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Burma

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Politics and government of
Burma



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The Prime Minister of Burma is the head of government of Burma, also called Myanmar.

The term Prime Minister was adopted in 1948. Since then, ten people have held the office since that point (with two of them doing so on multiple occasions). Due to the country's long period of military rule, it has not been uncommon for the Prime Minister to be a serving (or recently retired) military officer.

The actual power of the Prime Minister has considerably varied over time, differing based on who holds the office. A power struggle between the head of state, Senior General Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, and his Prime Minister Khin Nyunt resulted in the Prime Minister being dismissed and arrested.

Contents

List of Heads of Government of the Burma and Myanmar (1948-Present)

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Union of Burma (1948-1974)

Prime Ministers

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
U Nu (1st time) 1907-1995 4 January 1948 12 June 1956 Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
Ba Swe 1915-1987 12 June 1956 1 March 1957 Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
U Nu (2nd time) 1907-1995 1 March 1957 29 October 1958 Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
Ne Win (1st time) 1911-2002 29 October 1958 4 April 1960 Military
U Nu (3rd time) 1907-1995 4 April 1960 2 March 1962 Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
Ne Win (2nd time) 1911-2002 2 March 1962 4 March 1974 Military/Party of the Socialist Program of Burma

Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974-1988)

Prime Ministers

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Sein Win 1919-1993 4 March 1974 29 March 1977 Military/Party of the Socialist Program of Burma
Maung Maung Kha 1920-1995 29 March 1977 26 July 1988 Military/Party of the Socialist Program of Burma
Tun Tin 1930- 26 July 1988 18 September 1988 Military/Party of the Socialist Program of Burma

Union of Myanmar (1988-Present)

Prime Ministers

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Saw Maung 1928-1997 21 September 1988 23 April 1992 Military
Than Shwe 1933- 23 April 1992 25 August 2003 Military
Khin Nyunt 1939- 25 August 2003 18 October 2004 Military
Soe Win 1949-2007 19 October 2004 12 October 2007 Military
Thein Sein 1945- 12 October 2007 Present Military

See also


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