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Prince Royal of Portugal coat of arms.

Prince Royal of Portugal (or more formally Prince Royal of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves) is the official title attributed to the heirs presumptive of the Crown of Portugal. From Manuel II's death, the last king of Portugal, the title of Prince Royal has been used by the pretender to the Portuguese throne and Heads of the Royal House of Braganza.

The title was created in 1815 when John VI (at the time Prince-Regent) elevated colonial Brazil to the status of kingdom inside the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (thus forcing the extinction of the until then used title Prince of Brazil). The heir became the Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. When Brazil declared its independence, the title was changed to the current state.

The holders of the title were styled Royal Highness (HRH) and were also Dukes of Braganza, Dukes of Guimarães, Dukes of Barcelos, Marquesses of Vila Viçosa, Counts of Arraiolos, Counts of Ourém, Counts of Barcelos, Counts of Faria, Counts of Neiva and Counts of Guimarães.

List of Princes Royal of Portugal

Note: Lighter shade of blue means that the person was not titled Prince Royal, being only the first in the line of succession. After 1834, Prince Royal's needed to be officially sweared as such in Parliament to legally bear the title.
Name Started Ended Alternative names Royal House Observations
João João VI.JPG ---- ---- John (English) Braganza Maria I's second son. He was from 1788 to 15 July 1799 the Prince of Brazil, then styled himself Prince Regent of Portugal and the Algarves till 1815, afterwards Prince Regent of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. When creating the United Kingdom, he extinguished the title Prince of Brazil, and restyled his heir as Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1816. King of Portugal and the Algarves, and dowager emperor of Brazil in 1825.
Pedro DpedroI-brasil-full.jpg 1816 1826 Peter (English) Braganza John VI's first son. Future Pedro I of Brazil (1822-1831) and Pedro IV of Portugal 1826-1828). He was the last Prince of Brazil, and the first and only Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.
Pedro RetratodompedroIIcrianca.JPG ---- ---- Peter (English) Braganza Pedro IV's third son, Michael I's nephew, and Maria II's younger brother. Future Peter II of Brazil. Born in an independent Brazil as a Brazilian prince, heir to the imperial throne, he was never Prince Royal of Portugal. He was styled the Imperial Prince, the title of the heir to the Brazilian throne.
Januária Januaria de braganca.jpg ---- ----   Braganza Maria II's younger daughter, since her brother Pedro II of Brazil was also barred from Portuguese royal succession as her father became a foreign monarch, and she a foreign princess. Also known as Dona Januária, Imperial Princess of Brazil, as heir to the Brazilian throne during her brother's childhood.
Maria Teresa Maria Teresa de Braganca.jpg 1828 1834 Theresa (English) Braganza Miguel I's eldest sister was officially heir to the throne since his brother Pedro (I of Brazil, IV of Portugal) had abdicated in 1826, and Miguel was acclaimed king in 1828. She never adopted the new style Princess Royal, preferring the old Portuguese traditional style the Princess. Also known as Teresa, Princess of Beira, as she had been born Princess of Beira, title she kept till her male brother's birth. She was officially heir to the Portuguese throne while Miguel reigned unmarried, and her son Dom Sebastião de Bragança e Borbom, Infant of Portugal, was the heir after her, till the end of the Portuguese Civil War in 1834.
Pedro Pedrov.jpg 1837 1853 Peter (English) Braganza-Coburg Maria II's first son. Future Pedro V of Portugal. He was the first Prince Royal of Portugal and the Algarves, and second of the Prince Royals title.
Luís Luis of Portugal.jpg 1853 1861 Louis (English)
or Lewis (English alternative)
Braganza-Coburg Pedro V's younger brother. Future Luís I. He inherited the throne, but was not sweared Prince Royal.
João   Infante John, Duke of Beja.jpg 1861 1861 John (English) Braganza-Coburg Luís I's younger brother. Also known as Infante João, Duke of Beja. He was not a Prince Royal.
Augusto   Infante Augusto, Duke of Coimbra.jpg 1861 1863 August (English)
or Augustus (English alternative)
Braganza-Coburg Luís I's younger brother. Also known as Infante Augusto, Duke of Coimbra. He was not sweared Prince Royal.
Carlos Charles of Portugal.jpg 1863 1889 Charles (English) Braganza-Coburg Luís I's first son. Future Carlos I. He was the second Prince Royal of Portugal, and the third of the Prince Royals.
Luís Filipe Luis Filipe, Duke of Braganza.jpg 1889 1908 Louis Philip (English)
or Lewis Philip (English alternative)
Braganza-Coburg Carlos I's first son. He was the third Prince Royal of Portugal and the Algarves, and fourth of the Princes Royal.
Afonso 1865Afonso.jpg 1908 1920 Alphonzo (English)
or Alphonse (English alternative)
Braganza-Coburg Manuel II's uncle. He was the fourth Prince Royal of Portugal and the Algarves, fifth of the Prince Royals, and the last Prince Royal.

See also

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