Prince William of Wales: Wikis

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Prince William
Prince William playing polo in 2007.
Full name
William Arthur Philip Louis[N 1]
House House of Windsor
Father Charles, Prince of Wales
Mother Diana, Princess of Wales
Born 21 June 1982 (1982-06-21) (age 27)
St Mary's Hospital, London

Prince William of Wales (William Arthur Philip Louis; born 21 June 1982), KG, is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and the late Diana, Princess of Wales, and grandson of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. As such, he is second in the line of succession to 16 independent states, although he is resident and most directly involved with the United Kingdom, the oldest realm.

Following his education at various schools around the United Kingdom, obtaining a degree from the University of St Andrews, and spending parts of a gap year in Chile, Belize, and countries in Africa, William enrolled in the military. He was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Blues and Royals regiment of the Household Cavalry – serving with his brother – and,[2] two years later, earned his wings by completing pilot training at Royal Air Force College Cranwell.[3] In 2009, the Prince transferred to the Royal Air Force, was promoted to flight lieutenant and underwent helicopter flying training with the aim of becoming a full time pilot with the Search and Rescue Force.[4][5] As of 2010, he has completed his generic helicopter training and is now at RAF Valley's Search and Rescue Training Unit receiving training on the Sea King search and rescue helicopter.

Contents

Early life

Royal Family of
the United Kingdom

and the other Commonwealth realms
Badge of the House of Windsor.svg

HM The Queen
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh


Prince William was born at St Mary's Hospital in London, England, on 21 June 1982, the first child of Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, and third grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. According to a bet taker at a horse race at Windsor Castle in 2004, "We ran a bet before Prince William was born on what his name would be. About an hour before the announcement, a very large bet came in for 'William,' and I've suspected that the wager came from the palace since." [6] Baptised in the Music Room of Buckingham Palace on 4 August 1982 (the 82nd birthday of his paternal great-grandmother), by the then Archbishop of Canterbury, Robert Runcie, William's godparents were King Constantine II of Greece; Sir Laurens van der Post; Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy; Natalia Grosvenor, Duchess of Westminster; Norton Knatchbull, Baron Brabourne; and Susan Hussey, Baroness Hussey of North Bradley. As a male-line grandchild of the sovereign and son of the Prince of Wales, William was styled His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales, though he was affectionately called Wombat or Wills by his parents.[citation needed]

It was reported that, at age seven, the Prince said to his mother that he desired to be a police officer when he was older, so that he might be able to protect her; a statement to which his brother responded: "Oh, no you can't. You've got to be King."[7] William's first public appearance was on 1 March 1991 (Saint David's Day), during an official visit of his parents to Cardiff, Wales. After arriving by aeroplane, the Prince was taken to Llandaff Cathedral, where he signed the visitors' book, thereby demonstrating that he was left-handed. On 3 June 1991, William was admitted to Royal Berkshire Hospital after having been hit on the side of the forehead by a fellow student wielding a golf club. The Prince did not lose consciousness, but did suffer a depressed fracture of the skull and was operated on at the Great Ormond Street Hospital, resulting in a permanent scar.[8] William's mother desired that he, along with his younger brother, not just have "normal" experiences that other royal children had not had until later in life, if at all, but also more profound lessons, taking both boys to locales that ranged from Disney World and McDonald's to AIDS clinics and shelters for the homeless. She also bought them things typical teenagers used like video games.[9] Diana, Princess of Wales, who was by then divorced from the Prince of Wales, died in a car accident in 1997. William, along with his brother and father, was staying at Balmoral Castle at the time, and the Prince of Wales waited until early the following morning to tell his sons about their mother's death.[10] At his mother's funeral, William accompanied his father, brother, paternal grandfather, and maternal uncle in walking behind the funeral cortège from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Abbey.

