Prime Minister of Serbia: Wikis

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President of the Government of Serbia
Coat of arms of Serbia.svg
Coat of Arms of Serbia
Incumbent
Mirko Cvetković

since 7 July 2008
Appointer Boris Tadić,
as President of Serbia
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Mateja Nenadović
Formation 27 August 1805
Website www.srbija.gov.rs
Serbia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Serbia



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President of the Government of the Republic of Serbia (Predsednik Vlade Republike Srbije) is the head of the Government of Serbia. His role is to direct the work of the Government, and submits to the National Assembly of Serbia the Government's Program including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister will cause the fall of the Government.

Contents

History of the office

The first modern-style Serbian government was established on August 27, 1805 in monastery Voljavča (Serbian Cyrillic: Вољавча) near Stragari, during the First Serbian Uprising, and was called Praviteljstvujušči Sovjet (Cyrillic: Правитељствујушчи Совјет) or Administering Council, while the title of the head of government was President of the Administering Council. Initially the Council had no ministers, just members, but in 1811 modern ministries were created. Government ceased to exist with the collapse of the First Serbian Uprising on October 3, 1813, however later continued in exile in Hotin (Russian Empire) from 1813 until 1814.

Government was restored on November 21, 1815 with the Second Serbian Uprising. Head of government was styled Prince's Representative (Knjaževski predstavnik; Cyrillic: Књажевски представник). The style remained official until 1861, even after the establishing of constitutional government in 1835. Prior to that date, the office was of no major importance or influence and depended solely on the will of the prince Miloš Obrenović.

From 1861 until 1903, the head of government was styled President of the Ministry (Predsednik ministarstva; Cyrillic: Председник министарства).

From 1903 until the creation of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (future Yugoslavia) on December 1, 1918, head of government was styled President of the Ministerial Council (Predsednik ministarskog saveta; Cyrillic: Председник министарског савета).

Serbia had no government of its own until May 4, 1941 when Nazi Germany, after occupation and dismemberment of Yugoslavia, set a quisling government. Initially, the head of government was styled President of the Council of the Commissars until August 29, 1941, and then President of the Ministerial Council of Serbian Government of National Salvation until October 5, 1944.

Under the Communist regime, Serbia got a sort of separate government opposed to the German-installed one in September 1941. First, the 'head of government' was styled President of the Executive Council of the Supreme National Liberational Council until March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Serbia was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with Minister for Serbia being in charge of creating first real government of post-War Serbia, which took place on April 9, 1945. Governments were headed by President of the Government until February 3, 1953, President of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991 and again President of the Government since then, but the term Prime Minister is colloquialy used (especially including media) since the government of Dragutin Zelenović in 1991. In some later articles about the recent history of Serbia, term is retroactively applied to Stanko Radmilović, Desimir Jevtić and even back to Ivan Stambolić's government.

In Serbia the Julian Calendar (Old Style) was in official use until 1919, but all dates of office in the lists below are given by the Gregorian Calendar (New Style).

List of Heads of Government of Serbia (1805-Present)

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Revolutionary Government (First Serbian Uprising, 1804-1813)

Presidents of the Administering Council:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Notes
Mateja Nenadović 1777-1854 27 August 1805 January 1807 First President of the Administering Council; he was a priest (prota)
Mladen Milovanović 1760-1823 January 1807 1810 First term; after modern ministries were created in 1811, become first Serbian Minister of Defence
Jakov Nenadović 1765-1836 1810 22 January 1811 Brother of Mateja Nenadović; after modern ministries were created in 1811, become first Serbian Minister of Interior
Karađorđe Petrović 1762-1817 22 January 1811 3 October 1813 Head of State (Grand Vožd) from 1804; founder of the House of Karađorđević; after constitutional reforms in 1811, also took office of the President of the Administering Council
Mladen Milovanović 1760-1823 1813 1814 Second term; in exile in Hotin, Russian Empire

Principality of Serbia (1815-1882)

Prince's Representatives:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Petar Nikolajević Moler 1775-1816 21 November 1815 16 May 1816
Jevrem Obrenović 1790-1856 1821 1826
Miloje Todorović 1762-1832 1826 1826
Dimitrije Davidović 1789-1839 1826 1829
Koca Marković 1795-1836 15 February 1835 26 February 1839
Avram Petronijević (1st time) 1791-1852 26 February 1839 7 April 1840
Paun Janković (acting) 1808-1865 7 April 1840 15 May 1840
Đorđe Protić 1793-1857 15 May 1840 7 September 1842
Avram Petronijević (2nd time) 1791-1852 7 September 1842 6 October 1843
Aleksa Simić (1st time) 1800-1872 6 October 1843 11 October 1844
Avram Petronijević (3rd time) 1791-1852 11 October 1844 22 April 1852
Ilija Garašanin (1st time) 1812-1874 22 April 1852 26 March 1853
Aleksa Simić (2nd time) 1800-1872 26 March 1853 28 December 1855
Aleksa Janković 1806-1869 28 December 1855 10 June 1856
Stevan Marković (1st time, acting) 1804-1864 10 June 1856 28 September 1856
Aleksa Simić (3rd time) 1800-1872 28 September 1856 1 July 1857
Stevan Marković (2nd time) 1804-1864 1 July 1857 12 June 1858
Stevan Magazinović 1804-1874 12 June 1858 18 April 1859
Cvetko Rajović 1793-1873 18 April 1859 8 November 1860
Filip Hristić 1819-1905 8 November 1860 21 October 1861

