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Prime Minister of
the Republic of Poland
Herb Polski.svg
Coat of arms
Donald Tusk

since 16 November 2007
Appointer President of the Republic of Poland
Inaugural holder Ignacy Daszyński
Formation 6 November 1918

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service corps).

The full name of the office is the "Chairman of the Council of Ministers" (in Polish Prezes Rady Ministrów), but this version is very rarely used in English. In Polish the office is usually called Premier. Until 1922, the Prime Minister was called "President of the Ministers" (Prezydent Ministrów).

At the same time, the Prime Minister may fulfill the duties of a department head or a committee chairman. The Prime Minister may also be a Representative at the Sejm of the Republic of Poland. He cannot, however, hold the post of the President of the RP or any other high state office such as the Chairman of the NIK (Supreme Chamber of Control), Chairman of the NBP (National Bank of Poland) or a Civil Rights Spokesman (Ombudsman).

Designated Prime Minister is free to select his co-workers - members of the Council of Ministers. The cabinet he selects must be approved by the Sejm by granting him the vote of confidence. Ministerial nominations are signed and handed out by the President of the RP.

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The Prime Minister and his ministers take the following pledge before the President of the RP: "Accepting the post of the Prime Minister I solemnly swear that I will faithfully follow the articles of the Constitution and other laws of the Republic of Poland, as well as the good of the Fatherland, and for me the well-being of its citizens will always be the supreme directive." The pledge may be finished with the words "So help me God."

Because of Poland's proportional representation system, Prime Ministers often rule with the support of a coalition of parties. These coalitions can collapse over political disagreements, causing the average term in office of a Polish Prime Minister to be rather short (typically 16-18 months). Since the full restoration of democracy in 1991, only one man, Jerzy Buzek, has served a full four-year term as Prime Minister. Other Prime Ministers have been forced to early resignation, as a result of a loss of confidence, political scandals or defeats at early elections.

The Sejm grants the Council of Ministers vote of no confidence by a majority vote of the statutory number of Representatives at the motion put forward by at least 46 Representatives and naming a new candidate to the post of the Prime Minister (so called constructive vote of no confidence). Such motion can be put to vote not earlier than 7 days after it has been proposed. Second motion can be presented not earlier than three months from the date of submission of the prior motion. Second motion can be submitted before the period of three months expires if it is presented by at least 115 Representatives.

The Prime Minister dissolves the Council of Ministers at the first session of the newly elected Sejm, as well as in the case of: failure to pass by the Sejm of the vote of confidence for the Council of Ministers, passing of the vote of no confidence, or resignation for any other reasons.

Accepting the resignation of the Council of Ministers, the President of the Republic asks them to continue to perform their duties until the new Council of Ministers has been selected, thus preserving the continuity of government and control over the actions of the government administration.


List of Polish Prime Ministers

Former Prime Ministers

Former Prime Minister are enlisted to get Biuro Ochrony Rządu protection for a period of six months after leaving office.

List of former living Prime Ministers As of 2009:

  1. Edward Babiuch
  2. Wojciech Jaruzelski
  3. Zbigniew Messner
  4. Czesław Kiszczak
  5. Tadeusz Mazowiecki
  6. Jan Krzysztof Bielecki
  7. Jan Olszewski
  8. Waldemar Pawlak
  9. Hanna Suchocka
  10. Józef Oleksy
  11. Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
  12. Jerzy Buzek
  13. Leszek Miller
  14. Marek Belka
  15. Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
  16. Jarosław Kaczyński

Age upon entering office

People's Republic of Poland:

3rd Republic:

  • Tadeusz Mazowiecki - 62
  • Jan Krzysztof Bielecki - 39
  • Jan Olszewski - 61
  • Waldemar Pawlak (1st time) - 32
  • Hanna Suchocka - 46
  • Waldemar Pawlak (2nd time) - 34
  • Józef Oleksy - 48
  • Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz - 46
  • Jerzy Buzek - 57
  • Leszek Miller - 54
  • Marek Belka - 52
  • Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz - 45
  • Jarosław Kaczyński - 57
  • Donald Tusk - 50

See also

External links



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