Education

Continuing on his father's precedent, William was educated at independent schools, starting at Jane Mynors' nursery school and the pre-preparatory Wetherby School, both in London.[11] Following this, he attended Ludgrove School and, after passing the entrance exams, was admitted to Eton College, where he studied geography, biology and history of art at A-Level, obtaining an A in geography, a C in biology and a B in history of art.[12][13] At Ludgrove he also participated in football – captaining his house team – along with swimming, basketball, clay pigeon shooting, and cross-country running; and at Eton he took up water polo.[14] The decision to place William in Eton went against the family tradition of sending royal children to Gordonstoun (William's grandfather, father, two uncles, and two cousins all attended); it did, however, make the Prince follow in the Spencer family footsteps, as both Diana's father and brother had attended Eton.[9] It was also agreed between the Royal Family and the tabloid press that William would be allowed to study free of paparazzi intrusion in exchange for regular updates of the Prince's life. Then chairman of the Press Complaints Commission, John Wakeham, said of the arrangement: "Prince William is not an institution; nor a soap star; nor a football hero. He is a child: in the next few years, perhaps the most important and sometimes painful of his life, he will grow up and become a man."[9]

After graduating from Eton, the Prince took a gap year, during which he took part in British Army training exercises in Belize, and, for ten weeks, taught children in the town of Tortel, in southern Chile, as part of the Raleigh International programme. It was during his time in the latter location that he lived with other young teachers, sharing in the common household chores, including cleaning the toilet, and also volunteered as the guest disk jockey for the local radio station.[15]

By 2001 William was back in the United Kingdom and had enrolled, under the name William Wales,[16][17] at the University of St Andrews. News of this caused the number of applications to St Andrews to swell, mostly from young women who wanted an opportunity to meet the Prince.[18] The extra attention did not deter him, though, and he embarked on a degree course in art history, later changing his main subject to geography, and going on to earn a Scottish Master of Arts degree with upper second class honours in geography – the highest honours of any heir to the British and other Commonwealth realms' thrones. While at university, Prince William also represented the Scottish national universities water polo team at the Celtic Nations tournament in 2004.[14] He was known as “Steve” by other students to avoid any journalists overhearing to understand.[19]

Royal duties and career

William began to accompany his parents on official visits at an early age; his first overseas royal tour was with his parents to Australia and New Zealand in 1983,[20] a decision made by the Princess of Wales that was considered to be unconventional; not only was William so young, but both the second and third in line for the throne would be travelling together.[9] However, he accompanied either both parents or his father on subsequent tours, and, upon graduation from university, began to undertake duties of his own, as well as obtaining experience in the private workforce when he worked with land management at Chatsworth House and interned at HSBC.[9]

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Military career

Prince William (second from left) in uniform, with the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during Trooping the Colour, 2007.

Having decided to follow a military career, in October 2005 William attended the four day Regular Commissions Board at Westbury in Wiltshire where he underwent selection to judge his suitability to become an Army officer. Having passed selection, William went up to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in January 2006.[21] Successfully completing the course, William graduated from Sandhurst on 15 December 2006, the graduation parade being attended by the Queen and the Prince of Wales, along with other members of the Royal Family, and William officially received his commission as a lieutenant at midnight. With his rank obtained, the Prince, under the name of William Wales, followed his younger brother[22] into the Blues and Royals as a troop commander in an armoured reconnaissance unit, after which he spent four months in training for the post at Bovington Camp, Dorset.

Once officially enrolled and commissioned in the Armed Forces, William expressed a desire to participate in active service; in this there was a recent precedent of the service of his grandmother's uncle Edward VIII who, as Prince of Wales, served in France during the First World War; his great-grandfather George VI who served at the Battle of Jutland in the same conflict; and his paternal grandfather, the Duke of Edinburgh, who served with distinction during World War Two. More recently, his uncle the Duke of York served in the Falklands war. Though Major General Sebastian Roberts, general officer commanding the Household Division, had said William being deployed was possible, the Prince's position as second in line to the throne, and the convention of ministers advising against the person in that position being put into dangerous situations, cast doubts on William's ability to see combat. These doubts increased after Prince Henry's deployment was cancelled in 2007, due to "specific threats". William, instead, went on to training in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force, obtaining his commission as a sub-lieutenant in the former and flying officer in the latter (both broadly equivalent to the rank of lieutenant in the Army). With this complete, the Prince undertook an attachment with the Air Force, undergoing an intensive four-month training course at RAF Cranwell,[23] which, upon completing the course on 11 April 2008, he was presented with his RAF wings by his father,[3] who had himself received his wings after training at the same college.[24] It was later revealed that it had been during this secondment that Prince William had helped to man a C-17 Globemaster to Afghanistan, during which he assisted in the repatriation of the body of Trooper Robert Pearson.[25] The Prince had been affectionately known by his fellow airmen, and his callsign was designated, as Billy the Fish, a pun on his title, which also uses a part of his father's title for his surname.[26]