Presidents of the Ministry:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Ilija Garašanin (2nd time) 1812-1874 21 October 1861 15 November 1867 Conservative Party
Jovan Ristić (1st time) 1831-1899 15 November 1867 3 December 1867 Serbian Liberal Party
Nikola Hristić (1st time) 1818-1911 3 December 1867 3 July 1868 Conservative Party
Đorđe Cenić 1825-1903 3 July 1868 8 August 1869 Conservative Party
Radivoje Milojković 1832-1888 8 August 1869 22 August 1872 Serbian Liberal Party
Milivoje Petrović Blaznavac 1824-1873 22 August 1872 5 April 1873 (died in office) Military
Jovan Ristić (2nd time, acting to 14 April 1873) 1831-1899 5 April 1873 3 November 1873 Serbian Liberal Party
Jovan Marinović 1821-1893 3 November 1873 7 December 1874 Progressive Party
Aćim Čumić 1836-1901 7 December 1874 3 February 1875 Progressive Party
Danilo Stefanović 1815-1886 3 February 1875 31 August 1875 Conservative Party
Stevča Mihailović (1st time) 1804-1888 31 August 1875 8 October 1875 Serbian Liberal Party
Ljubomir Kaljević 1841-1907 8 October 1875 6 May 1876 Serbian Progressive Party
Stevča Mihailović (2nd time) 1804-1888 6 May 1876 13 October 1878 Serbian Liberal Party
Jovan Ristić (3rd time) 1831-1899 13 October 1878 2 November 1880 Serbian Liberal Party
Milan Piroćanac 1837-1897 2 November 1880 6 March 1882 Serbian Progressive Party

Kingdom of Serbia (1882-1918)

Presidents of the Ministry:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Milan Piroćanac 1837-1897 6 March 1882 3 October 1883 Serbian Progressive Party
Nikola Hristić (2nd time) 1818-1911 3 October 1883 19 February 1884 Conservative Party
Milutin Garašanin 1843-1908 19 February 1884 13 June 1887 Serbian Progressive Party
Jovan Ristić (4th time) 1831-1899 13 June 1887 1 January 1888 Serbian Liberal Party
Sava Grujić (1st time) 1840-1913 1 January 1888 27 April 1888 Serbian People's Radical Party
Nikola Hristić (3rd time) 1818-1911 27 April 1888 19 January 1889 Conservative Party
Kosta Protić 1831-1892 19 January 1889 7 March 1889 Military
Sava Grujić (2nd time) 1840-1913 7 March 1889 23 February 1891 Serbian People's Radical Party
Nikola Pašić (1st time) 1845-1926 23 February 1891 22 August 1892 Serbian People's Radical Party
Jovan Avakumović (1st time) 1841-1928 22 August 1892 13 April 1893 Serbian Liberal Party
Lazar Dokić 1845-1893 13 April 1893 5 December 1893 (died in office) Serbian People's Radical Party
Sava Grujić (3rd time) 1840-1913 5 December 1893 24 January 1894 Serbian People's Radical Party
Đorđe Simić (1st time) 1843-1921 24 January 1894 3 April 1894 Serbian People's Radical Party
Svetomir Nikolajević 1844-1922 3 April 1894 27 October 1894 Serbian People's Radical Party
Nikola Hristić (4th time) 1818-1911 27 October 1894 7 July 1895 Conservative Party
Stojan Novaković (1st time) 1842-1915 7 July 1895 27 December 1896 Serbian Progressive Party
Đorđe Simić (2nd time) 1843-1921 27 December 1896 19 October 1897 Serbian People's Radical Party
Vladan Đorđević 1844-1930 19 October 1897 25 July 1900 Progressive Party
Aleksa Jovanović 1846-1920 25 July 1900 3 April 1901 Non-party
Mihailo Vujić 1853-1913 3 April 1901 20 October 1902 Serbian People's Radical Party
Petar Velimirović (1st time) 1848-1921 20 October 1902 20 November 1902 Serbian People's Radical Party
Dimitrije Cincar-Marković 1849-1903 20 November 1902 11 June 1903 (assassinated) Military

