Prince Edward, Duke of Kent: Wikis

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Prince Edward
Duke of Kent
Reign 25 August 1942 - present (&0000000000000067.00000067 years, &0000000000000196.000000196 days)
Predecessor Prince George, Duke of Kent
Heir apparent George, Earl of St Andrews
Spouse Katharine, Duchess of Kent
Issue
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Lady Helen Taylor
Lord Nicholas Windsor
Full name
Edward George Nicholas Patrick Paul[1]
House House of Windsor
Father Prince George, Duke of Kent
Mother Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
Born 9 October 1935 (1935-10-09) (age 74)
Belgrave Square, London

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (Edward George Nicholas Patrick Paul; born 9 October 1935), is a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of George V. He has held the title of Duke of Kent since 1942.

The Duke of Kent carries out royal duties on behalf of his first cousin, Queen Elizabeth II. He is perhaps best known as President of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, presenting the trophies to the Wimbledon winner and runner-up. He also served as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment, retiring in 2001. He is also the President of the Scout Association, the President of the Royal United Services Institute, the President of the Royal Institution of Great Britain and the Grand Master of the Freemasons in England & Wales.

The Duke of Kent is currently 24th in the line of succession to the British Throne.

Contents

Early life

Prince Edward was born on 9 October 1935, at No. 3 Belgrave Square, London. His father was Prince George, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of George V and Mary of Teck. His mother was Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (née Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark), the daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark, and Grand Duchess Helen Vladimirovna of Russia. As a grandson of a British sovereign in the male line, he was styled as a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with the prefix, His Royal Highness, styled HRH Prince Edward of Kent.

The Prince was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace on 20 November 1935 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Cosmo Lang and his godparents were: King George V, Queen Mary, Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII), Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (whose son, Prince Arthur of Connaught, stood proxy), Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, and Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark.

Education

Prince Edward began his schooling at Ludgrove Preparatory School in Berkshire before going on to Eton College and then Le Rosey in Switzerland. After school he entered Royal Military College Sandhurst where he won the Sir James Moncrieff Grierson prize for foreign languages.

Prince Edward can speak fluent French as well as his native English.

Duke of Kent

On 25 August 1942 Prince Edward's father, the Duke of Kent, was killed when his plane crashed in bad weather in Caithness. Prince Edward, then aged 6, succeeded his father as Duke of Kent, Earl of St Andrews and Baron Downpatrick. He later took his seat in the House of Lords in 1959.

As a royal duke, he was destined for royal duties at an early age. At the age of 16 he walked behind the coffin of his uncle, George VI, at his state funeral in 1952. In 1953, he attended the coronation of his cousin, Elizabeth II, paying homage at her throne after her crowning (following the Dukes of Edinburgh and Gloucester).

Military service

The Duke of Kent graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 1955 as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Scots Greys, the beginning of a military career that would last over 20 years. The Duke of Kent saw service in Hong Kong from 1962-63 and later served on the staff in Eastern Command. Later in 1970, the Duke commanded a squadron of his regiment serving in the British Sovereign Base Area in Cyprus, part of the United Nations force enforcing peace between the Greek and Turkish halves of the island. The Duke retired from the Army in 1976 with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He was subsequently promoted Major-General on 11 June 1983 and Field Marshal on 11 June 1993.

Royal Family of
the United Kingdom

and the other Commonwealth realms
Badge of the House of Windsor.svg

HM The Queen
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh


Marriage

The Duke of Kent married Katharine Worsley at York Minster on 8 June 1961. Katharine is the only daughter of Sir William Arthrington Worsley, 4th Bt., and his wife, Joyce Morgan Brunner. After their marriage, she was styled Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Kent, though in 2002, she abandoned the style of Royal Highness and has expressed a preference to be known as Katharine Kent, or Katharine, Duchess of Kent, the latter the typical style of a divorced or widowed peeress, which she is not.

The Duke and Duchess of Kent have three children, none of whom carries out royal duties:

The couple also had a stillborn child on 5 October 1977.

The Duchess of Kent later converted to Roman Catholicism in 1994. Despite this, the Duke of Kent did not lose his place in the line of succession due to the Act of Settlement 1701, in that The Duke married a fellow member of the Church of England in 1961, who only subsequently converted to Roman Catholicism. The couple's son Lord Nicholas also converted to Roman Catholicism, following his mother's example.

