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Prince of Brazil (Portuguese: Príncipe do Brasil) was a title used in the Kingdom of Portugal, for the heir of the royal House of Braganza.

The title was created by King John IV of Portugal on 27 October 1645 in favor of his eldest son and heir Infante Teodósio, soon after Portugal had got rid of its Spanish rulers. During the 16451822, "Prince of Brazil" was always conferred on the heir apparent of the throne, who also received the title of Duke of Braganza. Also, in 1750 when the hitherto Prince of Brazil ascended as Joseph I, he granted the title Princess of Brazil (but not the Dukedom of Braganza) to his eldest daughter, the future Maria I of Portugal, as the king believed he would remain without sons (his wife and he produced no further issue after 1746). In 1760, when Maria married her uncle, Infante Pedro, he also took the style Prince of Brazil as her consort, until she became queen regnant and he became known as King Pedro III. The eldest son and heir of the Prince of Brazil was styled Prince of Beira and Duke of Barcelos.

When Brazil was elevated to the status of a kingdom within the Portuguese empire, the title was changed to Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. When Brazil proclaimed its independence in 1822, the title was reused by the Imperial House of Brazil as a dynastic style for all of Emperor Pedro I's children.

Brazil's independence prompted Portugal to change the heir apparent's title once again, this time to Prince Royal of Portugal.

Princes of Brazil: Portuguese heirs apparent

Note: Lighter shade of blue means that the person was not titled Prince of Brazil, being only the first in the line of succession.
Name Started Ended Alternative names Observations
Teodósio 1645 1653 Theodosius (English) Braganza John IV's first son. He was from 1640 to 1645 the Prince of Portugal, before the title changed to Prince of Brazil.
Afonso 1653 1656 Alphonzo (English),
Alphonse (English),
or Affonso (Old Portuguese)
Braganza John IV's third son. Future Afonso VI. He was the heir to the throne since 1653, but was only titled Prince of Brazil since his last year as heir (1656).
Pedro Peter II of Portugal.jpg 1656 1683 Peter (English) Braganza Afonso VI's younger brother. Future Peter II.
Isabel Luísa   1683 1688 Elizabeth Louise (English)
or Isabella Louise (English alternative)
Braganza Peter II's first daughter. Also known as Isabel Luísa, Princess of Beira.
João   1688 1688 John (English) Braganza Peter II's first son.
Isabel Luísa   1688 1689 Elizabeth Louise (English)
or Isabella Louise (English alternative)
Braganza Peter II's first daughter. Also known as Isabel Luísa, Princess of Beira.
João 1689 1706 John (English) Braganza Peter II's second son. Future John V. He was the heir to the throne since 1689, but was only titled Prince of Brazil since 1697.
Francisco Franciscoduquebeja.jpg 1706 1711 Francis (English) Braganza John V's younger brother. Also known as Infante Francisco, Duke of Beja.
Bárbara Barbara de Braganza.jpg 1711 1712 Barbara (English) Braganza John V's first daughter.
Pedro   1712 1714 Peter (English) Braganza John V's first son.
José JoseIPortugal.jpg 1714 1750 Joseph (English) Braganza John V's second son. Future Joseph I.
Maria Francisca D. Maria I.jpg 1750 1777 Mary Frances (English alternative) Braganza Joseph I's first daughter. Since 1760, her consort, Pedro, was also styled Prince of Brazil.
José 1777 1788 Joseph (English alternative) Braganza Maria I's first son. His widow, Infanta Maria Francisca Benedita (1746-1829) was Dowager Princess of Brazil for the rest of her considerably long life.
João João VI.JPG 1788 1815 John (English alternative) Braganza Maria I's second son. Future John VI of Portugal. From 1815 the title was changed to Prince Royal due to the ascencion of Brazil to the status of kingdom inside the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves. John was heir to the throne until 1816.
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Prince of Brazil (Portuguese: Príncipe do Brasil) was a title used in the Kingdom of Portugal, for the heir of the royal House of Braganza.

The title was created by King John IV of Portugal on 27 October 1645 in favor of his eldest son and heir Infante Teodósio, soon after Portugal had got rid of its Spanish rulers. During the 16451822, "Prince of Brazil" was always conferred on the heir apparent of the throne, who also received the title of Duke of Braganza. Also, in 1750 when the hitherto Prince of Brazil ascended as Joseph I, he granted the title Princess of Brazil (but not the Dukedom of Braganza) to his eldest daughter, the future Maria I of Portugal, as the king believed he would remain without sons (his wife and he produced no further issue after 1746). In 1760, when Maria married her uncle, Infante Pedro, he also took the style Prince of Brazil as her king consort, until she became queen regnant and he became known as King Pedro III. The eldest son and heir of the Prince of Brazil was styled Prince of Beira and Duke of Barcelos.

When Brazil was elevated to the status of a kingdom within the Portuguese empire, the title was changed to Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. When Brazil proclaimed its independence in 1822, the title was reused by the Imperial House of Brazil as a dynastic style for all of Emperor Pedro I's children.

Brazil's independence prompted Portugal to change the heir apparent's title once again, this time to Prince Royal of Portugal.

Princes of Brazil: Portuguese heirs apparent

Note: Lighter shade of blue means that the person was not titled Prince of Brazil, being only the first in the line of succession.
Name Started Ended Alternative names Observations
Teodósio 1645 1653 Theodosius (English) Braganza John IV's first son. He was from 1640 to 1645 the Prince of Portugal, before the title changed to Prince of Brazil.
Afonso 1653 1656 Alphonzo (English),
Alphonse (English),
or Affonso (Old Portuguese)
Braganza John IV's third son. Future Afonso VI. He was the heir to the throne since 1653, but was only titled Prince of Brazil since his last year as heir (1656).
Pedro 1656 1683 Peter (English) Braganza Afonso VI's younger brother. Future Peter II.
Isabel Luísa   1683 1688 Elizabeth Louise (English)
or Isabella Louise (English alternative)
Braganza Peter II's first daughter. Also known as Isabel Luísa, Princess of Beira.
João   1688 1688 John (English) Braganza Peter II's first son.
Isabel Luísa   1688 1689 Elizabeth Louise (English)
or Isabella Louise (English alternative)
Braganza Peter II's first daughter. Also known as Isabel Luísa, Princess of Beira.
João 1689 1706 John (English) Braganza Peter II's second son. Future John V. He was the heir to the throne since 1689, but was only titled Prince of Brazil since 1697.
Francisco 1706 1711 Francis (English) Braganza John V's younger brother. Also known as Infante Francisco, Duke of Beja.
Bárbara 1711 1712 Barbara (English) Braganza John V's first daughter.
Pedro   1712 1714 Peter (English) Braganza John V's first son.
José 1714 1750 Joseph (English) Braganza John V's second son. Future Joseph I.
Maria Francisca 1750 1777 Mary Frances (English alternative) Braganza Joseph I's first daughter. Since 1760, her consort, Pedro, was also styled Prince of Brazil.
José 1777 1788 Joseph (English alternative) Braganza Maria I's first son. His widow, Infanta Maria Francisca Benedita (1746-1829) was Dowager Princess of Brazil for the rest of her considerably long life.
João 1788 1815 John (English alternative) Braganza Maria I's second son. Future John VI of Portugal. From 1815 the title was changed to Prince Royal due to the ascencion of Brazil to the status of kingdom inside the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves. John was heir to the throne until 1816.

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