Presidents of the Ministerial Council:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Jovan Avakumović (2nd time) 1841-1928 11 June 1903 4 October 1903 Serbian Liberal Party
Sava Grujić (4th time) 1840-1913 4 October 1903 10 December 1904 Serbian People's Radical Party
Nikola Pašić (2nd time) 1845-1926 10 December 1904 28 May 1905 Serbian People's Radical Party
Ljubomir Stojanović 1860-1930 28 May 1905 7 March 1906 Serbian Independent Radical Party
Sava Grujić (5th time) 1840-1913 7 March 1906 29 April 1906 Serbian People's Radical Party
Nikola Pašić (3rd time) 1845-1926 29 April 1906 20 July 1908 Serbian People's Radical Party
Petar Velimirović (2nd time) 1848-1921 20 July 1908 22 February 1909 Serbian People's Radical Party
Stojan Novaković (2nd time) 1842-1915 22 February 1909 24 October 1909 Serbian Progressive Party
Nikola Pašić (4th time) 1845-1926 24 October 1909 4 July 1911 Serbian People's Radical Party
Milovan Milovanović 1863-1912 4 July 1911 1 July 1912 Serbian People's Radical Party
Marko Trifković 1864-1928 1 July 1912 12 September 1912 Serbian People's Radical Party
Nikola Pašić (5th time) 1845-1926 12 September 1912 1 December 1918 Serbian People's Radical Party

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1918-1929)

See List of Prime Ministers of Yugoslavia

Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929-1945)

See List of Prime Ministers of Yugoslavia

Military Administration in Serbia (1941-1944)

President of the Council of the Commissars and President of the Ministerial Council of Serbian Government of National Salvation:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Milan Aćimović 1898-1945 4 May 1941 29 August 1941 Fascist
Milan Nedić 1877-1946 29 August 1941 5 October 1944 Military/Fascist

Communist Resistance (1941-1944)

President of the Executive Council of the Supreme National Liberational Council:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Petar Stambolić 1912-2007 September 1941 7 March 1945 Communist Party of Yugoslavia

Socialist Republic of Serbia (1944-1991)

Minister for Serbia in Yugoslav government:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Jaša Prodanović 1867-1948 7 March 1945 9 April 1945 Communist Party of Yugoslavia

Presidents of the Government:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Blagoje Nešković 1907-1984 9 April 1945 5 September 1948 Communist Party of Yugoslavia
Petar Stambolić 1912-2007 5 September 1948 5 February 1953 Communist Party of Yugoslavia (until 1952), League of Communists of Serbia (from 1952)

Presidents of the Executive Council:

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Petar Stambolić 1912-2007 5 February 1953 16 December 1953 League of Communists of Serbia
Jovan Veselinov 1906-1982 16 December 1953 6 April 1957 League of Communists of Serbia
Miloš Minić 1914-2003 6 April 1957 9 June 1962 League of Communists of Serbia
Slobodan Penezić Krcun 1918-1964 9 June 1962 6 November 1964 (died in office) League of Communists of Serbia
Stevan Doronjski (acting) 1919-1981 6 November 1964 17 November 1964 League of Communists of Serbia
Dragi Stamenković 1920-2004 17 November 1964 6 June 1967 League of Communists of Serbia
Đurica Jojkić 1914-1981 6 June 1967 7 May 1969 League of Communists of Serbia
Milenko Bojanić 1924-1987 7 May 1969 6 May 1974 League of Communists of Serbia
Dušan Čkrebić 1927- 6 May 1974 6 May 1978 League of Communists of Serbia
Ivan Stambolić 1936-2000 6 May 1978 5 May 1982 League of Communists of Serbia
Branislav Ikonić 1928- 5 May 1982 6 May 1986 League of Communists of Serbia
Desimir Jeftić 1938- 6 May 1986 5 December 1989 League of Communists of Serbia
Stanko Radmilović 1936- 5 December 1989 15 January 1991 League of Communists of Serbia (until 1990), Socialist Party of Serbia (from 1990)

Republic of Serbia (in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 1992-2003 and State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, 2003-2006)

Presidents of the Government (Prime Ministers):

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Dragutin Zelenović 1928- 15 January 1991 23 December 1991 Socialist Party of Serbia
Radoman Božović 1953- 23 December 1991 10 February 1993 Socialist Party of Serbia
Nikola Šainović 1948- 10 February 1993 18 March 1994 Socialist Party of Serbia
Mirko Marjanović 1937-2006 18 March 1994 24 October 2000 Socialist Party of Serbia
Milomir Minić (interim) 1950- 24 October 2000 25 January 2001 Socialist Party of Serbia
Zoran Đinđić 1952-2003 25 January 2001 12 March 2003 (assassinated) Democratic Party (Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
Nebojša Čović (acting) 1958- 12 March 2003 17 March 2003 Democratic Alternative (Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
Žarko Korać (acting) 1947- 17 March 2003 18 March 2003 Social Democratic Party (Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
Zoran Živković 1960- 18 March 2003 3 March 2004 Democratic Party (Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
Vojislav Koštunica 1944- 3 March 2004 5 June 2006 Democratic Party of Serbia

Republic of Serbia (Independent, 2006-Present)

Presidents of the Government (Prime Ministers):

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Vojislav Koštunica 1944- 5 June 2006 7 July 2008 Democratic Party of Serbia
Mirko Cvetković 1950- 7 July 2008 Incumbent Non-party (For a European Serbia)

See also


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