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Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine: Wikis


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Prince Charles Alexander
Spouse Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
Father Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Mother √Člisabeth Charlotte d'Orl√©ans
Born 12 December 1712(1712-12-12)
Died 4 July 1780 (aged 67)

Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (December 12, 1712 in Lun√©ville ‚Äď July 4, 1780 in Tervuren) was the son of Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine and √Člisabeth Charlotte d'Orl√©ans.
When his elder brother Francis Stephen, Duke of Lorraine, married the Archduchess Maria Theresa, daughter of Emperor Charles VI, Charles Alexander entered the Imperial service in 1737.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, he was one of the principal Austrian military commanders, and was most notable for his defeat by Frederick the Great at the Battle of Chotusitz, fought in 1742, and the Battle of Hohenfriedberg in 1745. He was also defeated by Maurice de Saxe at the Battle of Rocoux in 1746.

On January 7, 1744, he married Maria Theresa's only sister, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, thus making him doubly Maria Theresa's brother-in-law, and the pair were jointly made Governors of the Austrian Netherlands. His sister, Anne Charlotte, whom he was very close to, acted as de facto co sovereign.

Although Maria Anna died later that year, Charles himself continued as governor until his own death in 1780. He was very popular. He also became Grand Master of the Teutonic Order in 1761.

During the Seven Years' War he commanded the Austrian army at the Battle of Prague, where he was again defeated. He subsequently defeated a smaller Prussian army in 1757 at the Battle of Breslau before being once again vanquished by Frederick II of Prussia at the Battle of Leuthen.

After this last defeat, Charles was replaced by Leopold Josef Graf Daun and retired from military service.


Preceded by
Count Friedrich August von Harrach-Rohrau
Governor of the Austrian Netherlands
Succeeded by
Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria & Albert of Saxe-Teschen
Preceded by
Klemens August of Bavaria
Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
Succeeded by
Archduke Maximilian Franz of Austria


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