Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma: Wikis

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Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma
Prince Felix of Luxembourg
Spouse Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Issue
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg
Marie-Adélaide, Countess of Donnersmarck
Marie Gabriele, Countess of Holstein-Ledreborg
Prince Charles
Alix, Princess of Ligne
House House of Bourbon-Parma
Father Robert I, Duke of Parma
Mother Maria Antonia of Portugal
Born 28 October 1893(1893-10-28)
Schwarzau am Steinfeld
Died 8 April 1970 (aged 76)
Fischbach

Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma and of Luxembourg (given names: Félix Marie Vincent; born: Schwarzau am Steinfeld, 28 September/28 October 1893 – Schloss Fischbach, 8 April 1970) was the husband of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and the father of her six children, including Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

Contents

Early life

Prince Felix was one of the twenty-four children of the deposed Robert I, Duke of Parma, being the duke's sixth child and third son by his second wife, Maria Antonia of Portugal. His maternal grandparents were Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg.

He was also the younger brother (by sixteen months) of Empress Zita of Austria. Of the twelve children of Duke Robert's first marriage to Maria-Pia of the Two Sicilies, three died as infants, six were mentally retarded, and only three married. Despite loss of his throne, Duke Robert and his family enjoyed considerable wealth, traveling in a private train of more than a dozen cars among his castles at Schwarzau am Steinfeld near Vienna, Villa Pianore in northwest Italy, and the magnificent Château de Chambord in France.

Styles of
Prince Félix of Luxembourg
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir


Less than four months after Robert's death in 1907 the Grand Marshal of the Austrian Court declared six of the children of his first marriage legally incompetent, at the behest of Duchess Maria Antonia. Nonetheless, Robert's primary heir was Elias, Duke of Parma, (1880-1959), the youngest son of the first marriage and the only one to father children of his own. Duke Elias also became the legal guardian of his six elder siblings. Although Prince Felix's elder brothers, Prince Sixte and Prince Xavier, eventually sued their half-brother Duke Elias to obtain a greater share of the ducal fortune, they lost in the French courts, leaving Prince Felix with modest prospects.

Marriage to Grand Duchess Charlotte

On 6 November 1919 in Luxembourg, the prince married Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg, having become also Prince of Luxembourg by Grand Ducal decree the day before. Unlike some European consorts, Felix neither adopted his wife's dynastic surname (of Nassau), nor relinquished his own title and name "Prince of Bourbon-Parma". His traditional style as a Bourbon prince of the Parmesan branch is the reason that cadet members of the Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg enjoy the style of Royal Highness (but that style belongs to the Luxembourg monarch and heir apparent by right, as the historical prerogative of grand ducal dynasties).

Felix served in the Austrian Dragoons as lieutenant and captain, but resigned his commission in November 1918. He was President of the Luxembourg Red Cross between 1923 and 1932 and again between 1947 and 1969. He was also Colonel of the Luxembourg Volunteers Company since 1920 and Inspector-General of the Luxembourg Army between 1945 and 1967.

Urban legend has it that Felix lost the Grünewald, a forest owned by the Grand Duchess, at a casino in 1934, but this is false; part of the property was sold, along with Berg Castle, to the Luxembourgian government, with the revenue paying for the upkeep of the grand-ducal household, and was not spent on personal consumption, let alone gambling losses.[1]

Marriage and children

On 6 November 1919 in Luxembourg, he married Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, and they had six children:

Ancestry

Footnotes and references

External links

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