Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany: Wikis


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Prince Edward
Duke of York and Albany
Full name
Edward Augustus
House House of Hanover
Father Frederick, Prince of Wales
Mother Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Born 25 March 1739(1739-03-25)
Norfolk House, St James's Square, Westminster
Died 17 September 1767 (aged 28)
Prince's Palace, Monaco-Ville
Burial Westminster Abbey, London

Prince Edward, Duke of York (Edward Augustus[1]; 25 March 1739 – 17 September 1767), was the younger brother of George III of the United Kingdom, the second son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.


Early life

The Duke of York (right), together with his brother, the future George III of the United Kingdom and their tutor, Francis Ayscough, Dean of Bristol, ca. 1749.

The young prince was baptised Edward Augustus, at Norfolk House, by The Bishop of Oxford, Thomas Secker, and his godparents were his great-uncle The King in Prussia (for whom The Duke of Queensberry stood proxy), The Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (who was represented by Lord Carnarvon), and his maternal aunt The Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels (for whom Lady Charlotte Edwin, a daughter of the late 4th Duke of Hamilton, stood proxy).[2]

Seven Years War

Edward showed an interest in naval affairs and sought permission to serve with the Royal Navy. He participated in the naval descents against the French coast taking part in the failed Raid on St Malo, which ended in the Battle of St. Cast in 1758.

Later life

The Duke of York, ca. 1766, as painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds.

He was created Duke of York and Albany and Earl of Ulster by his paternal grandfather, George II, on 1 April 1760[3].

When Edward's brother ascended the throne on 25 October 1760 as George III, he named Edward a privy counsellor.

From the time his brother became king and until the birth of the king's first child, George, Prince of Wales on 12 August 1762, the duke was heir presumptive to the British throne.

In the late summer of 1767, on his way to Genoa, Edward fell ill and had to be landed in the harbour of Monaco. Despite the care and attention he was given, he died in the Palace of Honoré III, Prince of Monaco, on 17 September. The state bedchamber where the ill duke died has since been known as the York Room. After his death, his body was returned to London and is interred in Westminster Abbey.


In 1762, James Boswell published “The Cub at Newmarket”, a poem which he dedicated to Prince Edward, without getting his permission. Boswell met the prince at the Newmarket races in 1760 during his first visit to London. The cub referenced in the work is Boswell himself. The dedication reads:




Duke of YORK


PERMIT me to take this method of thanking your Royal Highness, for condescending to like the following Sketch. Or, in other Words, permit me to let the World know that this fame Cub has been laughed at by the Duke of YORK;---- has been read to your Royal Highness by the Genius himself, and warmed by the immediate beams of your kind Indulgence.

HAD I been able to conceal this, I should have imagined that I had not the least Spark of the Enthusiasm of Parnassus in my Composition.---- To be so deficient in Vanity, which, if I am not mistaken, may be reckoned an inseparable Characteristic of a Poet.

THIS Trifle, SIR, would not presume to interrupt you, when engaged in matters of Consequence. It only begs leave to pay it's Respects in an hour devoted to cheerful Festivity.

I wish your Royal Highness a long, a merry, and a happy Life; and am,

Your obliged

Devoted Servant.[4]

Places named after Prince Edward include:

Prince Edward County, Virginia.

The Cape York Peninsula, located in Far North Queensland, Australia, and Cape York, at the tip of the peninsula, which is the northernmost point on the Australian continent.

The Duke of York Islands, (formerly German: Neu Lauenburg), are a group of islands located in East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. They are found in St George's Channel between New Britain and New Ireland islands and form part of the Bismarck Archipelago.

Duke of York Island,the largest island of Duke of York Islands, Papua New Guinea, at 4°10′00″S 152°28′00″E / 4.1666667°S 152.4666667°E / -4.1666667; 152.4666667Coordinates: 4°10′00″S 152°28′00″E / 4.1666667°S 152.4666667°E / -4.1666667; 152.4666667.

Titles, styles, honour and arms


Titles and styles

  • 25 March 1739–1 April 1760: His Royal Highness Prince Edward[1]
  • 1 April 1760–17 September 1767: His Royal Highness The Duke of York and Albany


Edward was granted use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of five points, the centre bearing a cross gules, the other points each bearing a canton gules.[5]



Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 25 March 1739 Died: 17 September 1767
British royalty
Preceded by
George William, Prince of Wales
Heir to the Thrones
as heir presumptive
25 October 1760 – 12 August 1762
Succeeded by
George Augustus, Prince of Wales
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
New Creation
Duke of York and Albany
2nd creation
Succeeded by
Title extinct
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Ulster
5th creation
Succeeded by
Title extinct

Simple English

File:Edward, Duke of York (Pompeo Batoni).jpg
Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany

Prince Edward, Duke of York (Edward Augustus) lived from 1739 to 1767. He was the youngest brother of George III of the United Kingdom. He was heir presumptive to the throne until his nephew George IV of the United Kingdom was born in 1762.


Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany s ancestors in three generations
Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany Father:
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Paternal Grandfather:
George II of Great Britain
Paternal Great-grandfather:
George I of Great Britain
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Sophia Dorothea of Celle
Paternal Grandmother:
Caroline of Ansbach
Paternal Great-grandfather:
John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Princess Eleanor Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Maternal Grandfather:
Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
Maternal Grandmother:
Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Prince Charles of Anhalt-Zerbst
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Sophie of Saxe-Weissenfels


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