Prime Minister of Lithuania: Wikis

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Lithuania

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Politics and government of
Lithuania



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The Prime Minister of Lithuania is the head of the executive arm of Lithuania's government, and is chosen by the Lithuanian parliament, the Seimas. The modern office of Prime Minister was established in 1990, although the official title was "Chairperson of the Council of Ministers" until 25 November 1992. The post was established during the turmoil surrounding the Soviet Union's collapse, and was organized by Sąjūdis, a multi-party coalition in favour of Lithuanian independence.

Historically, the title of Prime Minister was also used between 1918 and 1940. This was during the original Republic of Lithuania, which lasted from the collapse of the Russian Empire until the country's annexation by the Soviet Union.

Contents

Republic of Lithuania (1918-1940)

# Name Took office Left office Political party
1 Augustinas Voldemaras 11 November 1918 26 December 1918 Party of National Progress
2 Mykolas Sleževičius 26 December 1918 12 March 1919 Lithuanian Peasant Populist Union
3 Pranas Dovydaitis 12 March 1919 12 April 1919 Lithuanian Christian-Democratic Party
4 Mykolas Sleževičius 12 April 1919 7 October 1919 Lithuanian Peasant Populist Union
5 Ernestas Galvanauskas 7 October 1919 19 June 1920 Non-party
6 Kazys Grinius 19 June 1920 2 February 1922 Lithuanian Social-Democratic Party
7 Ernestas Galvanauskas 2 February 1922 23 February 1923 Non-party
8 Ernestas Galvanauskas 23 February 1923 29 June 1923 Non-party
9 Ernestas Galvanauskas 29 June 1923 18 June 1924 Non-party
10 Antanas Tumėnas 18 June 1924 4 February 1925 Lithuanian Christian-Democratic Party
11 Vytautas Petrulis 4 February 1925 25 September 1925 Lithuanian Christian-Democratic Party
12 Leonas Bistras 25 September 1925 15 June 1926 Lithuanian Christian-Democratic Party
13 Mykolas Sleževičius 15 June 1926 17 December 1926 Lithuanian Peasant Populist Union
14 Augustinas Voldemaras 17 December 1926 23 September 1929 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
15 Juozas Tūbelis 23 September 1929 12 June 1934 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
16 Juozas Tūbelis 12 June 1934 6 September 1935 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
17 Juozas Tūbelis 6 September 1935 24 March 1938 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
18 Vladas Mironas 24 March 1938 5 December 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
19 Vladas Mironas 5 December 1939 28 March 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
20 Jonas Černius 28 March 1939 21 November 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
21 Antanas Merkys 21 November 1939 17 June 1940 Lithuanian Nationalist Union

Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940-1991)

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Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars

  • Mečislovas Gedvilas (25 August 1940 - 2 April 1946) (in exile in Russian SFSR from 1941 until 1944)

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

  • Mečislovas Gedvilas (2 April 1946 - 16 January 1956)
  • Motejus Šumauskas (16 January 1956 - 14 April 1967)
  • Juozas Maniušis (14 April 1967 - 16 January 1981)
  • Ringaudas Songaila (16 January 1981 - 18 November 1985)
  • Vytautas Sakalauskas (18 November 1985 - 17 March 1990)

Republic of Lithuania (1991-Present)

Name Took office Left office Political party
Kazimira Prunskienė (acting) 11 March 1990 17 March 1990 Lithuanian Communist Party endorsed by Sąjūdis
1 Kazimira Prunskienė 17 March 1990 10 January 1991 Lithuanian Communist Party endorsed by Sąjūdis
2 Albertas Šimėnas 10 January 1991 13 January 1991 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party endorsed by Sąjūdis
3 Gediminas Vagnorius, 1st time 13 January 1991 21 July 1992 Independent, endorsed by Sąjūdis
4 Aleksandras Abišala 21 July 1992 2 December 1992 Independent, endorsed by Sąjūdis
5 Bronislovas Lubys 2 December 1992 10 March 1993 (None)
6 Adolfas Šleževičius 10 March 1993 15 February 1996 Democratic Labour Party
7 Laurynas Mindaugas Stankevičius 15 February 1996 27 November 1996 Democratic Labour Party
Gediminas Vagnorius, 2nd time 27 November 1996 4 May 1999 Homeland Union / Conservatives
Irena Degutienė (acting) 4 May 1999 18 May 1999 Homeland Union / Conservatives
8 Rolandas Paksas, 1st time 18 May 1999 27 October 1999 Homeland Union / Conservatives
Irena Degutienė (acting) 27 October 1999 3 November 1999 Homeland Union / Conservatives
9 Andrius Kubilius, 1st time 3 November 1999 26 October 2000 Homeland Union / Conservatives
Rolandas Paksas, 2nd time 26 October 2000 20 June 2001 Liberal Union
Eugenijus Gentvilas (acting) 20 June 2001 3 July 2001 Liberal Union
10 Algirdas Brazauskas 3 July 2001 1 June 2006 Social Democratic Party
Zigmantas Balčytis (acting) 1 June 2006 4 July 2006 Social Democratic Party
11 Gediminas Kirkilas 4 July 2006 28 November 2008 Social Democratic Party
Andrius Kubilius, 2nd time 28 November 2008 present Homeland Union / Conservatives

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