William then moved to train with the Navy for two months, from June to August 2008, during which time he spent three weeks at the Britannia Royal Naval College, training on units of the surface fleet, and submarines, as well as with the Fleet Air Arm and Royal Marines, before deploying for a further five weeks on HMS Iron Duke in the Caribbean.[27] It was during this tour that the Prince took part in a secret underwater mission,[28] as well as helping to identify and capture a small vessel that had been transporting an approximate £40 million worth of cocaine,[29][30] and taking part in other raids.[31]

Due to William's future role, a long term career in the military was considered out of the question; due to his position, his desire to see active service was always unlikely to be granted. William originally joined the military on a short-service commission lasting three years. However, it was announced in September 2008 that the Prince would be extending his time in the forces, first by taking on another secondment in the autumn of 2008 (including working at the MOD and non-operational flying with the Army Air Corps),[32]. Then it was announced that he would transfer from the Army to the RAF in order to train as a full time search and rescue helicopter pilot; this role enables him to take an active role as a member of the armed forces without him being deployed on combat operations. In January 2009 William transferred his commission to the RAF and was promoted to Flight Lieutenant. He has started training to become a helicopter pilot with the RAF's Search and Rescue Force. In January 2010, he graduated from the Defence Helicopter Flying School at RAF Shawbury, where he had been under the instruction of Squadron Leader Craig Finch.[33] On the 26 January 2010 he transferred to the Search and Rescue Training Unit at RAF Valley to receive training on the Sea King search and rescue helicopter. He is expected to graduate from RAF Valley in late summer 2010.[34] Once his training is completed in 2010, it is expected that William's operational tour will last 30 to 36 months.[35]

Royal duties

William during the opening ceremony of the 21st World Scout Jamboree.

At the age of 21, Prince William was appointed as a Counsellor of State, and began his royal duties by first serving in that capacity when the Queen was abroad to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2003, in Nigeria. For his 21st birthday, William also accompanied his father on a royal tour of Wales, where they visited the Anglesey Food Fair and opened a centre for the homeless in Newport,[36] By July 2005, he was on his first overseas tour, travelling to New Zealand on behalf of his grandmother in her role as Queen of New Zealand, to participate in World War II commemorations, and, for the 30th anniversary of his father's charity, The Prince's Trust, William and his brother were interviewed together for the first time by Ant & Dec.[36] In July 2007, Prince William accompanied his grandmother's cousin The Duke of Kent, who is President of the UK Scout Association, in opening the 21st World Scout Jamboree, celebrating the centennial of the founding of the Scout Movement.

It was said in Tina Brown's 2007 biography of Diana, Princess of Wales, that Prince William had, like his father, expressed a desire to become Governor-General of Australia,[37] though fulfillment of the idea was considered doubtful by then-Prime Minister of Australia John Howard, who said: "We have for a long time embraced the idea that the person who occupies that post should be in every way an Australian citizen."[38]

In January 2010, Prince William toured Auckland and Wellington, on behalf of his grandmother in her role as Queen of New Zealand. As the Queen's representative, Prince William opened the new building of the Supreme Court of New Zealand.[39] Speculation in late 2009 that William would be taking over increasing numbers of the Queen's ceremonial and state duties has been denied by the Palace.[40]

Personal interests

Following his parents' examples, William took interest in various causes from a relatively early age. The late Princess of Wales' work with HIV/AIDS aid and prevention, and the Prince of Wales' work with the natural environment and the inner-city disadvantaged, directed William into those areas. He also showed a desire to focus on the needy in Africa, sometimes working with his brother's charity, Sentebale.

On 23 January 2009, it emerged that Prince William had written the foreword to a book for the first time.[41] The cover of Home from War – the autobiography of a soldier from the prince's regiment who was seriously wounded in a Taliban ambush – notes the Prince's contribution.

Humanitarian and environmental causes

William was first familiarised with HIV/AIDS in the mid 1990s when his mother would take the Prince and his brother to visit shelters and clinics for those suffering from the disease. In January 2005, Prince William and his brother volunteered at a British Red Cross aid distribution centre to pack emergency supplies for countries that were affected by the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami.[42] Later, in September,[43] William granted his patronage to Centrepoint,[44] a charity that assists the homeless. During the period when his mother had been patron of Centrepoint, he had accompanied her on visits to its headquarters and projects.

