Prime Minister of Latvia: Wikis

  

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The Prime Minister of Latvia is the most powerful member of the Government of the Republic of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of Latvia, but must be able to obtain the support of a majority of Saeima (parliament).

The tables below display all Latvian Prime Ministers for both the first period when Latvia was independent (1918–1940) and since the country regained its independence (1990–present). From 1990 to 6 July 1993, the office was known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, but is generally considered to have been the same role.

Contents

List of Prime Ministers (1918-1940)

Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Kārlis Ulmanis, 1st time 19 November 1918 18 June 1921 Latvian Farmers' Union
2 Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics, 1st time 19 June 1921 26 January 1923 Latvian Farmers' Union
3 Jānis Pauļuks 27 January 1923 27 June 1923 Latvian Farmers' Union
Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics, 2nd time 28 June 1923 26 January 1924 Latvian Farmers' Union
4 Voldemārs Zāmuēls 27 January 1924 18 December 1924 Democratic Center Party (Demokrātiskā centra partija)
5 Hugo Celmiņš, 1st time 19 December 1924 23 December 1925 Latvian Farmers' Union
Kārlis Ulmanis, 2nd time 24 December 1925 6 May 1926 Latvian Farmers' Union
6 Arturs Alberings 7 May 1926 18 December 1926 Latvian Farmers' Union
7 Marģers Skujenieks, 1st time 19 December 1926 23 January 1928 Latvian Social Democratic Labour Party
8 Pēteris Juraševskis 24 January 1928 30 November 1928 Democratic Center Party (Demokrātiskā centra partija)
Hugo Celmiņš, 2nd time 1 December 1928 26 March 1931 Latvian Farmers' Union
Kārlis Ulmanis, 3rd time 27 March 1931 5 December 1931 Latvian Farmers' Union
Marģers Skujenieks, 2nd time 6 December 1931 23 March 1933 Latvian Social Democratic Labour Party
9 Ādolfs Bļodnieks 24 March 1933 16 March 1934 New Farmers' party (Jaunsaimnieku Partija)
Kārlis Ulmanis, 4th time 17 March 1934 20 June 1940 Latvian Farmers' Union (until 15 May 1934)
none (after 15 May 1934)

Notes:

  1. During the 1918-1920 Independence War, Latvia was contested by two other governments: the government of Soviet Latvia, led by Pēteris Stučka, and the government of Andrievs Niedra, backed by Baltic Germans. Some sources may list Stučka and Niedra as prime ministers for periods when their governments controlled most of Latvia.
  2. On 15 May 1934, prime minister Ulmanis dissolved parliament and banned all political parties (including his own Farmer's Union), becoming a dictator.

List of Prime Ministers (1990–present)

Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Ivars Godmanis 7 May 1990 3 August 1993 Latvian People's Front
2 Valdis Birkavs 3 August 1993 15 September 1994 Latvian Way
3 Māris Gailis 15 September 1994 21 December 1995 Latvian Way
4 Andris Šķēle, 1st and 2nd time 21 December 1995 7 August 1997 (None)
5 Guntars Krasts 7 August 1997 26 November 1998 For Fatherland and Freedom
6 Vilis Krištopans 26 November 1998 16 July 1999 Latvian Way
Andris Šķēle, 3rd time 16 July 1999 5 May 2000 People's Party
7 Andris Bērziņš 5 May 2000 7 November 2002 Latvian Way
8 Einars Repše 7 November 2002 9 March 2004 New Era Party
9 Indulis Emsis 9 March 2004 2 December 2004 Green Party
10 Aigars Kalvītis, 1st and 2nd time 2 December 2004 20 December 2007 People's Party
11 Ivars Godmanis, 2nd time 20 December 2007 12 March 2009 Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way
12 Valdis Dombrovskis 12 March 2009 present New Era Party

See also

References








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