Prince of Asturias: Wikis

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The coat of arms of the Prince of Asturias

Prince of Asturias (Spanish: Príncipe de Asturias ) is the historical (and under the Spanish Constitution of 1978, the official) title given to the heir apparent to the Spanish throne. It was also the title under the earlier kingdom of Castille. The current Prince of Asturias is Felipe, son of King Juan Carlos of Spain and Queen Sofia. Contrary to practice in other than Iberian countries, in the event of there is no heir apparent, the title can be (but is not necessarily) given to the heir presumptive. Examples of heirs presumptive who received the title are the Miguel de la Paz, Infante of Portugal, grandson and heir presumptive of Queen Isabella I, the only son of the Queen's deceased eldest daughter, who was styled Prince of Asturias, and Infanta Maria de las Mercedes of Spain, eldest daughter of Alfonso XII, was styled Princess of Asturias during her childhood, particularly when her posthumous brother Alfonso XIII was not yet born.

Other associated titles originate from the rest of the kingdoms that formed Spain: Prince of Viana, Prince of Girona, Duke of Montblanc, Count of Cervera and Lord of Balaguer.

Military dictator Francisco Franco appointed Juan Carlos de Borbón as his "successor with the title of King" but gave him the new title of Prince of Spain instead of Prince of Asturias.

The current Prince of Asturias has instituted the Prince of Asturias Awards.

Contents

History and list of the Princes of Asturias

After the death of Pedro of Castile in 1369, the kingdom was drawn yet deeper in a civil war, disputes and long rivalled between English claimant, John, Duke of Lancaster, and two successive Trastamare claimants, Kings Henry II of Castile and his son John I of Castile. After two decades of conflicts of varying intensity, the parties arrived at compromise through means of marriage: the future Henry III of Castile (1379-1406) was married to Katherine of Lancaster in 1388. A part of the pact ("Accord of Bayonne") was to elevate the young couple to a title, Prince and Princess of Asturias, which was modelled after that of Prince of Wales in English kingdom. The title was to belong to the official successor of the Castilian throne. Thus the first holders of the princedom was the young don Enrique de Castilla y de Aragon and his wife dona Catalina de Lancastre y de Castilla.

In the first years the title was not only honorary, as it included the ownership of the territory of Asturias; the Prince ruled the Principality in representation of the King and was able to appoint judges, mayors... This was changed by the Catholic Monarchs, who limited the scope of the title making it merely honorary; this decision was upheld by the Austrias (as the Habsburg are commonly known in Spain) and the House of Bourbon, till the present day.