Prince William also worked in the children's unit at the The Royal Marsden Hospital for two days of work experience in 2005, as well as helping out in the medical research, catering, and fund raising departments.[42] The same year, he spent two weeks in North Wales with a mountain rescue team of Mountain Rescue England and Wales.[42] In May 2007, William became patron of both organisations (His mother had also previously been patron of the Royal Marsden Hospital) and he became attracted to Mountain Rescue England and Wales in order to, in his words, "highlight and celebrate the vital, selfless and courageous work of our mountain rescue organisations".[42]

The Prince also became a patron of the Tusk Trust in December 2005,[43] a charity that works towards conserving wildlife and initiating community development, including providing education, across Africa.[45] William became associated with the organisation after he witnessed its work first hand when he was in Africa. Saying "rural African initiatives that foster education, responsibility and participation in the local community light the way to conservation",[46] he carried out his first official duty with the trust in launching a 5,000-mile (8,000 km) bike ride across the African continent in 2007.[43]

Sports

Prince William plays polo both professionally and for charitable causes[47] and is a fan of football, supporting Aston Villa F.C.[42] In May 2006, he became President of England's Football Association and vice royal patron of the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) in February 2007 (supporting the Queen as patron of the WRU). The same year, the WRU's decision to name a new cup for test matches between Wales and South Africa the Prince William Cup caused controversy, with some believing it would have been more fitting to name the trophy after Ray Gravell.[48][49][50]

Also in 2006, the Prince, along with other Sandhurst officers, took part in running one mile to support the charity Sport Relief, as he had done in 2004 with a team from Clarence House. In May 2007, William became patron of the English Schools' Swimming Association.[42]

Relationships

During his years in university, Prince William participated in typical college life, going to bars and socialising with his friends; of himself he said: "I'm not a party animal, despite what some people might think."[9] Like his father before him, William's private life became the subject of tabloid speculation and gossip, especially around his relationship with Kate Middleton, who had been one of William's university flatmates and whom William began dating in 2003. Nothing was ever officially released from either Buckingham Palace or Clarence House regarding any relationship between William and Middleton. Middleton, however, did attend the Prince's passing out parade at Sandhurst, marking the first high profile event that she attended as William's guest. The relationship between Prince William and Middleton was followed so closely that bookmakers took bets on the possibility of a royal wedding and the retail chain Woolworths produced memorabilia bearing the likenesses of the two.[51] Media attention became so intense that William had to make a specific request to the paparazzi that they keep their distance from Middleton and him, in March 2007, complained of media harassment by the Daily Mirror.[51] It was reported in April 2007 that the couple had split,[51][52] though in June, Middleton attended a party at Lulworth army barracks as the guest of Prince William,[53] in July attended the Concert for Diana, which had been organized by Princes William and Harry,[54] in August she accompanied William on holiday in the island of Des Roches in the Seychelles, and in October joined Prince Charles and Prince Harry for a shooting party at Balmoral. In June 2008, along with the Royal Family, Middleton attended William's investiture into the Order of the Garter.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

Royal styles of
HRH Prince William of Wales

William of Wales Arms.svg

Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
  • 21 June 1982 – : His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales

The Prince's style and title in full: His Royal Highness Prince William Arthur Philip Louis of Wales, Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. As a British prince, William does not use a surname for everyday purposes. For formal and ceremonial purposes, Prince William has used the name of the area over which his father holds title, i.e. Wales (as Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie use York, per their father, Prince Andrew, Duke of York). Past precedent is that such area-based surnames are dropped from usage in adulthood, after which either title alone or family surname is used.[55] For the male-line grandchildren of Elizabeth II, however, there is currently some uncertainty over the correct form of family surname to use, or whether there even is a surname. The Queen has stipulated all her male-line descendants who do not bear the titular dignity of prince shall use Mountbatten-Windsor as their family surname although Letters Patent exist stipulating the name Windsor, but with the same caveat.[56]

Should his father accede to the throne, William will immediately obtain the titles of Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay and it is expected that he would be invested as Prince of Wales, though the latter is not automatic. If Prince William succeeds to the throne and uses his first given name as his regnal name, he would be known as William V. Should he marry before the death of the Queen, it is customary for him to receive a dukedom.

