Prince William, Duke of Gloucester: Wikis

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This article is about the son of Anne of Great Britain. For the son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, see Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh. For his son, see Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
Prince William
Duke of Gloucester
Prince William of Denmark and Norway, shortly before his death at age 11.
House House of Oldenburg
Father Prince George of Denmark
Mother Anne of Great Britain
Born 24 June 1689(1689-06-24)
Died 29 July 1700 (aged 11)
Burial Westminster Abbey, London
William, Duke of Gloucester with his mother

Prince William of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Gloucester (24 July 1689 – 29 July 1700) was the only child of Prince George and Princess Anne of Denmark and Norway to survive infancy. His mother Anne became Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland after his death.

As second in line to the English and Scottish thrones, after his mother, William was expected to succeed at some point in the future. On his birth, his uncle by marriage (but still a blood relative) King William III of England gave him the style Duke of Gloucester (but did not actually create him a duke) and in July 1696, on his seventh birthday[1], awarded him the Order of the Garter at Windsor. At the age of nine, his own household was formed.

William's health was poor throughout his life. He suffered convulsions soon after he was born, and his parents feared he would die. He recovered, and Anne moved him to Campden House near Kensington, where the air was believed to be better. By the time he turned three years old, he still neither spoke nor walked, and even as he grew older, he could not climb stairs without assistance. In spite of his physical weakness, his mind was said to be sharp, and William was reputed to be quite precocious. William took ill on the day after his eleventh birthday party. Physicians suspected smallpox, and performed the usual ineffective (and even dangerous) treatments of the day. He died a few days later. After his death, the Duke's autopsy revealed that he had suffered from hydrocephalus, which accounts for his poor balance. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

The Duke's death prompted the Act of Settlement 1701, which was designed to ensure the Protestant succession, and thus led indirectly to the transfer of the British and Irish thrones to the House of Hanover in 1714.

Contents

Namesake

The capital of the Colony of Virginia, Williamsburg (founded 1699), named its main thoroughfare in his honor. The Duke of Gloucester Street is a wide avenue that extends from the Capitol building, past the Governor's Palace, to the College of William and Mary.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

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Arms

As a presumed eventual heir to the throne, Prince William bore the coat of arms of the kingdom, with an inescutcheon semy of hearts gules three lions passant azure crowned or (for Denmark), the whole differenced by a label argent of three points, the centre point bearing a cross gules.[2]

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Green, David Queen Anne (Collins, 1970) p. 73
  2. ^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

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