Picture Name Heir of Birth Became Heir to the Throne Created Prince of Asturias Ceased to be Prince of Asturias Death Other Titles before/whilst Prince Princess of Asturias
Coat of Arms of the Heir of the Crown of Castile 13th-16th Centuries.svg Prince Henry
later Henry III
John I 4 October 1379 17 September 1388 9 October 1390
became King
25 December 1406 Katherine of Lancaster
Coat of Arms of the Heir of the Crown of Castile 13th-16th Centuries.svg Infanta Maria Henry III 1 September 1401 1402 6 March 1405
brother's birth
4 October 1458 -
Burgos - Cartuja de Miraflores - Tumba de Juan II de Castilla.jpg Prince John
later John II
6 March 1405 25 December 1406
became King
20 July 1454 -
Coat of Arms of the Heir of the Crown of Castile 13th-16th Centuries.svg Infanta Catalina John II 5 October 1422 17 September 1424 -
Coat of Arms of the Heir of the Crown of Castile 13th-16th Centuries.svg Infanta Leonor 10 September 1423 17 September 1424
sister's death
1425
own death or brother's birth
-
Enrique IV.jpg Prince Henry
later Henry IV
5 January 1425 20 July 1454
became King
11 December 1474 King-consort of Navarre Blanche II of Navarre
Juana la Beltraneja.jpg Infanta Joanna
[1]
Henry IV 28 February 1462 1464
desposed
1530 -
Cartuja de Miraflores (Burgos) - Tumba de Alfonso de Castilla - Detalle.jpg Prince Alfonso 15 September 1453 1464 5 July 1468 -
Isabel la reina catolica.jpg Infanta Isabella
later Isabella I
22 April 1451 5 July 1468
brother's death
10 December 1474
became Queen-regnant
26 November 1504 Queen consort of Sicily
Duchess of Montblanc
Countess of Cervera
Lady of Balaguer
Duchess of Gandia
Countess of Ribagorza
-
Isabellaasturias1470.jpg Infanta Isabella Isabella I 2 October 1470 28 June 1478
brother's birth
28 August 1498 Princess of Viana -
Juan of Spain1.jpeg Prince Juan 28 June 1478 4 October 1497
death
Prince of Girona
Prince of Viana
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Margaret of Austria
Isabellaasturias1470.jpg Infanta Isabella (second time) 2 October 1470 4 October 1497
brother's death
28 August 1498 Princess of Viana
Princess of Portugal
Queen consort of Portugal
-
Coat of Arms of the Heir of the Crown of Castile 13th-16th Centuries.svg Prince Miguel 24 August 1498 28 August 1498 19 July 1500
death
Prince of Viana
Prince of Portugal
-
Juan de Flandes 003.jpg Infanta Joanna
later Joanna I
6 November 1479 28 August 1498 1502 26 November 1504
became Queen-regnant
12 April 1555 Princess of Girona
Duchess of Montblanc
Countess of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Princess of Viana
Duchess consort of Burgundy, Brabant, Limburg, Lothier, Luxembourg; Countess consort of Artois, Flanders, Charolais, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, Burgundy; Margravine consort of Namur
-
Bernaerd van Orley 004.jpg Prince Charles
later Charles I
Joanna I 24 February 1500 26 November 1504 14 March 1516
became King
21 September 1558 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Limburg, Lothier and Luxembourg,
Count of Artois, Burgundy, Flanders, Hainaut,
Holland, Namur and Zeeland
-
Philip II of Spain (young, French School).jpg Prince Philip
later Philip II
Charles I 21 May 1527 16 January 1556
became King
13 September 1598 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
King of Naples
King of England and Ireland
Duke of Milan
Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal
Mary I of England
Alonso Sánchez Coello 005.jpg Prince Carlos Philip II 8 July 1545 16 January 1556 24 July 1568 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
-
Philip II offering Fernando to Victory.png Prince Ferdinand 4 December 1571 18 October 1578 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
-
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Asturias 1560-1578 (Azure Label Variant).svg Prince Diego 15 August 1575 18 October 1578
brother's death
21 November 1582 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
Prince of Portugal
-
Juan Pantoja de la Cruz 002.jpg Prince Philip
later Philip III
14 April 1578 21 November 1582
brother's death
14 April 1598
became King
31 March 1621 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
Prince of Portugal
-
Philip IV of Spain as Prince of Asturias, Bartolome Gonzalez y Serrano 003.jpg Prince Philip
later Philip IV
Philip III 8 April 1605 31 March 1621
became King
17 September 1665 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
Prince of Portugal
Elisabeth of Bourbon
Diego Velázquez 070.jpg Prince Baltasar Carlos Philip IV 17 October 1629 9 October 1646 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
Prince of Portugal
-
Diego Velázquez 046b.jpg Prince Philip Prospero 20 November 1657 1 November 1661 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
-
Retrato ecuestre de Carlos II niño.jpg Prince Charles
later Charles II
6 November 1661 17 September 1665
became King
1 November 1700 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
-
JosephFerdinand.jpg Prince Joseph Ferdinand Charles II 28 October 1692 1698 6 February 1699 Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Prince of Viana
-
Louis, King of Spain.jpg Prince Louis
later Louis I
Philip V 25 August 1707 1709 14 January 1724
became King
31 August 1724 Prince of Viana Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
Fernando6.jpg Prince Ferdinand
later Ferdinand VI
23 September 1713 31 August 1724 9 July 1746
became King
10 August 1759 Prince of Viana Barbara of Portugal
Charles de Bourbon, futur Carlos III.jpg Prince Charles
later Charles III
Ferdinand VI 20 January 1716 9 July 1746 10 August 1759
became King
14 December 1788 Prince of Viana
Duke of Parma and Piacenza
Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
KarelIVSp.jpg Prince Charles
later Charles IV
Charles III 11 November 1748 10 August 1759 14 December 1788
became King
20 January 1819 Prince of Viana Maria Luisa of Parma
Ferdinand VII when Prince of Asturias.png Prince Ferdinand
later Ferdinand VII
Charles IV 14 October 1784 14 December 1788 19 March 1808
became King
29 September 1833 Prince of Viana Maria Luisa of Parma
Isabel II, niña, Vicente López.JPG Infanta Isabella
later Isabella II
Ferdinand VII 10 October 1830 29 September 1833
became Queen-regnant
10 April 1904 Princess of Viana
Duchess consort of Cádiz
-
Isabella, Infanta of Spain and Princess of Asturias.jpg Infanta Isabella Isabella II 20 December 1851 28 November 1857
brother's birth
23 Abril 1931 Princess of Viana -
Alfonso XII de España, c. 1870.jpg Prince Alfonso
later Alfonso XII
28 November 1857 29 December 1874
became King
25 November 1885 Prince of Viana -
Maria Isabel de Borbón.jpg Infanta Isabella Alfonso XII 20 December 1851 29 December 1874
brother's became King
11 September 1880
niece's birth
23 April 1931 Princess of Viana
Countess of Girgenti
-
Maria de las Mercedes de Borbón.jpg Infanta Mercedes 11 September 1880 17 October 1904 Princess of Viana -
Alfonso-Alicia.jpg Prince Alfonso 30 November 1901 17 October 1904
mother's death
10 May 1907
cousin's birth
3 February 1964 Prince of Viana -
Alfonso Prince of Asturias w Eldmira Sampedro.jpg Prince Alfonso 10 May 1907 14 April 1931
renounced right
6 September 1938 Prince of Viana -
Felipe, Prince of Asturias.jpg Prince Felipe Juan Carlos I 30 January 1968 22 November 1975 21 January 1977 Incumbent Prince of Viana
Prince of Girona
Duke of Montblanc
Count of Cervera
Lord of Balaguer
Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano

See also

References

  1. ^ According to some to be illegitimate

External links

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