Military ranks

Honours

Accompanied by his father, Prince William processes to St. George's Chapel to be installed as a Knight of the Garter
Appointments
Medals

Prince William, upon his appointment to the order, became the 1,000th member of the register of the Order of the Garter;[64] he was officially invested by the Queen into the order on 16 June 2008, at a service at St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle.[65] The last time a monarch had appointed their grandchild into the Order of the Garter was in 1894, when Queen Victoria invested Prince Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Honorary military appointments

Canada Canada
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Honorific eponyms

Arms

Ancestry

Through his maternal grandfather, Prince William is descended from King Henry IV, King Charles II and King James II and VII. Should he become king, William will be the first monarch since Queen Anne to be descended from Charles I. Through his mother, William is of English descent and of remote Irish and Scottish descent. Through the Spencer family, he is also distantly related to several American presidents and British prime ministers.

Prince William is descended from all kings and queens of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom with surviving offspring from William I onwards except for these five: King Henry V, King Henry VIII (their lines are both extinct), King George IV, King William IV (neither of whom had any surviving legitimate children), and King Edward VIII.[70] He is also descended from many of the pre-Union monarchs of Scotland and the pre-Conquest monarchs of England. He is also descended from many notable foreign monarchs including, Catherine II of Russia ("Catherine the Great"), George I of Greece, Christian IX of Denmark, Afonso I of Portugal, Andrew II of Hungary, Ferdinand II of Aragon, Isabella I of Castile, and early French kings.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ As a titled royal, William holds no surname, but, when one is used, it is Mountbatten-Windsor (or, more colloquially, his father's territorial designation, Wales); according to letters patent dated February 1960, his House and Family Name is Windsor.[1]