The Duke and Duchess of Kent reside at Wren House, Kensington Palace in London.

Royal duties

The Duke of Kent has performed royal duties on behalf of his cousin, the Queen, for over 50 years. The Duke has represented the Queen during independence celebrations in the former British colonies of Sierra Leone, Uganda, Guyana, Gambia and most recently Ghana for their (Ghana's) 50th Independence Anniversary Celebration. He has also acted as Counsellor of State during periods of the Queen's absence abroad.

One of the Duke's major public roles for many years was Vice-Chairman of British Trade International, and later as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment . This position saw the Duke travel abroad to represent the British government in fostering trade relations with foreign countries and organisations.

His other interests include serving as the president of the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, a position he succeeded from his late mother, Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent. His other roles include President of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the RAF Benevolent Fund, the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, the Stroke Association, RUSI, and the Ri. He also makes the final decision in the award of the Mountbatten Medal.

Edward is President of the Scout Association, and, along with Prince William, visited the Centenary World Scout Jamboree at Hylands Park, Chelmsford in July 2007.

For almost 29 years Edward as been the Patron of Endeavour a national youth organisation. He has also served as Royal Bencher of The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn since 2001, a position previously occupied by his father.

Freemasonry

The Duke is the Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England, the governing body of Freemasonry in England and Wales. Prince Edward has served in that office since 1967.

Scouting

The Duke has served as the President of The Scout Association since 1975.[2]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Styles of
The Duke of Kent
Monarch's Other Grandchildren Coronet.svg
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
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Titles and styles

  • 9 October 1935 – 25 August 1942: His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Kent
  • 25 August 1942 – : His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent

The Duke's current full style is Field Marshal His Royal Highness Prince Edward George Nicholas Patrick, Duke of Kent, Earl of Saint Andrews, Baron Downpatrick, Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty.

Honours

British Honours

Foreign Honours

Military ranks

Honorary ranks

Honorary military appointments

British

Commonwealth

Edward Duke of Kent Arms.svg

Other appointments

Arms

The Royal Arms differenced by a label of five points argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with a blue anchor, and the second and fourth points with a red cross.

Crest: On a coronet of four crosses-patées alternated with four strawberry leaves a lion statant guardant or, crowned with the like coronet and differenced with a label as in the Arms.

Supporters: The Royal Supporters differenced with the like coronet and label.

Ancestry

External links

References

  1. ^ As a titled royal, Edward holds no surname, but, when one is used, it is Windsor
  2. ^ "Royal Support for the Scouting and Guiding Movements". Official Website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page5951.asp. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  3. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20010625165454/www.frimurarorden.se/frimuraren/frimuraren_00-4_b_frame.htm
  4. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50204, p. 10113, 22 July 1985. Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 54453, p. 8917, 1 July 1996. Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
  6. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53267, p. 6179, 5 April 1993. Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
  1. ^ As a titled royal, Edward holds no surname, but, when one is used, it is Windsor
  2. ^ "Royal Support for the Scouting and Guiding Movements". Official Website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page5951.asp. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  3. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20010625165454/www.frimurarorden.se/frimuraren/frimuraren_00-4_b_frame.htm
  4. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50204, p. 10113, 22 July 1985. Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 54453, p. 8917, 1 July 1996. Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
  6. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53267, p. 6179, 5 April 1993. Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 9 October 1935
British royalty
Preceded by
Lady Rose Gilman
Line of succession to the British throne
24th position
Succeeded by
Lady Amelia Windsor
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England
1967 – present
Incumbent
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Alexander of Tunis
Grand Master of the Order of St Michael and St George
1967 – present
Incumbent
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Prince George
Duke of Kent
2nd creation
25 August 1942 – present
Incumbent
Heir-apparent:
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
United Kingdom order of precedence
Preceded by
The Duke of Gloucester
Gentlemen
HRH The Duke of Kent
Succeeded by
Prince Michael of Kent
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Xan Windsor, Lord Culloden
Line of succession to the throne of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
13th position
Succeeded by
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews

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