament voted him too.He out after 1952's coup.Shapour Bakhtiar was the last prime minister of Pahlavi era.He out after 1979's Revolution.Amir-Abbas Hoveida became Prime minister of Iran in 1965 and he was in office until 1977 for 12 years.

Prime Ministers of Islamic Republic of Iran

After the Iranian Revolution of 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini installed Mehdi Bazargan as the prime minister of an interim government, which served until November 1979. The government resigned during the Iran hostage crisis, but mentioned that it has not been the sole reason, and the decision for mass resignation had been reached one day before the invasion of the United States embassy by the Iranian students.

The post was left empty until Abolhassan Banisadr became president in January 1980 and chose Mohammad Ali Rajai as his prime minister, mainly because of pressures imposed by Majlis representatives, specially those close to Islamic Republic Party. Rajai served in the post until Banisadr's impeachment in June, 1981, and was elected as president in the elections of July 24, 1981. Rajai chose Mohammad Javad Bahonar as his prime minister, but they were assassinated together in Prime Minister's office only a few weeks later, on August 30, 1981.

When Ali Khamenei became president in the elections of October, 1981, he first introduced right-leaning Ali Akbar Velayati to the Majlis as his prime minister, but he was voted down by the then left-leaning majority of the parliament, which then forced their own preferred prime minister to Khamenei, namely Mir-Hossein Mousavi. The dispute was finally ended by interference of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, who advised the president to accept Mousavi.

Mousavi served under the title until 1989, when the constitution was amended to remove the title of Prime Minister and divide his responsibilities between the president and a newly-created title of First Vice President.

Living former Prime Ministers

Name Picture Term Date of birth
Jamshid Amouzegar Jamshid Amouzegar.jpg 1977–1978 25 June 1923
Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani.jpg 1981–1981 8 April 1931
Mir-Hossein Mousavi Mir-Hossein Mousavi.jpg 1981–1989 2 March 1942

See also

Further reading

  • For a full list of "Viziers" of Iran/Persia in the last 2000 years, see: "Iranian Viziers: From Bozorgmehr to Amir Kabir" (وزیران ایرانی از بزرگمهر تا امیر کبیر), by Abdolrafi' Haqiqat (عبدالرفیع حقیقت). Perry-Castañeda Library collection DS 271 F34 1995 [1]
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