References

  1. ^ "alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility:". Heraldica.org. http://www.heraldica.org/faqs/britfaq.html#p2-1. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  2. ^ "BBC NEWS | UK | William joining Harry's regiment". News.bbc.co.uk. Last Updated:. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/5367862.stm. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Kate watches William get his wings - World - smh.com.au". Smh.com.au. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/kate-watches-william-get-his-wings/2008/04/12/1207856847954.html. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  4. ^ "Prince William ready for Search and Rescue role". www.meeja.com.au. 16 September 2008. http://www.meeja.com.au/index.php?display_article_id=217. Retrieved 16 September 2008. 
  5. ^ Pierce, Andrew (13 January 2009). "Prince William starts as a search and rescue helicopter pilot". telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/theroyalfamily/4218703/Prince-William-starts-as-a-search-and-rescue-helicopter-pilot.html. Retrieved 18 January 2009. 
  6. ^ Windsor Castle, A Royal Year, ITV Documentary
  7. ^ "Prince William : People.com". People.com. http://www.people.com/people/prince_william. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  8. ^ "Prince William marks the end of the first term of his third university year with an interview". princeofwales.gov.uk. 14 December 2003. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/newsandgallery/news/prince_william_marks_the_end_of_the_first_term_of_his_third__1470010393.html. Retrieved 31 May 2008. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Prince William Biography : People.com". People.com. http://www.people.com/people/prince_william/biography. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  10. ^ "BBC NEWS | Programmes | Conspiracy Files | Timeline: How Diana died". News.bbc.co.uk. 14 December 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/conspiracy_files/6217366.stm. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  11. ^ "Growing Up Royal". TIME. 25 April 1988. http://www.time.com/time/daily/special/diana/readingroom/8191/4_25.html. Retrieved 4 June 2009. 
  12. ^ "Prince William gives an interview at the start of his university career". 22 September 2001. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/newsandgallery/news/prince_william_gives_an_interview_at_the_start_of_his_univer_422216032.html. 
  13. ^ "What is it like at Eton College?". BBC News Online. 4 July 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/4634031.stm. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "The Prince of Wales - Interests". Princeofwales.gov.uk. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/personalprofiles/princewilliam/interests/. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  15. ^ "Rugged prince scores PR triumph". BBC News. 11 December 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/1064991.stm. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  16. ^ "Welcome to Will's new world | UK news | The Observer". The Observer. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2001/sep/23/education.students. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  17. ^ Michael Howie. "William Wales M.A. collects his degree". The Scotsman. http://news.scotsman.com/latestnews/William-Wales-MA-collects-his.2637753.jp. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  18. ^ "The Prince of Wales - Prince William gives an interview at the start of his university career". Princeofwales.gov.uk. 22 September 2001. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/newsandgallery/news/prince_william_gives_an_interview_at_the_start_of_his_univer_422216032.html. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  19. ^ "The Saint that looked after Wills". "The Sunday Herald". 26 June 2005. http://www.heraldscotland.com. 
  20. ^ "The Prince of Wales - Countries Visited". Princeofwales.gov.uk. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/personalprofiles/theprinceofwales/atwork/supportingthequeen/countriesvisited/index.html. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  21. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1501217/Prince-William-to-join-his-brother-at-Sandhurst.html
  22. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/5367862.stm William
  23. ^ Yahoo! News. "Prince William begins RAF pilot training". http://uk.news.yahoo.com/afp/20080107/ten-britain-royals-william-military-a56114e.html. Retrieved 13 January 2008. 
  24. ^ "Prince William awarded RAF Wings". BBC. 11 April 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7340692.stm. Retrieved 2 July 2008. 
  25. ^ "William visits Afghanistan troops". BBC. 30 April 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7374589.stm. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  26. ^ Daniela Relph (Last Updated:). "BBC NEWS | UK | 'Sharp eyes' William's solo flight". News.bbc.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7194657.stm. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  27. ^ "William's Navy posting revealed". BBC Online. 31 May 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7429261.stm. Retrieved 31 May 2008. 
  28. ^ Allen, Nick (20 June 2008). "Prince William in secret submarine mission". Telegraph Online. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/theroyalfamily/2162027/Prince-William-in-secret-submarine-mission.html. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  29. ^ "Prince William helps naval shipmates carry out major drugs raid". HELLO! Online. 3 July 2008. http://www.hellomagazine.com/royalty/2008/07/03/wills-drugs-bust/. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  30. ^ "William's ship seizes drugs haul". BBC. 2 July 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7485365.stm. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  31. ^ Browning, Eliza (28 July 2008). "Prince William in Caribbean Drug Bust". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=5461747&page=1. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  32. ^ "Prince William: Military Secondments in Autumn, 2008". princeofwales.gov.uk. 31 July 2008. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/mediacentre/pressreleases/prince_william_military_secondments_in_autumn_2008_1233465855.html. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  33. ^ Bonnett, Tom (15 January 2010). "Royal Heir Force: Prince's Career Takes Off". Sky News. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/UK-News/Prince-William-Graduates-From-Advanced-Helicopter-Training-Prince-Charles-Presents-Certificate/Article/201001315524625?lpos=UK_News_Top_Stories_Header_4&lid=ARTICLE_15524625_Prince_William_Graduates_From_Advanced_Helicopter_Training%2C_Prince_Charles_Presents_Certificate. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  34. ^ "Prince William starts RAF rescue training on Anglesey". BBC News. 2010-01-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/8480634.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  35. ^ "Prince William set to join RAF Search and Rescue". RAF. 15 September 2008. http://www.raf.mod.uk/news/archive.cfm?storyid=65D7729A-1143-EC82-2E3FE8BEE1F37F89. Retrieved 15 September 2008. 
  36. ^ a b "The Prince of Wales: Prince William: Biography: Growing Up". Clarence House. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/personalprofiles/princewilliam/biography/growingup/index.html. Retrieved 16 October 2008. 
  37. ^ "Australian leaders dismiss the idea of Prince William as governor-general". International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/06/29/asia/AS-GEN-Australia-Britain-Prince-William.php. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  38. ^ "William for GG not on: PM". 29 June 2007. http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/william-for-gg-not-on-pm/2007/06/29/1182624122159.html. Retrieved 30 August 2008. 
  39. ^ "Prince William's royal magic captures the crowds". 18 January 2010. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10620877. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  40. ^ "Prince William to share Queen's duties: Treasury document reveals secret plan to make him the 'Shadow King'". Daily Mail. 13 December 2009. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1235375/Prince-William-share-Queens-duties-Treasury-document-reveals-secret-plan-make-Shadow-King.html. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  41. ^ http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/images/1845964500/
  42. ^ a b c d e f "The Royal Family: Members of the Royal Family: HRH The Prince of Wales: Prince William - Charities and Patronages". Buckingham Palace. http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page5999.asp. Retrieved 17 October 2008. 
  43. ^ a b c "The Prince of Wales: Prince William: At Work: Charities and Patronages". Clarence House. http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/personalprofiles/princewilliam/atwork/charitiesandpatronages/index.html. Retrieved 17 October 2008. 
  44. ^ "Prince William Patron of Centrepoint". http://www.centrepoint.org.uk/content/view/54/41/. Retrieved 21 March 2006. 
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External links

