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The Prime Minister of the Philippines (Tagalog: Punong Ministro ng Pilipinas) was the official position of the head of the government (whereas the President of the Philippines was the head of state) of the Philippines. The position existed in the country from 1978 to 1986, as well as a limited version of such existed temporarily in 1899.

In 1899, the position of President of the Council of Government (Spanish: Presidente del Consejo de Gobierno) existed which today would be equivalent to a Prime Minister or Premier. This position existed and served under then President of the Republic Emilio Aguinaldo. This position had considerable executive power based on Title 9 of the 1899 constitution. It was both "head of cabinet" and "head of government". This republic however was not recognized by the United States, which later received the Philippines from Spain.

In 1978, the position returned when Ferdinand Marcos became Prime Minister. Based on Article 9 of the 1973 constitution, it had broad executive powers, that would be typical of modern prime ministers in other countries. The position was the official head of government, and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. All of the powers of the President based on the previous 1935 constitution were transferred to the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister also acts as head of the National Economic Development Authority. Marcos was replaced by Cesar Virata in 1981.

In 1986, Corazon Aquino became President, and she appointed Salvador Laurel to succeed Virata. However, the position was later abolished through her Proclamation No. 3 in March 1986. The subsequent and current 1987 constitution had no provisions for such a position. A constitutional amendment or a charter change that some government officials are suggesting might return the position to the list of cabinet members, as well as a return to a parliamentary form of government.

Today, the head of the government is the President of the Philippines, who also serves as head of state.


List of Prime Ministers

Prime Minister Party Start of service End of service President Congress/Batasan Era
Apolinario Mabini Katipunan
(Magdiwang faction)
2 January 1899 23 January 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo Malolos Congress Revolutionary Government
23 January 1899 7 May 1899 First Republic
Pedro A. Paterno 7 May 1899 13 November 1899
The presidential system was used; the President was the head of government from 13 November 1899 to 12 June 1978
Ferdinand E. Marcos KBL 12 June 1978 30 June 1981 Ferdinand Marcos Interim Batasang Pambansa Second Dictatorship
Cesar E. A. Virata 30 June 1981 23 July 1984 Fourth Republic
23 July 1984 25 February 1986 Regular Batasang Pambansa
Salvador H. Laurel UNIDO 25 February 1986 25 March 1986 Corazon Aquino


See also

External links



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