Prince William of Wales
Born: 21 June 1982
British royalty
Preceded by
The Prince of Wales
Line of succession to the British throne
2nd position
Succeeded by
Prince Henry of Wales
Line of succession to the
Dukedom of Edinburgh

2nd position
Order of precedence in England and Wales and in Northern Ireland
Order of precedence in Scotland
Preceded by
The Earl of Wessex
Gentlemen
HRH Prince William of Wales
Succeeded by
Prince Henry of Wales
Preceded by
The Prince of Wales
Gentlemen
in current practice
Succeeded by
The Duke of York

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Prince William of Wales (William Arthur Philip Louis Mountbatten-Windsor; born June 21, 1982; commonly known as Prince William) is the oldest son of Charles, Prince of Wales and his first wife, the late Diana, Princess of Wales and a grandson of Queen Elizabeth II. He is second in the line of succession to the British Throne and the thrones of the other Commonwealth Realms, behind his father. He is the elder brother of Prince Henry of Wales.

Sourced

  • [...]I think it's-- we're very lucky. You know, we have lots of things that we are very fortunate to have. You know, we have a house, you know? We have, you know, all these sort of nice things around us. And so, you know, we're grateful for that because so many people don't have that. We have, you know, relative stability and stuff like that. And, you know, lots of things that, you know, everyone would, you know, love to have.
    • Responding to the question: "What's the coolest thing about being a prince?"[1] (2007)

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

Prince William of Wales
File:2007 WSJ Prince
Born June 21, 1982 (1982-06-21) (age 28)

Prince William of Wales (William Arthur Philip Louis; born 21 June 1982) is the oldest son of Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and the late Diana, Princess of Wales, and grandson of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Contents

Early Life

Prince William was born at St,Mary's Hospital, London.His parents were Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales.He was the third grandchild of the reigning monarch Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.His mother Diana tried to shield Prince William and his younger brother Prince Harry of Wales from the media.

Education

Prince William began his education at independent schools then Jane Mynors' nursery school and the pre-preparatory Wetherby School, both in London. Following this, he attended Ludgrove School, and, after passing the entrance exams, was admitted to Eton College, where he studied geography, biology, and art history at A-Level. At Eton he took part in many sports including Foot Ball, basket ball, and water polo.He ended his schooling in 2000.

Year abroad

Prince William spent a year abroad.

Continued education

He enrolled in the University of St.Andrews and graduated in 2004 with a degree in Geography.

Military

Prince William graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 15 December 2006; the graduation parade being attended by the Queen of England and the Prince of Wales, along with other members of the Royal Family, and William officially received his commission as a lieutenant at midnight. With his rank obtained, the Prince, under the name of William Wales, followed his younger brother[1] into the Blues and Royals as a troop commander in an armoured reconnaissance unit, after which he spent four months in training for the post at Bovington Camp, Dorset. He currently is studying how to fly planes.

Relationships

Prince William has been in numerous relationships. One of the better-known ones was with Kate Middleton. They started dating in 2003.[needs proof] Reports said that the two broke up in 2007. Kate did attend the concert for Diana in late 2007. Reports say they are friends. Kate also went to William 's cousin Peter's wedding in 2008. In 2010, William said that he and Middleton will get married in 2011.

Royal Duties

Prince William has carried up many public duties on behalf of his grandmother the Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and his father the Prince of Wales.

Future

Prince William is first in line to the throne behind his father. Through his mother's line he is descended from numerous dukes. He is also a descendant of Charles II of England and James II of England. If he becomes King he will be the first monarch descended from Charles I of England since Queen Anne. He is also related to King Henry IV of England. William also is distantly related to Sir Winston Churchill.

File:Queen Elisabeth
Prince William of Wales's Grandmother Elizabeth

Ancestors

Prince Williams ancestors in three generations
Prince William of Wales Father:
Charles, Prince of Wales
Paternal Grandfather:
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Princess Alice of Battenberg
Paternal Grandmother:
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
Paternal Great-grandfather:
George VI of the United Kingdom
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Mother:
Diana, Princess of Wales
Maternal Grandfather:
John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Albert Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer,
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Cynthia Hamilton
Maternal Grandmother:
Frances Burke Roche
Maternal Great-grandfather:
. Maurice Burke Roche, 4th Baron Fermoy
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Ruth Gill

References

mrj:Уильям (Кого Британин принц)


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